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It is presumed that the following selection
-To all who aspire to enlarge the sphere of
It is necessary to premise, that the passages selected from Mr. Burke's Pamphlet, entitled,
“ A Vindication of Natural Society,” are not to be taken as conveying Mr. Burke's own opinions, but as an ingenious and artful attack on the principles of Lord Bolingbroke.
A sketch of Mr. Burke's Life, with some original anecdotes, is prefixed, for which the Author entreats the indulgence of the Public, as it is the first attempt of a trembling pen in the biographic line.
A copious index is added, to supply any defects in the arrangement of the different articles, as it was very difficult, amidst such a variety, to place every one under its proper head.
The letter to Mr. Smith was transmitted by an anonymous hand, of course we cannot vouch for its authenticity.
SKETCH of the LIFE,
THE gentleman, who suggested the idea of the following selection, conceived that it would be acceptable to prefix some anecdotes of the author. If time, talent, and the nature of the work admitted, it would, in many respects, bé a pleasing task to trace this extraordinary man through all the mazes of his politics, to attend him in studious retirement, to mark the boldest flights of his imagination, to fathom a mind, rich and profound as the ocean, and as easily agitated by every gust of passion, and tornado of refentment.--Mr. Burke was called into action in the most eventful period that ever enriched the page of history. His voice was early raised in favour of liberty in America. The blazing suns of India have been often lost in the splendour of his eloquence. The fable children of Africa have numbered him in the list of their advocates, and almost every state in Europe has, at one time or other, been the subject of his tongue and his pen.
Mr. Burke was first taught to 'read by his mother, a woman of excellent understanding, and a highly cultivated mind. He was instructed in writing and accounts by Mr. James Fitzgerald, who kept a day..
school near Smithfield, Dublin. At the age of twelve he was committed to the care of Mr. Abraham Shackelton, a Quaker, master of an eminent classical academy in Balitore, in the County of Kildare. That the reader may form some idea of his preceptor, and the seminary, we transcribe the following advertisement, which appeared in the public prints about that time:
BALITORE BOARDING-SCHOOL. « Abraham Shackelton informs his friends and the public, that being placed guardian over the morals of the youth under his care, he declines, from, conscientious motives, to teach that part of the academic course, which he conceives injurious to morals, and subversive of sound principles, particularly those authors, who recommend in feducing language, the illusions of love, and the abominable trade of war. Those who design their sons for the college, will take their measures accordingly. He profefles to fit youth for business, and instruct them in police literature. His terms are fix pounds per quarterno entrance money demanded."
Mr. Shackelton was a man of fine even temper, severe in his morals, but extremely indulgent to his pupils, with regard to the bent of their genius, which he was studious to discover and cultivate his maxim was Natura fequitur melius quam ducitur. Young Burke was very attentive to his studies, sometimes at the expence of his health. He did not confine himself to the Greek and Roman classics, he read at intervals fome of the beit English writers, and evinced much taste in the selection of the finest passages--many of which he committed to inemory. He was paffionately fond of reading Don Bellianis of Greece. This circumstance he mentioned himself one night in the House of Commons, in the debate on the Affairs of Holland in 1786. He also takes notice of this ro