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rents and guardians, and travelling under the direction of governors recommended by Oxford, Aberdeen and Glasgow.
There is a fourth class, but their number is fo small that they would not deserve a diftin&ion, was it not necessary in a work of this nature to observe the greatest precision and nicety, to avoid a confusion of character. And these men I speak of, are such as cross the feas and sojourn in a land of strangers with a view of saving money for various reasons and upon various pretences: but as they might also save themfelves and others a great deal of unnecessary trouble by saving their money at home
and as their reasons for travelling are the least complex of any other species of emigrants , I shall distinguish these gentlemen by the name of
The delinquent and felonious Traveller,
The simple Traveller,
The sentimental Traveller (meaning thereby myself) who have travelld, and of which I am now fitting down to give an account -as much out of Neceffity, and the besoin de voyager, as any one in the class.
I am well aware, at the same time, as both my travels and observations will be altogether of a different cast from any of my fore-runners; that I might have inlisted upon a whole nitch entirely to myself but I should break in upon the confines of the Vain Traveller, in wishing to draw attention towards me, till I have some better grounds for it, than the mere Novelty of my Vehicle.
It is fufficient for my reader, if he has been a traveller himself, that with Itudy and reflection hereupon he may be able to determine his own place and rank in the catalogue it will be one step towards knowing himself; as it is great odds, but he retains some tin&ture and resemblance, of what he imbibed or carried out, to the present hour.
The man who first transplanted the grape of Burgundy to the Cape of Good Hope (observe he was a Dutch man) never dreamt of drinking the same winel at the Cape, that the same grape produced
the French mountains he was too phlegmatic for that
but nndoubtedly he expe&ed to drink some sort of vinous liquor; but whether good, bad, or indifferent he knew enough of this world to know, that it did not depend upon his choice, but that what is generally called chance was to decide his success: however, he hoped for the beft; and in these hopes, by an intemperate confidence in the fortitude of his head, and the depth of his discretion, Mynheer might possibly overset both in this new vineyard; and by discovering his nakedness, become a laughingstock to his people.
Even so it fares with the poor Traveller, failing and posting through the politer kingdoms of the globe in pursuit of knowledge and improvements.
Knowledge and improvements are to be got by failing and posting for that purpose; but whether ufe'ful knowledge and real improvements, is all a lottery
and even where the adventurer is successful, the acquired stock must be used with caution and fobriety to turn to any profit
but as the chances run prodigiously the other way 'both as to the acquisition and application, I am of opinion, That a man would act as wisely, if he could prevail upon himself, to live contented without foreign knowledge or foreign in. provements, especially if the lives in a country that has no abfolute want of either and indeed, much
grief of heart has it oft and many a time cost me, when I have observed how many a fuul Itep the inquisitive Traveller has measured to see lights and look into discoveries; all which, as Sancho Pança, said to Don Quixote, they might have seen dry-thod at home. It is an age so full of light, that there is scarce a country or corner of Europe. whose beams are not crolled and interchanged with others Knowledge in most of its branches, and in most affairs, is like music in an Italian street, whereof those may partake, who pay nothing
But there is no nation under heaven and God is my record, (before whole tribunal I must one day come and give an account of this work) that I do not speak it vauntingly But there is no pation under heaven abounding with more variety of learning where the sciences may be more titly woo'd, or more surely won than here
where art is encouraged, and will so soon rise high where Nature (take her all together) has so little to answer for and, to close all, where there is more wit and variety of character to feed the mind with Where then, my dear countrymen, are you going
We are only looking at this chaise, said they Your most obedient servant, said I, skipping out of it, and pulling off my hat We were wondering, said one of them, who, I found, was quisitive traveller man what could occasion its motion.
'Twas the agitation, faid I coolly, of writing a preface I never heard, said the other, who was a fimple traveller, of a preface wrote in a Desobligeant.
· It would have been better, said I, in a Vis à Vis.
As an English man does not travel to foo. English men, I retired to my room.
I perceived that fomething darken'd the passage more than myfelf, as I stepp'd along it to my room ; it was effe&ually Mons. Defrein, the master of the hôtel, who had just return'd from vespers, and, with his hat under his arm, was most complaisantly following me, to put me in mind of my wants. I had wrote myself pretty well out of conceit with the Defobligeant; and Mont. Dessein. speaking of it, with a shrug, as if it would no way suit me, it immediately struck my fancy that it belong'd to some innocent traveller, who, on his return home, had left it to Mons. DefTein's honour to maks the molt of. Four months had elapsed since it had finish'd its career of Europe in the corner of Monf. Deffein's coachyard ; and having fallied out from thence but a vampt - up