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the character of manhood and pub- interest, of commencing two gallic virtue, than it is in any particu- leries, and filling them, as fast as lar measure of conduct, or the most the interest accrues, with plaster successful atttainment of any parti. casts from antique statues, bas-recular object.

liefs, fragments of architecture, fine bronzes, &c. collected not only from Italy, but from all parts of Europe.

That these galleries should be For the Literary Magazine. placed so as to enjoy a northern

light, being parallel to each other, PLAN FOR THE IMPROVEMENT and consist of strong but simple

AND DIFFUSION OF THE ARTS, forms; void, at first, of all ornaADAPTED TO THE UNITED ment, and solely calculated for the STATES.

purpose of containing, in a good

point of view, and well lighted, the THE scarcity of taste and of several specimens of art. A conveskill in the fine arts of painting, nient space for visitors to pass in sculpture, and architecture, in the view of them below and between the United States, is a subject of great objects and the artists, who should wonder to travellers. It is a pa. be possessed of a raised stage, under radox of difficult, but surely not a continued window, contrived so as of impossible, solution, that a ci- to illuminate at once their drawingvilized, peaceful, free, industrious, desk and the images on the opposite and opulent nation, of four or five wall. millions of persons, sprung from one These galleries, one for statues of the most enlightened nations of and architectural models, and one the globe, and maintaining incessant for bas-reliefs, should be commenced intercourse with every part of Eu. at the same time in parallel direcrope, should have so few monuments tions, and each annually extended of these arts among them, either in and furnished with casts, in the propublic or private collections. There portion that the funds would admit. was not a single public collection of They should be indiscriminately this kind in the United States till opened to all students in the arts, the establishment of one, a few and the public, under proper reguyears since, at New York; and it lations, during the greatest part of is well known with what slender the day, throughout the year. encouragement and support the rich All fine bas-reliefs, &c. should, if have honoured the New York in- possible, be obtained in moulds, with stitution.

a cast in them, by which means Under such impressions the fol- they not only come the safest from lowing plan is published with little injury, but it would enable the maardour or confidence. But if it has nagers to place in the gallery two no influence at present, the time or three casts of such as best de. may come, and, perhaps, be not served imitation; and then the very distant, when some of its regu- moulds might be sold to our moulders lations may be carried into execu. in plaster of Paris, by which means tion.

other cities would be enriched with It is proposed that a subscription many fine objects at a reasonable be commenced in order to raise the expence, to the great advantage of sum of which, when com- architects, schools, and the public in pleted, application should be made general. to congress for further assistance; There are not wanting people the total of which sums, under their who think that such objects, by besanction, should be consolidated into ing cheaply multiplied, would injure a perpetual fund, to which proper the progress of our artists : but extrustees may be nominated, for the perience teaches otherwise ; for declared purposes, out of the annual those nations which most abound in

such things most abouud in artists; painted letters, the more easily to and the more any thing is multiplied correct them on any new informaby casts or impressions, the more is tion. the original esteemed; for while the How useful such inscriptions narrow-minded amateur hides his would be to travellers, antiquarians, fine Cameo, lest a sulphur should be and artists, I need not point out; obtained from it, both he and his neither need I add the utility that ring are forgot; when, on the other would arise from marking with a hand, the liberal collector, whose line on each object the division of chief pleasure it is to gratify all the restored parts; which lines lovers with a copy of the fine origi- might be made, by whatever artist nals he possesses, finds, to his sure was employed to send home the prise, the fame of his antique, and moulds, on the spot : for the baneful the credit of its owner, increased in effects of partial ignorance, which, the same proportion; and hence we like a weed, springs up among the may rest assured, that the multipli- best crops of human learning, are cation of works of art always ends seldom more manifest than among in a multiplied demand for the la- those whose labours are directed to bours of artists.

the elucidation of fine art in antique The cheapness of paste has by no monuments. means decreased the esteem of dia- Such galleries, when finished, monds; and man, happily for the would possess advantages that are multitude, has always considered wanting in foreign museums; where richness and rareness of materials often, to gratify the love of orna. as no small addition to the merit of ment in the architect, fine bas-reworkmanship; even pictures have liefs are placed so high, as to be of been painted, by good artists, on little use to students, and as traps silver to enhance their value. And only to the antiquarian ; of which, here I cannot avoid observing the having with younger limbs, and utility it would be of to sculpture if younger eyes, often followed the enartists would, as was done by the thusiastic Winkelman, I could give ablest of both Greece and Rome, many instances. make models for builders, in clay, Here, however, all would be at reasonable prices; for there are brought to a level, and to light ; all many who cannot afford marble, the restorations carefully distinthat would gladly encourage them guished ; and such en of learning, in this effort in monuments, friezes, as, without great detriment to their &c. The frequency of which in affairs, can never go abroad, would public would probably encrease the hence find daily opportunities of beambition of the wealthy to be repre. nefiting and crediting their country, sented in more expensive materials, as well as themselves, by their eruand thence afford the artists more dite remarks on monuments that renumerous opportunities of display- late entirely to classic ground. ing their talents.

