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What Sum should be given to have £100 returned in case a Horse
specified win the Race. Find the odds against the horse in the first column, and opposite you will see the sum.-For instance :
When it is 6 to 5 against a horse, what must I give to have 1001. returned me if he wins ? - Answer, 451. 7s. 6d.
When it is 61 to 4 against a horse, what must I give for 1001.? --Answer, 387.
When it is 20 to 1 against a horse, what must I give for 1001. Answer, 41. 155.
Two or more against the Field. Find the odds against each in the Table, and add the sums opposite them together : the amount is the answer.
What must be given to receive 1007. in case either of two wins, against one of which it is 11 to 10, and against the other 8.to 1?Against 11 to 10 you find 476, and opposite 8! to lis 10!: these two added make 58, the sum to be given to receive 1001. if either wins.By this process is to be found the odds between two or more and the field. On deducting the sum thus found from 1001. the remainder will be the chances for the field-the sum deducted those for the horses.
What are the odds against Beiram at 8 to 1, and Spencer at 9 to 1 ? -Opposite 8 to lis 11, and opposite 9 to 1 is 10: these two make 21, which is the amount of their chances. This taken from 100, leaves 79 for the field. The Answer is, therefore, 79 to 21 against the two -not quite 4 to 1.
What are the odds against Beiram, Spencer, and Margrave, the last being at 12 to 1?_We have found the chances for the first two amount to 21, and against 12 to 1 in the Table is 75, which, added to 21, makes 283, or 281. 12s. 6d. This taken from 1007. leaves 711.7s.6d.; and this sum it is to 281. 12s. 6d., or 713 to 282-rather more than 10 to 4—that neither of the three wins: and thus may the odds be found by the Table against any number of horses, at the odds therein mentioned.
To find the Odds between Horses. The odds between single horses--that is, one against oneare found by comparing the chances set against the odds respecting each :
Required, the odds between Beiram at 8 to 1, and Margrave at 12 to 1 ?--Answer, 11 to 75-that is, in money, 111. to 71. 12s. 6d.
Required, the odds Beiram and Spencer against Margrave, Byzantium, and Pastille, at 8 to 1 and 9 to 1, against 12 to 1, 15 to 1, and 18 to 1?--Add 11 and 10--they make 21 for Beiram and Spencer;
then add 73, 6), and 51: these last three make 194, which shews it to be 21 to 19on the two against the three, nearly 11 to 10.
Required, the odds Beiram and Byzantium against Spencer, Margrave, and Pastille?-8 to 1 and 15 to 1 make, by the Table, 174 ; then 9 to 1, 12 to 1, and 18 to 1, make together 22%, which shews it to be 227 to 17-nearly 23 to 17 on the three against the two.
Required, the odds between Beiram and Pastille against Margrave and Byzantium ?-Add, for the first two, 11 and 5), making 16.} ; for the other two 73 and 6], making 13 —Answer, rather more than 16 to 14, or 8 to 7, on Beiram and Pastille against Margrave and Byzantium.
Required, the odds between Beiram, Spencer, Margrave, Byzantium, and Pastille, and the field ?--Add 11, 10, 73, 6), and 51-total 401; this taken from 100, leaves 59% for the field. It is, therefore, 597 to 40%-nearly 6 to 4-on the field agst the five.
We trust these examples and explanations will be sufficient to shew the method of applying the table so far; but on an attentive inspection it will be found to contain answers to an almost infinite number of cases. Between single horses, or horse against horse, it gives the answers to 435 different combinations. By those acquainted with these subjects, we may be thought to have been unnecessarily tedious: we can only reply, that we write for the uninformed also.
We may probably refer again to this, for the purpose of shewing the use of the table in calculating “double events," of which it is the foundation.
À WEEK WITH MR. BULTEEL'S HOUNDS AT TETCOTT.
FROM A CORRESPONDENT.
