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Offence, and by her Loyaltie ' bereafter, performe the Fruites of such Cona version.

2. Or els, by a more strayght Guard be so kept, as there shoulde be no Feare of the like Attempts bereafter.

3. Or, that good Asurance might be given by Othe, Bonds or Hostages, as Cautions for ber good and loyal Demeanour from benceforth.

4. Or lastly, by Banishment, the Realme might be voyded of her Person, and thereby the Perils further removed, that growe to her Majestie by her Presence.

The Moments wherof being duely pondered, did yet appeare so light in all their Judgements, that they durft not advise any Securitie to rest in any, no not in all of them.

For touching her Conversion, it was considered, that if Pietie or Duetie could have restreined her from such beynous Attempis, there was Cause abundantly ministred to ber on her Majesties Behalfe, when (be not onely protected her against the Violence of her own Subjeets, who pursued her to death by Justice, but covered ber Honor, when the same by publique Fame was touched, and by very heynous and capitall Crymes objected and proved against ber before certeine Commissarie Delegates aligned to examine the same, more then blemished, and spared ber Lyfe, when for her former Conspiracies and Confederacies with the Northren Rebelles, ber Highnesse was with great Instance presed by both the Houses in the xiiii. Yeere of ber Majesties Reigne, to do like Justice uppon her, as nowe is desired, and as her treasonable Pražtices iben, bad most justly deserved.

And where the Penaltie of this Aste suficiently notified unto her, mould have terrified ber from so wicked Attempts, she hath neverthelesse insisted in her former Practises, as a Person obdurate in Malice against her Majestie, and irrecoverable: so as there was no probable Hope of any conversion, but rather great Doubt and Feare of Relaps and Recidivation, for asmuch as she stood obstinately in the Deniall of Matter most evidently prooved, and now most justly sentenced against ber, and was not entred into the first Part of Repentance, The Recognition of her Offence, and so much the farther off from the true Fruites that should accompany the same.

As for a furer Guard, and more strait Imprisonment, it was resolved, that there was no Security therein, nor yet in the other two Meanes propounded of Bonds and Hostages: for afmuch as the fame Meanes that shoulde bee pra&tised to take her Majesties Life away (which God forbid) would apıly furve both for the Delivery of her Person, and Release of the Bonds and Hostages that should be given for Cautions in that Behalfe: which being unhappily atchieved, and to our irreparable Lole, who shoulde sue the Bonds, or deleine the Hostages ? or being detained, what Proportion was there in Bonds or Hostages whatsoever, to countervaile the Value of so precious and inestimable a fewel, as her Majestie is to this Realme, and to us all ?

But she will solemnly vowe and take an Othe, that he will not attempt any Thing to the Hurt of her Majesfies Person: Shee bath already sundry Times falfified ber Worde, her Writing and ber Othe, and holdeth it for an Article of Religion, That Faith is not to be holden with Heretikes, of which fort see accompleth your Majestie, and all the Profesors of the Gospel to be; And


therefore bave we litle Reason to trust ber in that, wberof fee maketh so small a Conscience.

As for Banishment, that were e Step à malo in peius to set ber at Libertie : a Thing so greatly desired and thirsted for by ber Adherents, and by some Princes ber Allies, who fought her Enlargement chiefly, to make ber a Head to be set up against her Majesty, in Time of Invasion.

To the which were added some fewe Reasons, colle&ted out of her owne Letters and the Confession of Babington, her Instrument and cbiefe Conspiratour: by which appeared, howe ber owne Censcience bewrayed what might juftly fal upon her, in Case any of ber intended Desseignements came to light: that see might haply bee shut up in some more close and straite Prison, as the Towre of London, if there befell her no worse Thing: and in that he directed Babington, in Café be failed in the Aflion of her Delivery, that be foould neverthelese proceede in Residue, wbich was the Death of ber Majestie: who also confessed, that upon Ajurance of ber Majesties Death, or the Arrivall of Strangers, be intended to proclaime the Queene of Scots, and made no doubt of the desired Succese : and therefore, ber Majesties Death being so earnestly sought, for Advancement of this Competitor, ber Highnes could not remaine in Quietnes or Securitie, if the Scots tish Queene fould longer continue her Life.

