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His Letters are very explicit in the accounts they contain of Danish Jurisprudence, and will give much fatisfaction to those who are desirous of understanding the various conftitutions of countries; but with respect to the favourable opinion M. Roger so fondly entertains of absolute Monarchy, they only serve to shew that Danith defpotism is felf-reduced to a legal method; being essentially velted in WILL, as much as that of the tyrants of Morocco, Turkey, or Indostan.
“ It is (says he) a gross mistake to imagine, that the revolution of 1660 de troyed the liberty of a kingdom, which had hitherto been free. Liberty, prope.ly speaking, was known only to the Nobility; the Clergy and Commons were of no sort of consequence in the Assembly of the States.” It does not appear, however, that when the Commons and Clergy chose to make a formal grant of unlimited' hereditary power to their King, that it answered any better purpose to the people than to curb the Nobility who were compelled to accede to it. For when in his encomium on the Danish Laws, M. Roger remarks the small number of Law-suits, and the readiness with which they are determined, he alligns the julteit reason for it, and it exhibits all the çokens of being a true one. When he fought the cause, he says, . It appeared evident enough that the want of property in the Peafants was productive at leatt of this good confequence, that it pre. yented a multitude of difficulties which have arisen from the immente variety, that exists elsewhere, in the manner of holding estates.” Cero: tainly not to have any estate at all, eases a person entirely of the difficulties incurred by the poffeffion of one, and secures him from the perplexities of Law-suits ; yet, though the Law in England should leave a man as pennyless as the Law in Denmark finds him, there is fome degree of satisfaction in having an eitate to be perplexed about, and fome degree of amusement in spending it in our own manner : all which, with many other arguments that might be produced, determine rather in favour of property.
It must nevertheless be acknowleged, that, if we attend rather to the information M. Roger has furnithed concerning the State of Denmark, than to his theoretical Positions, Denmark is an improving kingdom; and the prefens King seems to consult the welfare of his people, by measures much to his honour. It is to be hoped that his example will be imitated by his successors, and that the Danes may never have reason to repent the power they have bequeathed to his pofterity. RELIGIOUS.
N. Art. 25. A compendious Descant of the Autogeneal and Theanthro
pos Glories of Christ, or the Crown of Crowns set upon the Head of King Jejus. Wherein is displayed his Glory as Jehovah by Nature, and his Mediatorial Glories as the Mejiah and Saviour of his people. 8vo. Is. Lewis.
It was a threwd remark of an ingenious and learned Preacher at St. James's, when very lately, speaking of the wild reveries of our mo
dern Fanatics, and the strange work which they make with Christianity, he said, a stranger to its genuine spirit might hence be apt to conclude, that instead of turning their hearts, it was rather designed to turn their HEADS.
Art. 26. Letters on Religious Retirement, Melancholy, and En
thusiasm. By the Rev. Mr. John Langhorne. 8vo. Is. 6d. Payne and Cropley.
These Letters are addressed to a Lady of natural good fenfe, and fine accomplishments; but, unhappily, a little tinctured with the modern Enthusiasm, and inclined to that fort of Melancholy, and aversion to the rational pleasures of fociety, which naturally arises from miltaken apprehensions of the Divine Being, and the absurd notion of Divine Impulses and Illuminations. The Letter-Writer endeavours to reclaim his fair correspondent, by a variety of striking arguments and observations, cloathed in elegant and pathetic language, not un. like the flowery style of Mr. Hervey, though applied to a very op pofite purpose. The Epistles are generally
short, and some of them are more entertaining than the keader would be apt to conceive, from a mere perusal of their title-page.
Art. 27. A Letter of Advice from a Father to his Son, just enter-,
ing into Holy Orders. 8vo. 6 d. Keith. A wretched attempt at Irony, in favour of Fanaticism.
