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is rather a Converfation-piece than a Comedy. The Converfationis, however, natural, decent, and moral ; and if the work does not abound with all that variety of business, plot, scenery, character and humour,which are requisite to gratify the taste of an Englith audience, it is, nevertheless, not an uninteresting performance; and may certainly rank among those which are distinguished by the appellation of Genteel Comedy.
Art. 27. A Treatise of the Theory and Practice of Perspective.
Wherein the Principles of that most useful Art, as laid down by Dr. Brook Taylor, are fully and clearly explained, by means of moveable Schemes adapted for that Purpose. The whole being der figned as an eafy Introduciion to the Art of Drawing in Perspecte ive, and illustrated by a great Variety of curious and inftrueting Examples. By Daniel Fournier, Drawing-Master and Teacher of Perspective. 4to. 1os. 60. sewed. Nourfe.
It is a common observation, and founded on undoubted experience, that the greatest difficulty in attaining the knowlege of any art or Science, consists in forming an adequate idea of its fundamental principles, and of the technical terms employed in it; for this idea being once obtained, the rest will be very easy, and the student will, with
a little practice, become a compleat master of the whole. Every Author, therefore, who attempts to explain any of the arts or sciences, and is desirous of rendering his work useful to the Reader, thould ufe his utnioft endeavours to render the fundamental principles very plain and intelligible; for the value of his performance will, in a great measure, be proportionable to his fuccess in this particular : and yet we know not how it is, molt Authors neglect this important point, and haften to the more curious parts of the subject, leaving the learner to Aruggle with almost unfurmountable difficulties. Per-' haps they may consider the elements of an art or science as objects beneath their notice, and therefore leave the explanation of them to those who are not such thorough masters of the subject. But this is an error of the first magnitude : for the elements are a collection of the general principles that extend to the different parts of a science; and to understand the most suitable manner of delivering these principles; requires a previous knowlege of their use, and various application. The elements, therefore, of a science, can never be well laid down, but by those who are thorough masters of it.
Convinced of this truth, we perused Mr. Fournier's book with pleasure, as he has laid down the Principles of Perspective in a very plain and intelligent manner; and applied them to Practice in a method equally natural and easy. The moveable Figures he has .conftructed, give the Header a true idea of the fubject, and consequently remove the greateft difficulty that attends the Theory of Perspective.
Art. 28. A Sketch of the Life and Character of the Reverend med
Pious Mr. Griffith Jones, late Relor of Llanddawrer, in Carmarthenshire, the first Projector and Condrittor of the Welth circulating Schools, throughout the Principalitg of Wales. 8vo. 6d. Oliver.
From this account, it appears that Mr. Griffith Jones was a person of Uncommon endowments, and a most affiduous and successful lor bourer in the Lord's Vineyard. We fincerely with that such exam, ples were lefs extraprdinary. Art. 29. Edifying Thoughts on God's paternal Heart, &c.
Translated from the German of C. H. Bagatzky. 12mo. 2s.6d, bound. Richardson, &c.
A recommendation of German Divinity will seldom be expe&ted from the Monthly Reviewers.
MUSICAL Art. 30. Instructions for playing on the Music Glasles, with a
Copper-plate, representing the Order and Manner of placing the Glaffes, with such Directions for performing on them, that 'any Perfon, of a musical Turn, may karnir a few Däys, if not in a few Hours. By Miss Ford. Price 8 s. with the Music; without the Mulic 3s. Fourdrinier. The Reviewers do not understand this use of the Glasses.
ADDENDA to the POLITICAL. Art. 31. Thoughts on the Times. "To be continued occasionally.
No. I. containing, 1. The Crisis, addressed to the Members of Parliament. No. II. The first Letter from Count ****. No. III. The second Letter to Court ****. Svo, Bristow. Contains a variety of Obfervations, which might, perhaps, have proved agreeable to the palace of the public, trad The Author put less opium into them. The vehicle, too, in which he has conveyed them, would have appeared more elegant, had he condescended to attend a little more to the circumstance of Orthography; for Beat spelling makes but an indifferent figure in Poliuics : but chis defect, which chiefly
occurs in the Proper Names, we would suppose to be the fault of the Printer.
SINGLE SERMON S. 1. CHRIST's Nativity the good Tidings of great Joy to all People.
-On Christmas Day, at Collingtree, in Northamptonshire. . By John Clarke, Reclor of Collingtrec. °Fuller.
2. Concio ad Clerum in Synodo Provinciali Canturienfis Provincie, habita ad D. Pauli, Die 6to. Novembris. A Gulielmo Friend, S. T.P. Ecclefiæ Chrifti Metropoliticæ Cantuarienfis Decano. Juflu Reveren. diflimi et Commiffariorum. Barker.
3. A plain Sermon on the Gospel Terms of Salvation, at St. Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey in Surry. By Farmery Maltus, Curate of the said Parish. Lewis, in Pater-nofter Row.
