« ПредишнаНапред »
Fatal Consequences from the Bite of a Mad Dog.
297 .. 8. Every player must follow dog, made his escape. Though fuit if they have any, if not, they these were the first symptoms of may play what they please, or madness which he dog had lhewn, may take it with a trump, or any yet the phyficjan, under whose of the ruling cards; and it ought observation this happened, im. to be observed, that the knave of mediately þad, the low coufined hearts, and the other five ruling in a stall, boarded so as to excards are always trumps, and clude all air, except in such ought to be used as such.
quantities as he choose to admit. 9. He that makes the first fix Food was conveyed to the animal tricks wins the game, and takes by means of a trough which up all the stakes.
went through the boards of the 10. If any player has either ftall, and emptied itself into four aces,four king?, four queens, another trough on the inside. or four knaves in hand at once, For some days the animal eat as they also win the game,
usual; but, on the sixth or re11. If any player has in his venth, it began to look heavy hand three aces, "kings; queens, and refuse its fuod ; on the ninth or knaves, they score two, and or ténth, the disorder was at its four tricks more make the game. height: The physician at least
12. If one of the players have suspected it from the faliva which ace, king, queen, and knave of appeared about the jaws, and one suit, or the king, queen, the frequent chafing of the aniknave, and ten, or any four suc mal at bits of straw. It at length ceeding cards in hand of the Jay down, as if exhausted with same luit, they likewise count fatigue. Immediately an iron two for them.
pot, with four or five gallons of 15. If you have five succeeding the best vinegar, boiling, was put cards, you count four.
into the stall, which was shut so 14. And if you have fix fuc- as totally to exclude the air. Afceding cards, you win the game. ter a space of five or fix hours,
the physician paid a visit to his patient, whom he found lapping
che' vinegar. In a few hours afTo the Editors of the Sporting ter, a fresh: quantity of boiling Magazine.
vinegar was placed in the stall, GENTLEMEN,
which was fhut up until the next
day, when food, in which fome THE fatal consequences which vinegar was mixed, was offered
arise from the bite of a to the creature, who eat a part, mad dog, and of which we have From that day the animal was such frequent proofs, induce me served twice in the day, with vito offer to the public, through negar in its food, for the space of the medium of your Magazine, fix weeks; at the end of that time the following narrative, well at it was let out, apparently pertested by a foreigo phyfician who fe&tly well; and had several far. made the experiment.
rows of pigs after that. The A large house dog, which was dog, which was bitten, was treatattacked with this disarjer, fei. ed in the same manner, with zed upou, and bit in a severe mau. equal success. ner, a low in the same yard, and A cure was effected upon even having roughly treated a finall the author of this misfortune;
293 Abstract of the As for the Preservation of Game.
for, returning home in a few cheaper licence, under the claim days, without the fit being on of being game-keepers, occasions hiin, a servant was, tempted, by the request from many, of your means of a reward, to feize and publishing for the security of prochain him to his kennel. That, perty, the following abstract from or the following day, his fit re the act for the preservation of turned; and after gnawing, and the game, passed in the year 1716: biting the chain, until his mouth " Whereas it is become usual for was covered with blood, he lay lords of manors to grant deputadown : fome boiling vinegar was tions to the farmers, tenants, and
then put almost under his nose, occupiers of lands, to be game: by means of a long ladle; this į keepers, with power to kill game;
produced the same effects as on which practice tends to the dethe hogy and he was also cured. struction of the same: for re
I have read of a cure effected miedy whereof, be it enacted, at Turin, by means of vinegar, that no lord of a manor fhall apwhich was unintentionally given point any game-keeper,
with for some other medicine. Por- power to kill game, unless such fibly, the person administered person be qualified by the laws it through defigli, to try the ex of the land o to do; or unless periment. Half a pint was the such perfon be truly and proaccidental dofe, which was perly a servant to the said lord, peated moroing and evening after or immediately employed to kill the goori effects became visible. game, for the fole use of the same
To destroy a dog, at the mo Tord.” It appears, therefore, as ment he has bitten a person, is, plain as any enacting words can I conceive, injudicious in the ex make it, that the above pretended treme. fince it leaves the un-game-keepers, unless qualified by happy sufferer a prey to all those the poffeffion of one hundred terrors and anxieties which may pounds a year, real property, are naturally be supposed to arise in liable to all the penalties against the mind, under the apprehensions Sporting illegally; and the lords of so dreadful a complaint. of manors, granting it to such
The facts are ascertained; let farmers, tenants, or occupiers the faculty reason upon the of land, and thus foolishly causes. As a with of being useful encouraging in them profligate to humanity, is the fole cause of waste of their time and la. my addresling you on the sub-, bour, are themselves liable to ject, so I doubt not, but in the penalty of not entering thein fluenced-by the same motive, you annually with the affeflors, and will spare this a place in your paying the tax on each game. Magazine, though it Nould only keeper, agreeably to the express be supported by the name of, words in the act, taxing male. Your humble Servant, servants; and the surveyors of
VIATOR. this tax are liable to inforination To the Editors of the Sporting ing the game-keepers, entered
for neglect of duty, in not checkMagazine,
with, and paying for, to the asGENTLEMEN,
feflors of parishes, with those an. HE depredations committed nually published by the clerk of fince the commencement of the
peace, and surcharging all that the tax on sporting, on the real are not so entered and paid for. farmers, by persons taking out a
A Treatise on Farriery.
