Графични страници
PDF файл
ePub

THE

* •

HISTORY

OF

BRITISH INDIA

BY JAMES MILL, ESQ.

IN THREE VOLUMES.

[merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

CONTENTS.

BOOK VI.

... a . .FROM THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NEW CONSTITUTION FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF
INDIA,' A0. 1784, TO THE TERMINATION OF THE WAR WITH THE MAHRATTAS, A°. 1805.

CHAPTER I.

Administration of Mr. Macpherson—State of the Government in India, internal,
and external—Board of Control pays, without Inquiry, the Debts of the Nabob
of Arcot—Orders the assignment of the Carnatic Revenues to be given up—
Absorbs the Power of the Directors—Lord Cornwallis appointed Governor-
General—Commencement of the Proceedings in Parliament relative to the Im-
peachment of Mr. Hastings—The best Mode of proceeding rejected by the House
of Commons—Articles of Charge against Mr. Hastings—Three Bills to amend the
East India Act—Proceedings in Parliament relative to the Impeachment of Mr.
Hastings—Impeachment voted—Proceedings in Parliament tending to the Im-
peachment of Sir Elijah Impey—Motion for Impeachment negatived—Mr. Pitt's
Declaratory Act... , 1

CHAPTER II.

The Trial of Mr. Hastings 55

CHAPTER III.

Arrangement about Troops and Money with the Nabob of Oude—The Guntoor
Circar obtained from the Nizam, and a new Arrangement made with that Prince
—Aspect which that Arrangement bore to Tippoo Saib—Dispute of Tippoo with
the Rajah of Travancore—Tippoo attacks the Lines of Travancore—The English
prepare for War—Form an Alliance with the Nizam, and with the Mahrattas—
Plan of the Campaign—General Meadows takes Possession of Coimbetore, and
establishes a Chain of Depots to the Bottom of the Gujelhutty Pass—Tippoo

t -

*

descends by the Gujelhutty Pass—And compels the English General to return for
the Defence of Carnatic—End of the Campaign, and Arrival of Lord Cornwallis at
Madras—Operations in Malabar—A new Arrangement with Mahomed Ali, re-
specting the Revenues of Carnatic 171

CHAPTER IV.

Cornwallis takes the Command—Second Campaign begins—Siege of Bangalore—
March to Seringapatam—Operations of the Bombay Army—Battle at Arikera
between Cornwallis and Tippoo—Army in Distress for Bullocks and Provisions—
Obliged to return—Operations of the Mahratta Contingent—Negotiations with
Tippoo—Debate in the House of Commons on the War with Tippoo—Prepara-
tions for a third Campaign—Reduction of the Fortresses which commanded the
Passes into Carnatic, and threatened the Communications—Operations of the
Nizam's Army, and of the Mahratta Contingent, in the Interval between the first
and second March upon Seringapatam—Operations of the Bombay Army—Opera-
tions of Tippoo—March to Seringapatam—Entrenched Camp of the Enemy
stormed before Seringapatam—Preparations for the Siege—Negotiations—Peace— Subsequent Arrangements 209

CHAPTER V.

Lord Cornwallis's financial and judicial Reforms 265

CHAPTER VI.

Result of Lord Cornwallis's financial and judicial Reforms 292

CHAPTER VII.

Proceedings in Parliament relative to the Renewal of the Company's Charter in
1793—Sir John Shore succeeds Lord Cornwallis as Governor-General—Relations
of the English Government with the Nizam and the Mahrattas—Death of Mhadajee
Scindia—War between the Nizam and Mahrattas—Guarantee of the Treaty of
Alliance—Death of the Peshwa, and its Effects—Treaty fulfilled by Tippoo, and
the Hostages restored—State of Oude—Death of the Nabob of Oude, and Succes-
sion of his Son—The young Nabob dethroned by the English on a Charge of
Spuriousness, and Saadut Ali made Nabob—Affairs at Madras—Death of Maho-
med Ali—Lord Hobart endeavours to obtain the Transfer of Part of the Nabob's
Country—Dispute between Lord Hobart and the Supreme Board—Capture of the
Dutch Settlements 363
CHAPTER VIII.

Lord Mornington Governor-General—Agents of Tippoo at the Isle of France—
Governor-General resolves on immediate War—Import of the Circumstances—
Opinions in India—Nizam Ali receives more English Troops, and dismisses the
French—Unfruitful Negotiations at Poona—Progression of Governor-General's
Demands on Tippoo—War begins—Plan of the Campaign—March of the Army—
Siege of Seringapatam—Alarming Situation of the British Army in regard to
Food—Seringapatam taken, and the Sultan killed—Division and Settlement of the
conquered Country 40S

. CHAPTER IX.

Situation of Oude, as left by Lord Teignmouth, highly satisfactory to the Home
Authorities—Great Changes meditated by Lord Mornington—Extirpation of
British Subjects not in the Service of the Company—Apprehended Invasion of the
Afghauns—Endeavour "to obtain the Alliance of Scindia—The Idea abandoned—
An Embassy to the King of Persia—Insurrection by Vizir Ali—Reform of his
military Establishment pressed on the Nabob of Oude—His Reluctance—He pro-
poses to abdicate in favour of his Son—The Governor-General presses him to
abdicate in favour of the Company—He refuses—Indignation of the Governor-
General—He resorts to coercion on the Reform, which meant, the Annihilation of
the Nabob's military Establishment—The Business of the Annihilation judiciously
performed—The Vizir alleges the Want of Resources for the Maintenance of so
great a British Army—From this, the Governor-General infers the Necessity of
taking from him the Government of his Country—If the Nabob would not give
up the whole of his Country willingly, such a Portion of it as would cover the
Expense of the British Army to be taken by Force—This was more than one half—
The Vizir to be allowed no independent Power even in the rest—The Vizier
desires to go on a Pilgrimage—The Hon. H. Wellesley sent to get from him an
Appearance of Consent—The Cession of the Portion necessary for the Expense of
the Army effected—A Commission for settling the Country, with Mr. H. Wellesley
at the Head—Governor-General makes a Progress through the Country—Trans-
actions between him and the Nabob of Oude—Proposition of the Bhow Begum—
Objections of the Court of Directors to the Appointment of Mr. H. Wellesley—
Over-ruled by the Board of Control—Government of Furruckabad assumed by
the Company—Settlement of the ceded Districts—Full Approbation of the Home
Authorities 460

« ПредишнаНапред »