4. Before the Mayor ‘and Corporation of Chester, October 25, being the Anniversary of his Majesty's Accesljon. By Edward Manwaring, A. M. Prebendary of Chester. Longman.
5. At St. Clement Danes, January 17,' 1762, occasioned by the Death of the Right Rev. Father in God Dr. Thomas Hayter, Lord Billrop of London... By the Rev. Richard Stainsby, Chaplain to the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Norwich, and Lecturer of St. Mary lé Strand. Gardner.
In Answer to Mr. Pilkington's Enquiry into the meaning of our
Declaration, in the latt APPENDIX, page 515, where speaking of his Controversy with Mr. Pothergill, viz. " that we had subjects of more importance to attend to,"- -We conceive it to have been fufficiently intimated, that we were engaged to the public for the dispatch of so much bofiness, as would not allow us to enter into a debate, concerning points of doctrine which have been so often, and so diffusively treated, by abler
pens. The Salvation of Mankind, we fruft, is out of the question.
A Letter has been received, apprizing the Reviewers of a Mistake in their Number for November, 1761, page 334 ; where, in a Note, it is implyed that Dr. Pemberton wrote under the Name of Pbilaletbes Cantabrigienfis, in the Controversy there mentioned. But, on the contrary, the Letter-Writer affures us, that this-Philalethes was the Aniagonist of Dr. Pemberton, as well as of Mr. Robins; and that it was not certainly known who the person was who wrote under that name, as he never thought fit to disclose himself.
N. B. An account of the Work, entitled Universal Reftitution,
will be inserted next Month ; this Article, as well as some others, having been retarded by the indisposition of one of our Aflittants.
The History of John Sobieski, King of Poland. Translated from
the French of M. l'Abbè Coyer. 8vo. 6s. in Boards. Millar.
HE firft accounts of Poland, like those of moft other
countries, are involved in obscurity, and over-run with fiction. A people whom the Romans thought not worth the conquering, stood but little chance of having their events recorded in the Annals of History. Indeed the History of the original inhabitants of Poland would, as Voltaire observes of another people, be little more interesting than that of the wild beasts of their country. The ancestors of the Poles were the antient Sarmatians, and they did not lose that name till about the sixth century. Their dominions were
“ It is something surprizing (says our Historian) that a bárbarous people, without a leader and without laws, should stretch their empire from the Tanais to the Viftula, and from the Euxine sea to the Baltic; boundaries prodigiously distant, and which they enlarged ftill further by the acquisition of Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia, Lusatia, Misnia, Mecklenburg, Pomerania, and the Marches of Brandenburg. That they did extend their dominions over the countries abovementioned, is beyond a doubt; but that they were without a leader, or without laws, are assertions which we believe our Author would find it difficult to maintain. Most of the Northern Emigrants moved in Clans or Companies, which evidently implies their consociation. The customs of these focieties answered the end of laws, and those customs therefore might properly be called their laws. That they were without a leader is still more improbable than that they were without laws. All the excursions of Barbarians, that History could give any particular account of, appear to have been Rev. March, 1762.
conducted by some distinguished Hero, to whom the Savages, ofor a time, deputed that power; though after they became masters of the countries they attacked, they withdrew it, The Sarmatians, till the middle of the sixth century, are not known to have had any King. “ About the year 550, Leck formed a design of civilizing them, though he was bụt a Sarmatiah himfelf. He begun with cutting down trees, and erecting himself a dwelling. Other huts were soon raised round this model; the nation, hitherto erratic, became fixed; and G:refria, the first city of Poland, took the place of a forest, Leck foon drew the eyes of his equals upon him, and by dirplaying talents fit for government as well as action, he became their master, with the title of Duke, when he might as easily have assumed that of King.” In this instance again the Historian overshoots himself, for certainly Leck would have found it more difficult to have gained the title of Ruler than that of Leader, from a people who had never been under subjection,
« From the time of this Leader down to the present age, Poland has been successively governed by other Dukes, by Vaivods, now called Palatines; by Kings, Queens, and QueenRegents, with the intervention of frequent Inter-regna.” Sure never was any Crown disposed of in fo many different ways as that of Poland! fometimes it has been fold, fometimes balloted for, and sometimes run for. " In 804 the Poles being embarrassed about the choice of a Governor, offered their Crown as a prize to the best runner ; a practice ảntiently known in Greece, and which did not appear to them more fingular than to annex the Crown to Birth. won by an obscure youth, who took the name of Lefko II. The annals of that age fay that he retained, under the Royal Purple, the modesty and gentleness of his former fortune, and was fierce and audacious only when he took the field against the enemics of the state."
The following instance of chufing a King is not less extraordinary than the last mentioned. After the death of Popiel I!. who left no issue, violent contests arose about the right of dominion, “ till the nation, grown weary of tearing itlelf in pieces, (a thing which it had not done in a more uncivilized state) saw the necessity of taking speedy refuge under the government of a single person. The candidates met at Cruswick, a village in Gujavia, where an inhabitant of that country received thein in his rustic cot, entertained them with a frugal repaft, and displayed a found judgment, an honest and