299 A TREATISE on FARRIERY, with unlike a ruffle, to which the small ANATOMICAL PUATES.
guis are connected. (Continued from page 250.)
Having thus taken notice of
the intestinal canal, and its several THE ftomach is a membranous parts, it will not be improper to
bag feated behind the dia. make somię observations on the phragm or midriff. It is in shape progress of the chyle. If you open like the bellows of a bagpipe, a dog that has been just killed and has two orifices; the right two or three hours after it has of which is joined to the gullet,
been fed, you will see on the guts, and the left, named pyloris, to especially those that are finall, the guts. It consists of the same a great number of little white membranes and coats as the gula vessels cailed lacteals, which glide let.
between the two membranes of The intestines or guts are six in
the mesentery, and communinumber ; namely, the small zut, cating with each other, advance which in a man is divided in the to the glandulous body placed in duodenum, the jejunum, and the
the middle. From this substance ilion, and is coininonly about other lacteal , veins proceed, twenty-fix yards in length : the which differ nothing from the
or blind gut, the three former, but in being fewer in colons, and the straight gut. The number, and
somewhat more three colors are divided by two large.' There are called secondary small - necks, each about half a lacteals, and are discharged into yard long.. On the upper and a cellular and membranous bags under fides there are two liga. generally placed on the first verments, which run along the sur-tebræ of the 'loins, and is hidin face, and serve to purse up this part of the right appendix of the gut, which with a valve on the diaphragm. This is called the inside serve to keep up the ali reservatory of the chyle. From ment from passing off too hastily, this reservatory the thoracic duet that the nutricious juice may be proceeds, which runs along the extracted. The straight gut runs vertebræ of the back, and towards directly along from the colon to the middle of the back turns to the fundament, and is half a yard the left, and empties itself into a long. The guts have the same large vein called the left fubilafiderably nicker in these caft: 1 "The latteal veins are not only mentioned, and like it are always to be met with on the finali in moiftended by the liquor proceed testines, but also on the large, ing from the glands.
which show that an animal may The guts are fastened to the be kept alive by nourishing clyback by the mesentery, which is iters only. about uine inches broad from the The liver is a conglomerate, guts to the back. It takes its gland of a very large size, of a rise from the third vertebræ of reddith brown colour, and of a the loins, and consists of two pretty firm confiftence. It makes membranes, which are full of up a great part of the right side small glands and blood vessels, and a portion of the middle epi. and is formed by the doubling of gaftric region, immediately be. the peritoneum. It forms several low the diaphragm or midriff. In folds along its circumference, not a horfe ic is divided into four VOL. IV. No. XXIV.
A Treatise on Farriery.
lobes, to render it flexible in all the hepatic artery, of the vena violent motions, and so preterve porta, and of the hepatic nerves. it from danger. Of these the The vena porta is a considerable right lobe is much the largest, trunk of a vein formed by two and is called the great lobe of the principal branches, one of which liver.
receives the blood which comes The frape of the liver is not re from the spleen, the pancreas, gular, but accommodates its con. and one part of the stomach. It formation to the adjacent parts. is called the Splenetic vein. The ]t is convex and fmooih on the other proceeds from the in. upper fide, to taliy with the dia- teftines and the mesentery. This phragm, to which it is con. trunk of a vein penetrates the nected, and whose motions it fol. liver on the concave fide; but, lows. Its inferior furface is con before its entry, forms two other cave, and unequal, having emi. branches, ove on the right, and nencies and cavities which a 13 the other on the left. Likewise swer to the spaces that are be there are many leffer branches, tween the organs.
