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swore by her wonted Oath, that the Jury were all Knaves; and they delivered it with Assurance, that on his Returne to the Towne, after his Triall, he faid with Oathes, and with Fury, to the Lieutenant Sir Owen Hopton, what will the Queene suffer her Brother to be offered up as a Sacrifice to the Envy of my flattering Adversaries? Which being made knowne to the Queene, and somewhat enforced, she refused to signe it, and swore he should not die, for he was an honest and faith full Man: And surely, though not altogether to set our Rest and Faith upon Tradition, and old Reports, as that Sir Thomas Perrot, his Father, was a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber, and in the Court married to a Lady of great Honour, which are Presumptions in some Implications; but if we goe a little further, and compare his Pictures, his Qualities, Gesture, and Voyce, with that of the King, which Memory retaines yet amongst us, they will plead strongly that he was a subreptitious Child of the Blood Royall.

Certaine it is, that he lived not long in the Tower; and that after his Decease, Sir Thomas Perrot, his Sonne, then of no meane Esteeme with the Queene, having before married my Lord of Essex his Sister, since Countesse of Northumberland, had Restitution of his Land, though after his Death also (which immediately followed) the Crowne resumed the Estate, and tooke Advantage of the former Attainder; and to say the Truth, the Priest's forged Letter was at his Arraignement thought but as a Fiction of Envy, and was foone after exploded by the Priest's owne Confession ; but that which most exasperated the Queene, and gave Advantage to his Enemies, was, as Sir Walter Rawleigh takes into Observation, Words of Disdaine ; for the Queene by sharpe and reprehensive Letters had netled him ; and thereupon fending others of Approbation, commending his Service, and intimating an Invasion from Spaine ; which was no sooner proposed, but he sayd publiquely, in the great Chamber at Dublin, Loe now she is ready to bepisse her self, for Feare of the Spaniards, I am againe one of her white Boyes : which are subject to a various Construction, and tended to some Disreputation of his Soveraigne ; and such as may serve for Instruction to Persons in Places of Honour and Command, to beware of the Violences of Nature, and especially the Exorbitance of the Tongue. And so I conclude him with this double Observation ; the one of the Innocency of his Intentions exempt and cleare from the Guilt of Treason and Diloyaltie, therefore of the Greatnesse of his Heart, for at his Arraignement he was so little dejected with what might be alledged, that rather he grew troubled with Choller, and in a Kind of Exaspiration, he despised his Jury, though of the Order of Knighthood, and of the speciall Gentry, claiming the Priviledge of Tryall by the Peeres, and Barronnage of the Realme; so prevalent was that of his native Genious and Haucinelle of Spirit, which accompanied him to his last, and till without any Diminution of Change therein, it brake in Peeces the Cords of his Magnanimitie, for he died suddainely in the Tower, and when it was thought the Queene did intend his Enlargement, with the Reftitution of his Poffefions, which were then very great, and comparable to most of the Nobilitie.


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IR Christopher Halton came to the Court as his Opposite : Sir John Perrot

was wont to say by the Galliard, for he came thither as a private Gentleman of the Innes of Court, in a Maike; and for his Activity, and Person, which was tall and proportionable, taken into her Favor: He was first made Vice Chamberlain ; and shortly after, advanced to the Place of Lord Chancellor : A Gentleman that, besides the Graces of his Person and Dancing, had also the Endowment of a strong and subtile Capacitie, and that could soone learne the Discipline and Garbe, both of the Times and Court, and the Truth is, hee had a large Proportion of Guifts and Endowments, but too much of the Season of Envy, and he was a meere Vegetable of the Court, that sprung up at Night and sunke againe at his Noone.

Flos non mentorum, sed sex fuit illa virorum.


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Y Lord of Efing bam, though a Courtier betimes, yet I find not that

the Sunshine of his Favor brake out upon him, untill she tooke him into the Ship, and made him High Admirall of England; for his Extract it might suffice, that he was the Sonne of a Howard, and of a Duke of Norfolke.

