Republicanism, Liberty, and Commercial Society, 1649-1776

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David Wootton
Stanford University Press, 1994 - 497 страници
This book examines republicanism in an Anglo-American and European context from the execution Charles I to the publication of Tom Paine's Common Sense. t gives weight not only to the thought of the theorists of republicanism but also the practical experience of republican governments in England, Geneva, the Netherlands, and Venice.

The first six chapters of the book, along with David Wootton's Introduction, consider the meaning of republicanism and its historiography. From its theoretical conception to its historical development, contributors examine how thinkers the likes of Hobbes and Montesquieu discussed the key issues of virtue, commerce, and liberty in conjunction with republicanism, and to what extent republicanism was an inheritor of or departure from classical ideals.

In the latter chapters of the book, contributors turn their attention from theory to application, turning to look at the experiences of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century republics such as Geneva, the Netherlands, and Venice.

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Съдържание

The Republican Tradition From
1
Marchamont Nedham and the Beginnings of English
45
James Harrington and The Commonwealth of Oceana
82
Origins and Aftermath
111
Republicanism and the Restoration 16601683
139
Liberty Virtue and the Rule of Law 16891770
197
The Repudiation of Classical
233
Genevan Republicanism
270
The Dutch Republic and the Idea of Freedom
310
Howell to Hume
341
Montesquieu and
368
Abbreviations
405
Index
483
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Страница 471 - Every step and every movement of the multitude, even in what are termed enlightened ages, are made with equal blindness to the future; and nations stumble upon establishments, which are indeed the result of human action, but not the execution of any human design.

Информация за автора (1994)

David Wootton holds the Landsowne Chair in Humanities and is Professor of History at the University of Victoria, British Columbia. He is the author of Paolo Sarpi: Between Renaissance and Enlightenment.

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