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COMPILED FROM THE BEST AUTHORS, ANCIENT AND MODERN, BRITISH AND FOREIGN,
AND ADAPTED FOR POPULAR USE.
By WILLIAM CARPENTER,
AUTHOR OF "LECTURES ON BIBLICAL CRITICISM," "DICTIONARY OF STNONTMEB,'' &C.
"We abonid not r«g«*"*i it as the great object of attention, simply to hear another interpret what the Bible contai hot ratber this to Asokwai* How We May Be Able Ourselves To Discover Its Contents." Professor Planci
AND SOLD BY
^ j^ crmr Road; R. Griffin And Co., Glasgow; And Tegg, Wise, And U., Dublin.
The object of the following work is sufficiently indicated in the title-page to supersede the necessity of any more formal or particular exposition of it here. It is believed that nothing is there promised, beyond what will be found more or less satisfactorily treated of in some part of the work, and, as the author ventures to hope, in a manner adapted to meet the wants of those by whom such introductory works as the present are more especially sought after. The various branches of Biblical Criticism, Interpretation, Theology, History, Natural Science, and Archaeology, are treated of in a connected order, as forming the several parts of one great whole; and in as intelligible language, and with as much freedom from technical phraseology and scholastic rules, as the nature of the topics will admit of. Some pains have been taken to simplify and reduce the number of rules laid down by the best writers on sacred hermeneutics; with what success, it must be left for those who will take the pains of examining and comparing to determine. If the author has failed to remove some of the difficulties which stood in the way of the more immature student, it has not been for want of the will to do so, but of the power to accomplish it: he ventures to hope, however, that he may have contributed something towards popularizing a science which, in its objects as well as in its results, is of the very first importance.
In the compilation of the following pages, all available authorities have been consulted and laid under contribution, but not without the most scrupulous acknowledgment of obligation, whenever it has been incurred. The nu merous references throughout will not only indicate the sources whence the author has derived his materials, but will also enable the student to prosecute his researches by the aid of higher and more erudite authorities. In some cases, the eye of the reader may detect that which he has previously met with, and is here unacknowledged as having been borrowed from any other source; but in all such cases the author has borrowed from one who will not complain—himself. The fact is, that two of his preceding works, upon the topics treated of in the following pages, had for some time been out of print, and it was thought better to incorporate such portions of them as were deemed to be worth preservation in the Biblical Companion, rather than to reprint them, as separate works, according to a previous intention. Thus much it has been thought proper to state, in order to prevent misconception.
The author is not aware that it is desirable to say any thing as to the structure and details of the several Parts of the following work; these have been generally indicated in a few introductory remarks prefixed to each Part, and will be found, therefore, where they are required. He has throughout endeavoured to unite brevity with perspicuity, and to furnish, within the compass of a single volume, a comprehensive digest of what had previously been scattered through many works, and not unfrequently shut up from general use, by the scholastic and uninteresting form in which it was clothed. It is not presumed that the Biblical Companion is faultless, either in its plan or its details, but the author ventures to hope that it may be deemed to possess some features of utility, not to be met with in any preceding work of the kind. W. C.
March 2U(, 1836".
Section 1.—The Hebrew and Greek Scriptures.—The Original Languages of Scripture—The Aramxan Lan-
Section 1.—Difficulties connected with the Interpretation of the Bible.—Sources of Biblical Difficulties —
Section 2.—History of Biblical Interpretation.—Primitive Hebrew Interpreters—Vicious Modes of Inter-
JKBffratMO of Words—Verbal Parallelisms—Real Parallelisms—Rules for comparing Parallel Passages—The