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elled while following up the course of a square foot,” wrote Mr. Stanley, of the great river:

“an entire chapter might readily

have been filled.” Game is most “Over the whole Nature has flung a abundant. Elephants are numerous, robe of verdure of the most fervid tints. and leopards are found throughout She has bidden the mountains loose their streamlets, has commanded the hills and

the country. There are two species ridges to bloom, filled the valleys with of buffalo on the Upper Congo, and vegetation breathing perfume, for the many monkeys inhabit the woods. rocks she has woven garlands of creepers, The lion bas disappeared from cerand the stems of trees she has draped tain districts. Hippopotamiand crocowith moss; and sterility she has banished

diles abound in the river. Fish are from her dominion. Yet Nature has not provided a soft, velvety England in the

plentiful, and are largely caught by midst of Africa. Far from it. She is

the natives. here too robust and prolific. Her grasses

It has been said that the climate

[graphic]

STANLEY'S CHIEF CARPENTER POCOCK CARRIED OVER FALLS

ON THE CONGO.

are coarse, and wound like knives and of Africa has been unduly vilified. needles, her reeds are tough and tall as But while its malarial fevers have bamboos, her creepers are of cable thick: claimed many victims, missionaries ness and length, her thorns are hooks of steel, her trees shoot up to the height

have proved that it is possible to of one hundred feet. We find no pleas

live on the Congo. Wild winds, ure in straying in search of wild flowers, torrents of rain, thunder and lightand game is left undisturbed, for once the ning, make the stranger think main path is left we find ourselves over- at times the world is going to head among thick, tough, unyielding,

pieces. But notwithstanding the lacerating grass.”

intensity of the electric storms, ac. Bird and insect life are as prolific cidents by lightning are rare. and varied as plant life. "If I Amid all this wildness and varwere to enter into the details of the iety of the vegetable and animal insect world I saw within the area world there exists a similar wild

ness and variety among the tribes of men which inhabit the unknown continent. “ Fierce, wild savagery, loathsome cannibalism, cruelty, the densest darkness and degradation

carry out the work which I have began. I leave it with you."

As to the missions on the Congo River, the Baptist Society appear to have made the first step in that direction. Mr. Arthington, of Leeds, wrote to the Baptist Missionary Society, offering them one thousand pounds if they would undertake mission work in the Congo country. The society accepted the offer, and sent word to two of their missionaries to prepare for a journey to that region. About this time Mr. Stanley had arrived at the mouth of the Congo, having traced the course of the river.

Shortly after this a party arrived on tbe river to found the Livingstone Inland Mission-undenominational. Mr. Crudgington of this party, according to Mr. Stanley's advice, returned

home to get a steel sectional boat, the Plymouth. He hoped to be able to navigate the cataract region.

Great progress has been made since that time in the opening up of the country. Trading houses have

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of heathenism—such was the aspect as the white man, with some one hundred and fifty followers, endeavoured quietly and peaceably to paddle in mid-stream past their villages."

Well might Stanley exclaim as he rowed up the majestic river, among the surrounding luxuriance of vegetation,

"Every prospect pleases,

And only man is vile!” Until the missionary explorations of Dr. Livingstone, nothing could be done toward the evangelization of the interior of Africa. All efforts were confined to the coast. He drew attention to the peoples and their needs. On his first return visit to England, in 1856, he said to his countrymen: “I go back to Africa to make an open path for commerce and Christianity. Do you

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Mission work has been pushed Episcopal Church, began a mission forward one thousand miles from on the Congo in 1886. He has been the coast. The English Baptist eminently successful in other misMission have now eight stations in sion fields, and felt his great heart active work. Two steamers, the fired with a desire to carry the Peace and the Goodwill, supply news of salvation to Central Africa. the upper river stations. The Liv- His plan is to carry on self-supportingstone Congo Mission became too ing missions. large for the management of Dr.

“ He went in the strength of dependence and Mrs. Guinness, and was by them To tread where his Master trod, handed over to the American Bap- To gather and knit together tist Missionary Union. Their steam

The family of God." er, the Henry Reed, supplies their The reports of the success of this upper river stations.

self-supporting scheme are somewhat The Congo Balolo Mission have a conflicting. The Rev. Holman Bent

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staff of twenty-three workers, and ley, of the English Baptist Mission, seven missions. The Southern Pres- in his work, "Life on the Congo," byterian Church of the United States condemns, with undue asperity, it have four missionaries on the Congo. seems to the writer, the proceedings The Evangelical Missionary Union, of the bishop, and gives a harrowin connection with Mr. Simpson's ing description of the “ terrible time tabernacle, New York, is also at starvation, privation and death " work.

which followed the arrival of the The African is a great lover of bishop's party in Africa. If cremusic, so much so that someone dence can be given in any measure has said a London organ-grinder to this report it shows in an eminent could go in perfect safety through degree the necessity of “strategy in the heart of Africa unguarded; so missions." the singing missionary will gain the A great deal has been said about ears of the people, if not their hearts. the Christianization of Africa, and Bishop Taylor, of the Methodist

very different have been the views

entertained. The following appeared as the moral life-power in his nature. in the Missionary Herald :

