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parents of this difeafe." But this we are untaught a little lower in the fame page, which infers," the proximate caufe of the Scrofula is a preternatural vifcidity of the Lymph, and not an acrimony or acidity." On the contrary, page 23 affirms," the discharge [from the ftrumous ulcers] is not laudable matter, but rather an acrimonious ichor or curd-like pus." A Phyfical Reader would be apt to infer from hence, there might be as much acrimony, or acidity, or both together, as vifcidity in the caufe. And our Author's own curative indication, p. 27, is " to direct our intentions to the removing the obftruction of the glands, by inciding the vifcidity of the humours, and correcting their acrimony." We are also aflured, p. 41, "that by remedies adapted to incide the vifcidity of the lymph, and to correct its acrimony, he has brought fome of the most difficult cafes to a happy issue." Mr. D. terms this disease Herculean, p. 27, and he may justly add ænigmatical too, fince he has difcovered the caufe of it to be acrimonious and not acrimonious, acid and not acid. Now for fo marvellous a caufe, perhaps fuch a marvellous remedy as will remove it, and will not remove it, may be properly calculated; according to analogy at leaft.But we have been talking of a profound fecret, and let pofterity unravel it.
In the mean time briefly to analyze this Treatife.-The Title-page, the Preface of four pages, the immaterial Trunk or Body of the Work of forty two pages, may all be confidered as conftituting one Master of the Ceremonies, in order to introduce fix Cafes of fcrofulous Patients, of which, our Author fays, he cured five, and has greatly mended one Cafe, the fubject of which obftinately refufed taking any more of his medicines, to which her mother imputes her want of a perfect cure. But to account for this want, from another material want, we are literally told, p. 50- This girl being very poor, and living at a great diftance, much perplexed my intentions." We were fo greatly edified by this ingenuous acknowlegement, that gratitude obliges us to repeat it to the Public, that Mr. T. Durant, Scrophulous Surgeon, lives in Fetter-line, at the Sign of his own Name and his own Treatife on the King's Evil; where, and elsewhere, we heartily wish he may perfectly cure every Patient, afflicted with it, who applies to him, to the reciprocal comfort of all parties.
K Art. 33. The Difeafes of the Bones, of M. du Verney, M. D. antient Profeffor of Anatomy and Surgery at the King's Garden, and Member of the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris. Tranflated by Samuel Ingham, Surgeon. 8vo. 5s. Ofborne.
From this Title-page fome may be led to imagine, that the book is a Treatife on the Dfecfes of M. du Verney's Bones. This odd arrangement of words is like that in the Sign-Painter's Exhibition: Fresh Butter every Day and Eggs new laid by me Martha Simplon
This work is fufficiently known and approved in the original; and the mere English Reader may be thankful for the present tranflation, which, notwithtanding the inaccuracy above noted, will not lead him far from the fenfe of the Author.
Art. 34. A Treatise on the Difeafes of Women; in which it is attempted to join a juft Theory to the most fafe and approved Practice. With a chronological Catalogue of the Phyficians who have written on thefe Difeafes. Tranflated from the French Original. Written by Dr. J. Aftruc, Royal Profeffor of Phyfic at Paris, and confulting Phyfician to the King of France. 8vo. 2 Vols. 10s. 6d. bound. Nourse.
About twenty years ago a book appeared in English, bearing nearly the fame title with the prefent work, and having the fanction of this Gentleman's name. It was extremely well received by the Public, although it was by no means to be confidered as the work of Dr. Aftruc, being no other than a Digeft of the Notes collected by one of his Pupils. The prefent work, however, is the genuine product of this learned Phyfician's mature confideration, and most affiduous application to the ftudy of his subject. He is now his own Editor, and the English Student will do well to make himself acquainted with the curious and accurate theory, laid down by fo diligent and able a proficient in this branch of the Medical Art.- -The Doctor intends another volume to compleat his plan.
