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to pass from one room to another. previously regarded her with a sort Of course, there was no opportunity of indifference, from that moment of viewing the apartments to advan- she engaged all his attention, and tage : however, I saw enough of he was unable to direct his eyes, or them to remark that they formed a even his thoughts, to any other obsuite elegantly decorated. Some ject. persons amused themselves with Some philosophers, as is well cards, though the great majority known, have maintained, that from neither played nor danced, but were all bodies there is an emanation of occupied in conversing with their corpuscles, which, coming into conacquaintance. There was no regu- tact with our organs, make on the lar supper, but substantial refresh- brain an impression, either more or ments of every kind were to be pro- less sympathetic, or of a directly cured on paying, and other smaller opposite nature. They tell you, for ones gratis.
instance, that of two women whom From the tickets not being trans. you behold for the first time, the ferable, and the bearer's name be- one the least handsome will someing inserted in each of them, the times please you most, because there company was far more select than exists a greater sympathy between it could have been without such a you and her than between you and restriction. Most of the foreign the more beautiful woman. Withambassadors, envoys, &c. were pre- out attempting to refute this absurd sent, and many of the most distin- doctrine of corpuscles, I shall only guished persons of both sexes in observe, that this young Frenchman Paris. More regard was paid to is completely smitten, and declares the etiquette of dress at this ball that no woman in the world can be than I have ever witnessed here on compared to the widow. similar occasions. The ladies were This circumstance reminds me of a all en grande toilette, and the men still more remarkable effect, ascribed with cocked hats, and in shoes and to a similar cause, experienced by stockings, which is a novelty here, Henry III of France. The marI assure you, as they mostly appear riage of the king of Navarre, afterin boots.
wards Henry IV, with Marguerite A circumstance which occurred de Valois, and that of the prince de there, from the extravagant credu- Conde with Marie de Cleves, was lity it exhibits, as to the effects of celebrated at the Louvre, on the sympathy, may amuse you.
10th of August, 1572. Marie de A widow, about twenty years of Cleves, then a most lovely creature, age, more to be admired for the only sixteen, after dancing much, symmetry of her person than for finding herself incommoded by the the beauty of her features, had, ac- heat of the ball-room, retired to a cording to the prevailing custom, private apartment, where one of the intrusted her pocket-handkerchief waiting-women of the queen-dowato the care of a male friend, a gen- ger, seeing her in a profuse perspitleman-like young Frenchman of my ration, persuaded her to make an acquaintance. After dancing, the entire change of dress. She had lady, finding herself rather warm, scarcely left the room, when the applied for her handkerchief, with duke of Anjou, afterwards Henry which she wiped her forehead, and III, who had also danced a great returned it to the gentleman, who deal, entered it to adjust his hair, again put it into his pocket. He and, being overheated, wiped his then danced, but not with her; and, face with the first thing that he being also heated, he, by mistake, found, which happened to be the took out the lady's handkerchief, chemise she had just taken off. Rewhich, when applied to his face, turning to the ball, he fixed his eyes produced, as he fancied, such an on her, and contemplated her with effect on him, that, though he had as much surprise as if he had never before beheld her. His emotion, conveyed elsewhere for that evehis transports, and the attention ning. which he began to pay her, were the more extraordinary, as during the preceding week, which she had passed at court, he appeared indif. A NEW MODE OF SCANDAL. ferent to those very charms, which now made on his heart an impres. A BLIND man of Paris, retiring sion so warm and so lasting. In in the dusk to his hovel, after have short, he became insensible to every ing spent the day in begging, with thing that did not relate to his pas- little success, was accosted by a sion.
person, who told him, that if lie His election to the crown of Po- would go home with him, he should land, say historians, far from flat- find his account in it. The blind tering him, appeared to him an man joyfully consented to be conexile; and when he was in that ducted to his new friend's house, kingdom, absence, far from dimi- and was thus addressed by him : nishing his love, seemed to increase “I am not rich, and yet wish to it. Whenever he addressed the show charity to the poor, which I princess, he pricked his finger, and have no other possibility of doing, never wrote to her but with his unless by giving them parcels of blood. No sooner was he informed tales and novels, which I compose, of the death of Charles IX, than he to sell at a very moderate price, dispatched a courier to assure her for their own benefit. Here, my that she should soon be queen of friend, is a good parcel of them, France; and, on his return, his which you shall dispose of at the thoughts were solely bent on dis- rate of two-pence each, although they solving her marriage with the prince are intrinsically worth thrice the de Conde, which, on account of the money.” The poor fellow, after latter being a protestant, he ex- loudly expressing his gratitude, pected to accomplish. But this de- groped his way home, exulting, and termination proved fatal to the prin- sallied out the next morn, to enjoy cess; for, shortly after, she was at the profits of his benefactor's protacked by a violent illness, attri- ductions. He cried his pamphlets buted to poison, which carried her by the title of a new novel, as he off in the flower of her age.
had been directed, and, for some No words can paint Henry's des- time, had no custom; but one of his pair at this event : he passed seve- books having been purchased and ral days in tears and groans, and examined, the rest met with a most when he was at length obliged to rapid sale, and the blind man reshow himself in public, he appeared turned homewards with his pockets in deep mourning, and entirely co- well loaded. His pleasant ideas vered with emblems of death, even were, however, soon checked, by to his very shoe-strings.
