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sections. Enquiring what it was, idiots would waste their time in he informed me, that Viviani, and looking for the plan of an old castle, many other mathematicians, had from which no instruction can be shown what portion of the spherical drawn in planning fortresses at presurface was taken away when the sent; in searching for coins which sphere was pierced perpendicularly are of less value in the market than to the plane of one of its great circles, the same weight of gold or copper by two cylinders, whose diameters in the shape of a cent or an eagle ; are equal to the radii of the sphere. in restoring the mutilated lines in a They have likewise shown, that the ridiculous story of gods, who were portion of the spherical surface re- only devils in disguise, and of heroes maining is quadrable, and equal to that deserved to be hanged. What four times the square of the radius. man of common sense, continued my But, continued he, they have not friend, would find any satisfaction in pointed out a remarkable property discovering a new kind of cockin that portion of the solid of the roatch, when our domestic comfort sphere, which remains after cutting requires that the whole race should out a pair of such cylinders. Now, be extirpated; or in compounding a after infinite labour, I have succeed. cheaper soup than turtle, since it ed in demonstrating, by the method can only serve to multiply the numof triple integrals, that the remain- bers, and aggravate the idleness, of ing portion is cubable, and is equal the poor? to two-ninths of the cube of the Bravo! my friend, cried I, I ear. sphere's diameter.

nestly advise you to sit down this This discovery, my friend, said I, moment and write an essay to de. gives you, doubtless, as much plea- monstrate that all are heretics who sure as Mr. Heyne would have de- do not worship Newton, and that all rived from lighting on a manuscript language, except the language of of Virgil, in which the half lines algebra, is no better than the chatwhich occur in the Eneid had been ter of monkeys. drawn out to their due length by the poet himself; or such as Daines Barrington would have found on recovering the original plan of Cardiff castle; or Barthelemi from a For the Literary Magazine. true series of the coins of Hiero the Syracusan. Nay, I doubt whether

MY NATIVE LAND. sir Joseph Banks would have been equally delighted with a new spe AH! how many things are excies of blatta, from the bay of Car- pressed by this short sentence !pentaria, or count Rumford with there is a charm in it which lanmaking a pint of good soup by guage cannot describe; it excites means half a farthing less expen- all the tender emotions so dear to sive than the mode hitherto in use the human heart; it awakens a rein his own cook-shops.

collection of all the pleasures and My friend smiled at these compa- pains, all the hopes and fears we have risops, and, as usual, pointed out, once experienced, in those happy with great solemnity and emphasis, days, when, treading the soil which the superior wisdom of mathemati- nourished us, we passed the morncal researches, by means of which, ing of life in the pursuit of innocent among innumerable benefits, men pleasures, regardless of that which are enabled to build ships that shall was concealed by the dark and imgo through the water with the penetrable veil of futurity. greatest possible speed, and to erect When our minds are awakened bridges which shall bear the great- to a recollection of the disappointest possible weight without flinching: ments we have met with, the miswhereas none but dreamers and fortunes we have suffered, and the

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miseries we have sustained (consi- have been supporting loses much of dered abstractedly), they seem to its force when we consider the peexceed the pleasures we have ex. culiar and powerful motives which perienced ; but when these recol. actuate them. They leave a coun: lections are connected with the try where the necessaries of life are country which gave us being, they not to be procured without great lose much of their weight : they exertions; where the little which seem as trifles, compared to the at. honest and persevering industry has tractions it possesses, the happiness accumulated is endangered by the it has once afforded, and can still violating hands of unprincipled bestow. All our pleasures seem hordes of hostile warriors, or the heightened, and all our griefs seem still more distressing depredations lessened ; time seems to have cast of those, who, by birth, are ranked a softening light over the darker among their friends; and where parts of the picture; the different large portions of their earnings are tints seem to mingle; it is no longer applied to the support of a tyrannicomposed of brilliant light and cal government, by whose command gloomy shade; we see them no their sons, the props of their age, more contrasted, like the splendour are torn from the arms of their paof noon with the darkness of night, rents, to fight the battles of a prince, but, like the calm beauties of twie whose reign is oppressive and delight, with blended pleasure and testable : for one where industry sadness, and pleasing melancholy. will more than supply the means of

That the love of our country is a subsistence, where its savings are general sentiment might, I think, secured to them by just and equal readily be proved ; that it is a na- laws, where peace and liberty have tural one needs no proof. Among established, and, I hope, will for the simplest people it reigns with ever hold their blessed reign, where peculiar energy. As men become the spoiler dares not lift his arm, more polished, this sentiment loses and the tyrant is held in bondage. some of its force, but among no peo. And even those persons leave not ple, and, I think, from no bosom has their former abode without the deepit been wholly eradicated. Men of est regret, without casting a long reflection, whose minds are enlarg. and “ lingering look behind,” on ed by study, and elevated by philo- those scenes, on which their eyes sophy, are apt to weigh the advan- now rest perhaps for the last time; tages which may be possessed in but motives, more powerful than residing in one part of the world in those which restrain their flight, preference to another, but the un- urge them forward to try their fortaught and unsophisticated sons of tune amid those scenes which renature ever find the most attractions port and fancy have painted in such in their native land ; they think no engaging colours. advantages can compensate for an It will be said, they remain here. eternal absence from it. Short terms True. The same motives which of absence may be endured with introduced them here still prevail, composure, but few would wander and others are daily arising: the about the world, if they had not ties of conjugal love, the cares of a some hopes of one day or other re. family accustomed to the country turning to that land where first they they inhabit, the consequence they saw the light of heaven, and play- acquire by their industry, in a couned in the warmth of its beams. try where merit is supposed to con

