Графични страници
PDF файл
ePub

Yours us with the method of com- an old captive, a man of some rank, posing the teraphim, which were whose children had been just torn a species of image endued by magic from him, and exposed to public art, with the power of prophesying. sale. He purchased him immedi" The teraphim have spoken vanic ately, carried him to Athens, and, ty.” Zach. 10, 2. Rabbi Eliezer is whilst he made the wretched Olynquoted as the author.

thian perish under every torinent

which art could inflict, he drew, Receipt for making the Teraphim. from the writhings of his tortured

frame, a Prometheus under the 6 They killed a man that was a beak and talons of the vulture, first born son, and wrung off his which was allowed to be a masterhead, and seasoned it with salt and piece of art. If any circumstance spices, and wrote upon a plate of could add to the horrors of this stogold, the name of an unclean spirit, ry, it is, that Olynthus had actually and put it under the head on a wall, suffered in the cause of the very city and lighted candles before it, and in which Parrhasius acted this deworshipped it.” With such as these, testable scene of cruelty. The piece the rabbis assert that Laban spake. was given by the artist to the tem

Dr. Fuller, in his “ Worthies of ple of Minerva, in Athens; and England," after repeating the old Seneca coolly argues the point, wheprophetic proverb,

ther it ought to have been received.

An act of greater inhuinanity • When our lady falls in our lord's lap, has seldom been perpetrated than Then let England beware a mishap," that of the cardinal of Lorraine,

who, being at the head of the counand after bringing fifteen instances cil, under Francis II, and finding of singular misfortunes, which have the avenues of Fontainebleau thronghappened to England, when such a ed with wounded officers, and with conjunction of feasts has occurred, the widows of such as had lost their warns the next generation to beware lives in the king's service, had the of what may fall out in the year brutality to erect a gibbet, “ in or1722. Happily that year is past, der to get rid of the beggars," as hc and probably another like era, with- expressed himself, and, by sound of out any signal misfortune happen trumpet, proclaimed, that whosoing to the kingdom.

ever of the petitioners should not be gone, within twenty-four hours, should be executed, without mercy,

upon the same. ON THOUGHTLESS CRUELTY. The same age, however, produ

ced instances of cruelty almost beIT seems strange that a passion yond belief, and, from their abunfor the arts should have been often dance, it seems they did not strike made a pretext for the most exqui- the minds of men with that degree site barbarity. The story of Giotto of horror which they would raise at and his dying Christ, is within every a milder period. Coconnas, an Ita. one's reading : that of Parrlasius, lian of rank, having been executed the Athenian painter, which seems in the reign of Henry III, of France, to have been Giotto's model, is not on suspicion of treason, the king rens so well known. When Philip of dered him the following public tesMacedon had taken Olynthus, and timony of his character. « Coconconsigned the inhabitants to slavery, das was brave enough, but he was Parrhasias, who had resided in the one of the wickedest fellows in my Macedonian camp, walking among realm. I have often heard him the ruins of the place, was struck boast of having, at the massacre of with the exquisite expression of sor- St. Barthelemy, purchased upwards row which agonized the features of of thirty Hugucnots out of the hands of their enemies, merely for the rebel. These mistaken men ought sake of killing them in a more cruel surely not to be punished merely method. He began with making for doing what appears to them to them renounce their religion, and be just. No, they should be sent to then he tortured them to death, by some Bridewell, as to a school, there slow degrees.” To this eulogium they should be ordered in the Latin the tender-hearted prince added.... language to perform some task, and “I never liked Coconnas thoroughly should be heartily flogged, not for after I knew this story, and am not idleness, but for not comprehending sorry for the end to which he has the directions of their teachers. brought himself.”

When a boy, I was charmed with All is not inhumanity which goes the tricks which an itinerant rat under that name. It is true, the catcher had taught to a beautiful effect is the same to the sufferers, white ferret. “But what mean those but the motive is less detestable. bloody marks round his mouth?”

The cook-maid, who weeps at a “ Why, that is where I sows up his tale of woe, although, as a poet chaps, that he ma’ant bite the rabsings....

bits in their berrys.” “How can

you be so barbarous," I cried, “ to “ All the while she skins live eels,"

so tame, and so lovely an animal ?"

“ Laud, master, a' likes it. A' will is by no means to be blamed for in- hold up his chaps to be sewed!" consistency. The same tenderness T hat species of cruelty which has which makes her weep at a melan- given occasion to so many elegant choly narratire, would interest her effusions of poetry, has scarcely in favour of the wretches whom she ever been more beautifully lamenttortures, were but anyone kinded than by the celebrated Buchanan, enough to reason with her, on a in the following epigram: barbarity, in which she is hardened by custom, and to acquaint her that, Illa, mihi semper presenti, dura, Neæra, by putting the animal's head in boil- Me quoties absum, semper abesse ing water, she might shorten its dolet. pains.