66 Twas the month of November, the year fifty-two,
Six jolly foxhunters, all sons of the blue,
week passed by the Lyne- domain has had to boast of in past
ham Hounds at Tetcott, un times : the pleasure of real welllike most other long and carefully appointed fox-hunting, and the arranged appointments, was pro- kind and liberal hospitality of an ductive of the desired result. enlightened owner, were most Two days of brilliant sport, each happily renewed. in their way, fully requited the On Tuesday the 14th of Feexertions of a large field assem- bruary, Mr. Bulteel's hounds met bled from many a long distance, by appointment, at the usual and sent them to their homes hour of half-past ten, at the Tetcharmed with no unworthy revi. cott kennel, where the hounds val of all which that noble old and horses had received every
kind attention from Sir W. Moles- together, and carrying a destrucworth since their arrival on the tive head. His course was now preceding Saturday. After much
west of Launceston, from which parley on the subject of where he never deviated, running over they should commence, it was Langdon Moor, leaving North settled to draw some plantations Petherwin steeple a mile to the belonging to Sir William Call, left, and, after crossing the whole about four miles distant, which, of the vale at a killing pace, he as well as many other coverts, was run in to in an open field at were drawn blank. Kennacott Egloskerry-one hour and twelve park was then fixed upon by minutes from the time he was acclamation for the two o'clock found, and fourteen miles from fox glorious covert !-hounds the point where he was first fit to fly-an evident morning headed. scent-expectation again painfully There were no disasters, and excited-tribes of horsemen, pa no showers~no old women, no rishes of footmen......all again as sheep dogs, no deep lanes to acpainfully disappointed—no fox! count for them. It was, in the the scent, alas ! came through. strictest sense of that word which Back to Tetcott, and drew all is rarely so applied, a brilliant Millwood coverts a blank. The run, modernly speaking, and not draw was finished: it was all a fox-chase, commonly so called. Lombard Street to the lowest A specimen of that warfare was and most Hebrew-like Piccadilly reserved for the following Friorange; and the various lines day, when, after two days' sport homeward were being pointed with Mr. Phillipps's excellent out to many a dull sad ear, when hounds, Mr. Bulteel met as before three couple of hounds escaped at Tetcott kennel. The day beinto a small bed of rushes by the gan by drawing the gorse in a line road-side, and-(oh! the glorious for Panson Woods, but ... no fox! uncertainty of the game !)—had Mr. Parsons, an excellent yeohim up in one instant; the pack man, warmly recommended an joined them in another ; and in a gorse: the cry was
too third it became evident how small small !" Fortunately the hunts. a proportion of the party present man yielded to the farmer's better were destined to live with them. judgment, and again was the He took his first line towards day's diversion hanging upon a Blagdon, the hospitable mansion thread. A hound spoke......again of George Leach, Esq., when, a dead silence: he had turned smelling the preparation for din- short in the very nest in which ner-for it was late in the day, he lay. So much time had elapsed and he was not quite a mile dis- that the horn was at work, and tant--or perhaps from some other all but four or five couple of cause, he headed, leaving West hounds had left the covert, when Peak farm to the left, and, cross the field was rescued from all ing the canal and river, passed chance of disaster by a spirited through Bradridge like an arrow, “ Tally!” from that excellent left the covert above the gorse, sportsman Mr. Edgecumbe (not and broke away over a fine exs Lord Mount Edgecumbe, or Lord panse of country, the pack well Valletort, as has been erroneously Vol. V.SECOND SERIES.No. 25.
