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of these children, and the existence the Memoirs of the Medical Society of the small-pox, more than two of London. years afterwards, in one of them, Mr. Langford had passed through for it was only to one of the children the disease in his infancy, when that the committee had an opportu- three others of the family were also nity of applying any particular ex. affected by it, one of whom died. amination, and in that one the dis- His face was so remarkably pitted ease was marked by some striking and seamed, as to attract general peculiarities, as will appear in the notice, and no one who saw him history, the report closes with the entertained a doubt of his having following observations :
had the disease in a most inveterate « The committee, however, feels manner. It was his custom, from it a duty to remark, that the above his sympathy with persons affilicted facts are not to be considered as with small-pox, to visit and assist militating against the general prac- the poor when labouring under it, tice of vaccination. Some well-au- and in May, 1775, he again took the thenticated, though rare, cases, have infection, and on the twenty-first been stated, in which the natural day fell a victim to it. Two phy. small-pox occurred twice in the sicians, Dr. Collet and Dr. Hulbert, same person. A few other instan- concurred with Mr. Withers in opices are recorded of persons who, nion of the second disease being after having undergone the inocu. truly small-pox, which was still lated small-pox, nevertheless took farther confirmed by others of the the disease by infection : yet these family afterwards falling ill of it: to cases were not deemned conclusive one of whom, a sister of the deceasagainst the advantages of variolous ed, it also proved fatal. inoculation, nor do they seem to In October, 1804, the daughter of have impeded its progress.
Mr. C., of Russel-square, Blooms. " In every country where Euro- bury, recovered from a most severe pean science is diffused, the general and dangerous form of confluent preventive power of vaccine inocu- small-pox, by which her life had lation, with regard to the small-pox, been brought into imminent danger. has been fully ascertained, and can. This child had been inoculated for not now be affected by the result of small-pox, on the 14th of November, a few detached cases, which, by fu. 1801, and passed through the disease ture observations and experiments, with all its usual symptoms, both as may be accounted for satisfactorily. to the local affection in the inoculatThe committee, therefore, with one ed arm, where it had left the com. accord, subscribes to the established mon scar, and the constitutional opinion, that if vaccination were disease. She had the eruptive fever universally adopted, it would afford at the proper time, a convulsion-fit, the means of finally extirpating the and four or five pustules about the small-pox.”
face, which maturated and declined, By way of illustrating the asser. with perfect regularity. tion that the small.pox may, in cer- Mr. D., of C., in Devonshire, tain cases be taken twice, an emi. then of adult age, had passed nent physician has published the through the small-pox in his child. following curious and authentic hood. He was considered by himcases, no less than eight of which self, by his family, and by the medioccurred within his own direct obcal attendant, to be perfectly secure, servation.
as will plainly appear, from the A most striking instance of the manner in which he exposed himoccurence of small-pox twice to the self to future infection. When some same person, is the well-known case younger branches of the family were of Richard Langford, a farmer, of about to be inoculated, Mr. D., reWest Shefford, in Berkshire, which lying on his own safety, amused is published in the fourth volume of himself by examining particularly
the variolous matter brought by the and the sores in the arms dried up surgeon for the purpose, holding the and healed. From a dissatisfaction phial in which it was contained, with the result of this inoculation, upon lint or cotton, to his nostrils, both children were, a few weeks to smell it. He paid very dearly afterwards, inoculated in a different for the indulgence of his curiosity, mode, and passed through the disease for, after the usual interval, he be with the most perfect regularity in came ill, and went through the all respects. small-pox, quite as regularly, and In the latter end of the year 1794, more severely, than those of the five children of some workmen at family who were inoculated. A pe- the Brades steel-works, near Birculiar anxiety was excited, not on- mingham, were inoculated with ly for the safety of his life, but also, some recent matter taken from one in his own mind at least, for the or two only remaining pustules, in a preservation of his person from the very late period of the natural smalldreadful disfigurations occasioned pox, from a child of one of the doby this cruel distemper, as he was mestics of the Rer. Dr. Hallam, then on the point of marriage. late dean of Bristol, at Charlemont,
Miss Sarah H., of Sudbury, was in Staffordshire. Of these five two inoculated, when a month old, by only passed through the disease with Mr. B., a surgeon, of that place. regularity, the other three had a The effect of this inoculation was complaint very much resembling not any general pustular eruption, that of the last mentioned two chil. which, indeed, has never been deem- dren of Mr. O., attended with eruped necessary to the success of va- tions; a sort of imitative or spuri. riolous inoculation. The surgeon, ous small-pox. On this account however, thought her perfectly se- they were afterwards subjected to cure ; and on a subsequent occasion, inoculation with the matter of an when some other children of the earlier stage, and then had the disfamily were to be inoculated, and ease in its common form. The two Mrs. H. desired that, for her own former were likewise inoculated satisfaction, the operation might be again, but these resisted the infection repeated on this child, he assured altogether. her that it would be altogether impossible to produce any farther infection. The event proved him mistaken. The child was inoculated, For the Literary Magazine. and had the disease in the same way as the other children.
