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shields sculptured on the walls. there is not a single inn on the island, travellers are recommended to take up their abode in the village
bronze, one hundred and five feet high, used as a lighthouse. It was overthrown by an earthquake fiftysix years after its erection, B.C. 244.
The fragments remained on the spot for nine hundred and thirty-three years, and were sold to a Jew, who carried them away on nine hundred camels, A.D. 689.
The siege of Rhodes by Soleiman the Magnificent, in 1523, lasted four months, during which prodigies of valour were manifested by both Turks and Christians. The Knights were compelled to surrender, and to leave the island, which they had held as an outpost of Christendom for two hundred years. “It was," says a historian of the event, “ an hour of woe; but the wanderers departed not unsolaced. They looked their last on the shattered towers from which the fate of war had driven them, supported by the
the consciousness that, though Rhodes had passed from under their sway, their protracted resistance bad conferred the fame of victory even on defeat. They transferred their rule to Malta, and there made an impregnable defence against assault.”
Our view of Rhodes
in the splendid moonlight of the Levant was exceedingly impressive. A great square tower rose like a cliff, making a deeper darkness in the shade. The lights of the town twinkled far and wide
GREEK AMPHITHEATRE, MILETUS.
churches, which are described as much cleaner than the Greek con. vents. The famous Colossus of Rhodes was one of the seven wonders of the world - a statue of
over the hills. A bright revolving amphitheatre no longer ring with light, like the glaring eye of Cyclops, the applause of the lyric or the seemed to guard the coast. Boats tragic muse. Lithe lizards crawl gliding silently by seemed like over the marble seats where sat the spectre barques. The myriad stars magistrates in state, and the wild were reflected on the placid waves. goat crops the scanty herbage of the The scene was of remarkable beauty arena. This else forgotten name is and tranquillity.
cherished in the hearts of millions We have entered now those scat- from its associations with one of the tered islands known as the Sporades. most touching incidents in the ninThey recall the stirring lines of istry of the great Apostle of the Byron
Gentiles, an incident which it is
scarce possible to read without tears. * The isles of Greece, the isles of Greece,
See Acts xx. 17–38.
The ship in which St. Paul was
And all except their sun is set. “ The Scian and the Teian muse,
The hero's harp, the lover's lute,
Their place of birth alone is mute
On our right rise the high serrated mountains of Asia Minor, jutting out in bold promontories far into the sea. Pretty white villages lie in the grecn valleys among the folded hilis, looking in the distance like a flock of sheep at rest. In the evening light masses of cumulus clouds rise, golden and snowy, in the crimson light; the great orb of the sun sinks slowly into the halcyon sea of deepest, intensest blue. One cannot help thinking of the stirring history of that same Asia Minor, with its speeding to Jerusalem,” says Dr. great cities of renown as marts of Green, "did not touch, it appears, at trade throughout the world—now a Ephesus, but had to call at Miletus solitude, where, as Disraeli says, the doubtless for some reason connected tinkling bell of the armed and wan- with the voyage; and so the port dering caravan alone breaks the becomes memorable to all time for silence of the scene. Around us the simplest, noblest, tenderest passpread the sunny Cyclades, whose toral address ever uttered. The very names—Telos, Kos, Kalymos, place is silent, desolate now; long Lero, Patmos, Samos, Kios, Lesbos, reeds and coarse grass are growing, Tenedos, Imbros, Nasos, Nyseros- amid undistinguishable ruins, where call to mind many stirring classic that weeping company once dememories.
scended to the beach, and they all In the Gulf of Kos is situated the wept sore and fell upon Paul's neck ancient port of Miletus, once a busy and kissed him, sorrowing most of city with its “four harbours,” now a all for the words which he spake, silent waste. The ruins of its stately that they should see his face no
more. And they accompanied him ful population. The women were to the ship.'"
