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Historical Esay on the Chase.

73

; those of

HISTORICAL ESSAY on the Chase. others a calf. The sacrifice (Continued from page 14.)

being ended, and having offered

the primitiæ of the victims to TOWEVER, of all these fer- the goddess, the hunters made a

jovial repast of the rest, feasting and November were celebrated

the dogs on the offal, whom they with solemnity and splendor, at crowned with flowers, betokenthe springing verdure and the fall ing thereby that the festival was of the leaf, because they hap- kept for them. pened at the time of the two At an interview between queen grand assemblies of the nation ; Jane of Bourbon, wife of Charles that of the spring in the champ V. and the duchess of Valois, de Mars, and that of autumn; his mother, the duke de Bourbon these two occasions being the gave a grand hunt to the two most favourable for forming nu- princesses in the neighbourhood merous hunting parties, while of Clermont: in this he caught a the grande noblesse were toge stag, the foot of which he caused, ther, and in train for acting in with great gallantry, to be preconcert.

sented to them by his grand-veIt appears from authentic do- neur. Francis I. whom Feuil. cuments, that ever since the ele- leux styles the father of hunters, venth century, St. Hubert, now having separated from his comthe patron of hunters, has been panions while out on a chase, claimed as the preserver from and lost himself in a wood, was madness; dogs being more liable obliged to take shelter in the coto to attacks from that distemper tage of a collier (charbonnier) than ihe other animals, by the from whose mouth he had the extreme thirst they frequently pleasure of hearing the truth,

fer in the chase, or when they perhaps for the first time in his are neglected in their kennels, life. The same story is told of those who had the care of the Antiochus. packs, invoked the saint to pre The art of hunting is a very ferve their dogs from madness, extensive term, if we consider it and the devotion of the valets in all the particulars to which it passing on to the masters, these is applicable. It has, in all ages, latter addressed their prayers to been much cultivated in Europe. the same faint that he would One proof of its consideration, guard them from all evil acci- and of the importance that has dents in the pursuit of their been annexed to it is, that a great sport. Arrian informs us, that part of the usual metaphors in there were hunters in Gaul, who the several languages of this sacrificed annually to Diana; to quarter of the globe are borrowed this end they had a kind of trunk, from the terms made use of in into which they put, for every hunting, Many books have hare that was taken, two oboles; been written, in which this art for a fox, a drachma; for a deer, is treated of at length. Not to four drachmas; then, every year, mention those published in our the feast of Diana, they own country,

which

we inust opened this trunk, and, with the suppose are in the hands of every money they found in it, they pur- gentleman who takes delight in chased a victim; fome bought a this manly diversion, I shall here lieep, others a goat, and some advert only to those of other na: Vol. IV. No. XX.

tions

on

W.

as

74 Description of Traps for catching the Sable.
tions where it has been cultivated description of both, which if you
with success. Among such as think worthy of insertion in your
have acquired celebrity in France elegant and entertaining maga-
those of Jacques de Feuilleux and zine, with the drawings annexed,
of Robert de Salnove, are doubt. they are highly at your service.
lefs to be placed in the foremost

I am your's, &c.
rank. They ought to be con-
sulted by all who would acquire a
thorough and accurate knowledge

For making one of these sloptzi, of the different practices observed they fix obliquely two partitions in the chase. The manæuvres of poles of birch, laid one upon they describe are such have

another, the height of about had the sanction of experience; three palms, by a length of a and are, for the most part, at fathom and a half, in a glade in a present in use. It would there wood. From the aperture left in fore be superfluous to give a co- the right angle, they drive two pious detail of all these particu- parallel rows of posts, of the Iars. The display we may make fame height with the first hedge of of some few, will not dispense hurdles; at the aperture itself the reader from consulting the they drive two taller than the treatises composed on purpose, reft, which are joined together and still less from acquiring by by a transverse piece. Between experience, the various methods these two ranks of posts they of routine that are not to be adapt a trap-fall, composed of at drawn from books. It will here lealt three young fir-trees split, suffiee, if we point out in a fum- bound together, and placed in mary way the points on which such manner as to fill the whole the sportsman fhould principally of the interval between the posts; fix his attention,

it is also furnished forwards with (To be continued.)