Art. 28. The Reformed Prodigal : Or the three moft remarkable
Stages of a penitent Sinner's Life. 1. His Departure from God; 2. His Repentance; 3. Ged's Acceptance of him thereupon. Exemplified in thirteen Discourses on the Parable of the Prodigal Son. Dedicated to the Governors of the Magdalen Charity. By the Rev. James How, M. A. Rector of Milton, near Gravesend, Kent; and Minister of St. Margaret Lothbury, London. 8vo. 4s. Rivington, Whiston, &c. It is now become a common complaint that we are overstocked with Sermons; but surely if the spiritual food which we daily receive from the Prefs, is good, it is no less absurd to complain of the plenty of it, than it would be to grumble at the great quantity of corn whick God sends in a plentcous harvelt. The truth is, we happily live in a fruitful country, in regard both to mental and corporeal provision; and, according to the old proverb, our great plenty makes us dainty. However, if the Reader's palare be not extremely nice or squeamish, the present Discourses may relish very well with it. They have a plain nateral favour, which will not fail to please a taste, not vitiated with the high sauce of Enthusiadin on the one hand, or pelled by the mawkish water-gruel of our dull D:vines, who cook up their contant Sunday mess from the orthodox larder of Patrick, Lowth, and Whitby,
In direct terms, (to drop the figure) these pious and sensible Difcourses are well calculated for the plain understandings of those, who form the bulk of most Christian congregations. The Author very properly enforces the doctrines of Repentance and Reformation, from the parable of the Prodigal Son; which is admirably adapted to this great purpose, and tends to inspire us with the most amiable con ceptions of the Almighty, and All beneficent Being !
fence of the Samaritan Pentateuch is examined, and his second
Dr. Rutherforth, in this Letter, has taken a great deal of learned. pains in order to fhew, that Dr. Kennicoti's second Differtation is, in many instances, injudicious and inaccurate ; but what he has advanced in support of this charge is, in general, extremely frivolous. A few inaccuracies, it must be acknowleged, he has pointed out; (and what. work can be named, that is entirely free from them ?) but they are of fo trifling a nature, that we think them not worth mentioning. There is one point, however, which he has proved in a very clear and fatisfactory manner, and that is, his own want of judgment and accuracy, and not only só, but his want of candor, and of that liberal turr of mind, which ought to be diligently cultivated by all those who apply themselves to liberal studies, and without which learning only exposes him who is pofleffed of it to contempt and ridicule.
D. D. C. By Benjamin Kennicott, D. D. Fellow of
We have here, in 65 pages, a clear, distinct, and, in our opinion, satisfactory Answer to what Dr. Rutherforth has advanced in his Lets ter of 124 pages. Dr. Kennicott, without entering into a minute examination of what his Adversary has urged against him, (which was not indeed necessary) has, with grea: spirit and perspicuity, confidered the principal apd material parts of the charge, as far as it relates to inaccuracy, and given them fair and sufficient answers,
He desires his Readers to consider his book as divided into two parts; one, as containing MATTERS OF HIS OWN OPINION; the ozher, as containing MATTERS or Fact.-As to the former, he readily allows himlelf fallible; and with his opinions he has given his reasons, which he submits to the judgment of the Public. " Whatever I have offered, (says he) which contains matters of my own opinion, I readily submit to the judgment of all those, who are properly qualified to determine thereupon.-After long experience of my fallibility, I make no fcruple to grant, that I may have given my opinion improperly, in feveral parts of my last Dillertation, and I am very ready to own myself wrong, when I am fairly proved fo. I need not, however, trouble you, Sir, with many acknowlegements apon this head; and I thall only add, that wherever an opinion may prevail in favour of your judgment, there 1 defire it may be remembered,
- that I have been pronourced by you fingularly fu acious, and every ray equal to the un.iertaking a critical Edition of the Hebrew Bible.”
Having thus dimified the whole charge of injudiciuviness, our Author proceeds to that of inuccuracy; but for what he has advanced under this head, we must refer our Readers to the Pamphlet itself. We wall conclude this article with our sincere wilhes that, as Dr. Kennicott is, even by the confession of Dr, Rutherforth himself, evety way equal to the great undertaking he is engaged in, he may meet with nothing to interrupt him in the prosecut:0.3 of it, but till continue to receive all the encouragement, of every kind, to which he is so juftly untitled.