The emi. which enter the vesicles of the nencies belong to the great lobe liver. The other vessels which of the liver, to which the an. belong to the vesicles are branches tients gave the wame of porta of the veins, which correspond The liver is connected to the with the vena
cava, and disadjacent parts, but chiefly to the charge the remainder of the midriff, by means, of four liga blood which the vena porte has ments: Some reckon the im deposited in the liver. The unibilical veins a ligament, but this on of these branches forin three
much doubted by veins called the hepatic veins, other's.
which terminate in the trunk of The liver is covered by a thin the lower vena cava immediately membrane, which however may below the diaphragm. be divided into two lamina, be The lymphatic veins of the liver tween which there is a great may be seen on both Gides, where number of lymphatic vefsels, they form a wonderful kind of which are obfervable boih on the net-work. These veins generalconvex and concave surface. The ly empty themselves into the re. internal lamina reems to pene servoir or receptacle of the chyle. trate tlie substance of the liver, The pulpous veins have an exand to divide it into a great cretory duct which communia number of fmall lohes, which may cate with each other in the sub. be easily difiinguished in a hog stance of the liver, and are cum.
The fubfiance of the liver is monly called the biliary pores. an allemblage of a great number When there ducts are linited, of small veills of every kird, they form a large one called the which appear to be diftributed to hepatic duct, which discharges a great number of vehicles or ibe bile into the finall gut near small irodies, called of late puls the stomach. It is proportion. pous grains. There veficls ibus ably larger in horses than in distributed; may be distinguished other animals, because they have into those thai carry some jiquor, no gall-bladder. Some say this and into tiose that bring it back. is wanting because it might be The fint are the ramifications of hurt by violent motions; but
A Treatise on Farriery.
301 this cannot be the case, because leaves of the mesocolon, between many animals that are as subject which the pancreas is seated. to as violent exercise as a horse, The proper membrane imme. are not without a gall bladder; diately covers its substance, and and therefore I fall not pretend is compofed of many glanduto guess at the reason, or why a lous grains, beset with a vaft Jarger and constant discharge of number of vessels, whereof some the bile is required in a horse carry a fluid to the pancreas, and more than any other creature that rome bring one back from thence. feeds in the same manner.
The former are the arteries and The use of the liver is to se werves; the latter are the fanguiparate this gall.or bile already nary and lymphatic veins, as well mentioned, and there is reason to as the excretory duets of the believe it is brought to the liver glands. by the vena porta. The gall is The excretory ducts of the pana yellow, bitter liquor, of a pret creas are very mumerous, perhaps ty fluid con Giftence, composed as many as the glandulous grains not only of a serosity and salts, of which it is composed. All but also of unetuous particles, these ducts unite with each which form a liquor of a loapy other, and from their union renature, and nearly of the same fults one common duet, which taste, and is very useful to take carries a fluid from them all. It old spots out of garments. is called the pancreatic duci, and
The gall being separated in the runs all along the pancreas, liver, is taken up by the biliary through the middle of its length, pores, then runs into the hepa- and empties itself into the finali tic duct, and is constantly dif. gut. charged into the gut abovemen. The use of the pancreas is to tioned. It serves to correct the feparate a fluid called the pan. aliment, and to prepare the creatic juice, of the nature of fachyle.
liva, and serves jointly with the The pancreas is a conglome call to bring the chyle to perrate gland, of a very pale red, fection. and of a pretty thick consistence. I The Spleen con fists of a faftich It is seated in the epigastric re. substance which may be readily gion, transversely, immediately extended, and is of a bluish cobelow the stomach, reaching from lour, a little inclining to the red. the small gut to the spleen, to It is feated obliquely in the left which it is united. The fitua-hvpochondrium under the dia. tion of the pancreas is such, that phragm or midriff, and imme. it may be reckoned to have two diately above the left kidney. Its faces, an' upper and a lower, two Ihape is of a longifh tongue, and edges, the anterior and the fattilh. pofterior, and two extremities, " The spleen is kept in its fituathe one to the riglit, and the other tion not only by refting on the to the left ; that to the right, adjacent viscera, but also by which is connected to the gut, is membranous ligameots which tie most considerable,
it to the diaphragm, and someThe pancreas is covered with times to the stomach itself, as altwo membranes, the one
so to the colon and the left kidmon, and the other proper. The ney by means of the caul and common consists of the two the blood vessels. It has two faces;