YOUNG ROSCIUS. . In May, 1788, two children of the Rev. G. 0., of W. B., in Stafford. ONE of the most general and in. shire, were inoculated, with vario teresting subjects of curiosity and lous matter, obtained from a surgeon discussion, in England, at present, of the first respectability in a neigh- next to the menaced invasion, apbouring town. The operation was pears to be the character and me. performed also in the manner rits of a player, by name William recommended, and commonly em. Henry Betty, but who is more comployed, by this very experienced monly known by the name of Young practitioner. The arms inflamed Roscius. This title will sufficiently more rapidly than usual : at the end explain the popular opinion of his of a week constitutional symptoms merit. The press has teemed with took place, and were followed by an publications respecting him, and the eruption of pimples, which increase ingenuity of biographers and manaed in size, and continued to appear gershas contrived to extract from his in succession for some days; and affairs the materials of a heavy conthen, together with the constitu- troversy, in which, however, we, in tional illness, gradually disappeared, America, have no interest. Whether we shall ever be favoured by a a learned man. Every man's head sight of this miracle of talents on is full of the imperfections to be this side the ocean is a doubtful found in a man devoted to learning, point. Unless we go, or unless he especially ancient learning. By di. comes, immediately, we shall miss verting the attention from the scenes the surprising spectacle. The ac- around us, and from the transactions complishments of Betty, at the age of our own times, and fixing it upon of twelve or fourteen, are truly pro- characters and incidents which ocdigious; but the prodigy will disap curred in a distant age and remote pear with that age. Betty, at the country, erudition is supposed to age of twenty-five or thirty, what. disqualify its votaries for the comever his present attainments may mon offices of life. The ancient be, cannot expect to be more than languages being emphatically dead, Garrick was ; therefore it is quite no one, it is vulgarly imagined, can probable he may fall far short of buy skill in them, but at the cost of Garrick.
his native tongue, and thus they are likely to become uncouth and outlandish, from their disuse and igno
rance of the great instrument of For the Literary Magazine. human communication, speech. If
these students chance to have their PORTRAIT OF A LEARNED MAN. passions engaged, not by the lan
guages and arts, but by what are THERE is no kind of reading called the sciences, and especially which delights and instructs me among these by the metaphysics of more than that which contains antiquity, their case becomes a sketches of personal history and hopeless one. Ancient metaphysics character. The well-known imper- are classed, by the learned of the fection incident to all pictures of present times, with exploded dreams human actions or feelings, whether and childish reveries, and those who drawn by the actor himself, or by give their time and veneration to some observer, is some abatement them are deemed no better than of this satisfaction, but it does not Bedlamites or old women. These annihilate it altogether. A man notions may receive some degree of must have studied himself very im- countenance from the examples of perfectly, who does not see, that a a Taylor and Montboddo, but they faithful moral portrait is impossible: are certainly in direct opposition to but it would be a ridiculous refine- the lines in the following portrait. ment to despise or overlook these It belongs to one, whose passion for pictures, merely because they are the ancients has never been exceednot, what they cannot be, absolutely ed; who testified this passion not faithful. In most cases, the defect by closet application merely, but by arises from the incapacity of the extensive publications ; and who relater or pourtrayer, and not from was particularly distinguished by his intention to deceive. On many his rage for ancient metaphysics : occasions, the fault consists in omit. circumstances which greatly enting true, rather than in inserting hance the wonder we must feel at false lineaments: and hence infor- the moral and intellectual characmation and instruction is, in some ter displayed on this canvas. degree, derived from it. Though Though the attainments of this the picture does not show the whole man, for which he was known to man, it shows a very large portion the public, were those of a man of of him, and we are more benefited learning, and especially of Grecian by the success of the painter, than learning, his studies were by no injured by his failure.