R Art. 31. Two Letters to the Rev. Dr. Kennicott, vindicating the
Jews from the Charge of Corrupting Deut. xxvii. 4. The first of which was publifized in the Library for Fruly, 1761. The jecond is row firjt publified, being an Anjiver to Dr. Kennicati's Remarks, in the Library* jor Augu?, 1761, ard a farther Illuflration of the Argument.' 8vo. 64. Waugh.
Dr. Kennicott is engaged in a laborious and arduous undertaking; an undertaking likely to lubject him to perpetual interruptions from ihe doubts and objections of numberiefs Hebrew Critics, who are continually puzzlng tiemielves and others about such points as happen to ftrike iheir imeginations. I hé present Letter writer is very unearys about an altar which was built either on Mount Gerizim or Ebal, but on which of the two is doubtful; a corruption of the text is supposed, and who were the corruptors, is the point of debate. Dr. Kennicots answered the first Lefter, and the Letter-writer wants to continue the difpute; but if objectors are troublesome, it will be prudent in the Doctor to decline resolving their scruples, and go quietly forward with his undertaking, which may be little profited by luca contelts,
MEDICAL Art. 32. A Treatise on the King's Evil, setting forth a new Theory of ibat Disease; and a new Method of curing indurated and uicerated Glands of the Neck. By T. Durant, Surgeon, London. . To which are added, several Cafe's cured by the fiuthor. 8vo. IS. Waller.
Long experience has taught us, it may often be as necessary to caution the purchafers of Books as of Noftrums, to beware of counterfeits. Hence we cordially fubscribe to that moral sentence or aphorism, which a living medical Sage thinks it expedient to annex, in capitals, to the Advertisement of some of his many immortalizing Medicines, viz. There is more renfon for this caution than good men would e-fily believe.--In the present Publication, for initance, a well-meaning purchaser might hope he had bought a full and true account of a new and effectual method to cure this, sometimes, incurable disease. The latter end of this l'amphlet indeed will inform him, that the Author begins his cure with a vomit; but long before this the Preface, p. 2. will have instructed him, that Mr. “ has discovered some Medicines which have a specific virtue in this complaint;" yet prudently adding, p. 3. “ If any should find fault with me for not discovering the particulars of my practice, my conifort is in this reflection, that I fall oblige many, by putting them in the way to be relieved.". This means, in effect, that he'...!! oblige maiy to comfort him, by putting them in the way to Fetter-lane. Now it feems fully as equitable, that our Author Mould have been as the tole expence of advertising his Mansion, according to the immemorial cultom of all laudable Nostrum-inongers, as to add this Shil. ling lamphlet to the expence of his future Patients, or to expect our republishing this notice for him gratis. To convince his itrumous Readers it is in vain for them to apply elsewlere, he affures them, that “ What is said by the Physical Writers concerning the S rofula is unsati factory;"—and, he fuppfes, " the reason why Sydenham, Boerhaave, and Hoffman have made no mention of it, probably was, becau e they could not peint out a rational and effictual method of cure.” Our Author's fuperlative self-suficience then, to do what they could not, muit have been his motive for writing on a subject, upon which he frewdly remarks, “they chose to be lilent."
We must not be surprized, therefore, when his Preface afires us, that Proficients in Physic may also be ihe better for this 'Treatise ;" though it seems inconsistent that he should employ 36 pages out of 42, of which it confifts, (exclutive of his Cales) to inform his Readers of all sorts, only of what method and medicines will not cure the King's Evil, which every medical one, at least, could have told him; and in concealing from them the only Med cines, which he, and he only knows, will cure it. Nor is it less unaccountable, that having pronounced " all the Writings of antient and modern Physicians on this disease to be unsatisfactory," he should rummage them over, so oftentatiously as he has, from Hippocrates and Avicenna down to Dr. Scott. However, as he has crudely interspersed a little of his own theory of the disease, we leave the Reader to conjecture his notion of the cause of it, from a few short citations. We are taught, p. 18, 19, that “A fate of viscidity, accompanied with acrimony, are the