Non desiderio nostri, non mæret amore, « They be used to it,” was the Sed se non nostro posse dolore frui. reply made by a thoughtless fair one, to a friend who began an argument on the subject. The drayman who cruelly lashes

ON DRUNKENNESS. the poor animals trusted to his care, thinks himself only chastising them

THE merry sin of drunkenness for their perverseness. For, ridi- has met with so many, not only apoculous as it may appear, there is no logists, but even panegyrists, that doubt but he believes that they might every thing which can now be said comprehend all he says to them if on the subject must have been long they pleased. Listen to a carter, who anticipated. That most poets should thinks himself not over-heard': he have ranged themselves under the will talk to his fore-horse ; he will

banner of Bacchus cannot be wongive his orders to him in a language dered at. Their jovial and easy which he thinks very intelligible. manngrs suit well with those of his The horse turns this and that way, worshippers. Anacreon, who was but unhappily cannot hit the right one of the heartiest friends to the species of obedience. Then the cause, after describing the elevation driver, after, with the strictest im- of spirit which his wine had blessed partiality, blasting the horse's eyes and limbs, and his own too, begins to use his whip, and actually believes

πετώ δ' απαντα θυμα, himself only chastizing an obdurate I kick the world before me,

proceeds to make a very simple With fluttering tongue, and staring eye, excuse for losing his senses by too They hiccup mutual wrath and obloquy. much liquor....

The humorous French philosoMIGUOrta gap ue 2.910

pher, Montaigne, adduces a thouΠολυ κρείσσων και θα αντα. sand arguments in favour of wine,

although he professes himself not to I'd rather die to revive again, than to

be attached to it. “Lucius Piso," die for good and all.

he remarks, from Seneca, “ and

Cornelius Cossus, were successively Horace, who did every thing with

entrusted with secrets of the utmost grace, makes an elegant eulogium importance, the first by Augustus. on wine, in the 21st ode of his 3d the other by Tiberiu

the other by Tiberius. These they book, and in his epistles, in order were never known to betray, al

were never kn completely to unite poetry with though each was noted for such exdrinking, after having denied all cess in wine, as to have been carpossibility of fame to water-drink- ried from the senate-house, repeating bards, he intimates that the edly, in a state which we should call muses themselves had no objection dead-drunk.” to good liquor. “ Vina fere dulces oluerunt manè Ca- « Hesterno inflatum venas, de more menæ.”

Lyco.” The muses themselves betray their tip

VIRGIL. pling by their morning breath.

The Germans always loved the Many philosophers have defend- pleasures of Bacchus: it was one of ed tippling. Even Seneca carries them, either the celebrated Daniel his complacency so far, as to advise Heinsius, or Petros Paganus, poeti. men of high-strained minds to get cal professor, at Marpourg, in drunk now and then....

Hesse, according to Duchat, that

was the author of a well-known “ Non ut mergat nos, sed ut deprimat.”

comic distich, which attempts to

stutter and stagger like its author. Not to stupify but only to relieve us. He adds, afterwards, Do you call “ Sta, pes! Sta, mi pes! Sta, pes! Ne Cato's excess in wine a vice? Much

labere, mi pes! sooner may you be able to prove

“ Ni steteris, lapides hi, mihi lectus drunkenness a virtue than Cato to

erint.” be vicious. The grave Lucretius must have

Which may be thus attempted in been pretty well acquainted with

English..

an good liquor, to have so perfectly « How you tetter, good feet! Have a described its effects.

care of my bones!

“ If you fail me, I pass all the night on Cum vini vis penetravit.

these stones.” Consequitur gravitus membrorum, præ

pediuntur Crura vacillante, tardescit lingua, madet Zaporavian Cossacks were truly

One might presume that the mens, Nant oculi, clamor, singullus, jurgia

addicted to the pleasures of the gliscunt."

table, since their chief magistrate,

chosen by themselves, is not, as When once their pates with wine are

Bell informs us, called their prince, fraught,

or duke, or general, but cashavar, Their limbs begin to totter,

which literally signifies chief cook. Their speech is check’d, confus'd each Were honest Howel's remedy thought,

against the love of drinking effecEach passion, too, grows hotter ; tual, it might be of service to the world to repeat it. But although its prevailed much among women of success be doubtful, its oddity may the best education and highest rank. entertain. “ The German mothers, We shall close these illustrations to make their sons fall into hatred with those laws of conviviality of wine, do use, when they are little, which Lipsius has handed down to put owls' eggs into a cup of rhe- to the present age. nish, and sometimes a little living eel, which, twingling in the wine, Vinum, purum, putum, puer infundito.... while the child is drinking, so scares A sumno ad imum, more majorum, bi. him, that many come to abhor, and

bunto.... have an antipathy to wine, all their Decem Cyathi, summa potio, sunto.... lives after."