especially celebrated for their charms The mainland of the Gulf of and grace. In an evil hour they were Kos awakes our keenest interest hurried into insurrection against
we watch it with eagerness their Turkish masters. An army of through a glass, for there is the fanatical Moslems descended upon ancient Helicarnassus where Hero. the island, which was given up to dotus, the father of history, first pillage and massacre. The archsaw the light, and where stood bishop and the heads of the Church the famous temple of Mausolus, were hanged with every mark of one of the seven wonders of the ignominy and their heads thrown world, which has given us the into the sea. In two months twenty English word “mausoleum.” The thousand Chiotes fell by the sword site of the famous temple has been and forty-five thousand were dragged discovered, and much of its noble into slavery. A few months later architecture found, although in a only two thousand Greeks remained ruinous condition. Kos is one of on the whole island. the most picturesque of the Sporades, While the Turks were triumphand one of the most renowned. ing, the Greeks prepared their re
Day after day we glide amongst prisal. “ Then ensued,” writes Gen. these lovely islands-green near the Gordon, “one of the most extrashore, but grey on
the bold and ordinary military exploits recorded rocky heights. Far up on the slope in history. Constantine Canaris of the hills nestle the villages, or and thirty-three brave comrades spread around the placid bay, snow- volunteered their services ; taking white amid the green, while exqui. advantage of a dark night, they site soft opalescent hues suffuse ran into the midst of the Turkish the scene. White sails gleam as fleet, anchored in the channel of the swift feluccas glide across the Scio, and grappled their fire-ship purple waves, recalling Tennyson's to the huge vessel of Captain Pasha, words, “Summer isles of Eden, ly- which instantly caught the flames, ing in dark purple spheres of seas.' and in a few hours blew up with the
At Chios the air was fragrant with crew of two thousand men. The orange blossoms and rose hedges. Greeks meanwhile stepped into a
In such profusion do the roses large launch which they had in tow, abound that a specialty of the
specialty of the shouting · Victory to the Cross !'-island is its rose-flavoured marma- the ancient war-cry of the imperial lade. Earthquake and war have armies of Byzantium – and made done their best, or worst, to despoil good their escape to Syra without this lovely isle. At Kastia the old the loss of a single man." Genoese walls and towers line the The island is now recovering its shore in green and melancholy deso- prosperity, and the dark green folilation. Chios is one of the cities age of the olive groves and gardens which claim to be the birthplace of make a beautiful background to Homer, “the blind old man of Chios' the town of Scio, seen from the sea. rocky isle." It has a stirring his- Threading the channel between the tory, but no more tragic episode island and the mainland, there than the grim disaster by which it opened to our view the splendid was overtaken some seventy years
harbour and stately city of Smyrna, ago. The island had a population which for two thousand years has of 110,000, nearly all Greeks-a been the most important seaport of mild, gay, lively, industrious, peace- Asia Minor.
THERE are few cities in the world delightful. There are no diseases that are more admirably situated or due to climatic influences, such as more naturally adapted for an all- malaria or hayfever. Sunstroke is the-year-round residence than To- almost unknown in this region. The ronto, the Queen City of the Lakes. rainfall is not excessive, an Situated as it is, in the heart of the sional thunderstorm only serving to temperate zone, its climate tempered cool the atmosphere and refresh the and made equable by the broad foliage. The average summer huwaters of Lake Ontario, with a beau- midity is about 71°. The streets tiful harbour which renders boating are well shaded by luxuriant and and bathing safe and pleasant pas- ornamental shade trees. There are times during the summer months, no cyclones, hurricanes, or very high together with many other advan- winds. Wild flowers in endless tages, Ontario's capital can hold her variety bloom in the parks and own against the world as an ideal neighbouring woods and ravines home.
from May to October.
Almost every The summer climate of Toronto is plant that requires a hot summer can remarkably healthful and equable, thrive in Ontario. The proximity and is one of the finest in the world. of such a large body of fresh water The days are bright and sunny. as that of Lake Ontario undoubtedly There is almost invariably a cool assists largely in equalizing the tenibreeze from some quarter, and the perature. nights and mornings are cool and The area within the city limits is
* For the admirable illustrations which accompany this article, and for much of the text, we are indebted to the courtesy of Mr. Fred Smily, publisher of "Toronto and Adjacent Summer Resorts,” of “Canadian Summer Resorts," and other art publications.
and shade trees. Many of the residential districts present on each side of the avenue a regular forest line of chestnuts, elms and maples. The residential portion of the city is to the stranger one of the most pleasing features of the town. for Toronto is a veri. table City of Homes," and its citizens vie with one another in
the artistic appearance HORTICULTURAL PAVILION, TORONTO.
and conveniences of
their home-life. There about 10,391 acres. In this area are no flats as in New York and some there is a population of about 200,000. other cities, and almost every head of There are about 250 miles of streets a family, no matter how poor, has a of which over one-half are paved. house to himself which he rents or There are 83 miles of lanes and 430 owns. Perhaps nowhere else will miles of sidewalks. There are 781 be found more unique and artistic miles of steam railway track and architectural designs for private 681 miles of street railway track. residences than along some of the Of overhead electric wires there are fashionable residential thorough4,300 miles, together with an ad. fares of Toronto. Delightful glimpditional 30 miles of underground ses of lawn, flowers and shrubbery electric conduit. The city is situated are exceedingly common around the on a plateau gently ascending north homes of the better classes, and even for a distance of three miles, where the poorer people often boast their an altitude of 220 feet above the lake little strip of lawn or modest floweris reached.
garden. Except on the main business Many of the stores are large and thoroughfares most of the streets commodious, and in some of them. have boulevards of well-kept lawns which are conducted on similar lines