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151

Louis XV. Life and Gallantries

full Exposition

of,

of,

383

LYCIDAS,

154

on the prelent
Lee's hort-hand, 511

State of Clergymen's Widows

Lyric Epistles, two,

and Orphans,

127

Does, two, to Indolence and

M.

Impudence,

473

cNaGHTON, authentic Par. Ogden's British Lion roused,
ticulars of the Life of, 76

316
MALAGRIDA, Father, Proceed. ORATORS,

475

ings against,

ORNAMENTS of Churches con-

Niali ET's Poems,

sidered, Postscript to, 75

MATRONS,

509

ORR's 'Theory of Religion, 442

MECKLENBURGH, History oi,

P.

475

MID:CAL Constitution of Great- DÂPERS relative to the Rup-

bitin, Eliy on,

494

ture with pain, 228

MEMOIS of Mrs. Catherine

Oblervations on ditto,

Jemmat,

4-6

230

Midas, Jongs in the Burletta

Apswer to the Ob.

of

232

servations,

317

Militia Bill, Observations on,

Remarks on the Pa-

pers,

318

Motives for purfuing a Spanish PARALLEL,

73

War,

74

Patten's Vindication of King

Muller's Rufian Voyages, 428

David,

240

Muse's Recreation,

151

PLAKE's Brown Beer, a Poem,

MUSICAL Lady,

238

150

MYSTERY of the Cock Line PERSII Salvræ, cum notis,

512

Gholt, ievcaled,

157

PINDARIC Ode on Beauty, 320

Pain and easy Road to the

N.

Land of Bliss,

236

Ature, de la 143, 3:6 Poetry, Art of, on a new Plan,

NAVAL Evolutions, ex-

319

tracted from L'Hufie, by()'

Webb's Remarks on

Bryen,

275

the Leauties of,

282

NEWTONI Arithmetica Univers PORTAL's Innocence, a Poem,

fal's pian of an intended new

149

ejition of,

508 PRESBYTERS and Deacons, not

Nice Lady,

commissioned io preach without

NUNNERY, an Elegy,

the Bishop's Allowance, 77

NUPTIALS,

65 PRIESTLY's English Giammar, 27

PROCEEDINGS of the States of

O.

Holland, relating to the Dif-

'BRYen's naval Evolutions, putes in Bengal,

76

275

against Father

OBSERVATIONs on the new Mi- 'Malagrida,

litia Bill,

148 Progress of lying, 385

On the Papers PRPER Object of the prelent

relative to the Rupture with

War,

73

Spain,

230

PROPERTY,

38;
358

22

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386

199

PROPERTY, plain Argument to SINGLE Sermons, 80, 159, 399

shew that we have no Law for Sketch of the prefent Times,
the Security of,
237

149

PRUSSIA, King of, military In- SLACK's Address to ,

154

structions by, 58, 156 SOBIESKI, John, King of Po.

PRUSSIAN Laws, Body of, land, Coyer's History of, 161

SOLYMAN and Imena, 254

Q.
Songs in the Burletta of Midas,

232
UAÇx Doctor,

of Selma, versified, from
Cflian,

79

R.

SPAIN, New, Account of the

Inhabitants and Trade of, 75

ECRUITER for Germany,

Papers relative to the

320 Rupture with,

228

REMARKS on a Letter to a dil.

Causes of the War be.

senting Minifter,

78

tween Great Britain and, 382

REMISSION, Scripture Doctrine SPANISH War, Arguments a-

of,

114

gainit,

74

Remontranses au Parliment de

Motives for, ibid.

Paris contre les Jefuirs, 63 SPEAKING, Art of,

RESIGNATION,

462 STACKHOUSE's Greek Grammar,

Review of the Hiflory of the

74

Man after God's own Heart, STUDENTS,

475

20; SUPERSTITION, House of, a

of the Paintings exhi- Poem,

bited in the Strand, 391 Swaine and Simms's Short-hand,

RIDICULOUS Stories, Collection

511

of,

318 SYDENHAM's Plato, the Ban.

Rocer's present State of Den- quet,

196
mark,

392

RosciaD of Covent Garden,

T.

231
ROUSSEAU on the Inequality Ales from Fontaine, &c.
among Mankind,
331

38+

RUTHERFORTH's Letter to Ken. Taylor's Scripture Account of

nicott,

395 Prayer, second Edition,

343

Kennicott's

Chevalier John, Tra-

Answer to,

ilid. vels of,

THEORY of Religion, by Orr,

S.

4.42

Thomson's Works, new Edi.

CHOOL for Lovers, 157.

tion,

SCRIPTURE Doctrine of Thoughts on the Times, 159

Remission,

114

on ancient and mo.

