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The Dominion of Canada-Its Extent and Resources.


and Quebec full of possibilities in people, 5,000,000 messages were sent; oneproducts and latent power. The wonder

fifth of the population attend the ful region of the North-West, the future

public schools, for whose education granary of the world ; and British Columbia, the richest Province under the

there is an annual expenditure of sun. This huge Samson of strength upwards of $10,000,000, besides large and power, this sleeping giant of the sums given to support of the univerworld, this vigorous, forceful home of a sities, colleges and academies; nearly section of the Anglo-Saxon race. What

$2,131,000 is required for the mainpossibilities abroad has this land of raw

tenance of humane and charitable materials, of cheap food products, of abundant water power, of enormous dis

institutions, and many other things tributive facilities, and of a brave and important in their influence but patient people."

which cannot be reduced to statis

tical calculation. But in speaking of Canada as a But, perhaps, the most important "sleeping giant," Mr. Wiman is

factors in the formation of Canadian neither generous nor just, as the character, and those that will most following statistics will fully show. largely affect her future are to be She has 15,020 miles of railway found in language and race. Theotowards which the Government has

retically it may be true that men contributed about $147,000,000; the are born free and equal, but as a earnings of which in 1894 amounted

matter of fact it is not so, and what to over $52,000,000, and the profits is true of individuals is equally yielded some $15,000,000. During

true of nations. As the Hebrew, the year these trains had run over Greek and Roman races were the 45,000,000 miles of road, had car

leading ones in the olden times, the ried 13,587,265 passengers, and had Anglo-Saxon leads to-day. How. handled 22,414,357 tons of freight. ever modified by circumstances, its On her canals there have been

great dominant features are the expended $68,000,000; to the credit

same everywhere the respecter of of the people there are deposits in law and order, the friend of freedom, the banks to the amount of some

the patron of progress, the protector thing over $225,000,000; the value

of the home, and the defender of the of life insurance policies run up to rights of conscience. To build a $332,000,000; her shipping is esti- home, to establish good government, mated at $47,000,000, while the value

and to worship his God as he sees of the imports and exports amounted fit, is the ambition of the Saxon; last year to $241,000,000.

and all this he has done wherever But there is another class of sta- he has obtained a foothold. This tistics of equal, if not of even greater has been as true of the Canadian importance than these, which require branch of the family as of any of to be referred in order to reach its other members, as the foregoing right conclusions concerning the figures clearly show. character of the Canadian people. From the report of the Postmaster- “Indeed,” says Mr. Wiman, “the force General, recently laid before Par- and vigour resulting from the admixture liament, we learn that during 1894

of Celt and Saxon, is found in British

North America to be more developed there passed through the 8,477 post

than elsewhere on the globe. They are offices of the Dominion 106,290,060

more assertive, more self-sufficient, more letters, 23,000,000 cards, and over intensely political than their cousins across 93,000,000 papers and parcels. These the border. Comparing the Canadian were carried over 30,500,000 of miles people with those of any other nation it by steamer, train or stage, at a cost to

is impossible not to reach the conclusion

that in all the virtues that go to make the country of nearly $5,000,000;

up a vigorous community they are unover 75,000 miles of wire some equalled. Their ancestry made this almost certain. The industry needed to euphonious, more elastic and scienclear the land, the vigorous effort required tific; that of Rome more stately, to bring a living out of the soil or the sea, and the privations endured in subduing modern Italy and France more soft

majestic and philosophic; those of the soil, laid the basis for a great people.

and flowing and sprightly; but in When we say the language of no speech that ever gave voice to the country is the English we are human thought, or an outlet to huaware that the mother tongue of man passion, is there treasured up many is French, but the fact is that for the lover of knowledge a richer a knowledge of the latter is becom- endowment of wisdom and truth, ing less and less a necessity. While of fact and deduction, of what is we do not say with some that ours splendid in imagination and tender will become the language of man. in pathos, than in the language in kind, we feel assured the day is at which was sung the lullaby over hand when this will be true of our cradle, and in which will be every Canadian. And it is right sobbed the requiem over our grave. it should be so, not only because it Such then is the Canada of to-day is the language of the majority and -young, strong and hopeful, her the ability to use it is needed by real strength unknown, her resources everyone who would intelligently undeveloped, her capabilities as yet fill any position in Church or State, undreamed of. To those who must but also because of the blessings leave the Old Land she offers the which follow in its train. It is rarest inducements, her greatest thought freighted with the noblest need to-day being honest and incontributions from every cultured dustrious settlers. What her future clime, while it bears to other lands will be . time alone will tell, but native products of its own as rich unless some unforeseen and unavoidin the ripened fruits of the loftiest able calamities overtake her we are genius as any that it brings home warranted in looking to a career of to its Saxon sons. The speech of ever-increasing prosperity and of Greece

flexile, more ever-widening influence and power.