The Second Answere made by the Queenes Majestie, delivered by her

owne Mouth, to the Second Speeche, uttered in the Names of the Lords and Commons of the Parliament,


UL grievous is the Way, whose going on and end, breede Comber for the

Hire of a laborious Journey. I have strived more this Day then ever in my Life, whether I shoulde speake, or use Silence. If I speake and not complaine, I shal diffemble: if I holde my Peace, your Labour taken were full vayne. For mee to make my Mone, were strange and rare: for I suppose you shal finde fewe, that for their owne Particular, will comber you with such a Care. Yet such I protest hath bene my greedy Desire and hungrie Will, that of your Consultation might have fallen out some other Meanes to woorke my Safetie joyned with your Assurance, (then that for which you are become such earnest Sutors) as I protest, I must needes use Complaint, though not of you, but unto you, and of the Cause: for that I do perceive by your Advises, Prayers, and Desires, there falleth out this Accident, that Onely my Injurers Bane, must be my Lifes Suertie.

But if any there live so wicked of Nature, to suppose, that I prolonged this Time onely, pro forma, to the Intent to make a Shew of Clemencie, thereby to set my Prayses to the Wyerdrawers to lengthen them the more: they doe me so great a Wrong, as they can hardly recompence. Or if any Person there be, that thinke or imagine, that the least vayneglorious Thought hath drawen mee further herein, they doe me as open Injurie as ever was done to any living Creature, as he that is the Maker of all Thoughtes, know



eth best to be true. Or if there bee any, that thinke, that the Lords appoynted in Commission durst do no other, as fearing thereby to displease, or els to be suspected to be of a contrary Opinion to my Safecie, they doe but heape upon me injurious Conceites. For either those put in Trust by me to fupplie my Place, have not performed their Dueties towards me: or els they have signified unto you all, that my Desire was, that every one should do according to his Conscience, and in the Course of his Proceedings should enjoy both Freedome of Voyce and Libertie of Opinion: and what they would not openly declare, they might privately to my selfe have revealed. It was of a willing Minde and great Desire I had, that some other Means might be found out, wherein I should have taken more Comfort, then in any other Thing under the Sunne. And since nowe it is resolved, that my Suretie cannot bee established without a Princesse Ende, I have just Cause to complaine, that I, who have in my Time pardoned so many Rebels, winked at so many Treasons, and either not produced them, or altogether nipt them over with Silence, shoulde nowe be forced to this Proceeding, against such a Person. I have besides, during my Reigne, seene and heard many opprobrious Bookes and Pamphlets against me, my Realme and State, accusing me to be a Tyrant: I thanke them for their Almes: I beleeve, therein their Meaning was to tell me Newes, and Newes it is to me in Deede: I would it were as strange to heare of their Impietie. What will they not now say, when it shalbe spread, That for the Safety of her Life, a Mayden Queene could be content to spill the Blood, even of her owne Kinsewoman? I may therfore ful wel complaine, that any Man should thinke mee given to Crueltie, whereof I am so guiltlesse and innocent, as I shoulde Naunder God, if I should say he gave me so vile a Mind : yea, I protest, I am so farre from it, that for mine owne Life I would not touche her: neither hath my Care bene so much bent howe to prolong mine, as how to preserve both, which I am right fory is made fo hard, yea, so impossible.

I am not so voide of Judgement, as not to see mine owne Perill: nor yet so ignorant, as not to knowe it were in Nature a foolish Course, to cherish a Sworde to cutte mine owne Throate : nor so carelesse, as not to weigh that my Life dayly is in Hazard: but this I do consider, that many a Man would put his Life in Daunger for the Safegarde of a King, I doe not say that so will I: but I pray you thinke, that I have thought upon it. But sith so many have both written and spoken against mee,


pray you give me leave to say somewhat for my felfe, and before you returne to your Countries, let you know, for what a one you have passed so careful Thoughts. Wherin, as I thinke my selfe infinitely beholding unto you al, that seeke to preserve my Life by al the Meanes you may: fo I protest unto you, that there liveth no Prince, that ever shall be more mindetull to requite so good Desertes. And as I perceyve you have kept your olde Wonts, in a general seeking of the lengthning of my Dayes: so am I sure that I shall never requite it, unles I had as many Lives as you all : but for ever I will acknowledge it, while there is any Breath left mee. Although I may not justifie, but nay justly condemne my fundry Faults and Sinnes to God: yet for my Care in this Government, let me acquaynt you with my Intents. Vol. I.



When first I tooke the Scepter, my Title made me not forget the Giver : and therefore began, as it became me, with such Religion, as both I was borne in, bred in, and I trust shal die in. Although I was not so simple, as not to know what Danger and Perill so great an Alteration might procure me: howe many great Princes of the contrary Opinion woulde attempt all they might against me: and generally, what Enimitie I should breede unto my felfe : which all I regarded not, knowing that he, for whose Sake I did it, might, and would defend me. For which it is, that ever since I have bene so daungerously prosecuted, as I rather marvaile that I am, then muse that I should not be : if it were not Gods Holy Hand that continueth me, beyond all other Expectation.