a ring made of twisted bark, or twigs. When they want to set

the trap, they raise the acting To the Editors of the Sporting timbers by their ring, by means Magazine,

lever, and is brought to rest on GENTLEMEN,

the traverse of the two posts in EING on my travels in Ruf. front: the other extremity of this chotin, and pursued the high it with a string, to another moveroad that leads to Solikamik, able traverse placed under the when I could not help taking no. middle of a falling beam, at the tice of the number of traps set all same time, placing small sticks the way in different places, as obliquely against this traverse to far as the village Koptiakova, by right and left. They then strew the countrymen, for catching about this traverse and the whole gelinottes, 'hares, &c. These of the area under the falling Inares they call floptzi, and make beam, all sorts of berries, of which the greatest use of them in win-the gelinottes of the woods and

I saw also in several places, the snow-birds are very fond. traps set for catching fables in As soon as one or inore of these winter. I herewith lend you a birds are come under the beam,

and

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Modern Method of Hunting the Whale. 75 and begin to disturb with their cords are joined, and passed feet these rods laid obliquely on round a little stick, at the longest the ground, the catch starts, the extremity whereof they fuspend lever rises, and lets drop the fall. a gelinotte or a piece of flesh, the ing beam, which crushes all be. weight of which lowers the little neath it. As the fables are like- stick, and by that means keeps wise greedy of the berries, they the cords about it in proper ornot unfrequently fall into these der. The fable or the martin, snares, in which also hares are allured by the bait, climbs on the very often taken.

The same lower beam, and creeps along fort of falls, only larger and hea- with great precaution till he is vier, are used for catching foxes within reach of his prey. At and wolves.

this inftant, the little stick to The contrivance for catching which the bait is tied, and which fables is properly an invention of held the cords, lets them go; the the vogoul Tartars. For its place lever takes its bias, and the fall. they choose a spot where firs do ing beam crushes the animal on not stand thick together; when, the lower timber. taking two of the young trees, During the winter, the chase that are at the distance of a is one of the principal employcouple of fathom, or two and a ments of the peasants of this half from each other, taking country. They go in pursuit of caré to strip the trunks com- fables and martins, with fhoes pletely towards the bottom of all like racquets, made for walking their branches. They then drive on the snow, and setting-dogs; -into the earth, against one of they commonly knock down these trees a strong post, a fa- these animals from the trees with thom or even more in height. checrotines or blunted darts. Above, they place a piece of fir | But the sable is much more diffi. horizontally at full length, and cult to take than the martin; the fastened to the two trees in such latter, as soon as he is chased by manner, that one of its extremi- the dogs, scampers up a tree, ties comes between the post and where he is easily hit; whereas its neighbouring, tree. This the fable runs for a long time, piece of timber is surmounted and makes a number of turns by another, serving as a falling and traverses before he takes to beam, and is fixed so as to allow the trees for refuge. of one of its extremities being moved up and down between the poft and its tree, and to this Modern Method of HUNTING the purpose they carefully smoothen

WHALE. the trunk of the tree a little with

F all the numerous enemies the axe. To the other extremity of this enormous fish, man of the falling balk they tie a flight is certainly the greatest: he alone lever, which, when they raise the destroys more in a year than all balk, rests on the top of the post the others in an age, and has accut so as to hold it. This lever tually thinned their numbers in is provided at one end with a

that part of the world where they cord made of bark, having knots are principally fought. in it; there is also another tied On the first discovery of Greenvery short about the inferior land, whales, not having been horizontal timber, These two accustomed to be disturbed, fre.

quently

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