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The French question in Quebec is the crux of Canadian politics, but it is not so difficult as the Negro question in the South or the Irish question in the North. The relative influence of Quebec in the Dominion must steadily decline. It receives no addition by immigration and loses largely by emigration. Montreal, our author thinks, is destined to be one of the great cities of the world. Standing at the head of ocean-navigation, nearly onehalf of the whole trade of the Dominion passes through it.

Dr. Parkin devotes an interesting chapter to our great transcontinental railway. The 7,200 miles directly owned by the C. P. R., and the 1,800 miles indirectly controlled, give it a first place among the railway systems of the world. British Columbia had less than 50,000 people when this iron highway of commerce was constructed through four ranges of gigantic mountains. "The statesmen at Ottawa,” he says, who in 1867 began to look over the Rockies to continents beyond the Pacific, were not wanting in imagination ; many claimed that their imagination outran their reason ; but in the rapid course of events their dreams have already been more than justified. They were supplying the missing joints and fastening the rivets of empire. While they were doing this they were giving political consolidation to the older Provinces of Canada. Common aspirations and a great common task, with the stirring of enthusiasm which followed on the sudden widening of the Canadian horizon, did more than anything else to draw those provinces out of their own narrow circles and give them the sense of a larger citizenship.”

The famous Douglas pine of our Pacific coast goes to England, Cape Colony, Egypt, and Australia. Already $50,000,000 of gold have been taken from the Fraser and Cariboo mines. Dr. Parkin says: “In spite of the rapid growth of Vancouver it has never known anything of the roughness of new towns across the American border. On Sunday the place has an aspect of quiet respectability like that of an English cathedral town." Vancouver is the meeting-place of the empires extreme west and east. Three million pounds of tea have been landed on its wharves in a single week.

The vast region of Northern Canada, long considered fit only for a fur preserve, contains, a committee of the Canadian Senate reports, 274,000 square miles of good arable land ; wheat will ripen over 316,000 square miles, barley over 407,000, the potato over 656,000 square miles.

The area suitable for pasturage is even greater, besides 40,000 square miles of petroleum area.

“ About 954,000 square miles, exclusive of the uninhabitable detached Arctic portions,” says Dr. G. M. Dawson, “is for all practical purposes as yet entirely unknown.” The Canadian export of furs in 1888 was over 4,000,000 skins. Great quantities of these are sold in Germany, and compete at the Novgorod Fair in Russia with the furs of Siberia. On the Saskatchewan, Athabasca and Mackenzie rivers are 2,000 miles of steam navigation where, till recently, only the bark canoe of the voyageur conveyed the peltries of the north to the markets of civilization.

Dr. Parkin is a firm believer in the unity of the Empire.

“It may be questioned,” he says,

" whether there is in Canada to-day any political passion so strong as opposition to absorption in the United States." He is enthusiastic in the praise of Canada as a home for the working-man. Its climate, though often severe, is exhilarating. “It drives men back on home life and on work; it teaches foresight; it cures or kills the shiftless and improvident. A climate which tends to produce a hardy race, a Puritan turn of mind which gives moral strenuousness, good schools, the leisure of winter for thought and study.--all these tend to produce men likely to win their way by their wits.”

Dr. Parkin has nothing but praise for our school and college system. McGill College in four years received donations of $1,500,000. It has now seventy-four professors and lecturers, and one thousand students. In engineering and physics it is the most perfectly equipped institution in the world. Nor does Toronto University suffer greatly by comparison, although its State aid seems to dry up the channels of private beneficence. In ten years no less than $5,000,000 have been given to the Protestant colleges of the Dominion.

The voice of Canada is heard with more and more attention on large questions of Imperial policy. Of this the Halifax and Behring Sea arbitrations are proof. Canada,” says our author, “is a country which certainly stirs the imagination of her children -- which begets in them an intense love of the soil. If the front which Nature sometimes presents to them is austere, it is also noble and impressive. In the breadth of its spaces, the headlong rush of its floods, the majesty of its mountain heights and canyon depths, and the striking contrasts of its seasons in their march through the fervid

warmth of summer, the glory of autumnal Three excellent maps of the Dominion colouring, and the dazzling splendour of and its railway systems enhance the value a snow-covered land to the sudden burst of this volume. The review of Dr. of new and radiant life in spring-in all Parkin's companion volume on “Imthese Canada has characteristics unique perial Federation" must be reserved for among the lands under the British flag." our next number.

