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vises them not to wait for the de. that to think is to labour; and that cays of life, but to retreat in time, as the body is affected by the exerand anchor safely in port before the cise of the mind, the fatigue of the vessel be disabled. The conse- study is not less than that of the quence, he continues, will be, that field or the manufactory. But the the man of talents will enjoy a state labour of the mind, though it be of complacency, unruffled by mixing equally wearisome with that of the in scenes of contention, beyond the body, is not attended with the same voice of detraction, and will be able, advantages. Exercise gives health, while alive, to form an opinion, and vigour, and cheerfulness, sound even enjoy a posthumous fame.... sleep, and a keen appetite : the efLib. 12, ch. 11.
fects of sedentary thoughtfulness are diseases that shorten and embitter
life; interrupted rest, tasteless meals, LIFE OF THE STUDENT. , perpetual langour, and careless anx
iety. In an essay, by Dr. Hawkesworth, There is scarcely any character in which he has happily imitated so much the object of envy as that the style of his illustrious associate, of a successful writer. But those he has no less successfully exposed who only see him in company, or the vulgar error, that the life of a hear encomiums on his merit, form student is a life of ease and indo- a very erroneous opinion of his haplence. There are few opinions piness. They conceive him as permore specious to the careless ob. petually enjoying the triumphs of server, and yet there is none more intellectual superiority; as displaylamentably false. They who listen ing the luxuriancy of his fancy, and with rapture, in the short intervals the variety of his knowledge to si. of leisure which they enjoy from a lent admiration; or listening in volaborious business, to the soft har. luptuous indolence to the music of mony of Pope, or the majestic pe- praise. But they know not that riod of Johnson, imagine it the inthese lucid intervals are short and spiration of a willing muse. But few, that much the greater part that the fact is not so, the furrowed of his life is passed in solitude and brow and the enfeebled frame of anxiety ; that his hours glide away the student daily evince. Those unnoticed, and the day, like the happy expressions which sparkle as night, is contracted to a moment by the effusions of the moment, are the intense application of the mind really produced by the most elabo- to its object; locked up from every rate thought, and are not presented eye, and lost even to himself, he is to the reader until they have under- reminded that he lives, only by the gone an anxious and painful revi- necessities of life; he then starts up sion.
as from a dream, and regrets that The multitudes that support life the day has passed unenjoyed, with. by corporal labour, and eat their out affording means of happiness to bread in the sweat of their brow, the morrow. commonly regard inactivity as idle. So far the essayist; and however ness; and have no conception that melancholy a picture he may have weariness may be contracted in an drawn, it is yet a faithful represenelbow chair, by now and then peep- tation of what every student has uning into a book, and musing the dergone in his toilsome but delightrest of the day : the sedentary and ful journey to the Temple of Fame. studious, therefore, raise their envy The recluse, who does not easily or contempt, as they appear either assimilate with the herd of mankind, to possess the conveniences of life and whose manners with difficulty by the mere bounty of fortune, or to bend to the peculiarities of others, suffer the want of them by refusing is not likely to have many real to work. It is, however, certain, friends. His enjoyments, therefore,
must oe solitary, lone, and melan- elegant Latin writer of the fifteenth choly. His only friend is himself. century, who has left an Art of As he sits immersed in reverie by Poetry, in three books, of which his midnight fire, and hears the wild Pope's Art of Criticism, it may be gusts of rain fitfully careering over almost affirmed, is but an ingenious the plain, he listens sadly attentive; abridgment. To produce the paand as the intonations of the howling rallel passages would require more blast articulate to his enthusiastic room than could conveniently be ear, he converses with the spirits spared, not much less than to transof the departed, while, between cribe the whole essay. Addison, each dreary pause of the storm, he though with circumspection and reholds solitary communion with him. serve, has trodden the same track, self. Such is the social intercourse and sometimes plumes himself in of the recluse.
borrowed feathers. Few students, as “ they trim the midnight lamp," will read the following lines without some idea of
A REMARKABLE SPEECH OF MR. the gloomy feelings of the author :
CUFFE, Nor undelightful is the solemn noon of
Secretary to the earl of Essex, who night
Lo, all is motionless around! was executed in the reign of Roars not the rushing wind; the sons
queen Elizabeth, for the same ofof men,
fence which brought his master to And every beast, in mute oblivion lie; the block. All Nature's hush'd in silence and in sleep.