Art. 35. A Treatise on the Difeafe called a Cold, fhewing its general Nature and Caufes, its various Species and different Events; together with Jome cautionary Rules of Conduct, proper, to be obferved in order to get fafely rid of it, when taken, &c. By John Chandler, F. R. S. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Millar.
Mr. Chandler has fhewn himfelf fo intimately and thoroughly acquainted with his fubject, that we think his book a valuable and afeful performance, although fomewhat aukwardly and pedantically written, Such a parade of learned words and phrafes may prevent the work from becoming fo generally ufeful, (among unmedical Readers) as it might have proved, had the ftyle been lefs fcientific, and more familiar. The Author is certainly an excellent Apothecary, but not the most agreeable Writer.
N Enquiry into the true Character of David, King of Ifrael. -Before the University of Oxford, at St. Mary s, January 24, 1762; in which the exceptions of a late Writer to the conduct of David, on fome occafions, are obviated. By William Cleaver, M. A. of Lincoln College. Rivington.
2. The Ufe, Falue, and Improvement of various Readings, fhewn and illuftrated, before the University of Oxford, at St. Mary's, October 18, 1761. By William Worthington, D. D. Chaplain to the Archbishop of York, and Author of the Effay on Redemption. Fletcher.
3. Before the House of Commons, January 30, 1762. By Samuel Şalter, D. D. Mafter of the Charter-Houfe, Rector of St. Bartholomew the Little in London, and Prebendary of Norwich. Bathurst.
4. Before the Lords, on the above-mentioned Occafion. By Sa muel Lord Bishop of St. Davids. Walter.
5. An approved Paflor. A Charge delivered at Daventry, Feb. 25, 1762, at the Ordination of the Rev. Joannes Runnals, A. L. M. and Philof. Doct. By Hugh Worthington, A. M. Published at the Defire of the Perfon ordained, and of other Minifters then present. Henderson.
6. Every Man cur Neighbour, at the Opening of the Lock Hofpital near Hyde Park Corner, March 28, 1762. By the Rev. Mr. Madan, Chaplain to the faid Hospital. Dilly.
7. The Council of Gamaliel confidered,-before the Society in Scotland for propagating Chriftian Knowlege, at their Anniversary Meeting in the High Church of Edinburgh, Jan. 4, 1762. By Robert Dick, D. D. Minifter of the Trinity College Church of Edinburgh.
8. No Acceptance with God by Faith only,-before the University of Oxford, at St. Mary's Church, July 19, 1761. With a Poftfcript, containing fome Strictures on the Subftance of a Sermon lately publifhed by the Rev. Mr. Madan. By John Allen, M. A. Vice Principal of St. Mary Magdalen Hall. Whilton.
9. The Ufe of Reafon in Matters of Religion, ftated and explained,at the University of Oxford, at St. Peter's in the Eaft, March 7, 1762. By Thomas Randolph, D. D. Prefident of C. C. C. Oxford. Fletcher.
10. A Right to eternal Glory, through the meritorious Obedience of Chrift, proved to be confiftent with the abfolute Freedom and SoKeith. vereignty of Divine Grace. By John Brine
11. At the Anniversary Meeting of the Governors of the Magdalen Charity, March 18, 1762, at St. George's, Hanover Square. By William Dodd, M. A. Chaplain to the Bishop of St. Davids, and Lecturer of Weftham in Effex. Davis, &c.
12. The Character and Reward of the good and faithful Servant, a Sermon preached at Crouched Friars, London, April 18, 1762,—on Occafion of the Death of George Benson, D. D. who died April 6, in the 63d Year of his Age. By Edward Pickard. To which is added, The Oration at the Interment. By. E. Radcliff. Henderson, &c.
SERMONS on the FAST, March 12, 1762.