Religious and Missionary Intelligence.



is wrought among the natives. He says

there are always cases of cutting and Recent intelligence from New Zealand

wounding through the effects of drink. says that there has been no religious The people are daily cut down in the movement in that country since Bishop bloom of youth by the curse of drink, Taylor was there, thirty years ago, equal More than half of the Wesleyan misto that produced by the labours of the sionaries are natives of the countries in Rev. T. Cook, the English Methodist which they are working. evangelist. Showers of blessing have de- Out of 107,000 inhabitants of Fiji fully scended on all the places which he visited.

100,000 are avowed Wesleyans; the vast The New South Wales Legislature re- inajority are able to read and write. cently offered an endowment of $100,000 to each denomination for a college, on METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH. certain conditions, to be affiliated to the Sydney University ; and also a further

There are 14,553 preachers and 2,524,

053 members. The Roman Empire never sum of $2,500 towards the salary of the

extended to so many continents, nor principal. The Methodist Conference in

voiced its edicts in so many languages. the colony has resolved to take steps towards securing the offer. The Methodist

Appropriations are made for those using Church in other colonies is also putting

eleven different languages in this country. forth strenuous efforts on behalf of su

It has nine conferences and missions in perior education.

Europe, besides conferences in most other Mr. Smith, son of the late Rev. Gervase

parts of the world. The annual visit of one Smith, D.D., has received the honour of

guiding mind in touch with every other knighthood, and will henceforth be known

bishop promotes unity and harmony. as Sir Clarence Smith, M.P.

On an average twenty churches are The name “Wesley Guild” has been

dedicated every week. One bishop is at selected for the Young People's Societies.

the head of the Chautauqua movement ; The income of the Missionary Society

another of the Epworth League ; another

of the Freedmen's Aid Society, etc. exceeds that of the former year by $17,975 ; in addition to which $22,730 was contributed towards the reduction of


Bishop Hendrix is visiting the missions Orders have been sent to London in Japan and China. He is accompanied for 5,000 bibles, 5,000 hymn-books, and by a large batch of missionaries, male 5,000 catechisms, to be sold in the Fiji and female. At Banff the following inIslands. The Fiji Islanders gave nearly cident occurred. The mission party vis$25,000 to foreign missions last year. ited the National Park, and the Bishop

Prince Ademuyiwa, who attended the was asked by the guide to suggest a name last Wesleyan Conference, on his return for the mountains so admired by the to Lagos, Western Africa, wrote an article party, which still remained unnamed. in the Lagos Echo protesting against the He suggested “ The Bride's Balcony, importation of rum, gin, and other“ poi- in honour of the missionary bride, and sonous liquors into his country:

He "Mount Ida," for Miss Ida M. Worth, gives a terrible account of the ruin that the first graduate of the Scarritt Bible


and Training School. This being made hold an investigation of the sad occurknown to Sir Mackenzie Bowell, Prime ences that have recently transpired Minister of Canada, and Hon. T. M. there. Happily all our missionaries esDaly, Minister of the Interior, who were on

caped death.

Some of them who have an officialtrip to those parts, they requested come to Canada will add to the interest an interview with the bishop; and among of the missionary anniversaries this season. other things said the above names of the It appears that four of the ringleaders of mountains suggested by the bishop should the massacre have been executed. All be officially recorded, and gave the bishop the missionary survivors will resume their cards to this effect.

work at the earliest possible moment. A woman in Florida, recently deceased, Recently seven missionaries of the bequeathed to the Board of Missions a Presbyterian mission at Honan, left Toten-acre orange grove, twelve acres of ronto for the scene of their toils. Rev. rich hummock land and town lots. Two Dr. Mackay, the hero of Formosa, with women gave $800 toward building a church his family and Chinese student, also rein Osaka, Japan. A local preacher sent turned to their mission. $200 for missions, and a little child ten cents. A missionary returned $250 to

THE MISSIONARY BOARD. the treasury, proposing to meet her own

The meeting this year was more than expense.

usually important. Dr. Sutherland, the THE METHODIST CHURCH.

General Secretary, read a most volumin

statement respecting matters in A Montreal court has just decided that Japan from the beginning. The entire “Methodist” is an epithet which, when Church might be thankful that so many applied by one French-Canadian editor to

men of business were willing to give so another, inflicts damages to the amount much time to this important Church of $200.

work without fee or reward. We are glad to record the fact that the The returned missionaries, Revs. Dr. churches in London, which were destroyed Eby and F. A. Cassidy, then made their by fire, are being rebuilt. The corner- statements ; Mrs. Large, of the Woman's stone ceremonies, at both of them, were Missionary Society, also gave her testiseasons of great interest.

