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to advance the escort a league before towards the enemy. This Manoeuvre will secure and conceal the convoy."
Fourteen Plans are added by the French Editor. With respect to the maxims for skirmishing Parties, we must refer the curious Reader to the work, and conclude this article with only observing, that this performance may be regarded as no improper appendix to the regulations for the Pruslian Infantry and Cavalry, of which we gave an account in some former number of the Review, *
Remontrances au Parlement de Paris, sur son Arrest rendu le
8 May 1761, contre les Jésuits, soit-disantes de la Campagnie de Jésus, &c. &c. Par. M. de Voltaire. That is,
Remonstrances to the Parliament of Paris, upon their decree
of the 8th of May 1761, against the Jesuits, or the Company of Jesus. A Work in the manner of the Henriade, with Notes, containing some things hitherto unpublished, concerning the Conduct which these Gentlemen have observed in France, from their Eftalishment there to the present Time. By M. Voltaire. To which is added, a Ballad on the Occasion, by the Author of the City Latin, [faid to be] printed at Paris, and re-printed at London. 8vo. Dixwell.
HIS is a just Satyr, in French verse, against the Jesuits,
on occasion of the sentence mentioned in the titlepage, by which thirty-two judges unanimously condemned P. Ricci, superior-general of the jesuits, and, in his person, the whole society in France, in the sum of fifty thousand livres to the Lioncys and Gouffée, merchants at Marseilles, for cofts, daniages, and interest. These gentlemen are affirmed to have accepted bills of exchange, drawn by P. Lavalette, (whose conduct was authorized by P. Ricci) for 150,266 livres. This Lavalette was sent abroad as apostolic Prefect of the missions in South America, but happened to be more advantageously employed in trade at Martinico : and these negotiants were obliged to difpofe of their whole subftance, as the original says, reduits a la Chemise, to honour those bills, notwithstanding Lavalette and the society had failed in performing the engagements they had contracted, on their parts, with these gentlemen.
See vol. XI. p. 138. and vol. XVII. p. 360, and p. 364.
Though Though it seems more probable than otherwise, that Voltaire is not the Author of this Satyr, it contains several good lines, and exhibits many just and severe truths. The poet ironically accuses the parliament of Paris, for proceeding with more severity against these good fathers, than the merciful parliament of Aix did against father Girard in miss Cadiere's case, on the score of spiritual incest (as we think they term it) with her, and some of his other penitents. With regard to this continent jesuit, who died in Franche-Comtè, we are informed by father Montigny, that he departed in the odour of fanctity, and, according to father Colomnia, with all his baptismal innocence.
As we do not imagine any extracts from the French poetry would entertain many of our English readers ; and we were rather more entertained with the notes than with the text ourselves, we shall extract a few jesuitical maxims, and inItances of their notorious conduct, from the former.
One note, taken from their Avis secrets, their secret councils, assures us, the order of the jesuits comprizes all the perfections of all the other orders; which shine forth most eminently in theirs. Another note affirms, the jefuits at Lisle erected an altar there to father Guignard, who was hanged and burned at the Grêve, for saying, it was lawful to murder Henry IV. and that the act of Clement, in the parricide of Henry III. was inspired by the Holy Ghost. This altar was inscribed—“ To the beatified Guignard, martyred for the faith by the heretics of France.” We are also told, the jesuits of Portugal have decided, that the lately attempted assassination of the king there, did not amount even to a venial sin, or peciadillo, as they term it. The Compendium of their Privileges excommunicates all who shall have the temerity to contravene fuch of their privileges, as allow their members to be criminal. M. Palafox (probably the prelate lately canonized at Rome at the earnest instances of the king of Spain) acquaints his cotemporary pope, by a letter in 1649, That the great and populous city of Seville was all in tears, on account of a ihaineless bankruptcy of the jesuits there, who had borrowed the effe&ts of widows and orphans, to the amount of four hundred thousand ducats, and paid them solely by the bankruptcy. The constitutions of this order inform us, that when there is any propofal about killing a tyrant, it must not be executed without consulting their General. We are to infer then, that He, and He only, can give a proper sanction to it; but, at the same time, if he refules this, it gives him
an opportunity of selling many lives to the tyrant, to the ena richment of himself, or his order. Their sécret councils avow,
the society is invested with the most ample Power to dispense with paying their debts; and they are to obey the voice of their general as zealously as the voice of Jesus Christ. Not content with obeying this injunction, they are sure to overact it abundantly; fince, of all existing orders of men, this, which impudently assumes the name of Jesus, by the account of a majority of their own church, imitate him the least.
The Veaudeville, of French Ballad in short verse, annexed to this Satyr, whoever wrote it, is also a just and a droll invective against these fame pious fathers; who have discovered à quirk or noftrum to become holy, without an atom of goodness, or even of righteousness. It is the happy lot, indeed, of this realm, to need but little precaution against such eccle-fiastical pests. Nevertheless, it may be highly prudent, their extraordinary artifices and activity being considered, to preserve, by all just means, that laudable averfion, and even horror, which we entertain for a set of men, who, we find, are become so juftly odious to a majority of their own communion..
The Nuptials. A Didattic Poem, in three Books. 4to. 2 s. 6 d.
HIS is not a Poem on the Royal Nuptials, which, from
the Title and the time of its publication, some may have supposed, but a poetical Essay on Marriage.
The Didactic is not one of the least difficult species of Poetry, for it certainly requires great art, with precept to communicate pleasure ; neither is it the most capable of the embellishments and graces of fancy, as truth is best discovered in a simple dress. The Author of this Poem, however, either through the copious variety of his subject, or the fertility of his genius, or more probably by means of both, has happily united the pleasing and the instructive: The Versification resembles that of Dr. Armstrong; in his Oeconomy of Love, and his Årt of preserving Health : but we cannot join with those who think this not inferior to those elegant Poems, either in force of imagination, or harmony of numbers. And Rev. Jan. 1762.
we can by no means approve of the Dialogue at the end of it, which, in our opinion, is much too refined for the speak
The story of Lucrece might have been wrought up in a much more pathetic and affecting manner, and the Digresfion on the Militia seems foreign to the subject, however commendable it may be in other respects.
Some idea of this agreeable performance may be drawn from the following Extracts :
B. I. p. 8. The Arguments which are drawn from nature, in behalf of Marriage, are not more poetical than just.
• Be man and woman one. So spake the power
Or 'scape his eye, or have no power to charm.
Blush not, my Friend, to own the power of Love,
With elephantine nose, and teeth of jet,
in nature lies
To see, fair, paling fair, and perfect all. Amongst the many instances of unhappy matches which are introduced in this Poem, the following, we presume, will not be the least entertaining to our Readers.
Wretched Lucilia! doom'd to waste those hours,
At morn entangled in a net of gold. Nor less striking is the description of a Half-pay Oficer and an Attorney's Clerk, laying siege to the only Daughter of a country 'Squire.
The taudry Captain, and intriguing Clerk,