Then entred I further into the Schoole of Experience, bethinking what it fitted a King to do: and there I saw, he fcant was wel furnished, if either he lacked Justice, Temperance, Magnanimitie, or Judgement. As for the two latter, I will not boaste, my Sexe doeth not permit it : But for the two first, this dare I say, Amongst my Subjects I never knew a Difference of Person, where right was one: Nor never to my Knowledge preferred for Favour, whome I thought not fit for worth : Nor bent my Eares to credite a Tale that first was tolde me: Nor was so rash, to corrupt my Judgement with my Censure, before I heard the Cause. I will not say, but many Reports might fortune be brought mee by such as might heare the Case, whose Partialitie might marre sometime the Matter: For wee Princes may not heare all our felves. But this dare I boidly affirme, my Verdit went ever with the Trueth of my Knowledge. As ful well wished Alcibiades his Friende, that hee should not give any Answere, till he had recited the Letters of the Alphabet : fo have I not used over sudden Resolutions, in Matters that have touched me full neere: you will say that with me, I thinke.

And therefore as touching your Counsels and Consultations, I conceive them to bee wise, honest, and conscionable : so provident and careful for the Safetie of my Life (which I wish no longer then may be for your good) that though I never can yeeld you of Recompence your Due: yet shall I endevour my felfe to give you Cause, to thinke your good Wil not ill bestowed, and strive to make my selfe worthy for such Subjects.

And now for your Petition, I shal pray you for this present, to content your selves with an Answere without Answere : Your Judgement I condemne not, neither do I mistake your Reasons, but pray you to accept my Thankfulnesse, excuse my Doubtfulnesse, and take in good Part my Answere an. swereleffe: wherein I attribute not so much to mine owne Judgement, but that I thinke many particular Persons may go before me, though by my Degree I go before them. Therefore if I should say, I would not doe what you request, it might peradventure be more then I thought: and to say I would do it, might perhaps breed Perill of that you Labour to preserve, being more then in your owne Wisdomes and Discretions would seeme convenient, Circumstances of Place and Time being duely considered.



First published by the Holy Father Gregor Y XIII. and afterwards renewed and ratified by SIXTUS V. for all those which desire full Pardon and Indulgence of their Sinnes: and that for a litle Money, to weete, for

two Spanish Realls, viz. Thirteen Pence. Very plainely set forth, and compared with the Testimony of the Holy

Scriptures, to the great Benefite and Profite of all good Christians. 2 Pet. 2. verf. 18. For when they speake the great swelling Woords of Vanity,

they entise through Lufts, with the Bayte of Wantonnese of the Flesbe, them that were cleane escaped from them, which are wrapped in Errour: while they promise them Liberty, whereof they themselves are the Bond Servaunts of

Corruption. Imprinted first by Richard Schilders, Printer to the States of Sealand: With Consent of the States. Given at Middleborrowe, the xii. of September 1588.

Subscribed, Ch. Roels. And reprinted at London by John Wolfe, dwelling in the Stationers Hall. 1588.

The POPE's Bull, translated out of Spanish, with the Answere

thereunto out of the Holy Scriptures.


HE (a) Bull of the (b) holy (c) Crosse newly graunted by our most holy Father Gregory the Thirteenth, and enlarged with many and

very great (d) Graces, Pardons, Faculties, and Stations for all the (a) Bulla, in Lattin signifieth a Bubble, Holinesse is contained in the Bulle, all Men which riseth on the Water, or that which may perceive which shall examine the same Children doe make with Soape and Water with the Word of God. in a Muffel Shell, and therefore the Lord (c) The Crosle in Times paft hath been God by his juste Judgment hath ordained esteemed as we esteeme the Gallowes, and that this should be termed a Bulle, to the therefore all Manner of Sufferance, OpEnd all Men may be advertised, what Be- pression, Shame and Ignomie of the Worlde nefite is to be expected thereof, unleffe is called a Crofle. Nowe whether this be Men would after the Spanish Manner call called a Croíle, because they herewith doe it Burla, which is a Jeste or Mockerie, persecute and destroy the poore Members because they herewith do openly deride and of Christ, each one may judge. jefte with God and all the World.

(d) By what Authoritie he presumeth to (b) That is called holy, which is appro- have power to graunt these Pardons, Inpriated unto God, and seperated from all dulgences and Advantages, fhalbe more at Uncleannesle of the Worlde. Now what large hereafter declared.


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