mony. Rev. Dr. Cochrane, one of the The Rev. Dr. Potts has been spending pioneer missionaries in Japan, was present some weeks in the Maritime Provinces on

by request and gave much valuable inbehalf of the Education Society, in whose formation. When matters had been interests he labours so indefatigably, and thoroughly investigated it was gratifying has been remarkably successful. All the

to find that no person concerned had places which he has visited report an been guilty of any moral delinquency. increase of funds,-in one instance the

The questions in dispute largely related increase was 65 per cent. ; but Truro to administration on the part of the exmade the greatest stride, inasmuch as their ecutive at home, and some misundergivings were 300 per cent. ahead of last standings among the missionaries themyear.

selves respecting their work. A full During the last three years $15,000 statement of the proceedings of the have been added to the claims of the

Board will shortly be published. The Superannuation Fund, hence ministers

Board approved of what the executive and widows' annuities will now be re- had done in the past to restore harmony duced six per cent.

among the brethren in Japan. Three Newfoundlanders, two of them

In respect to the six missionaries who from the Methodist College, passed suc- have asked to be recalled, the Boård cessfully at the London University Matric- expressed the hope that they would reulation examinations, and one of them consider their action, but should they headed the list.

remain in the same mind until next Rev. F. J. Livingstone, M.D., of To- Conference then their wish shall be ronto Conference, has gone to Africa to


Dr. Eby's furlough is proenter upon mission work in connection tracted, and Mr. Cassidy is to be emwith the South Africa General Mission. ployed under the Missionary Board until The students of Albert College, Belle- the ensuing Conference. We believe that ville, provided the necessary funds for these brethren expressed themselves outfit, passage and support for the first satisfied with the deliberations of the

Board, and promised to do their utmost The latest accounts from China are to promote the peace and harmony of that a commission has been appointed to the Society

few years.



The Board expressed great sympathy union Conferences, has arranged a series for the missionaries and their families in of excursions to Egypt, Palestine, Turkey West China. Dr. Stephenson, who has and Greece. These excursions furnish returned to Canada, does not blame the first-class accommodation at lower rates people for the state of things through than we think have ever been given before which the mission has had to pass so for such a comprehensive tour. much as the petty officials, whose conduct Dr. Lunn is able to do this by charterwas highly reprehensible. As soon as ing the St. Sunneva on the Mediterpossible the mission will be resumed. ranean for the entire season and running

Taking into account the receipts from a series of excursions from October to bequests, etc., the total income is in May. The St. Sunneva is a fine, new advance of last year by more than $3,000, steamer, with accommodation for 132 cabin though the annual subscriptions are con- passengers. It has recently been charsiderably less than last year.

tered by Lord Rothschild for a tour of

the Mediterranean. BIBLE CHRISTIAN CHURCH.

The tourists will go from London to There is every probability that the

Marseilles and there take ship. Bible Christian and Primitive Methodist steamer calls at Naples and Malta, giving Churches, and perhaps some others in an opportunity to visit both of these Australia, will be united in the near

places, also to make the excursion to future. If the minor Methodist bodies Pompeii. The steamer remains six days in England could be brought together

at Alexandria to give time for an excurthey would form a strong Church.

sion to Cairo and the pyramids and then

goes to Jaffa. Thence the tourists proRECENT DEATHS.

ceed to Jerusalem, Jericho, the Dead Sea,

Bethlehem and Hebron. The St. SunRev. George Grundy, of the Methodist New Connexion, died soon after Confer

neva proceeds to Smyrna, Constantinople He entered the ministry in 1839

and Athens, giving time to visit the hisand was stationed in most of the impor

toric sites of these famous cities, and tant circuits.

He was
an intelligent

returns to Marseilles. preacher and a diligent pastor. During

The cost for this trip as arranged by his ministry he was a diligent student Dr. Lunn is thirty-five guineas for six and published three books. He retired weeks' excursion from London back to from the active work in 1883.

London-about $180. From Toronto to Rev. J. Wakefield, D.D., of the Meth

London and back, by either Canadian odist Episcopal Church, died in the

steamship line, first-class travel can be ninety-seventh year of his age. He was

given for $140. About $60 in addition

to these amounts should cover all necesa member of Pittsburgh Conference sixtyone years.

Of the several winter Two of his sons are in the

sary expenses. ministry and both have celebrated their

excursions our personal experience leads golden weddings. The doctor and his

us to recommend that leaving London on wife walked the journey of life together

February 21st. There are a few places seventy-two years and then she passed on

still vacant in an excursion leaving London before.