stated, who were hunting in ano- which he never recovered. Leavther country for a Representative ing Lydford great woods to the of the elder branch of that family). left, he passed over all the upAn instant afterwards the fox lands and inclosed moors of Milleft the covert with all the pack ton Abbott ; crossed the drive at close at his brush, crossed the Endsleigh, leaving the lodge to river to Carey Woods, where the left; and, instead of making notwithstanding the foil of the for the large preserved coverts, draw, they turned with him in passed down the valley towards gallant style down the valley, Horsebridge, being fairly beat recrossing the water to Downi- out of his country, and was run cary Moors, where they ran him in to in the open, a quarter of a hard and straight over a fine ex- mile from that place, and twentypanse of heathy down to Hayne, two from the gorse in which he a distance of ten miles up to the was found. first check, where the untimely Thus ended a chase which for assistance of a harrier threw up variety of hunting and hard runthe pack. They hit him again ning, and for the straight line over the river, having never left described over a fine wild counhis straight line; and having try, could not well be exceeded. hunted him through crowds of The hounds returned to Lyneham footmen, foil of harriers, and va the same evening, as the distance rious other bedevilments, they to Tetcott was greater than that got a fresh scent at Sydenham, to their own kennel.
LETTERS ON ANGLING.-No. II.
“ Now when the first foul torrent of the brooks,
Swell’d with the vernal rains, is ebb'd away,
SIR, THESE lines, and particularly the hills," and on the next day, as
those which follow, shew that the water subsides, to fish downThomson wasas good a Fisherman wards to the river's “ more ample as he was a Poet: nothing can be
wave." more correct than his remarks. The two points most essential During a flood the large trout to constitute a first-rate fly-fisher work their way against the cur unquestionably are, judgment in rent, and the finest will be found discerning where the fish lies, and up to the very source, not only of dexterity in throwing over him. the larger body of water, but even with regard to the first, I can of the very smallest rivulets which give no better direction, nor contribute to it. Thus the Poet more concisely, than by again recommends us to “ trace up the quoting from the Author before brooks high to their fount amidst me:
“ Just in the dubious point, where with the pool
Is mix'd the trembling stream, or where it boils
attentive mark the springing game.” I have before remarked that the breeze when light seldom the fly should be suffered to rest touches at all on the windward a few seconds when it first reaches side; whereas on the other the the water.
ripple will be so strong as to As to good throwing, I fancy prevent any fly that may have practice will be of more service reached so far from remaining to the learner than theory: the there, and the fish will generally
mere prattle” of “ bookish theo- take anything they see in the shape ric” as Iago calls it, being of of one. When you see a fish rise, about as much use in this parti- throw somewhat above him, havcular, as one of Fiorillo's Studies ing first waved your line over your for the Violin to one who had head to bring it to its full length,
seen the instrument. I and to give it the twist. When should recommend as short a line you have hooked him, if he is not as possible: it will not only be above a pound weight, little cerecast with greater precision and mony need be observed further lightness, but, by bringing you than holding your rod so as to nearer your work, render it bring the butt a little forward, scarcely possible for a fish to rise when the spring and pliancy of without being hooked. In fish- the top will tire him almost dia ing broad rivers and lakes, the rectly. Never lay hold of the side next to you is just as good as line with your hand, as by so the opposite one, provided you doing you bring yourself too keep out of sight, and this is much in sight, and scare the fish, surely more easily effected when in consequence of which he darts there are two or three yards of away with all his strength, and bank between you and the water, not unfrequently escapes. than when, having waded in, the The rod should be from twelve whole stream is set in commotion to thirteen feet long, and light by your energetic exertions to de- enough to be easily used in one liver from twenty to thirty yards hand. The butt piece must not of line, which after all falls be hollow, as is often the case ; twisted and folded like a sleeping for, by being so, it is not only more boa constrictor. The leeward side liable to break, but is unpleais the best : the fish are more santly top-heavy, and invariably hungry, as the flies, which of warps. I consider the Irish ones course are carried along by the inferior to those made in London: wind, are for the most part they are elegantly got up, and of devoured before they get ħalf the best material ; but though at across. Besides this, he who can this moment I have one of Kelly's only throw with the wind will best specimens, I must say
canfrequently, in extensive waters, not use it with any degree of have to go in up to his middle, as satisfaction ; they are too supple.