On the other hand, we find that fer dignity, and many others, equal. thousands leave their native land, ly powerful, which prevent their and encounter the inconveniences returning. But yet, in spite of all and dangers of a long voyage to these advantages, still do they view transport them to our own; but their native land with peculiar sathis objection to the opinion I have tisfaction; its productions, its cus

VALVERDI.

torns, its manners, its manufactures, pose for a moment on subjects of are all superior, in their estimation, character or sentiment. to those of the land they inhabit. I lately took up a novel of this These are certainly prejudices in kind, and it having been some time most instances, but prejudices which since I looked into a similar permay be pardoned ; they are not formance, I read with some degree those of education, but which nature of curiosity, and congratulated myhas planted in their bosoms for va- self on having fallen on so fine a speluable purposes, and which, though cimen of the prevailing taste. I they may not be evidences of en- cannot forbear admitting my reader larged minds, are still those of ho- to a participation of my pleasure, nest hearts.

by transcribing a page or two. All its chapters are so nearly alike that

any one will answer, and the sagaTo be continued.

cious reader need not be apprized of preliminary matters.

Edmund, at first undetermined

how to act, now aruse, and went For the Literary Magazine. down to the next story. The room

which he recognized as the apart. TERRIFIC NOVELS.

ment of his Adelaide, and which a

few hours before was, as well as the THE Castle of Otranto laid the rest of the house involved in total foundation of a style of novel writing, darkness, was now, to his extreme which was carried to perfection surprise, in the middle of the night by Mrs. Radcliff, and which may completely illuminated. He enterbe called the terrific stule. The ed : but the object which presented great talents of Mrs. Radcliff made itself rivetted him to the spot. Eve. some atonement for the folly of this ry function of his body, every senmode of composition, and gave some sation of his soul was suspended ; a importance to exploded fables and deadly chilling stopped the circula. childish fears, by the charms of sen- tion of his blood: without having timent and description ; but the mul- fainted, and in an erect posture, he titude of her imitators seem to have appeared annihilated. On a table, thought that description and senti. surrounded by large sable wax tament were impertinent intruders, pers, lay a coftin, covered by a black and by lowering the mind somewhat cloth reaching the ground. to its ordinary state, marred and when recovering from this stucounteracted those awful feelings, por, the dread of the worst that which true genius was properly em- could betide him quickened his heart ployed in raising. They endeavour to every racking sensation. Twice, to keep the reader in a constant urged by despair, he attempted to state of tumult and horror, by the lift up the pall, and to discover by powerful engines of trap-doors, back the plate on the coffin, whether his stairs, black robes, and pale faces : Adelaide-twice the dread of a but the solution of the enigma is horrid certainty withheld his arm. ever too near at hand, to permit the During this excruciating suspence, indulgence of supernatural appear he again heard steps ascending the ances. A well-written scene of a stairs : wanting resolution to make party at snap-dragon would exceed enquiries, he with precipitation withall the fearful images of these books. drew behind a curtain suspended in There is, besides, no kecping in a corner of the apartment. the author's design : fright succeeds A young lady of the most elegant to fright, and danger to danger, form, and arrayed in deep mourwithout perinitting the unhappy ning, now entered, eagerly apreader to draw his breath, or to re. proached the coffin, then turning im

her female attendants, by a motion “ FORBEAR: I CHARGE THEE, of her hand bade them withdraw. FORBEAR !” was the awful reply.

Oh, Edmund! what were the ec- “ To thine admonition, in that tasies of thy heart, how enviable thy treacherous garb, I shall not attend; feelings when so suddenly revived but, by Heaven, I'll know who thou from the dread of losing for ever art." thy richest treasure, in the beautiful At the same time, while, with his mourner thou beheldest thine. But left hand he sustained the swooning hush! she speaks !

maid, by a sudden spring with his « Precious remains of an ever-be. right he tore off the veil, that, to his loved parent," softly breathed Ade- amazement and horror, had conlaide, mournfully viewing the cof- cealed the fleshless, worm-eaten fin, “ let me take one last look, let head of a skeleton, whose eyes alone me behold once more those features rolled alive in their hollow sockets." whose image will ever live in my T his dismal visage was enough to heart."

rob ordinary mortals of their five As she spoke, she slowly removed wits, it must be acknowledged. a part of the pall, lifted up the lid, What wonders may be extracted and in silent sorrow gazed on the from a simple piece of pasteboard, countenance of her departed aunt. painted into a resemblance of a Then recollecting her own forlorn death's head, with two holes, situation, she continued, her eyes through which the wearer's eyes swimming in tears :

may perform their part! "O thou! from whom I experienced "

She could say no more, but kneel. ing by the coffin, she reclined her head on the edge of the table. Her For the Literary Magazine. tears, her sobs bespoke the abundance of her grief.

