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regard the counsel, which I do thereupon give thee: since God hath threatened these things against thee, be thou careful to turn away from those sins, wherewith thou hast provoked him, unto a holy and righteous carriage before him: instead of those sinful courses, which thou hast hitherto taken, resolve now to demean thyself religiously towards God, and mercifully towards his af flicted people; and, if there be any possible means to continue thy peace and welfare, this is it, which I have now prescribed thee.
IV. 33 And his body was wet with the dew of heaven, till his hair was grown like eagles' feathers, and his nails like birds' claws. All that time he endured, abroad, the extremity of the cold in winter, and of the scorching heat in summer; until his hair was overgrown to cover his body, in a savage manner, and his nails were grown over his fingers like claws; so as he was become not more neglected, than monstrous and deformed.
V. 1 Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand.
Now, when those seventy years were expired, which God had appointed for the reign of Nebuchadnezzar and his issue, Belshazzar, his debauched grandchild, made a sumptuous feast to a thousand of his lords, and, beside his custom, sat with them openly, at that royal banquet.
V. 2 Belshazzar, while he tasted the wine, commanded to bring the golden and silver vessels which his father Nebuchadnezzar had taken out of the temple which was in Jerusalem; that the king, and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, might drink therein. Belshazzar, while he was drinking wine, commanded, in a scorn and reproach to God, to bring forth those vessels of gold and silver, which his grandfather Nebuchadnezzar had brought out from the temple of God, which was in Jerusalem; that the king, and his princes, his wives, and concubines, might please themselves in insulting upon that God, whose spoils they were. So verse 3.
V 4 They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone.
And, as they drank their wine in these once-hallowed vessels, they triumphed over that God, to whom they had been consecrated; and magnified the power of their idols of gold, and silver, &c. as if by their might these victories had been atchieved, and these rich spoils obtained.
V. 5 In the same hour came forth fingers of a man's hand, and wrote over against the candlestick upon the plaister of the wall of the king's palace: and the king saw the part of the hand that
In the very same hour, while they were offering this affront to the God of Heaven, it pleased the just and powerful God, to shew, that he took notice of this presumptuous impiety; and therefore he caused a sudden and dreadful apparition of the fingers of a man's hand, as it were, writing over against the candlestick, where it might best be seen, upon the plaister of the wall of the ban
queting house; and the king only, at first, saw these fingers that thus wrote.
V. 6 Then the king's countenance was changed, and his thoughts troubled him, so that the joints of his loins were loosed, and his knees smote one against another.
Then the king's colour began to go away, and he waxed pale and ghastly; and his mind was so troubled at this fearful and strange sight, that he grew, as it were, suddenly paralytic: his joints seemed as if they had been quite loosed, and, in an extremity of trembling, his knees smote one against another.
V. 25 And this is the writing that was written, MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN.
And this is the writing that is written, Mene, Mene, Tekel, Upharsin; that is, God hath perfectly numbered and reckoned up the days, both of the Babylonish Empire and the Jewish Captivity, and their utmost date' is now come: and the same God hath well considered all thy ways and actions, and hath found thee - utterly unanswerable both to his benefits, and to thine own place; and therefore hath determined to cast thee aside, as light gold, not fit for further use; and now hath taken a course to cut thee off from the earth, and to give thy kingdom into the hands of the Medes and Persians.
V. 30 In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain.
And, accordingly, that very night, Belshazzar the king was slain by the hands of Gadata and Gobrya, two of Cyrus's noblemen; who, that very night, surprised Babylon, and became Lord of that Monarchy.
V. 31 And Darius the Median took the kingdom, being about threescore and two years old.
And Darius, the Median, father-in-law to Cyrus, by the consent and appointment of Cyrus, whom he had aided in this war, took upon him the kingdom, being threescore and two years old.
VI. 4 Then the presidents and princes sought to find occasion against Daniel concerning the kingdom; but they could find none occasion nor fault.
Then the other two presidents, and the hundred and twenty princes, sought to get some advantage against Daniel, in matter of government, or accounts for the king's profits; but they could
VI. 7 All the presidents of the kingdom, the governors, and the princes, the counsellors, and the captains, have consulted together to establish a royal statute, and to make a firm decree, that whosoever shall ask a petition of any god or man for thirty days, save of thee O king, he shall be cast into the den of lions.
All we, the presidents and governors and princes of thy kingdoms, have consulted, which way we may do thee the most honour, and most ingratiate thee with thy subjects, now, at thy first
entrance into thy throne: and we have found no way more fair and plausible than this; we have decreed, that none of thy subjects shall, for the space of thirty days, make any petition to any god or man, save to thee, O king; that, by this means, they may be brought and inured to an awful and divine conceit of thy greatness, and may be encouraged to have access unto thee, for the more endearing of thee to them, upon the grant of their suits; and, if any man shall violate this decree, we have sentenced him to be cast into the den of lions.
VI. 10 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went into his house; and his windows being open in his chamber toward Jerusalem, he kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did aforetime. Now, when Daniel knew that this writing was signed, which he well understood to be irrevocable, he, notwithstanding, continued his wonted devotions to his God; he, therefore, being in his house, not willing to conceal his pious exercises, opened the window of his chamber, to the south-west-ward, that he might, according to Solomon's word and the practice of God's people, look towards the Temple, though now demolished; and, kneeling upon his knees, three times a day, at morning, noon, and evening, he prayed to God, and gave thanks before his God, as he had wont. VI. 14 And set his heart on Daniel to deliver him.
