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Nelson's Instructions to his Captains.


To take their sta-

tion and anchor as is Monarch, Defiance,

prescribed by the folRussell,

lowing arrangement.

Polyphemus, į Memorandum. No. 1 begins with the enemy's first ship to the southward.

Supposed No. Station of the line as No. Rate, of guns mounted

they are to anchor and on one side.

engage. 1 74

28 Agamemnon.

Desirée is to follow
Agamemnon, and rake

No. 2.


It is hoped the Desirée's

fire will not only rake Low floating bat-7

No. 1, but also rake 3 teries, ship-rig- 10

these two floating batged, rather lie 10

teries. Capt. Rose is within the line.

to place the six gunbrigs so as to rake

them also. 5 64

27 Edgar. 6 Pontoon

10 7 Frigate, hulk

12 8 Small, no guns visible.

Glatton, 9 64

30 Ship, gun-boat 10

11 11


Bellona to give her atPontoons, or

tention to support 12

9 Floating bat.

the Glatton. 13 74

36 Elephant. 14 Pontoons or

12 15 | Floating bat.


Ganges. 16 64

30 Monarch. 17 64


Defiance. 18 64


Russel. 19 64

30 Polyphemus. A small ship sup

11 posed a bomb. §


of 22 guns




Nelson's lustructions to his Captains.

The six gun-boats Captain Rose is to place with the Jamaica, to make a raking fire upon No. . The gun-boats, it is presumed, may get far enough astern of No. 1, to rake Nos. 3 and 4, and Captain Rose is to advance, with the ships and vessels under his orders, to the northward, as he may perceive the British fire to cease where he is first stationed.

“Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4, being subdued, which is expected to happen at an early period, the Isis and Agamemnon are to cut their cables, and immediately make sail and take their station ahead of the Polyphemus, in order to support that part of the line. One flat-boat, manned and armed, is to remain upon the off-side of each line of battle ship. The remaining flat-boats, with the boats for boarding, which will be sent by Admiral Sir Hyde Parker, under the command of the first lieutenant of the London, are to keep as near to the Elephant as possible, but out of the line of fire, and to be ready to receive the directions of Lord Nelson. The four launches, with anchors and cables, which will be sent by Admiral Sir Hyde Parker, under the command of a lieutenant of the London, to be as near to the Elephant as possible, out of the line of fire, ready to receive orders from Vice-Admiral Lord Nelson. The Alcmene, Blanche, Arrow, Dart, Zephyr, and Otter fire-ships, are to proceed under the orders of Captain Riou, of the Amazon, to perform such service as he is directed by Lord Nelson.'

In addition to the arrangements detailed in these instructions, it may be mentioned that the land forces and a body of 500 seamen, under the command of Captain Fremantle and the Hon. Colonel Stewart, were to have stormed and destroyed the Three Crowns Battery, as soon as its fire should be silenced. It had also been agreed that the commander-in-chief, with the remainder of the fleet, as a reserve, should

Irresolution of the Pilots.

get under weigh at the same moment with his lord. ship, to menace from the northward the Three Crowns Batteries, and the four Danish ships of the line at the entrance of the arsenal, as also to cover any disabled ships as they came out of action. This design, however, was frustrated owing to the unfavourable wind and the strong current.

Ever since the guns of Cronenborg Castle had put an end to suspense and proclaimed the approach of assailants, the Danes had been making the most spirited preparations for their reception. The students formed themselves into a corps of twelve hundred, and the ships were manned by persons of all classes, hastily collected for the emergency: these people, unacquainted with the exercise of great guns, were all day employed in practising; and for three successive nights they had been kept on the alert. They awaited the attack with all the firmness befitting a brave nation.

Daylight on the 2d of April brought with it a fair wind for their approaching foes. Between eight and nine o'clock the pilots, mostly masters of vessels trading from ports in Scotland and the north of England to the Baltic, were ordered on board the Elephant. They manifested a most unpleasant de

tation, when the point respecting the bearing of the east end of the Middle Ground and the exact line of deep water in the King's Channel came under consideration. The admiral urged them to be steady, to be resolute, and to decide -the wind was fair, the signal made for action, and not a moment to be lost. Still not one of them would take charge of the ship. “ The pilots have no other thought,' said Nelson, “ than to keep the ship clear of danger, and their own silly heads clear of shot.” At length Mr. Bryerly, master of the Bellona, volunteered to lead the squadron : his example operated upon the

gree of

The British Squadron proceeds to the Attack. rest, who repaired on board their respective ships, and the signal was given to weigh in succession; this was quickly obeyed by the Edgar, Captain Murray, who had been appointed to lead, and he advanced in gallant style for the channel. The Agamemnon was to follow, but she happened to take a course in a direct line for the end of the shoal of the Middle Ground, which she could not weather, and was obliged to anchor. The signal for the Polyphemus was then made, and this change in the order of sailing was most promptly executed. It nevertheless caused the Edgar to be for a considerable time unsupported: when within range of the Provesteen, she received the fire of that ship, but returned not a shot till she was nearly opposite to the number destined for her by the instructions; she then poured in her broadside with great effect. The Polyphemus was followed by the Isis, Bellona, and Russell. The first of these three took her station most gallantly, and had this day the severest birth of any ship,

the Monarch herself perhaps not excepted. The Bellona and Russell, in going down the channel, kept too close to the starboard shoal and ran aground: they were, however, within range of shot, and maintained a spirited fire upon such of the enemy's ships as they could reach. As the water was supposed to shoal on the larboard shore, each ship had been ordered to pass her leader on the starboard side. When it came to the turn of the Elephant, which bore the admiral's flag, his lordship, thinking that the Bellona and Russell had kept on too far in that direction, made their signal to close with the enemy. Perceiving that this was not done, owing to their being aground, which he was not aware of, he, with his usual presence of mind, ordered the Elephant's helm to starboard, thus deviating from the intended course, and went within those ships. The same course


Force of the British Squadron. pursued by those which followed, and thus, in all probability, the greater part of the squadron were saved from grounding. Each ship, as she arrived nearly opposite to the number allotted to her in the Danish line, let go her anchor by the stern, with sails loose, but clewed up, the wind blowing freshly at south, and presented her broadside to the enemy, The action began about five minutes past ten; in half an hour, half the British squadron were engaged, and in another hour the battle became general.

The following list and annexed plan will convey a clear idea of the force and position of the British squadron and the Danish line of defence :


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{Captain T. Foley:



Guns. Commanders. 1. Polyphemus

64 Captain J. Lawford. 2. Isis


J. Walker. 3. Edgar

74 - G. Murray. 4. Ardent


T. Bertie. 5. Glatton


W. Bligh.

Vice-Admiral Lord Nelson. 6. Elephant

74 7. Ganges


T. F. Fremantle. 8. Monarch


J. R. Mosse. 9. Defiance


ŞRear-Admiral Sir T. Graves.

Captain R. Retalick. 10. Amazon frigate


E. Riou. 11. Blanche frigate


G. E. Hamond. 12. Alcmene frigate


S. Sutton. 13. Arrow sloop.


W. Bolton. 14. Dart sloop


J. F. Devonshire. 15. Zephyr sloop


C. Upton. 16. Otter sloop


G. M-Kinley. 17. Agamemnon (at anchor on the edge and outside 64

R. D. Fancourt. of the shoal) 18. Russell (aground) 74

W. Camming. 19. Bellona (aground) 74

T. B. Thompson. 20. Bomb vessels, &c. 21. La Desirée frigate(rak

H. Inman

:} 40

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