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and it was agreed that next mor- Each of us is ambitious to provide ning the conference should be re- himself a successor, to have his newed.

place filled by one selected and inOn retiring to my pillow, and re- structed by himself. All our perviewing all the circumstances of this sonal feelings and affections are by interview, my mind was filled with no means intended to be swallowed apprehension and disquiet. I seem- up by a passion for the general ined to recollect a thousand things, terest; when they can be kept which showed that Ludloe was not alive and be brought into play, in fully satisfied with my part in this subordination and subservience to interview. A strange and nameless the great end, they are cherished mixture of wrath and of pity ap- as useful, and revered as laudable ; peared, on recollection, in the glan- and whatever austerity and rigour ces which, from time to time, he you may impute to my character, cast upon me. Some emotion played there are few more susceptible of upon his features, in which, as my personal regards than I am. fears conceived, there was a tinc. You cannot know, till you are ture of resentment and ferocity. In what I am, what deep, what allvain I called my usual sophistries to absorbing interest I have in the sucmy aid. In vain I pondered on the cess of my tutorship on this occainscrutable nature of my peculiar sion. Most joyfully would l emfaculty. In vain I endeavoured to brace a thousand deaths, rather than persuade museif, that, by telling the that you should prove a recreant. truth, instead of entitling myself to The consequences of any failure in Ludloe's approbation, I should only your integrity will, it is true, be excite his anger, by what he could fatal to yourself: but there are some not but deem an attempt to impose minds, of a generous texture, who upon his belief an incredible tale of are more impatient under ills they impossible events. I had never have inflicted upon others, than of heard or read of any instance of this those they have brought upon themfaculty. I supposed the case to be selves; who had rather perish, absolutely singular, and I should be themselves, in infamy, than bring no more entitled to credit in pro- infamy or death upon a benefactor. claining it, than if I should main- Perhaps of such noble materials tain that a certain billet of wood is your mind composed. If I had possessed the faculty of articulate not thought so, you would never speech. It was now, however, too have been an object of my regard, late to retract. I had been guilty and therefore, in the motives that of a solemn and deliberate conceal shall impel you to fidelity, sincerity, ment. I was now in the path in and perseverance, some regard to which there was no turning back, my happiness and welfare will, no and I must go forward.

doubt, have place. The return of day's encouraging And yet I exact nothing from you beams in some degree quieted my on this score. If your own safety nocturnal terrors, and I went, at the be insufficient to controul you, you appointed hour, to Ludloe's pre- are not fit for us. There is, indeed, sence. I found him with a much abundant need of all possible induce. more cheerful aspect than I expect. ments to make you faithful. The ed, and began to chide myself, in task of concealing nothing from me secret, for the folly of my late ap- must be easy. That of concealing prehensions.

every thing from others must be the After a little pause, he reminded only arduous one. The first you me, that he was only one among can hardly fail of performing, when many, engaged in a great and ardu- the exigence requires it, for what ous design. As each of us, continued motive can you possibly have to he, is mortal, each of us must, in practice evasion or disguise with time, yield his post to another.- me? You have surely committed

VOL. III. NO. XVIII.

no crime ; you have neither robbed, encourage you in good, or intimidate nor murdered, nor betrayed. If you you from evil. I am anxious to set have, there is no room for the fear before you all the motives which are of punishment or the terror of dis- fitted to influence your conduct; grace to step in, and make you hide but how shall I work on your conyour guilt from me. You cannot victions ? dread any further disclosure, be. Here another pause ensued, which cause I can have no interest in your I had not courage enough to interruin or your shame : and what rupt. He presently resumed. evil could ensue the confession of Perhaps you recollect a visit the foulest murder, even before a which you paid, on Christmas day, bench of magistrates, more dreadful in the year — to the cathedral than that which will inevitably fol. church at Toledo. Do you remem. low the practice of the least conceal. ber? ment to me, or the least undue dis- A moment's reflection recalled to closure to others ?

my mind all the incidents of that You cannot easily conceive the day. I had good reason to remememphatical solemnity with which ber them. I felt no small trepida. this was spoken. Had he fixed tion when Ludloe referred me to piercing eyes on me while he spoke; that day, for, at the moment, I was had I perceived him watching my doubtful whether there had not been looks, and labouring to penetrate some bivocal agency exerted on that my secret thoughts, I should doubt. occasion. Luckily, however, it was less have been ruined: but he fixed almost the only similar occasion in beis eyes upon the floor, and no ges which it had been wholly silent. ture or look indicated the smallest I answered in the affirmative. I suspicion of my conduct. After remember them perfectly. some pause, he continued, in a more And yet, said Ludloe, with a pathetic tone, while his whole frame smile that seemed intended to disseemed to partake of his mental arm this declaration of some of its agitation.