I am here adjudged to die for Oh, then how fearful is it to reflect acting an act never plotted, for No being wakes but me!
plotting a plot never acted. Justice
will have her course; accusers Wharton's Pleasures of Melan- must be heard ; greatness will have choly, from which this extract is the victory; scholars and martialmade, was first printed in 1745.... ists (though learning and valour Although it abounds with nervous should have the pre-eminence) in passages, and every where indicates England must die like dogs, and be the pen of a poet, it is unaccountably hanged. To mislike this were but neglected.
folly; to dispute it but time lost; to alter it impossible ; but to endure it
is manly ; and to scorn it magnani. PLAGIARISM.
mity. The queen is displeased,
the lawyers injurious, and death Our most eminent poets have terrible, but I crave pardon of the very freely indulged themselves in queen; forgive the lawyers, and the the practice of plagiarism, Pope world; desire to be forgiven ; and especially ; but, as he resorted to welcome death. the ancients, and works not commonly known, it has not been generally noticed ; by most who have ODD ADVERTISEMENT. observed it, it is esteemed a beauty; as we may find in the sixty-third The following lines, in four diffenumber of the Adventurer. Besides rent languages, were scratched on his professed imitations of Horace, the window of an inn : that admired critic, as well as poet, he is evidently indebted to him for In questa casa trover te, many things in his essay, but more Tout ce qu'on peut souhaiter, considerably to M.H. Vida, a native Vinum, panem, pisces, carnes, of Cromona, and bishop of Alba, an Coaches, chaises, horses, harness.
For the Literary Magazine. ed leaves of autumn before the
devouring flames. FORCE OF EXAMPLE.
Parents and instructors of youth
are still more strongly bound to exConcluded.
hibit good examples to the view of
the rising generation; they are SINCE example is so powerful more immediately concerned in an engine in the hands of the influ- their welfare. The inefficacy of ential, how important a duty have precept is so well known, that it is they to fulfil, and how much vigi. a source of astonishment why relance and attention does not the ex- course is not had at all times to exercise of it require! On them de- ample. Youth is like the young and pends, in some measure, the forma- fexile shoots of a delicate plant, tion of the manners, and even the which follow that direction which virtucs and vices of mankind : man- the care of the gardener gives kind are placed in their hands, like them; they imitate their tutors and clay in the hands of a potter, who parents, without knowing why ; moulds it into whatever form he they do not (nor are they able to) pleases. We see how readily men reason on the propriety or improobey the influence of example in the priety of any thing they may intend most trivial things, such as the to perform; their minds are not form of their garments, the furni- sufficiently powerful to place it in ture of their houses, their conversa. various points of view, and in relation, and their pursuits, and, since tion to its probable consequences; the truth must be told, their follies nor are they able to comprehend and their crimes. Many vices, de- those precepts which have been testable and disgraceful in their na. written by moralists, and sanctionture, and terrible in their conse- ed by the united voice of mankind, quences, have become fashionable and by long experience. These are from this cause alone. Fashion, only understood by those whose disconsidered in the common method positions are formed, whose minds of defining it, is but a folly, but its are adorned or depraved, whose consequences are deeply to be re- virtues or vices have been fixed by grettei. To how many hardships example and confirmed by habit. does she not expose her votaries ! Nor is example less useful to leto what privations are not the poor gislators and statesmen, and though and middling classes exposed, by it but seldom is, yet it might often be imitating the follies of their better's successfully employed. The respect in fortune! how many wants are which the virtues of a man holding created by this agent, wants which the most important stations his but for this would have been for country can bestow, naturally inever untclt or unregarded. The spire, would make virtue fashionhumble artist must labour hard to able. If they would encourage pasatisfy them. Were he left to the triotism in others, let them be pafree and unbiassed exercise of his triotic themselves; if they would understanding, he might enjoy many encourage disinterestedness, let them Conforts, inany pleasures, for which be disinterested ; if they would inhe is doomed to sigh, and sigh in spire courage, let them show a novain : but it is needless to dwell any ble contempt of danger. He that longer on these follies or their ef- would make soldiers of a people, fects.
must not expect to effect his purYet I will call the reader's atten- pose by exhortation alone; but let tion to cne of the vices fashion has him cxhort them sword in hand ; introduced-gambling. Virtue, in- let him lead them to the foe, rushi tegrity, honour, justice, every thing into the thickest of the battle, and that adds lustie to the character of expose himself to its dangers. Then tian, sink befoie it, like the wither. will the people follow with enthuthiasm; the courage that glows in see him hurried away by their influhis bosom will be transfused into ence into dissipation and profligacy ; theirs; his ardour will animate them, I see his health destroyed, his constiand stimulate them to the noblest tution broken ; the victim of disease, exertions.
and almost on the verge of dissoluMen are like those vines which tion. How melancholy, how deplorwind around the monarchs of the able, how humiliating a condition ! forest, and thereby acquire a sup- He now confesses his faults, he acport, without which they would pe- knowledges his errors, and can only rish at their feet; their virtues plead the impetuosity of his passions would lie dormant in their bosoms, in excuse. or, unsupported, languish in obscurity. But when the example of the “ For he was caught in Folly's snare, great calls forth these hidden quali. And joined her giddy train ; ties, men are stimulated to the per. But found her soon the nurse of care, formance of great and noble actions ; And punishment and pain.” then does merit step forth from its humble retreats ; virtue, no longer
After struggling with disease, he unfashionable, acts with vigour, pro
regains, in part, his former health, duces effects the most happy, and and resolves for the future to lead a pleasures the most exalted and most regular and exemplary life ; then durable.