And for his Person as goodly a Gentleman as the Times had any, if Nature had not been more intentive to compleat his Person, than Fortune to make him rich; for the Times considered, which were then active, and a long Time after lucrative, he dyed not wealthy, yet the honester Man, though it seemes the Queene's Purpose was to tender the Occasion of his Advancement, and to make him capable of more Honour, at his Recurne from Cadiz Voyage, and Action she conferred it upon him, creating him Earle of Nottingham, to the great Discontent of his colleague my Lord of Essex, who then grew excessive in the Appetite of her Favor ; and the Truth is so exorbitant in the Limitation of the Soveraigne Aspect, that it much allienated the Queene's Grace from him, and drew others together with the Admirall into a Combination, to conspire his Ruine; and though as I have heard is from that Party (I meane the old Admirall's Factions) that it lay not in his proper Power to hurt my Lord of Esex, yet he had more Fellowes, and such as were well skilled in the setting of the Trayne : but I leave this to those of ancther Age; it is out of Doubt, that the Admirall was a good, honest, and brave Man, and a faithfull Servant to his Mistress, and such a one' as the Queene out of her own princely Judgement knew to be a fit Instrument for her Service, for she was a Proficient in the reading of Men aswell as Bookes, and as sundry Expeditions as that aforementioned, and 88, do better expresse his Worth, and manifest the Queene's Trust, and the Opinion she had of his Fidelitie, and Conduct.


Moreover, the Howards were of the Queene's Alliance, and Consanguinitie by her Mother, which swayed her Affections, and bent it towards this great House; and it was a Part of her naturall Propention, to grace and support ancient Nobilitie, where it did not intrench, neither invade her Interest, from such Trespasses she was quicke and tender, and would not fpare any whatsoever, as we may observe in the Case of the Duke, and my Lord of Hartford, whom the much favoured, and countenanced, till they attempted the forbidden Fruit ; the Fault of the last being, in the severest Interpretation, but a Trespasse of Incroachment, but in the first it was taken as a Ryot against the Crowne, and her owne soveraigne Power ; and, as I have ever thought, the Cause of her Aversion against the rest of that House, and the Duke's great Father-in-Law, Fitz Allen, Earle of Arundell, a Person in the first Ranke of her Affections, before these and some others Jelousies, made a Separation betweene them.

This noble Lord and Lord Thomas Howard, since Earle of Suffolk, standing alone in her Grace, and the rest in her Umbrage.


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IR John Packington was a Gentleman of no meane Family, and of Forme

and Feature no Waies disabled, for he was a brave Gentleman, and a very fine Courtier, and for the Time which he stayed there, which was not lasting, very high in her Grace ; but he came in, and went out, through Dila assiduitie, drew the Curtaine betweene himselfe, and the Light of her Grace, and then Death overwhelmed the Remnant, and utterly deprived him of Recovery; and they say of him, that had he brought lessé to her Court than he did, he might have carried away more than he brought, for he had a Time on it, but an ill Husband of Opportunitie.



Y Lord of Hunsdowne was of the Queene's nearest Kindred, and on

the Decease of Sussex, both he and his Sonne successively tooke the Place of Lord Chamberlaine : He was a fast Man to his Prince, and firme to his Friend, and Servants, and though he might speake big, and therein would be borne out, yet was he the more dreadfull, but lesse harmfull, and far from the Practise of the Lord of Leicester's Instructions, for he was downe-right; and I have heard those that both knew him well, and had Interest in him, say meerely of him, that his Lattine, and Disimulation, were alike, and that his Custome of Swearing, and Obfcoenitie, in speaking, made him seeme a worse Christian than he was, and a better Knight of her Carpet than he could be: as he lived in a roughling Time, so he loved Sword and Buckler Men, and such as our Fathers were wont to call Men of their Hands, of which Sort he had many brave Gentlemen that followed him, yet not taken for a popular and dangerous Person ; and this is one that stood amongst the Togati, of an honest stout Heart, and such a one that upon Occasion

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would have fought for his Prince and Country, for he had the charge of the Queene's Person both in the Court, and in the Camp at Tilbury.



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IR Walter Rawleigh, was one that it seemes Fortune had picked out of

Purpose, of whom to make an Example, and to use as her Tennis-Ball, thereby to fhew what she could do, for the tossed him up of nothing, and to and fro to Greatnesse, and from thence downe to little more than that wherein she found him a bare Gentleman, and not that he was lesse, for he was well descended, and of good Alliance ; but poore in his Beginnings: and for my Lord of Oxford's Jefts of him for the Jacks and Upstarts, we all know it favored more of Emulation, and his Honour, than of Truth ; and it is a certaine Note of the Times, that the Queene in her Choyce never tooke in her Favor a meere vew'd Man, or a Mechanicke; as Comines observes of Lewis XI. who did ferve himselfe with Persons of unknowne Parents, such as were Oliver the Barber, whom he created Earle of Dunoyes, and made him ex leo cretis confiliis, and alone in his Favour, and Familiarity.