his finding himself in the custody of The princess de Conde had been an officer of the police, who told him dead upwards of four months, and that the book which he had sold buried in the abbey-church of St. was a most virulent and impudent Germain-des-Pres, when Henry, satire against a person of rank. on entering the abbey, whither he The poor blind man protested his was invited to a grand entertain- innocence, and told his tale, which, ment given there by cardinal de luckily for him, was believed; but Bourbon, felt such violent tremblings he could give no information which at his heart, that, not being able to could lead to the contriver of this endure their continuance, he was very ingenious and new way of going away ; but they ceased all at spreading abroad scandal with imonce, on the body of the princess punity. being removed from its tomb, and The present age, far from encou
raging obsolete defamation, seems VARIETIES OF SUPERSTITION. rather to indulge in the opposite extreme. Sir John Falstaff has IT is amusing to notice the varifound an ingenious advocate, to af- ous forms which superstition has firm that cowardice nerer formed a assumed among mankind. The anpart of his character. Richard III, cients adopted a very peculiar mety rant as he was, has not been with- thod of pacifying the wandering spiout a friend, who has exhausted the rits of such as had been slain by powers of every engine, which wit treachery. The murderer never and reading could supply, to set his thought himself safe from being character and his back straight : haunted by the spectre of the perand volumes upon volumes are writ. son whom he had killed, until he ten, to prove the immaculate purity had cut off the feet, the hands, the of Mary, queen of Scots.
nose, and the ears from the slaughtered corpse, and hung them to his own neck, or under his arm-pits. This appears from the Greek scho
liasts on Sophocles, Æschylus, &c. JULIA GONZAGA.
Deiphobus, the husband of Helena,
was probably treated in this way, THE story of Julia Gonzaga is which accounts for the uncouth apwell known. Her exquisite and far- pearance which he made before famed beauty tempted a corsair to Æneas, in the shades. fit out a small squadron, and to land near her castle, in order to make ........Lacerum crudeliter ora, himself master of so rich a prize. Ora, manusque ambos, populataque tem. A domestic burst into her room, pora, raptis while the pirates were actually Auribus, & truncas, in honesta vulnere scaling her walls, and snatching nares. her, naked as she was, from her bed, conveyed her on horse-back And this naturally introduces the out of the reach of the assailants. Roman method of getting rid of When they had gained a place of those troublesome nocturnal visitors, security, the lady's high sense of the Lemures, so named from a modesty obliged her to cause her transversion of the word Remus, honest, although perhaps indelicate, who was said to have haunted his preserver, to be assassinated. Thus brother and murderer, Romulus. much is always told; but it is very On this account the hag-ridden little known, although certainly true, prince instituted a festival, called that during their fight from the Lemuria, to appease the unquiet castle, the fugitives fell in with one dead. The haunted person was to of those roving parties of banditti, rise at midnight, and to walk barewhich Italy, in those days, abounded footed, silently, only making a small with. This paragon of beauty was, noise with his thumb and finger, to a full week, detained by the band of keep the disturbed spirit at some outlaws, before she had leave to distance. He then must wash his pursue her journey, and to execute hands three times, in spring water, her plan of vengeance on her deli- and fill his mouth with beans, which verer. Had she been honoured by a he was to throw behind him, for La Fontaine for her historian, her the spectre, who watched his moadventures might perhaps have tions, to pick up; he was, at the eclipsed those of the princess of same time, to pronounce, « With Garbes. Possibly she might not be these beans I redeem me and mine," sorry to be rid of one who had been without turning back his head..... a witness to the hospitality of her Then, after one more ablution, aflate entertainers.
ter striking a vessel of brass, and
after adjuring the ghost, nine seve. them, insisted on being closed in ral times, by name, to depart, he with his deceaed comrade. The might turn his head, and the cere- orders of such a man were not to be mony was ended.
disputed. The soldiers walled up It should seem that a person who the opening of the vault, heaped had resolution enough to pass over the whole the usual mound of through a form so very alarming, earth, and departed, lamenting the must have too firm a mind to give loss of two such leaders. any credit to such childish, expiato- It chanced that, a century afterry ceremonies.
' wards, Eric, a Swedish prince, In what manner are we to account marching with his army near the for the difference between that noble scene of this awful event, was incitwildness found in the tales of super- ed, by the hopes of finding some stition, handed down to us by our vast treasure, to violate this asylum Celtic ancestors, and the uninterest- of the dead. His pioneers instantly ing insipidity of all the ghost and levelled the hillock, and the arch witch stories, which the latter ages of the vault soon gave way; when, have produced? Perhaps the cause instead of the expected solemn still. may be found in that universal al- ness of a tomb, the ghastly figure of lowance of preternatural visitations, the surviving hero rushed forth, all which, in former times, pervaded covered with blood, and deprived of every rank of society, and, of course, half his visage. encouraged the greatest and most The tale he told to the Norwe. fanciful wits of the time to busy gian was frightful as his own appearthemselves in inventing and recount. ance.• " As soon,” he said, “as the ing picturesque relations, while, in tomb had been closed, a hungry and modern days, since the belief of such cruel spirit had taken possession of events has been confined wholly to the body of his slaughtered friend, the ignorant, the poor, and the su- and had, without ceasing a moment, perannuated, neither genius norima- employed all the force and arms of gination are at hand to raise the the deceased, in order to conquer tale one degree above a white sheet, and devour the buried survivor.... or a pair of saucer-eyes, nor to sup- He added, that the spectre had so ply the spectre with any language far prevailed, as to have feasted on more expressive than that of scratch the horse, the dog, and half the face ing, knocking, or fluttering.