THE USE OF RICHES. “ No !” said the deeply affected Edmund starting from behind the IF our surprise be sometimes curtain, kneeling by her, and taking awakened by the diversified modes her hand, “ No! thine Edmund, at by which men endeavour to obtain least, lives for thee."

money, there is no less reason for He was proceeding; but the ter- surprise at the modes by which men rified, amazed Adelaide shrunk contrive to expend it when it is got. from his touch, uttered a piercing There seems, in general, as much shriek, and sunk on the ground. anxiety betrayed, and ingenuity ex

Her lover, astonished at her ac- erted, for the latter as for the fortion, and excessively alarmed, has- mer purpose. It is remarkable, tened to afford her all possible relief. that the more freely men disburse He had already placed her on the money, and the more prone they nearest chair, when he felt himself are to give it away, without recomtouch by a kind of wand, and, as he pence or consideration, the more turned round, a deep-toned voice avaricious are they, the more eagerawfully pronounced the portentous ly do they steal, beg, or borrow from word-FORBEAR!

others. The seeming inconsistency Edmund then beheld a tall figure in human conduct, which Sallust completely clad in a loose black imputes, as a great singularity, to gown that swept the ground. The Cataline, is daily and familiarly met face of the object was concealed by with in all the haunts of human soa veil of the same colour reaching ciety, his girdle.

" I have seldom met, in my read“Who art thou? Whence com- ing, with a more curious instance of est thou? Why this disguise ?” seeming inconsistency between the

spirit with which money is acquired, party who wish to recreate them. and that with which it is spent, than selves by sedate conversation after in the conduct of two Russian bro- roaming about with the great throng; thers, named Narishkin. Their some parties take to the swings, the property, like that of other Russian bowling-green, and other diversions; jords, consists in lands and peasants, on the canals and lakes are gondofrom which the revenue derived is las, some constructed for rowing, in nature of a poll tax, each indivi- others for sailing; and, if all this be dual paying annually so many rubles not enough, refreshments are spread (dollars) for himself, his wife, and on tables, in particular alcoves, or children. This sum is always as are handed about by servants in much as can possibly be squeezed livery. This noble hospitality is by out of the earnings of the miserable no means unenjoyed; the concourse slave, gotten either by husbandry of persons of all descriptions, from or handicraft. No diet, no garb, no the star and ribband to the plain, accommodation is thought too coarse well-dressed burgher, forms such a or scanty for the peasant and his party-coloured collection, and somebrats, and all beyond this humble times groupes are so humourously and meagre provision rightfully be. contrasted, that for this reason alone longs to the master. As the horse it is well worth the pains of paris provided with oats and hay merely taking once in the amusement. that he may be profitable to his owner, so is the Russian boor permitted to provide himself with onions ai] rye biscuit that he may For the Literary Magazine. continue a productive beast to his proprietor.

VOLCANOES. The Narishkins have about twen. ty thousand such slaves, from whose A VOLCANO is surely the hard hands are annually wrung greatest of natural curiosities, beabout twice that number of dollars, cause it is one which bears the least aud this tribute, we are told, is ex- resemblance to those objects which acted with the utmost rigour. How, are daily and familiarly passing be. may we ask, do they employ this fore our eyes. If a volcano were vast sum, whose real value, in Rus- always insulated in such a manner, sia, will be rightly judged of when that it should constitute nothing but it is known that the yearly pay, a spectacle, the deprivation of it maintenance, and equipment of four might be reasonably deemed a disthousand Russian soldiers cost the advantage ; but this, alas! is never national treasury about the same the case. Its devastations extend sum. A late traveller shall help us commonly far beyond the limits of to answer this question. He tells the sight; and even if a sea interas that the country-seats of the two vene between us and the flaming brothers Narish kin are frequented, bill, the ground beneath us is often on Sundays, by great numbers of the shaken, when the volcanic fame is higher classes. A friendly invitation, only faintly seen in the dim horizon, in four different languages, inscribed emitting an uncertain ray, like the over the entrance to the grounds, lamp of a beacon, seen remote. authorizes every one of decent ap- Happily for us of the United pearance and behaviour to amuse States, we are exempted from the bimself there, in whatever way he evils which are inseparable from a pleases, without fear of molestation. volcano. For the sake of this secu. In several pavilions are musicians rity, we shall readily dispense with for the benefit of those who chuse to the gratifications which the fancy dance; in others are chairs and might receive from the spectacle, sofas, ready for the reception of any and which, like all other pleasures

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