The Philosophy of Mind: An Introduction

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Cambridge University Press, 1986 - 282 страници
This is a straightforward, elementary textbook for beginning students of philosophy. The general aim is to provide a clear introduction to the main issues arising in the philosophy of mind. Part I discusses the Cartesian dualist view which many find initially appealing, and contains a careful examination of arguments for and against. Part II introduces the broadly functionalist type of physicalism which has Aristotelian roots. This approach is developed to yield accounts of perception, action, belief and desire, and the emerging theory of the mind is compared at each stage with rival historical and contemporary views. In Part III the functionalist approach is further explored in giving analyses of sensation, thought and freedom of will. The discussions throughout are exceptionally clear, and the writing uncomplicated, to make available to the students a wealth of detailed argument in the philosophy of mind.
 

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Съдържание

Introduction
3
Arguments for Dualism
16
Descartess Argument
31
Difficulties for the Dualist
45
Assessing the Dualist Theory
62
Towards a Better Theory of the Mind
69
An Aristotelian Framework
71
Perception and SenseData
85
Assessing the Functionalist Theory
177
Sensation Thought and Freedom
191
Sensations The Phenomenological Theory
193
Sensations Functionalism and Consciousness
207
Thinking
223
Reasons and Causes
237
Causality and Freedom
252
Chronological Table
269

Perception and the Acquisition of Beliefs
103
Action and Volition
119
Two Theories of Belief
135
The Function of Beliefs
152
Functionalism and Folk Psychology
163
Guide to Further Reading
270
Bibliography
275
Index
279
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