of the wretched narrator, but that Let us, for example's sake, re- he had, at length, by the exertion count one, out of a hundred stories, of his old prowess, overpowered the told by the ancient northern writers. spectre, and belieaded and buried Asuithus and Asmundus were he- the possessed carcase.” roes and companions in arms.... Here the story ends, and, perThey had fought and conquered to. haps, one of the most singular parts gether during many years, and their of it is, that it was told to the Norfriendship was spoken of as a pat- wegian prince in extempore verse. tern to the warriors of the north. A circumstance which, in the mouth At length the one, after a desperate of a man who had been one hundred conflict, was slain in battle. The years fighting with a goblin, and survivor, after causing a spacious who had but half a face left, seems vault to be constructed for his uncommon. But such effusions of friend's body, and, after having poetry were usual, in former ages, seen his arms, his horse, and his in all remarkable occurrences. The favourite dog, as was the mode of modern vampire has strong traces of the times, placed within his reach, descent from the above quoted go. besides a large store of provisions, thic phantom. entered the cavern, armed as he Thus we are told by Matthew was, and, in consequence of a mu- Paris, that as Gilbert Folliot, aftertual vow which had passed between wards bishop of London, was, one
VOL. III. NO, XVI.
night, revolving in his head certain I think, may easily come to pass. In points in politics, a science to fuse fruitful eggs where you have a which he had a stronger turn than liquid moisture of arsenic, or sera to divinity, he was most fearfully pents' poison, and other deadly interrupted in his meditation by Sa- things, and let the eggs lie therein tan, who, with an unpleasant tone for some days; set them under hens of voice, thus accosted him in that do cluck, but shake them not rhyme: “0 Gilberte Folliot !...Dum in your hands, lest you destroy the revolvis tot & tot....Deus tuus est mischief sought for. There is no Astarot.” To whom the unterri. greater cause to be found to produce fied priest replied with greater pre- divers monsters, than by eggs." sence of mind than civility, “ Men. No man ever gave into popular tiris, Dæmon! Qui est Deus.... Sab- and superstitious prejudices more boath, est ille meus."
readily than the otherwise ingenious Near the abbey of Clairvaux, in and entertaining antiquarian, John Switzerland, there is a tradition, Aubrey. His method of relation that an evil spirit lies beneath a was always quaint, and sometimes mountain, enchained by St. Bernard; too general, as in the following in, and the smiths of that neighbour- stance: hood, when they go to work in the “Anno 1670, not far from Cirenmorning, always think it their duty cester, was an apparition. Being to strike three strokes on their an. demanded whether a good spirit or vils, to rivet his fetters.
a bad ? returned no answer, but disThis infernal being deserves much appeared, with a curious perfume, less compassion than those industri- and most melodious twang.' ous phantoms, who, according to a The annals of France report, reputable tradition, are still to be that, in 793, there fell out an uncomheard near a southern cliff in Wales, mon scarcity; the ears of corn were constantly employed in hammering all void of substance, and strange on the brazen wall, which Merlin preternatural beings were heard intended for the defence of Britain in the air, proclaiming themselves But the heedless enchanter having, to be demons, who had ravaged the after he had set them to work, been harvests, in order to revenge the decoyed by the lady of the lake, into clergy for the reluctance of the a perpetual confinement, the poor people as to the payment of tythes, spirits still continued their unavail. which, in consequence of this diaing labour, and must hammer on till bolical interference, were ordered Merlin regains his freedom. to be regularly discharged.
Should a glass-house fire be kept James I defines a necromancer to up, without extinction, for a longer be the devil's master, and to com- . term than seven years, there is no mand him by art. A witch, his doubt but that a salamander would be servant, for whom he works by generated in the cinders. This very compact. rational idea is much more gene- St. Augustine, treating of the rerally credited than wise men would surrection, introduces, as an instance readily believe.
of the unaccountableness of some In a folio book, of some price, we among the works of nature, a pemeet the following receipt :
culiar property belonging to the
flesh of the peacock. This, he af. How to make a Basiliske.
firms, will never corrupt, although, “ I deny not," quoth the author, from its colour and consistence, and " but a living creature may be ge- from the species of food by which nerated, that shall poison one by it is generated, one would suppose it seeing and touching, as if it were a at least as liable to putrefaction as basilick. But take heed, you that any other kind of animal substance. try to produce this creature, that The learned Godwin, in his an
do not endanger yourself, which, tiquities of the Jewish nation, fa