[The Greek word metpášov (tempter) is from the same root as our word “pirate.”)

The Pirate, with black hulk and murderous crew,

And blood-red flag, on every sea yet sails ;

His hellish spoils, dead men that tell no tales,
And ruined souls, are ever victims new ;
The fairest shores with blight he still doth strew,

Earth's mightiest mariner before him quails
When eagle-like he swoops, and when he hails
With treacherous truce, earth's wisest can outdo.
0 Thou Great Admiral of Love and Light !

Thy blood-red flag floats, too, on every sea,

Beneath its folds for refuge shall we flee.
Thou, mightier than all the corsair's might,
Wiser than all his stratagem and sleight,

Shalt wing each ship of Faith with Victory.



Chancellor of Victoria University.

"That also which this woman hath done shall be spoken of for a memorial of her."


The early years of this century Elizabeth Bancroft, and two little still witnessed the movement of daughters, Phæbe and Elizabeth. population from the United States to In the course of years the little Upper Canada. A few years before group grew to seven, Lucy, Martha, the great Loyalist movement had Sarah, Jane, and George being born broken in upon the solitude of our in the Canadian home, on the banks primæval forests and had proved that of the beautiful St. Lawrence. Here, underneath their dark shadows there by the beginning of the thirties, the lay concealed a soil rich in all the two elder daughters, Phæbe and resources of a prosperous people. Elizabeth, were married, the first to And so for nearly half a century a young Billa Flint, the son of the portion of the stream of young prosperous merchant of the same enterprise and ability which was name, the second to Rufus Holden, flowing from the rocky hillsides of then

a young man in mercantile New England, found its way to our life, and afterwards for long years Canadian shores. It would scarcely a prominent citizen and physician be fair to think or speak of these of the city of Belleville. Shortly early settlers as foreigners or immi. after, in the second cholera year, grants. They, or their fathers, were 1834, the father, who was evidently born under our British flag; they man of ability, entrusted by spoke our language; they were fam- the Canadian Government with imiliar with all the ways of our new portant commissions, and who has country. They were often the old left behind him a record as a friend neighbours, sometimes the blood- of the poor, the sick and the afflicted, relations, of the Loyalist founders of was suddenly taken from his houseUpper Canada, and when they came hold by the fatal epidemic. among us they were at once at The name of the mother, Elizabeth home-loyal citizens of the young Bancroft, contains a history in itself. land and loyal subjects of its King. We meet it in places of influence

Among these incomers, in the year far back in English history. In 1811, was a young harness-maker New England it stands on the earliest named Clement, from the village rolls of the colony, and holds a of Goffstown, in New Hampshire. proud place in American history, There was at that time, tradition for the large number of the name says, no one of his trade between distinguished in literature and in Montreal and Kingston, and when public life. It carries with it many he built his little backwoods home, of the best intellectual and religious at what is now the town of Brock- traditions both of Old England and ville, he soon obtained a contract of New England. Certain it is that from the Government to refit the Elizabeth Bancroft was not unworthy cavalry, who then were continually of her name, and handed down to moving from east to west--along her children, both in natural enthe shores of the St. Lawrence and dowments and in careful Christian the lakes. Here, in the November training, those noble traits which of that year, he planted his wife, have distinguished both the family and the race to which they be- out of the tradition of childhood, a longed.

picture of the play house of the Already, in 1834, they had become children in the shadow of the great connected with Methodism, which, rocks, under the overhanging vines, in those early days, gathered to close by the gliding stream of the itself through its devoted pioneers great St. Lawrence. such a all the earnest religious spirits of home as this was imagination quickthe land, except those attached to ened and the capacity for the purest the two established Churches in the enjoyments of life called out in full centres of population. The Flints, strength. Another picture sits before father and son, were both promi- us-- the round, merry face of the nent and active Methodists, and it happy child, with basket in band, is not yet a year since the son, the tripping her way to the cabin of Hon. Senator Flint, passed to his some poor or sick neighbour with rest, in Belleville, at the ripe age of the good things provided by father's eighty-nine, after more than fifty and mother's kindness. Nor must years of active toil in Sabbath- we forget the other picture, which school, temperance, and general fills with beauty the simple furnishchurch work. The Holdens were ings of every Puritan home, of the also a family widely influential and old Bible, the family altar, the honoured, both in the Methodist and blazing fireside, the sweet songs of Presbyterian Churches.