Some foe to his upright intent
Finds out his weaker part ;
He again pursues the same THE VISITOR.
course ; the same consequences fol
low; until his constitution being NO. 11.
broken, he falls the victim of unruly
passions. “ Weak and irresolute is inan." Such, which is the end of many,
COWPER. is often the fate of genius! Disease
and death, caused by their own imIN reviewing the history of the prudence, make great inroads among lives and actions of mankind, how men to whom nature has been most few are to be found who can truly bounteous in the distribution of her be called good ! how few who can intellectual gifts. Their friends who justly come under the description of esteemed them, the world who advirtuous and wise men, or genuine mired them, have frequent cause to philanthropists! Extraordinary abi. lament tlieir destructive failings. lities do not tend to make any so; Many of this description, when the irregularities, the vices, the pe- viewed through the medium of their culiarities of men of genius are pro- writings, appear the friends of vir. verbial. So dark a shade is cast by tue and religion. Such men are them upon superior powers, as to surely still entitled to the gratitude destroy the good effects they were of the world. Their works, when calculated and intended to produce, of this kind, should atone for many by destroying the confidence and es. errors. If their example whilst teem of the world for their possessor. alive was injurious, their works,
When I look around among my when they had ceased to exist, and cotemporaries, I sce one of abilities their errors were forgotten (to use the greatest, of an excellent under- the emphatic words of Dr. Johnson), standing and cultivated mind, but may be the cause of turning many having passions equally great. I to rightcousness.
How strongly do such instances worthy Cowper, and the great Haprove the instability of human na- milton fell a sacrifice at the shrine ture, the imbecility of man, and the of false honour. eternal conflict of good and evil When we reflect that the number passions in his breast! " The of men of genius is so small, comparmind of man,” says Mrs. Robinson, ed with the millions existing on the " is a mixture of incomprehensible earth, how much is it to be regretpropensities. Virtue is sometimes ted, that those to whom nature has its natural inmate, but there is been so liberal should ever be the scarce an instance in which some victims of passion and prejudice ! bad passion does not sully its fair But how much more is it to be refame, and tarnish its most brilliant gretted, that any who possess taattributes.” The minds of great lents of superior excellence, and men, particularly literary charac- extensive information, should emters, seem-actuated at different times ploy them only in endeavouring to by the most different and contradic- disseminate principles destructive tory propensities. Most, it is true, of all order, and in introducing a have some one “ ruling passion," general depravity of manners and and many discover it strong even in morals! This class, unfortunately, death; yet they have also others, has been numerous; and indeed though of minor influence, and of many living instances might be adthe most unlike nature, which at duced of men of genius and learning, times sway them.
whose conduct has caused nothing Zimmermann, whose elegant but mischief among mankind. work*, which has conferred on him such deserved immortality, would lead us to suppose its author had within himself the most ample For the Literary Magazine. sources of philosophy, the most correct ideas of human nature, and the SPECIMEN OF POLITICAL IMcalmest resignation to the evils of
PROVEMENT. humanity, was often as unhappy as the most miserable hypochondriac. Continued from page 86. Dr. Johnson, who had spent a long life in expatiating on the beauties of THE grand object of human acti. the christian religion, and exhorting vity is fortune or wealth. How to his readers to place their depend- employ talents and industry so as to ence on another and a better world, convert a little money into a great as much regretted the approach of deal is the subject which employs death, and had as great a desire to the faculties of the greater part live as the most worldly-minded and of mankind. Those who pursue ambitious man, whose treasures and agriculture, as well as those who whose heart were solely fixed on follow trade or handicraft, have the earth. Goldsmith, possessing a no other object in view than to heart “ feelingly alive" to the wants amass money : but there are some and miseries of his fellow-creatures, wide differences between the enand whose charity prompted him to ployment of a capital on land, and give the last farthing towards the its employment in any other way. alleviation of their sufferings, had a With regard to traders and arti. portion of envy and jealousy in his zans, the old remark is but too true, breast, which put him in tortures at that one man can become rich only hearing the praise which was bes- by making others poor. He adds towed on others. Melancholy and nothing to the mass of provision or madness clouded the days of the subsistence of the whole society. He
only takes a larger share from the * Reflections on Solitude. previously existing stock than he