1. The Profpect of our Succefs in the present War,—at Crutched Friers. By E. Radcliff. Henderson.
2. At St. George the Martyr, Queen's Square. By James Sheeles, M. A. Flexney.
3. Before the Houfe of Lords, at St. Peter's, Weftminster. By the Lord Bishop of Landaffe. Payne, Meufe-g
4. Before the House of Commons, at St. Margaret's, Westminster. By Henry Barton, D D. Warden of Merton College, Oxford. Sandby.
5. Two Sermons before the University of Oxford, Feb. 11, 1757, and March 12, 1762; the Days appointed for general Fafting, &c. By John Burton, D. D. Fellow of Eton College. 15. Fletcher.
6. The fafe Retreat from impending Judgments,at Leeds. By John Edwards. Dilly.
For JUNE, 1762.
Note, five Lectiones, ad Tragicorum Græcorum veterum, Efchyli, Sophoclis, Euripidis, quæ fuperfunt Dramata, deperditorumque Reliquias. Auctore Benjamino Heath. Concluded.
TAVING in our laft Review confidered Dr. Heath's Annotations on Æfchylus, we shall now proceed to his Notes on Sophocles and Euripides.
Perhaps no ancient Author whatever has fuffered more from the mifchievous labours of Commentators and Reftorers, than the illuftrious Sophocles. They have bled and phyficked, they have impaled and excoriated him; they have cut off his natural limbs and given him others of wood: infomuch, that were he to rife again upon earth, and behold his poor Tragedies, might he not say with exquifite irony,
Το δ ̓ ὀφθον ἐσπεῖν,
Ανεπνευσά τ ̓ ἐκ σέθεν, και
About the beginning of the fourteenth century, one De metrius Triclinius took it into his head to revife Sophocles, and to examine him metrically. For this purpofe he provided himself with a fcale of feet, and went to work with his Author. Where he fuppofed the length of his verse fitted his fcale, it was well; it flood as it was; where he found it either too long or too short, without any more ado he pieced or curtailed it, and fometimes interwove whole lines of his own manufacture with the original text. It was fortunate enough that he had the honesty, or rather the vanity, to acknowlege whatever he altered or inferted; but is it not ftrange that even after this acknowlegement, his copies fhould be followed by future Editors, and that Turnebus, who published REV. June, 1762. Dd
his Edition of Sophocles in the fixteenth century, fhould adopt them only as genuine? However, to be convinced of their futility and ftupidity, nothing more will be neceffary than to compare them with the edition of Aldus, executed from more ancient and authentic copies.
After these fufferings the Poet might reafonably hope to meet with some redrefs from our learned Commentator; and we doubt not that the title of The Reftorer of Sophocles was referved for Dr. Heath.
In Ajax, v. 143, we entirely agree with the Doctor, that inftead of ἱππομανη ought to be read ιππονομον, which will be a very just and natural epithet to λauw, analogous to which is Βουνομον ἀκαν in Electra, v. 182. For ἱππομανη, whether applied to Ajax or to λw, will have very little propriety: novou or is therefore a good emendation.
In the following paffage, however, we cannot embrace the
Ajax, v. 167, &c.
So the Doctor reads this paffage, and places the parenthesis; but in our opinion
Μέγαν αιγυπιον γ ̓ ὑποδεισανίες
ought to be included in the parenthesis, and modules fhould be referred to yλar, for fo the conftruction will be moft natural and easy.
Ajca, v. 304.
This verfe is rightly rendered
Οσην κατ' άλλων αέριν ἐκλισαίων
Quantis ipfos cruciatibus mox regreffus ulcifceretur.
We are obliged for this conftruction, as well as for many other fenfible illuftrations of Sophocles, to Mr. Mudge of Plymouth; to whofe critical abilities our Author bears honourable teftimony in his Preface.
Ibid. 745. Τοις κυρίοις γαρ πανα XPn δήλους λόγον
The alteration that Johnfon propofes in this verfe of δήλουν λογον το δουλον λεγειν, we cannot by any means agree to; for it is not only, as our Commentator obferves, far from being clear that the meffenger was a flave, but, in our opi