In a word, well prepared, both by As each specimen must of neces- the knowledge and study of these sity be placed at some distance from casts, our yet unborn artists would the ground, the space below should be less confused on their arrival in be filled with a concise history of Europe among the originals; and a the cast, or with the conjectures of much shorter stay would then sufantiquarians as to its original and fice: lastly, on their return, these author, to which should be added, galleries would help to perpetuate the time and place, when and where in their memories the result of their it was found, and the name of the studies; a fund of employment country and situation the orginal at would be afforded to young artists present ornaments.

in copying these antiques for foThe pedestal of each statue might reigners, as well as natives; and contain the like inscriptions, in our engravers, either native or im

ported, would here always find ob. tions, may be led astray by the art jects from whence great works and hypocrisy of the interested, one might be executed, equally inte. of sense never can, as observation resting and much more correct, as convinces him, that those who are well as less expensive, than any that continually finding fault generally have hitherto appeared in elucida. possess the least regard for the tion of antiquities.

laws, the least respect for every institution of their country, and the least natural affection for it.

That there are men of this deFor the Literary Magazine. scription is unfortunately unques

tionable. Their number, however, THE VISITOR.

it is to be hoped, is few, and those

few should be treated with contempt NO. III.

and abhorrence. Though the go.

vernment under which they were Nescio qua natale solum dulcidine born might not be congenial to their cunctos

nature, nor calculated to make them Ducit.

happy, and they, of course, had left OVID. it for another, it does not follow that

all predilection for it should be ba. MOST men entertain a great nished from the mind, or that they partiality for the land of their natie should rejoice to see it rendered vity. This nature itself dictates; contemptible. for that country, where we “ first The man of feeling, though sepadrew the vital air," by whose laws rated for ever from his native land, we were protected, and under whose looks back upon it with reverence government we lived, should always and partiality, and he inclines to be viewed with respect and love. think it happier, at least in some

The conduct of its rulers, it is true, respects, than any other. may sometimes appear imprudent, and therefore excite our regret; But where to find the happiest spot be sometimes tyrannical and base, and therefore raise indignation in Who can direct, when all pretend to our bosoms; and sometimes we know? may suppose it derogatory to the The shuddering tenant of the frigid best interests of the country, and

zone dread the evil consequences which Boldly proclaims that happiest spot his may result from it. But these things ought not to alienate our af. EX

te murofExtols the treasures of his stormy seas, fections. What some may think

And his long nights of revelry and ease; wrong, others will contend is right;

The naked Negro, panting at the line, and if, at last, the former is verified

Boasts of his golden sands and palmy

wine, in the issue, the greatest allow

Basks in the glare, or stems the tepid ances are to be made for human

wave, fallibility.

And thanks his gods for all the good Every good and sensible man will

they gave. be induced to make these allow. Such is the patriot's boast, where'er we ances, from a love for his country,. roam; and a desire to maintain its good His first, best country ever is at home. name. He will always throw off party prejudice, so as to judge with If the justice of these remarks is candour, and to pardon errors. He acknowledged, as they respect other that does not, though he may be a countries, with how much more well-meaning man, cannot be a man propriety will they apply to our of understanding : for though an own! How much greater should ignorant one, with the best inten- our regard for it be, how much


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greater our ardour in promoting hope, will ever be the characteriswhatever is conducive to its welfare, tics of the people of this happy land, our enthusiasm in resenting every they succeeded in their bold and insult to its honour, and every at- hazardous attempt. The honours tempt to encroach upon its rights! bestowed by government, and the We look upon our government as praises of their countrymen are the best in existence, and think our their just reward, and to their selves, in every respect, equal to names immortality will be attached. any other nation. Our people, for In them may be seen what are enterprise and perseverance, are Americans, what their courage, exceeded by none, neither are they what their enterprise. And, withinferior in point of genius and cou- out the spirit of prophesy, or the rage. This last qualification none voice of inspiration, we may venture will now doubt. Few instances to predict, that the time is not far have vet occurred to prove it, but distant when America shall be resthese few are convincing. The he. pected as one of the most powerful roes of the Mediterranean have ad- of nations, and when her fiag shall vanced the reputation of their coun. sail on the ocean, without any datry, and descrve its gratitude. Their ring to insult it. conduct, serving as a pattern for While dwelling on this part of my those who shall succeed them, will subject, I have gone beyond my inanimate them to use the greatest tended length, for to me it is very exertions, and, on every opportu. interesting. Regarding my country nity, they will discover the native with the strongest attachments, I energy of Americans. As our re- cannot see any one view it with convolution brought into notice many tempt, or attempt to form bumili. great men, whose characters were ating comparisons between it and not before known, so did the shores others, without looking upon him as of Tripoli, and so will every time of a most despicable being. How can difficulty and danger.