Zion, mother's teaching, and the Thus from the very beginning sunny quiet of the chamber where this family became linked with the she prayed for and with the chilbest elements of our young Cana- dren till their hearts were melted dian life in religion, in commerce, into penitence by her tears. and in public affairs; and when, But there were other tearful pic. in 1834, Mrs. Clement was left a tures as well in this young life. widow, she was not without attached In a few short hours the father so and influential friends. In the same kind and loved was stricken with year she removed to Belleville, where the plague, died and was hurried her son-in-law, Mr. Flint, was now away to the grave by the trembling established in business; and from neighbours. With almost equal this date her descendants were iden- suddenness, if not with equal terror, tified with all that is most important sister Sarah was taken by the rupture in the history of this city. Here of a blood-vessel, and finally the she was again called to drink the only little brother she had ever cup of sorrow in the sudden death known was carried home from the of her only son, and of a loved cold, dark waters of the river, daughter. And here, in after years, drowned. she was permitted to see all her It is easy to follow the results of remaining children settled about her all this on the sensitive, emotional in beautiful, prosperous and happy spirit of the child. The unseen homes. And here, in 1851, sur- world came very near.

The conrounded by her children, she died viction of sin under the stern old in peace in a good old age.

Puritan teaching was deep and It is out of such a family history lasting. At ten years of age, just as this that we are introduced to after her father's death, the decision Jane Clement Jones, the youngest of life appears to have been fully surviving member of the household. made in a revival which at that We first meet heras the bright, happy, time touched the Sunday-school and beautiful child, full of the energy gathered in many of the children; and spirits of youth, enjoying all after earnest, prayerful seeking she life to the full. There comes to us, found the peace of God. With the example before them of this one among the influences of this period of the noblest Christian lives of our was her close contact with the active time thus laying its deep founda- business of life. When left alone tions of repentance and faith in with her one child her mother found early childhood, let no one presume

her home with her elder daughter, to question the reality of childhood Mrs. Flint. Mr. Flint was a pracpiety. But let us lay, as here, the tical, energetic and eminently sucold foundations of repentance toward cessful merchant. Then other sisters, God and faith in our Lord Jesus Mrs. Holden, Mrs. Holton, Mrs. HarChrist, not trusting to some shadowy rison, were all married to young modern conception of a universal men in Mr. Flint's employ, and who, regeneration.

a little later, founded successful But with this healthful, moral business places of their own. The and religious development there was growing, active young woman was also the furnishing of education in daily contact with the plans and such as the facilities of that day cares, the difficulties and the success afforded. The elementary schools of business, and with the stron of the thirties did not offer a very practical genius of her people, drank extensive curriculum, and all they in its spirit and was familiar with could give was soon mastered by a its lessons. In 1847, she linked her bright young mind; and as yet life with another of Mr. Flint's but few higher schools had been assistants, Mr. Nathan Jones, and planted in our country, and to these together they started to push the the young ladies were not admitted. fortunes of life. But Methodism, both in its laity and We have often had reason to ministry, had already appreciated admire the results of the business the importance of this problem. colleges of those olden days.” A The resolution had been taken as Flint in Belleville, a Jackson in early as 1830 to found an academy Hamilton, a Ferrier in Montreal, for the liberal education of the were typical examples. Their young youth of both sexes. After some men were not mere paid underlings six years of heroic effort the work or servants. They were rather as was accomplished, and for the next younger brothers, or as sons with six years the young men and the their father, rendering due reverence young women of our best Canadian and faithful and obedient work, but Methodist families were found in with nothing of the degradation of Upper Canada Academy, pursuing servitude. They were members of studies which would fit them for one household, they worshipped lives of wider usefulness. Here we around one family altar. They had next find Jane Clement laying the common thoughts and ambitions. foundations which enabled her to The younger was impressed by the . be the leader and teacher of hun. character of the elder and learned dreds of men and women in after all his methods of business. It was days. Very speedily, indeed, did both the ambition and the advantage she enter on the employment of her of the senior to set his boys up for talents, for already at sixteen we find themselves as as they had her teaching in the Sabbath-school, proved their capacity, in branches a place maintained for fifty years and extensions of his business. until the last long affliction shut So was it here, and Belleville has her out from work.

on its roll of successful citizens, who But we have been studying these through a long life built up the early years of life as the training commercial strength of the Bay school for her subsequent eminently City and its back country, no more useful career. Not least important honoured and successful names than


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