means confined to these departments I have seklom been more pleased of knowledge. He possessed likethan with the following portrait of wise a general knowledge of modern history, with a very distinguishing thought, indeed, that the very ata taste in the fine arts, in one of which, tempt to please, however it might music, he was an eminent proficient. fall short of its aim, deserved some His singular industry empowered return of thanks, some degree of apa him to make these various acquisi. probation ; and that to endeavour tions without neglecting any of the at being pleased by such efforts, was duties which he owed to his fimily, due to justice, good-nature, and his friends, or his country. His sur. good sense. vivors possess such proofs, besides Far, at the same time, from that those given to the public, of his labo- presumptuous conceit which is soli, rious study and reflection, as are citous about mending others, and very rarely to be met with. Not that moroseness which feeds its own only was he accustomed, through a pride by dealing general censure, he long series of years, to make copi- cultivated to the utmost that great ous extracts from the different books moral wisdom, by which we are which he read, and to write critical made humane, gentle, and forgiving, remarks and conjectures on many thankful for the blessings of life, of the passages extracted, but he acquiescent in the afflictions we enwas also in the habit of regularly dure, and submissive to all the discommitting to writing such reflec- pensations of Providence. He de. tions as arose out of his study, which tested the gloom of superstition, and evince a mind carefully disciplined, the persecuting spirit by which it and anxiously bent on the attain- is so often accompanied ment of self-knowledge, and self. His affection to every part of his government. And yet, though habi- family was extreme and uniform. tuated to deep thinking and labori. As a husband, a parent, a master, he ous reading, he was generally cheer- was ever kind and indu:gent ; and ful, even to playfulness. There was he thought it no interruption of his no pedantry in his manners or con, graver occupations to instruct his versation, nor was he ever seen ei. daughters himself, by exercising ther to display his learning with os- them daily both in reading and com. tentation, or to treat with slight or position, and writing essays for their superciliousness those less informed improvement, during many of their than himself. He rather sought to younger years. No man was a betmake them partakers of what he ter judge of what belonged to female knew, than to mortify them by a education, and the elegant accomparade of his own superiority. Nor plishments of the sex, or more dishad he any of that miserable fastidi. posed to set a high value upon them. ousness about him which two often But he had infinitely more at heart disgraces men of learning, and pre that his children should be early vents their being amused or inte habituated to the practice of religion rested, at least their choosing to ap, and morality, and deeply impressed near 80, by common performances, with their true principles. To proand common evenis.
mote this desirable end, he was as. It was with him a maxim, that siduous, both by instruction and exthe most difficult, and infinitely the ample, being himself a constant at. preferable, sort of criticism, both in tendant upon public worship, and literature and in the arts, was that enforcing that great duty upon every which consists in finding out beau. part of his family. The deep sense ties, rather than defects; and al. of moral and religious obligation though he certainly wanted not judge which was habitual to him, and ment to distinguish and to prefer those benevolent feelings which were superior excellence of any kind, he so great a happiness to his family was too reasonable to expect it and friends, had the same powerful should often occur, and too wise to influence over his public as his pri. allow himself to be disgusted at com. vate life. He had an ardent zeal for mon weakness or imperfection. He the prosperity of his country, whose
real interests he well understood; rature cost her near eight hundred and, in his senatorial conduct, he pounds (0600 dollars). proved himself a warm friend to As the caprices of the human the genuine principles of religious mind are endless, we have no right and civil liberty.
to say, that there never was anoMy readers will easily perceive, ther instance of a similar collection ; that the subject of this picture is no yet surely the number of such col. other than Mr. Harris. But I ought, lections must be few. if it were possible, to conceal froin them that the painter is lord Malins. bury, his son. There is a sacred obligation incumbent on a son to For the Literary Magazine. conceal the faults of his father, and it is the natural tendency of perso. COMMERCIAL REPUTATION OF nal affection to magnify the merits
THE UNITED STATES. of its object. What deductions are to be made from the above catalogue NO man can have much value for of virtues, on this account, I leave to his country who is not anxious for the judgment of candid readers. its reputation among foreigners; yet
this, to a native of America, is a most painful solicitude: it brings
anger or mortification along with it For the Literary Magazine. much oftener than complacency or
exultation. Every opportunity of NUMBER OF NOVELS. seeing ourselves as others sce us
only convinces us to what a low ebb A LITERARY enquirer in Engour reputation is reduced among land has lately taken the pains to foreign nations. Our literary and count up all the novels, translations political atchievements are either and originals, which have been pul). depised, or, what is still more humilished in England during the last liating, they are totally overlooked ; forty years. He has been able to our authors, our lawyers, our diform an actual list of twenty-two vines, our orators, our statesmen, hundred and seventy-nine. The are seldom known, except to the number of volumes, as these have friends or correspondents of the in. little relation to the bulk, and none dividuals themselves, even by name. at all to the intrinsic merit of the Our commercial character is work, he has omitted to examine, more likely to be known in Europe, but he calculates the number at than our character in any other about seven thousand five hundred: point of view; and yet, alas, the a very tolerable library, and such as respect of foreigners seems not diswould furnish entertainment, to those posed to keep pace with their knowwho relish such viands, and whose ledge of us in this respect. Whetaste does not very nicely discrimi- ther we deserve the following cennate, for fifty years together, at sures, I mean not to decide, but half a volume per day.
they were launched against us, no Among the strange freaks of lite- longer ago than three months, with rary curiosity may be classed that the utmost solemnity, and in a Briof a maiden lady of fortune, in the tish publication more read and more west of England, who collected into respected than any other that issues a library all the works of this kind, from their press. True or false, in her own language, which she therefore, their influence on general could by any labour or expence pro- opinion may be easily imagined. cure. Whether the extent of her Remittances from America (says collection was equal to the above this historiographer and censor, who number is nowhere said, but it could was probably a sufferer by the fail. not be far short of it, since her lite ure he enveighs against) never came