any one, living under this governIn the infancy of a country, the ment, be insensible of his happy si. great actions of its natives excite a tuation, and unconscious of the many greater degree of enthusiasm, than blessings which surround him! It after she has attained an established is a land where “ the man who has character for bravery. Hence the an honest heart has a charm too poextraordinary exploit of Decatur tent for tyranny to humble* ;" and and his associates resounded with though the man of intrigue may obevery acclamation and praise which tain conspicuous stations, the man language could dictate. Though in alone, whose guides are justice, hoany age or country it would have nour, and benevolence, and wbo been considered as an action in obeys the dicates of his conscience, which the courage and prudence of commands the esteem of the virtuthose who conducted it were con- ous, and the respect of all parties. spicuous, yet, in Americans, it is particularly entitled to praise. It is the first time they conducted a war in a foreign country, and the For the Literary Magazine. first time, since the revolution, that they had an opportunity of signaliz. HISTORICAL SKETCHES. ing themselves in so great an under

STATE OF FRANCE UNDER LOUIS expected to possess the same confi

THE FIFTEENTH. dence as those who had been concerned in former engagements, for THE history of Louis XV is the to them the business of war was history of despotism, superstition, new. But advancing, with that courage and resolution which, I * Moreton's Speed the Plough.

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impiety, and vice. From that prin- the lust of the monarch, and counte. ce's majority to the death of car- nanced, by their infamous servility, dinal Fleury, every kind of vice a conduct on which even the poorest was countenanced by the example woman, who had the least regard of the nobility; the most unnatural for the esteem of her fellow-creacrimes were perpetrated without tures, would look down with conshame, and almost without conceal. tempt and aversion ; nay, from ment. The conduct of the princes which all, except the professedly of the royal family was most detes. abandoned, who can practise the tably licentious, mixed with a de. arts of seduction for the gratification gree of brutality and cruelty which of others, would turn with disdain. disgraces humanity. The count of Charolois murdered one of his valets in 1725, to carry on, without interruption, an intrigue with the widow GENOESE PATRIOTISM. of this unhappy man; and he shot several persons, merely from diver No part of history is so pleasing sion. In conjunction with the prince as that which exhibits emancipation of Condé, he was guilty of a piece from oppression : for nothing can of cruelty toward madame de St. afford greater satisfaction than to see Sulpice, of which decency forbids a brave people resolving to be free, our giving the particulars. Crines shaking off the yoke of unworthy of a similar kind are alleged against servitude, and punishing their auda. the prince of Conti, of which even cious tyrants. The revolution in the meanest wretch that ever was Genoa, after it had been conquered hanged at Tyburn would blush to by the Austrians, is an event of this be accused.

kind. Botta, the general of the em. The character of Louis XV was press queen's forces, had, by his inthe most despicable that could be solent menaces, so terrified the imagined: from his education he senate and nobles, that these conhad imbibed all the silly terrors of temptible grandees resolved to resuperstition, without one sentiment sign the republic into his hands, and of religion. He remamed for some to throw themselves on his mercy. time faithful to his queen, not from Adorno alone, who commanded in affection, nor from a sense of duty, Savonna, behaved with proper spibut merely from his fear of the car. rit : he declared that he was deterdinal in this world, and of the devil mined to defend this place to the in the next. The queen was a last, and that he had made a will, most fanatical devotee, the blind by which he had destined all his instrument of artful priests, and had fortune to the relief of the widows neither personal charms, nor men and children of those of his countrytal accomplishments, to attract his men who might be slain during the affections. The intrigues of the siege. To the messengers sent by courtiers, countenanced by the hy- the senate to command him to repocritical Fleury, to provide a sign the town to the Austrians, he mistress for the king, and the arts answered, “ That he had been enby which they at length overcame trusted with the defence of it by a the timidity of this overgrown boy, free republic, and would not obey for he was nothing else during his the orders of an enslaved republic whole life, cannot but excite our in- to resign it.” Accordingly he sus. dignation. The amours of Louis tained a siege and blockade of three with madame de Mailly, and with months, and did not capitulate till her two sisters, madame de Vinti. reduced to the last extreinity. The mille and the duchess of Cha- rapacity of the Austrians was insateauroux, are well known: even the tiable, and they added the most inprinces and princesses of the blood tolerable cruelty to their excessive submitted to be the vile panders to extortions.

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