SCROPE on the Lord's Supper, dern Travel.

235
238 Tragi-Comic Memoirs of the
SHARPE's second Argument in War,

148
Defence of Christianity, 305 TRISTRAM Shandy, Vol. V,

SH E B BEARE's Hiltory of the Su-

VI,

34

TUMULTS

matrans,

477

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Smolleti' adventures of fir Lancelot

Greaves, 391
Mornious Yearly (hronice 477.

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318

TUMULTS in Ireland confidered, WALPOL E's Anecdotes. of Paint, i

ing in England,

241 TURNER'S Gauger's Instructor, WAR, Tragi-comic Memoirs of 503

118 TYRT ÆUS, Elegies of, 57 Warner's Remarks on Fingal,

157.
V.

WATKINSON's Essay on Eco-
nomy,

387
AILLANT'S Catalogue of Webe's Remarks on the Beauties
foreign Books,

of Poetry,

282 VINDICATION, full, of the E

complete Annuitant, of , 320

388 UNIVERSAL Restitution, a Scrip- WHITEHEAD's Charge to the ture Doctrine,

181

Poets, UNIVERSITY Educaticn, De

School for Losects of, 234 vers,

157 Y.

VA

238

222

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The Frederician Code : Or, A Body of Law for the Dominions

of the King of Pruffia. Founded on Reason, and the Constitution of the Country. Translated from the French. 8vo. 2 vols. 12 s. boards. Edinburgh printed for Donaldson, and fold by Richardson in London.

IT

T was a saying of Solon's, that he had given the Athenians

the best Laws they were able to bear : and it is possible that the Author of the present Code may, upon this principle, justify his institutions. But they who ignorantly commend them as a fit model for this Kingdom, do not deserve to enjoy the superior advantages, to which the Laws of England. entitle them. Indeed the chief, if not only excellence for which the admirers of this Code have extolled it, is its suppofed brevity ;. and they inconsiderately express their wifhes to reduce the Laws of this kingdom within the narrow dimensions' they would prescribe: without reflecting, that they would thereby at the same time; render their property and personal liberties more precarious and insecure,

In the days of Alfred, the English Laws were much more fort and compendious than the Pruffian Body now under confideration. But the Alfredian Code would ill suit the nation, now that it has happily extended the wide circle of trade and commerce, and enlarged the basis of public liberty. As foşial and commercial intercourse expand, a variety of cases daily revolve, which must either be provided for by a particular and express Law, or referred to difcretionary decision. A people however, jealous of liberty, will be cautious to entrust as little as possible to arbitrary discrea tion. In a free kingdom, the Judges are but the mouths of VOL. XXVI.

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the Law, and the King, no more than the supreme minister to execute its decrees. In such a state, therefore, the Laws cannot be so simple and concise as in those governments, where much is left to the discretion of the judge without any other appeal, than to the absolute will of the Sovereign. It is true that, under a wise and good Monarch, little or no inconvenience may arise from such summary institutions ; but it might be expected that a Prince who, like his Pruffian Majesty, is supposed to be no less a philosopher than a statesman, ihould have a juster sense of Legislation, than to institute, what is more properly a Government of Men, than of Laws.

This Code, which copies, and, in some points, improves the Roman Law, docs nevertheless retain, and even multiply, its moft capital defects. The King prohibits, under severe penalties, any Commentaries to be made, either on the whole Law of the country, or on any part of it. In short, he reserves to himself the prerogative of being the ultimate and fole Commentator on the Laws; and his Refcripts, like those of the Roman Emperors, can make that legal, which is not to be justified under the fanction either of Law or Reason. The consequence of such unbounded authority must be, that when a weak or vicious Prince succeeds to the throne, Juftice will not only be partially distributed, but openly bought and sold, as it was once in this Kingdom, especially in the time of the Norman Princes, when every thing appertaining to Judicature was so avowedly venal, that our Kings accepted bribes from the suitors, which were called by the soft name of presents; and that with so little sense of honour or decorum, that these shameful items are transmitted on record, with the scandalous purposes for which they were received.

But true wisdom and unaffected philosophy would have dictated a more liberal and benevolent fyftem, than this of the Frederician Code. They would have directed our Royal Legislator to have consulted the future and permanent good of his people, by, endeavouring to secure them against those abuses in his successors, from which his own personal virtues may perhaps protect them during his reign. A Prince, who instead of labouring to confirm and to extend arbitrary prerogativés, has the courage to limit his.own power, displays the noblest proofs of greatness. All the pomp which awaits abfolute dominion, all the triumphs of heroilm, are little, compared to such a philosophical sacrifice, made on the principles of gencral benevolence and philanthropy. This is the true 8

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