terrors, I suspect your recollection I am greatly at a loss by what is not as exact as mine, nor, indeed, means to impress you with a full your knowledge as extensive. You conviction of the truth of what I met there, for the first time, a fehave just said. Endless are the so. male, whose nominal uncle, but real phistries by which we seduce our- father, a dean of that ancient church, selves into perilous and doubtful resided in a blue stone house, the third paths. What we do not see, we from the west angle of the square of disbelieve, or we heed not. The St. Jago. sword may descend upon our infa. All this was exactly true. tuated head from above, but we who This fcmale, continued he, fell in are, meanwhile, busily inspecting love with you. Her passion made the ground at our feet, or gazing at her deaf to all the dictates of mothe scene around us, are not aware desty and duty, and she gave you or apprehensive of its irresistible sufficient intimations, in subsequent coming. In this case, it must not interviews at the same place, of this be seen before it is felt, or before passion ; which, she being fair and that time comes when the danger of enticing, you were not slow in coni. incurring it is over. I cannot with prehending and returning. As not draw the veil, and disclose to your only the safety of your intercourse, view the exterminating angel. All but even of both your lives, dependmust be vacant and blank, and the ed on being shielded even from susdanger that stands armed with death picion, the utmost wariness and cau. at your elbow must continue to be tion was observed in all your prototally invisible, till that moment ceedings. Tell me whether you when its vengeance is provoked or succeeded in your efforts to this unprovokable. I will do my part to end.

I replied, that, at the time, I had I shall be the proper judge of the no doubt but I had.

completeness of your confession. And yet, said he, drawing some. Knowing previously, and by unerr. thing from his pocket, and putting it ing means, your whole history, I into my hand, there is the slip of shall be able to detect all that is de. paper, with the preconcerted em- ficient, as well as all that is redunblem inscribed upon it, which the dant. Your confessions have hither. infatuated girl dropped in your sight, to adhered to the truth, but deficient one evening, in the left aisle of that they are, and they must be, for who, church. That paper you imagined at a single trial, can detail the seyou afterwards burnt in your cham- crets of his life? whose recollection ber lamp. In pursuance of this to- can fully serve him at an instant's ken, you deferred your intended notice? who can free himself, by a visit, and next day the lady was ac single effort, from the dominion of cidentally drowned, in passing a ri- fear and shame? We expect no ver. Here ended your connexion miracles of fortitude and purity from with her, and with her was buried, our disciples. It is our discipline, as you thought, all memory of this our wariness, our laborious prepatransaction.

ration that creates the excellence I leave you to draw your own we have among us. We find it not inference from this disclosure. Me- ready made. ditate upon it when alone. Recal I counsel you to join Mrs. Benningall the incidents of that drama, and ton without delay. You may see labour to conceive the means by me when and as often as you please. which my sagacity has been able to When it is proper to renew the reach events that took place so far present topic, it shall be renewed. off, and under so deep a covering. Till then we will be silent. Here If you cannot penetrate these means, Ludloe left me alone, but not to learn to reverence my assertions, indifference or vacuity. Indeed I that I cannot be deceived ; and let was overwhelmed with the reflecsincerity be henceforth the rule of tions that arose from this conversa. your conduct towards me, not mere- tion. So, said I, I am still saved, if ly because it is right, but because I have wisdom enough to use the concealment is impossible.

opportunity, from the consequences We will stop here. There is no of past concealments. By a distinchaste required of us. Yesterday's tion which I had wholly overlooked, discourse will suffice for to-day, and but which could not be missed by for many days to come. Let what the sagacity and equity of Ludloe, has already taken place be the sub- I have praise for telling the truth, ject of profound and mature reflec- and an excuse for withholding some tion. Review, once more, the inci. of the truth. It was, indeed, a dents of your early life, previous to praise to which I was entitled, for your introduction to me, and, at our I have made no additions to the next conference, prepare to supply tale of my early adventures, I had all those deficiences occasioned by no motive to exaggerate or dress negligence, forgetfulness, or design out in false colours. What I sought on our first. There must be some. to conceal, I was careful to exa There must be many. The whole clude entirely, that a lame or defectruth can only be disclosed after tive narrative might awaken no numerous and repeated conversa- suspicions. tions. These must take place at The allusion to incidents at Toleconsiderable intervals, and when all do confounded and bewildered all is told, then shall you be ready to my thoughts. I still held the paper encounter the final ordeal, and load he had given me. So far as memoyourself with heavy and terrific ry could be trusted, it was the same sanctions.

which, an hour after I had received

it, I burnt, as I conceived, with my The summit and sides of this hill own hands. How Ludloe came into comprehend about six hundred possession of this paper; how he was acres, and was once a naked and apprised of incidents, to which only desolate jumble of grey rocks. At the female mentioned and myself present, every rift and hollow, were privy; which she had too good every flat and crevice that could reason to hide from all the world, afford room for a tree, is overshaand which I had taken infinite pains dowed by larches or pinasters, to bury in oblivion, I vainly endea- planted by sir A- This change voured to conjecture.

has made the place not less solemn

and gloomy than before, but its asTo be continued.

pect is no longer quite so dreary and forlorn, and the ground has, by this means, been converted to some

profit and advantage. The scite For the Literary Magazine. itself of the castle is a level, which,

however, has been produced by A SPECIMEN OF POLITICAL IM- quarrying out the hill on which it PROVEMENT.