He bent all his thoughts, and laboured by all means possible, to deliver Daniel.
VII. 2 Daniel spake and said, I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the heaven strove upon the great sea. I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, to shew me the blustering and unsteady state of all these earthly kingdoms and affairs, methought, the four winds of the heaven blew, and fought, as it were, together upon the great sea.
VII. 3 And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse one from another.
And from that sea, which signifies the world, there arose four great beasts, diverse one from another; to represent those four great monarchies, whereby the kingdoms of the earth are swayed, which had and shall have different forms of administration.
VII. 4 The first was like a lion, and had eagle's wings: and I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it.
The First, which was the Babylonian Monarchy, was a lion, in respect of the power and fierceness thereof; but this lion had eagle's wings, to shew the incredible swiftness and speed of his conquests. And I beheld, till those several regions and commands, wherewith the Babylonian had feathered himself, and furnished his empire, were plucked away, by the hands of the Medes and Persians; so as now, these wings of his sovereignty, being pulled and plumed, wherewith he formerly soared up, he was fain to
trust to his feet, and therein to find his own weakness; whereby his courage was so abated, that, instead of the stoutness of a lion he was glad to take up with the weak heart of a man.
VII. 5 And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and it had three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh.
The Second Monarchy, of the Persians, was figured by the second beast it was like a bear, less noble and generous than the Babylonian; more slow and dull, but no less cruel; and it raised up one dominion of all those former kingdoms, united to the Babylonian Empire: and this devouring beast had three ribs in his mouth, to shew the torn and wasted remainders of all those kingdoms, in all the three coasts of the known habitable world, which he hath greedily eaten up; to whom it was, by the just decree of the Almighty encharged, that he should rouse up himself, and destroy many nations, in revenge of those quarrels that God had against them.
VII. 6 After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it.
After this, I beheld, and lo the Third Monarchy, of the Macedonian or Grecian, being presented by a leopard, succeeded; more fierce and subtle than that other of the Medes; which, by reason of the exceeding swiftness of dispatch, especially of Alexander the Great in his atchievements, had four wings attributed unto it: this great empire was divided, upon the death of Alexander, into four kingdoms; and, for the time, it was of great power, and large dominion.
VII. 7 After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it and it had ten horns.
After this, there was in my night visions represented unto me, the tyrannous Asiatic Kingdom, in the figure of a fourth beast, which was dreadful and terrible, and exceedingly strong: it had great teeth of iron, to signify those cruel pressures, wherewith it should tear and grind the distressed remainders of God's people; and it did accordingly exercise extreme tyranny over them, by devouring them, and crashing their bones in pieces, and stamping them under his feet; and this beast, as it could not, by reason of the many varieties which were found in this government, be figured by any one shape, so was it, in the fell and bloody disposition thereof, quite different from the former: and in this regiment, there shall ten kings succeed; which were represented by the ten horns of this beast.
VII. 8 I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first
horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking great things.
And I took good view of those ten horns, which signified the ten kings; and I saw one little horn, which came forth amongst the rest, and the last of the ten, which, in the coming up, defeated three of those ten: and, behold, in this horn, there were eyes of sharp understanding and quick conceit; but, withal, there was a mouth, which was full of blasphemy.
VII. 9 I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of Days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire.
As in my vision I saw the erection and the standing of these great monarchical thrones, so I saw the casting of them down, by the long-suffering, yet just hand of the Almighty: for which purpose, I saw a glorious representation of his Judgment Seat; and therein was a majestical resemblance of the Judge, even the Eternal God, whose being was before all times; who was all compassed about with perfect purity and righteousness, signified by the whiteness of his garment and his hair; his throne was full of terror, even like to a fiery flame; and the wheels, on which it stood, were as a burning fire, to shew that his judgments will unavoidably find out his enemies, and consume them.
VII. 10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him : thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him the judgment was set, and the books were opened.
To the same purpose was there a representation of a fiery stream, issuing forth from before him; signifying the execution of his vengeance upon his enemies: infinite numbers of glorious spirits stood before him, to wait upon his Majesty; and, according to the forms of human judicature, there were laid open the acts and most certain records of those things, which had been done by these four beasts, but especially by the last of them.
VII. 11 I beheld then because of the voice of the great words which the horn spake: I beheld even till the beast was slain, and his body destroyed, and given to the burning flame.
I beheld then, and I saw the last Monarchy, and that proud horn thereof, the last king of that rank, whose mouth had dared to speak those great blasphemies, called to reckoning for those notorious impieties, and himself destroyed, and cast into that unquenchable fire.
VII. 12 As concerning the rest of the beasts, they had their dominion taken away: yet their lives were prolonged for a season and time.
As concerning the rest of those Monarchies, they had, by the just decree of this Judge, their dominions weakened, and in a sort extinguished; yet so, that they had some small remainders of a being, till the appointed time that God had set for the Romans, to put a full dispatch unto them.