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crime, in the indecent language with which prosperity had emboldened the advocates for rebellion to infult all that is venerable or great : “ Who would have “ imagined so little fear in him of the “ true all-feeing Deity-as, immediately “ before his death, to pop into the “ hands of the grave bishop that at“ tended him, as a special relique of “ his faintly exercises, a prayer. stolen " word for word from the mouth of a « heathen woman praying to a hcathen “ god ?”

The papers which the king gave to Dr. Juxon on the scaffold the regicides took away, so that they were at least the publishers of this prayer; and Dr. Birch, who examined the question with


great care, was inclined to think them the forgers. The use of it by' adaptation was innocent; and they who could so noifily censure it, with a little extension of their malice could contrive what they

. . . . wanted to accuse.

. King Charles the Second, being now sheltered in Holland, employed Salmasius, professor of Polite Learning at Leyden, to write a defence of his father and of monarchy; and, to excite his industry, gave him, as was reported, a hundred Jacobuses. Salmafius was a man of skill in languages; knowledge of antiquity, and fagacity of emendatory criticism, almost exceeding all hope of human attainiment; and "having, by excelfive praises, been confirmed in great e 3


confidence of himself, though he probably had not much confidered the principles of society or the rights of government, undertook the employment without distrust of his own qualifications; and, as his espedition in writing was wonderful, in 1649 published Defenfio Regis. • To this Milton was required to write a fufficient answer; which he performed (1657) in such a manner, that Hobbes declared himself unable to decide u hore language was beft, or whcie arguments were worst. In my opinion, filton's periods are smooiher, neater, and more pointed; but he delights himneif with tearing his adversary as much as with confuting hin. He makes a foolih zuion et Salmafius, whose doctrine he confiders. as fervile and uninanly, to the stream of Salmacis, which whoever entered left half his virility behind him. Salmafius was a Frenchman, and was unhappily married to a scold. Tu es Gallus, says Milton, et, ut aiunt, nimium gallinaccus. But his supreme pleasure is to tax his adversary, fo renowned for criticisin, with vitious Latin. He opens his book with telling that he has used Persona, which, according to Milton, fignifies only a Mafi, in a sense not known to the Romans, by applying it as we apply Perfor. But as Nemefis is always on the watch, it is memorable that he has enforced the charge of a solecism by an expreslion. in itself grossly folecistical,



when, for one of those supposed blunders, he says, propino te grammatistis tuis vapulandum. From vapulo, which has a passive fenfe, vapulandus can never be derived. No man forgets his original trade : the rights of nations, and of kings, link into questions of grammar, if grammarians discuss them. .. .i

Milton when he undertook this answer was weak of body, and dim of fight; but his will was forward, and what was wanting of health was supplied by zeal. He was rewarded with a thou-+ fånd pounds, and his book was much read; for paradox, recommended by spirit and elegance, easily gains attentions and he who told every man that he 1 3 : !!! ... . was

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