stands, to supply the materials of

the towers and walls. Continued from page 205. The castle is composed of a cen

tral edifice, encompassed by a wall, I AM much mistaken if the castle strengthened at certain intervals by of C- be not, in many respects, round towers. These towers are the most extraordinary monument fourteen in number, and are similar of its kind to be found in Great Briin form, and in all their dimensions, tain, and perhaps in Europe. It is except their height. Ten of them true, my acquaintance with build- are of the same height with the wall ings of this sort is extremely limit- from which they project. Four of ed, and the model of this castle may them rise considerably above the be common in Italy and Germany, wall, and, from their height and but these, the vestiges of which are station, may be considered as watchscattered over the British islands, towers. seem to be constructed on a plan Besides these mural towers, there widely different from this. You are two insulated ones within the must indulge me in giving you some enclosure, of form and diameter like description of it, though I am aware the rest, but equal to the watchno description, in such cases, can be towers in height; so that the whole very clear or satisfactory.

number is sixteen. All the mural This fortress is placed near that towers are placed at the angles end of the peninsula which looks to formed by the course of the wall, so wards the ocean, on an elevated that there are ten of these angles, mass of rock, which descends, in a all of which are right angles. All rapid but rugged declivity, on three these towers would be comprehendsides, to the sea-shore. This decli- ed within a circle six hundred feet vity has been broken, by nature, in- in diameter. to rude steps or terraces, over which The wall is twenty feet thick, and all passage is nearly impossible, ex- one hundred and twenty feet in cept on foot. A narrow path con- height. The mural towers are of ducts you from the interior of the the same height, but forty feet in district, among sharp points and diameter. The watch-towers and dangerous chasms, to the summit of the inner towers are of the same the hill. By any other way, the thickness, but rise to the height of castle may be deemed inaccessible, one hundred and forty feet. The and, in this way, it cannot be ap- central edifice, or great tower, or proached by more than two persons what, on other occasions, might be abreast.

called the keen, is eighty feet in diameter, and one hundred and sixty The same exactness prevails in in height.

the form and order of the apertures These dimensions, though great, and cavities, and in the shape and are by no means unparalleled : but distribution of the rooms and pas. the peculiarity of this fortress con- sages within the walls and towers. sists in its materials, and the mode Every room, without exception, is in which it is built. The walls, circular, and this circle is exact. towers, and keep are entirely com. Their cielings are all arches, and, posed of the freestone before-men- as such, are perfectly proportioned. tioned, of which the hill itself, on The floors are uniformly level and which they are erected, is no more horizontal, and each range or story than a vast quarry. This substance preserves its parallel throughout. has been wrought into blocks, con- In most other cases, all these protaining from ten to forty cubical feet. perties are neglected. These edi-These being made extremely fices having been constructed in smooth, and the junctures exactly rude times, and when strength was fitting each other, it is evident their chiefly studied, so far as it could be connection is sufficiently secured by reconciled with expedition, the only their own weight. This principle means for obtaining regularity was of union, however, has been assisted the measurement of the eye. Stones, by so modelling the surfaces of con- irregular in shape, and of unequal tiguous stones, that the upper one size, were taken at random from shall be a tenon, and the lower one the neighbourhood, and, instead of its mortise. The cohesion has also being bound together by their own been occasionally strengthened by weight, and by the coincidence of cramps and clasps of iron, but every smooth surfaces, they were fastened other kind of cement or connective, by mortar, and for these stones to being unnecessary, has been omit- fall apart, or be disjoined by the ted.

weather, it was only necessary that The distinguishing properties of this cement should crumble away. these structures are their regula. Exactness or uniformity was seldom rity, simplicity, and the magnitude preserved in the course, height, or of the parts, whence arises the soli- thickness of the walls, or the shape dity of the whole. The exterior and dimensions of towers or apartsurface of the walls is an exact ments. They do not manifest any perpendicular; all the parts are of previous plan, any effort after symthe same diameter at top and bot- metry or regularity, and they never tom; and the plane, exhibited to the totally excluded that grand foe of eye, is interrupted only by the cavi- security, fire: wooden steps and ties or projectures, which have been wooden ceilings were always adintroduced by design. The blocks mitted into these erections. are so large, and so well fitted to No structure of the kind was ever each other, that the lines of juncture better calculated for duration than are not visible but at a small dis- C- castle. From their magnitance. The intervals between the tude, position, and shape, the stones towers are equal, not only to the of which it consists can be raised or eye, but are proved to be so by the overturned by no force but that of exactest mensuration. The walls gunpowder. That force, applied as move from one tower to another in it is applied in blowing rocks or an absolutely straight line ; the ho- springing mines, nothing can resist. rizontal outline of the towers are Common builders are obliged to hus. portions (three-fourths) of an exact band labour and materials. They circle ; and the wall which enters nicely calculate the weight which a them on one side is exactly at right wall or column will support, and angles with the one which issues make them of the least thicke from them at the other.

ness or height which these calcula

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