December 20th. This is five days shorter

and costs only thirty guineas. An excurRev. Stephen R. Beggs has joined the

sion also leaves London on March 30th ; great majority at the age of ninety-four.

this is also thirty guineas, but we reHe was the first itinerant who preached

commend the one giving longer time. and organized the first Methodist church in Chicago, which consisted of eight Lunn, Sir John Leng and many others

Dr. Farrar, Dr. Cunningham Geikie, Dr. members.

are already booked for these excellent


We had the pleasure of meeting Dr. A visit to the lands of the Orient has Lunn at the Grindelwald Conference, and been to many persons, especially to many were greatly impressed with the masterly Methodist preachers, the dream of a life- manner in which he arranged for these time. But hitherto very many have been great representative gatherings of the deterred from the enjoyment and profit leaders of social reform and religious of such a trip by the very considerable movements. Dr. Lunn has sent to our expense. This has now been greatly re- office for distribution a number of his duced.

Palestine tour pamphlets which we will The Rev. Dr. Lunn, who has so suc- be happy to send to anyone wishing a cessfully organized the Grindelwald Re- copy. - W. H. WITHROW.

Book Notices.

Christ in the Pulpit of To-Day." He shows the relation of the preacher's message to the multitudes under moral defeat. He expounds the lofty theme that Christ is the source of our Christian civilization, the Supreme Person in time, and therefore the Mediator of the Supreme Person beyond time. Whether one will agree with all the arguments and conclusions of this book or not, it will be found wonderfully fresh, stimulating and inspiring.

The Christ of To-Day. By George A.

GORDON, Minister of the Old South Church, Boston. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co. Toronto: William Briggs. Gilt top. Price, $1.50.

We had the pleasure of reviewing in these pages some months ago Dr. Gordon's “ Witness to Immortality in Literature, Philosophy and Life"-one of the best books we have ever read. We find in this volume the same elevation of thought, the same depth of insight, the same clearcut form of expression. His book might well have been called “The Larger Christ.” It shows how “the thoughts of men have widened with the process of the suns.” Astronomy is no longer geocentric, as before the days of Copernicus, but heleocentric; and theology to-day is Christocentric as it never was before.

Theenlarged conceptions of the universe of matter and the universe of mind of the present day demand a larger Christ than that which the new Christians, emerging from the limitations of Judaism, were able to conceive. In the Divine Man, whose teachings were not for an age but for all time, the loftiest aspirations of the soul find ample fulfilment.

“Mankind,” says our author, “have been brought out into a large place, and the daily vision is of broad rivers and streams. But unless Christ shall be installed over this new world, it will simply be a larger and more splendid corpse than the old. Over the total worlds of space, and time, and present humanity, and the spirit, He must be recognized as supreme; and these kingdoms, with all their glory, if that glory is not to fade into a dream and the highest hope of mankind is not to be blasted, must become the kingdoms of our Lord and His Christ."

In a chapter on “Christ in the Faith of To-Day," our author discusses the gains manward and Godward in current thought of Christ, the interpretation of the final meaning of nature and certain defects in current thought on this august subject. He points out the significance of a supreme Christology in relation to the higher criticisin, in reference to theological theory, in its bearing upon the social problem and as a force against materialism ; and he eloquently argues that the fortune of humanity is bound up with the deity of Christ.

The final chapter is on the Place of

Digest of the Doctrinal Standards of the

Methodist Church. By the Rev. PRINCIPAL SHAW, D.D., LL.D., Wesleyan Theological College, Montreal. Toronto: William Briggs. Price, 75c. net.

This admirable book will be found of great service, not only for theological students, for whom it is principally prepared, but for all thoughtful readers, especially for the young people in our Epworth Leagues. It gives an exceedingly able digest of the doctrines of Methodism, and quotes froin Wesley's Notes and Sermons the illustrative and corroborative passages. In an early number of this magazine we will print, by permission of the author, the chapter on “ Last Things,” which is a concise and judicious treatment of a most important subject. The closing chapter on the “Principal Creeds of Christendom” shows the substantial harmony, with minor differences, of these historic symbols of the Christian faith. We congratulate the learned Principal of the Wesleyan Theclogical College upon the important service which he has rendered to our Church.

The Age and Authorship of the Pentateuch.

By Rev. WILLIAM SPIERS, M.A. London: Charles H. Kelly. Toronto : William Briggs.

We have had more than sufficient recently of books attacking the Mosaic age and authorship of the Pentateuch. In this field the higher critics have found a happy hunting-ground for their often mutually destructive theories. Hence, the timeliness of this apposite rejoinder from a conservative and orthodox point of view. Mr. Spiers is well equipped for the task he has undertaken. It is gratifying to find that the testimony of the monuments, the cuneiform clay tablets of Babylon, the ancient monuments of Egypt,

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