His Approaches to the University, and Innes of Court, were the Groundes of his Improvement; but they were rather Extrusions than Sieges, or Settings downe, for he stayd not long in a Place; and being the youngest Brother, and the House diminished in his Patrimony, he foresaw his Destiny, that he was first to roule through Want and Disabillitie, to subsift otherwise, before he came to a Repose, and as the Stone doth by long lying gather Moffe: He was the first that exposed himselfe into the Land Service of Ireland, a Militia which did not then yeild him Food and Rayment, for it was ever very poore; nor dared he to stay long there, though shortly after he came thither againe, under the Command of my Lord Gray, but with his owne Colours flying in the Field, having in the Interim cast a meere Chance both in the LowCountries, and in the Voyage to Sea ; and if ever Man drew Vertue out of Neceflity, it was he, and therewith was he the great Example of Industry; and though he might then have taken that of the Merchant to himselfe, Per Mare per Terras currit Mercator ad Indos; he might also have said, and truly with the Philosopher, Omnia mea mecum porto, for it was a long Time before he could bragg of more than he carried at his Backe; and when he got on the winning Side, it was his Commendations that he tooke Paines for it, and underwent many various Adventures for his After-Perfection, and before he came into the publique Noate of the World: and that may appeare how he came up per ardua ; per varios casus per tot discrimina rerum ; not pulled up by Chance, nor by any great Admittance: I will onely describe his Nature and Parts, and these of his owne Acquiring,

He had in the outward Man a good Presence, in a handsome and well compacted Person, a strong naturall Wit, and a better Judgement, with a bould and plausible Tongue, whereby he could set out his Parcs to the best Advantage, and these he had by the Adjuncts of some generall Learning, which by Diligence, he enforced to a great Augmentation, and Perfection,


for he was an indefalliable Reader, where by Sea and Land, and none of the best Observors, both of Men and of the Times, and I am somewhat confident, that among the second Causes of his Grouth, that there was Variance betweene him and my Lord Generall Gray, in his second Descent into Ireland, was principall for it, drew them both over to the Counsell Table, there to pleade their owne Causes, where what Advantage he had in the Case, in Controversie I know not, but hee had much the better in the Manner of telling his Tale, insomuch as the Queene and the Lords tooke no Night Marke of the Man, and his Parts, for from thence he came to be knowne, and to have Accesse to the Lords, and then we are not to doubt how such a Man would comply to Progression, and whether or no, my Lord of Leicester had then cast a good Word for him to the Queene, which would have done him no harme, I doe not determine, but true it is, he had gotten the Queene's Eare in a Trice, and she began to be taken with his Election, and loved to heare his Reasons to her Demands, and the Truth is, she tooke him for a kind of Oracle, which netled them all, yea those that he relyed on, began to take this his soddaine Favor for an Allarum, and to be sensible of their owne Supplantation, and to project his, which made him shortly after sing, Fortune my Foe, wby dost thou frowne; so that finding his Favor declining, and falling into a Receffe, he undertooke a new Perigrination to leave that terra infirma, of the Court, for that of the Waves, and by declining himselfe, and by Absence to expell his and the Passion of his Enemies, which in Court was a strange Devise of Recovery, but that he then knew there was some ill Office done him, yet he durft not attempt to amend it, otherwise than by going aside thereby, to teach Envy a new Way of Forgetfulnesse, and noc so much as thinke of him ; howsoever he had it alwaies in Mind, never to forget himselfe, and his Devise tooke so well, and in his Returne he came in as Rams do, by going backward with the greater Strength, and so continued to the laft, great in her Favor, and Captaine of her Guard, where I must leave him, but with this Observation, though he gained much at the Court, he tooke it not out of the Exchequor, or meerely out of the Queene's Purse, but by his Wit, and by the Helpe of the Prerogative, for the Queene was never profuse in delivering out of her Treasure, but payd most, and many of her Servants, part in Money, and the rest with Grace, which as the Cale stood, was then taken for good Payment, leaving the Arrerres of Recompence due for their Merrit, to her great Successor, which payd them all with Advantage.



IR Foulke Grevile, since Lord Brooke, had no meane Place in her Favor,

neither did he hold it for any short Time, or Term, for if I be not deceived, he had the longest Lease, the smoothest Time without Rubs of any of her Favorites, he came to the Court in his Youth and Prime, as that is the Time, or never ; he was a brave Gentleman, and hopefully descended from Willoughby, Lord Brooke, and Admirall to H. VII. neither illiterate, for


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