Musis nonum.... Decumum Apollini liThe following passage is quoted

banto.... from Hollingshead: “ As for drink,

Dominan si quis habessit, indicium fait is not usually set on the table in

cito....

Rixæ, clamor, contentio, ad Thracas pots or cruses, but each one call

Abligantor....Eorum vice, carmen eth for a cup of such as he listeth to

Aliudve quid musæum, proferunto.

Ali have, or as necessity urgeth him, so that when he hath tasted of it, he delivereth his cup again to some one of the standers by, who, making it clean, restoreth it to the cup THE IMPORTANCE OF TRIFLES. board from whence he fetched the same. By this occasion much idling MORE than half the happiness tippling is cut off.”

of life depends on trifles : great "It is singular that the same cus- events happen but seldom, and, when tom should still continue to distin- they occur, if unfortunate, every guish the meals of the English from thing possible is done to mitigate those of their neighbours, though their ill effects. Not so the chagrin perhaps not always with the effect produced from trifles : they do not mentioned in the last sentence. appear of magnitude enough to en

It is true of late it has become gage the sympathy of others for you, the fashion to put wine on the table and they teize away your comfort, during meal time in England, but it corrode your temper, and destroy has not long been introduced, and your ease. Only self-felt ; at first the custom is very far from being sight, perhaps, it may seem absurd

to say, that our happiness in geneThe elegant, polished females ral depends more upon trifles than bred in the court of Louis XIV, events of magnitude, but this may were far less scrupulous in point of easily be shown to be true. temperance than we should readily Trifles occur every half hour, believe, had we not so indisputable every minute, and, if they are of a an evidence as the duchess of Or- galling irksome nature; if tinctured leans, Charlotte Elizabeth, in a let. with the irritability of a husband or ter dated May 21, 1716. “ The wife; with the peevishness of a paduchess of Bourbon, daughter of rent; with the acrimonious jealousy madame de Montespan, can drink of a sister ; or the overbearing mana vast deal without having her sen- ners of a brother; our feelings will ses disordered. Her daughters wish certainly be chafed and wounded ; to follow her example, but they have and the repeated stroke will as cernot heads strong enough to bear so tainly undermine affection as the much liquor.” The editor of those washing of the sea will undermine letters remarks, that about this pe. the bank against which it is continuriod, the practice of hard-drinking ally dashing.

general.

[ocr errors]

SUBSTANCE OF THE
REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY.

November 19th, 1804.

REVENUE.

THE nett revenue, arising from duties on merchandise and tonnage, during 1802, amounted to ten millions one hundred and fifty-four thousand dollars. The nett revenue, from the same source, during 1803, amounted to eleven millions three hundred and six thousand dollars. The nett revenue, during the three first quarters of 1804, considerably exceeds that of the corresponding quarters of the year 1803. That branch of the reve. nue may, exclusively of the Mediterranean fund, be estimated at ten millions seven hundred and thirty thousand dollars, which is the average of the two years 1802 and 1803. The actual payments in the treasury, on account of those duties, during the year ending on the 30th September last, amount nearly to the same sum, and there is no reason to suppose that the receipts of the ensuing will fall short of those of last year.

The revenue from the sale of public lands is gradually encreasing. Exclusively of the September sales at Cincinnati, three hundred and fourteen thousand acres have been sold, during the year ending on the 30th of Sep. tember last. The proceeds of these sales, purchasers being en itled to the discount allowed in case of prompt payment, would yield five hundred and fifty thousand dollars. It is believed that the receipts from that source will, for the ensuing year, exceed four hundred and fifty thousand dollars.

The permanent revenue of the United States may, therefore, including the duties on postage, and other small incidental branches, be computed at eleven millions two hundred thousand dollars.

And the payments in the treasury, during the year 1805, on account of the temporary duties which constitute the Mediterranean fund, are estimated at five hundred and fifty thousand dollars, making in the whole, for the probable receipts of that year, a sum of eleven millions seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars.

$ 11,750,000

EXPENDITURES. The expences of the year 1805, defrayed out of that revenue, consist of 1. Eight millions for the principal and interest of the public

debt, of which near three millions seven hundred thousand will be applicable to the discharge of the principal, and the residue to the payment of interest

8,000,000 2. For the civil department, and all domestic expences of a

civil nature, including military pensions, light house and mint establishments, and the expence of surveying public lands

952,000 3. For the intercourse with foreign nations, including the paya

ment of awards under the British treaty, and for Algiers 294,000 4. For the military and Indian departments

954,000 5. For the naval establishment

650,000 Extraordinary expences of the last expedition against Tripoli, payable in 1805, and chargeable to the Mediterranean fund

590,000

1,240,000

[blocks in formation]
« ПредишнаНапред »