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Gra. O upright judge !—Mark, Jew!—0 learned

judge ! Shy. Is that the law ? Por.

Thyself shalt see the act: For as thou urgest justice, be assured Thou shalt have justice, more than thou desirest. Gra. O learned judge! Mark, Jew; a learned

judge! Shy. I take this offer then,--pay the bond thrice, And let the Christian go. Bass.

Here is the money. Por.

Soft! The Jew shall have all justice ;-soft ;—no haste ;He shall have nothing but the penalty.

Gra. O Jew! an upright judge ! a learned judge!

Por. Therefore, prepare thee to cut off the flesh.
Shed thou no blood; nor cut thou less nor more,
But just a pound of flesh; if thou tak’st more,
Or less, than a just pound,—be it but so much
As makes it light, or heavy, in the substance,
Or the division of the twentieth part
Of one poor scruple,—nay, if the scale do turn
But in the estimation of a hair,-
Thou diest, and all thy goods are confiscate.

Gra. A second Daniel ! a Daniel, Jew!
Now, infidel, I have thee on the hip.

Por. Why doth the Jew pause ? take thy forfeiture.
Shy. Give me my principal, and let me go.
Bass. I have it ready for thee, here it is.
Por. He hath refused it in the

open court; He shall have merely justice and his bond.

Gra. A Daniel, still say I; a second Daniel ! I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word.

Shy. Shall I not barely have my principal?

Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture, To be so taken at thy peril, Jew.

Shy. Why then the devil give him good of it! I'll stay no longer question,


Tarry, Jew;
The law hath yet another hold on you.
It is enacted in the laws of Venice,---
If it be proved against an alien,
That by direct or indirect attempts
He seek the life of any citizen,
The party 'gainst the which he doth contrive
Shall seize one half his goods; the other half
Comes to the privy coffer of the state ;
And the offender's life lies in the mercy
Of the duke only, 'gainst all other voice,
In which predicament, I say, thou stand'st :
For it appears, by manifest proceeding,
That, indirectly, and directly too,
Thou hast contrived against the very

Of the defendant; and thou hast incurr’d
The danger formerly by me rehearsed.
Down therefore, and beg mercy of the duke.
Gra. Beg that thou may’st have leave to hang thy-

And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state,
Thou hast not left the value of a cord;
Therefore, thou must be hanged at the state's charge.
Duke. That thou shalt see the difference of our

I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it :
For half thy wealth, it is Antonio's;
The other half comes to the general state,
Which humbleness may drive into a fine.

Por. Ay, for the state ; not for Antonio.

Shy. Nay, take my life and all, pardon not that: You take my house, when you do take the prop That doth sustain my house; you take my life, When


do take the means whereby I live.
Por. What mercy can you render him, Antonio ?
Gra. A halter gratis ; nothing else, I pray you.

Ant. So please my lord the duke, and all the court, To quit the fine for one half of his goods

I am content, so he will let me have
The other half in use, to render it,
Upon his death, unto the gentleman
That lately stole his daughter;
Two things provided more,—that for this favour,
He presently become a Christian;
The other, that he do record a gift
Here in the court, of all he dies possessed,
Unto his son Lorenzo and his daughter.

Duke. He shall do this : or else I do recant
The pardon that I late pronounced here.

Por. Art thou contented, Jew; what dost thou say?
Shy. I am content.

Clerk, draw a deed of gift.
Shy. I

pray you give me leave to go from hence : I am not well; send the deed after me, And I will sign it. Duke. Get thee gone, but do it.


Remorse.—Shakespeare generally uses this word as here

to signify pity, compassion. Nor I will not.-Instances of the double negative are

quite common in Shakespeare. To make no noise.- Strict grammar would require “to

make any noise.” Pythagoras. A celebrated Greek philosopher, a native of Samos. He believed in the transmigration of souls, or as Shakespeare puts it :

“ That souls of animals infuse themselves

Into the trunks of men.Wordsworth has the following beautiful allusion to this doctrine :-“Our birth is but a sleep and a forgetting ; The soul that rises with us, our life's star,

Hath had elsewhere its setting,

And cometh from afar.”
Alien.--One residing in a state, but not naturalised.


1. All hail ! thou noble land,

Our fathers' native soil !
O stretch thy mighty hand,

Gigantic grown by toil,
O'er the vast Atlantic wave to our shore;

For thou, with magic might,
Canst reach to where the light
Of Phæbus travels bright

The world o'er.

2. The genius of our clime,

From his pine-embattled steep,
Shall hail the great sublime;

While the Tritons of the deep
With their conchs the kindred league

Shall proclaim,
Then let the world combine-
O’er the main our naval line,
Like the milky-way shall shine,

Bright in fame!
3. Though ages long have passed

Since our fathers left their home,
Their pilot in the blast,

O'er untravelled seas to roam,-
Yet lives the blood of England in our veins !

And shall we not proclaim
That blood of honest fame,
Which no tyranny can tame

By its chains ?
4. While the language free and bold

Which the Bard of Avon sung,
In which our Milton told

How the vault of heaven rung,
When Satan, blasted, fell with his host;

While this, with reverence meet,
Ten thousand echoes greet,
From rock to rock repeat

Round our coast;
5. While the manners, while the arts,

That mould a nation's soul,
Still cling around our hearts,

Between let ocean roll,
Our joint communion breaking with the sun :

Yet, still, from either beach,
The voice of blood shall reach
More audible than speech,

« We are one !"

WASHINGTON ALLSTON (American). Phoebus.—The sun; the allusion is to the vast extent of

the possessions of Great Britain. Tritons.-Sea monsters, variously described ; though they

are always conceived as having the human figure in the upper part of their bodies, and that of a fish in the lower part. The chief characteristic of Tritons in ancient poetry, as well as in works of art, is a trumpet made out of a shell (Greek concha, hence the word conchs in the extract), which the Tritons blow at the command of Neptune, to soothe the restless waves of the sea. The Bard of Avon.-Shakespeare, who was born at Strat



born 27th February, 1807, still lives in a green old age to
enjoy the honour and respect of the whole English-speaking
1. " As unto the bow the cord is,

So unto the man is woman,
Though she bends him, she obeys him,
Though she draws him, yet she follows,
Useless each without the other !"

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