We may apply this to the lowest of our

race in heathendom as well as in Chris. " CivilJZE THE AFRICAN AND THEN tendom. The Gospel meeting the soul's CHRISTIANIZE Him. - This seems to be the needs, its greatest want, dispels its darkorder some celebrated African explorers ness. “The entrance of Thy Word giveth would have missionaries observe. Sir light.' God's Spirit working through the Samuel Baker says : The philanthropist truth and the preacher effects a change and missionary will expend their noble without which all benevolent efforts are energy in vain in struggling against the in vain. savage hordes until the first steps toward Attending this change and springing their gradual enlightenment shall be made from it, as naturally as a stream from its by commerce.' He advises the mission- fountain, there springs up in the heart of ary to wait awhile till the Africans have the hitherto unclad, filthy, and lazy heabeen humanized.

then, a desire for clothing, for soap to “ Alvan S. Southworth, in an address cleanse it, and for some industrial pursuit. before the American Geographical So- Then follow neat and comfortable dwellciety, said: 'I have roughly computed ings, schoolhouses, sanctuaries, improved that the Christian world has spent on methods of cultivating the soil, and

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other proof of the civilizing power of the Gospel.

The writer can speak from experience. Ten long years of toil among Africans, almost as wild as the beasts which nightly prowled around his dwelling, witnessed no desire for either a shirt or a plough until there were conversions to Christ.

missionary labour in Africa, since the era of railroads and telegraphs began, an amount sufficient to have built a railroad along the line of the equator. Let us be practical with the negro, for in his aboriginal state you cannot spiritualize him.'

" He rejoices that such missionaries as the railroad and steamboat are getting into Africa. What are we to infer from these and similar statements ? Evidently that those who are devoting their lives to the elevation of Africa are mistaken, for their modus operandi is to evangelize first, in accordance, as they maintain, with the divinely-appointed method * Preach the Gospel to every creature.' It has been truly said : “As there is no philosopher too wise, so there is no child too simple to take in God, through Christ,

Perhaps, as with some of the reforms which are being made in our own country, more is to be expected from work among the children of the dark continent than from any other quarter.

“There is a peculiar charm,” said one of the travellers, “in the associations

with children in this land of hardened The missions are establishing hearts and savage natures ; there is a schools, and Africa's children are time in the life of the most savage when

being won for Christ. We would infancy is free from the fierce instincts of race, even the lion's whelp will fondle

not by the above remarks wish to the hand that it would tear in riper years :

lead any to believe that the work thus, separated in this land of horrors of the missionary was without effect from all civilization, and forced by hard among adults. They too are being necessity into the vicinity of all that was

reached, and the mighty miracle of brutal and disgusting, it was an inde

conversion has been wrought in scribable relief to be surrounded by those who were yet innocent.”

many souls.

There has come at

times a simultaneous awakening at And these little innocents are the several mission stations many miles subjects of the most cruel barbarities

apart, showing that the almighty of a cruel people. The cannibal

power of God produces the same prefers the tender flesh of a child to

glorious effects in working on the that of an adult. The cannibals hardened hearts of the sons and known as Makkarikas, the Arab daughters of Africa. traders declared, were bad associates, as they insisted on killing and eat- “Nor bounds, nor clime, nor creed Thou ing the children which the party,

know'st, wished to secure as slaves. Truly,

Wide as our need Thy favours fall ; “ the dark places of the earth are full

The white wings of the Holy Ghost

Stoop, seen or unseen, o'er the heads of the habitations of cruelty."

of all." WELLAND, Ont.

POWER FOR VICTORY.

WAITING for Him in the darkness,

Watching for Him in the light ; Listening to catch His orders

In the very midst of the fight. Seeing His slightest signal

Across the heads of the throng ; Hearing His faintest whisper

Above earth’s loudest song. Dwelling beneath His shadow

In the burden and heat of the day ; Looking for His appearing

As the hours wear fast away. Shining, to give Him glory ;

Working to praise His name, Bearing with Him the suffering,

Bearing for Him the shame.

Passing safe through the mazes,

The tangle of grief and care ;
Safe through the blossoming garden

Where only the world looks fair ;
Crossing with Him the chasm,

As it were by a single thread ;
Fording with Him the river--

Christ leading as He had led.

Art thou afraid to trust Him,

Seeming so far away?
Wherefore, then, not keep closer

Close as He says we may?
Why, then, not walk beside Him,

Holding His blessed hand;
Patiently walking onward

All through the weary land ?

Then up the heights of glory,

Unfollowed by death or sin ;
Swift through the pearl-white portal

Thy feet may enter in.
Into the realm of music

Where not a note will jar :
Into the clime of sweetness,

Which not a breath will mar ;
Where sighs are all out of hearing,

And tears are all out of sight;
And the shadows on earth are forgotten

In the heaven which has no night;
Where loss yields its long-lost interest,

And bitter its long-hid sweet ;
And they sing, “Unto Him that loved us,"

And lay down their crowns at His feet.

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