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The Game Laws relating to Angling, & c. prehended. or in custody for such other water, wherein such person offence, or on any other ac shall have a right fo to do. f. 5. *count, who shall make confession A conviction on this act was thereof, and a true discovery on adjudged bad, because the words oath of his accomplice or ac of the statute was not followed complices, so as such accom. in the conviction, as in the case plice may be apprebended, and of K. v. Corden, H. 9, G. 3. The ihall on trial give evidence so as defendant was convicted on the to convict such accomplice, fhall oath of Martha Buxtov, in the 'be discharged of the offence so penalty of gl. for fishing with a 'by him confessed, f. 1, 2.

net in a stream called the Schoo And if any person shall take, Brook, and taking, killing, and kill, or destroy, or attempt to destroying several fill, against the take, kill, or destroy, any fih in form of the statute in that case any river or streamn, pond, pool, made and provided; the deor other water (not in any park fendant not having any just right or paddock, or in any garden, or claim to take, kill, or carry away orchard, or yard adjoining, or such fish. The defendant indeed belonging to any dwelling house, confefled the whole charge; but but in any other inclosed ground, the court was of opinion that this being private property) he shall, conviction was bad. They thought on conviction before one justice, a strict hand ought to be held on the oath of one witness, for over these summary convictions, feit sl. to the owner of the and that it should appear to the fishery of such river, pond, or court that the justice hath juris. other water ; and such justice, on diction, which in this cafe does complaint upon bath, may issue

not appear.

Here is no comhis warrant to bring the person plaint from the owner; nor does it complained of before him; and if

even appear to have been without he shall be convicted before such his consent : it ought at least to apjustice,' or any other of the coun. pear that it was without his con. ty or place, 'he Mall immediately fent. This is plainly implied' in pay the said penalty of 51 to the act of parliament; the giving such justice, for the use of such the penalty to the owner thews it. person as the same is hereby ap. Here it does not sufficiently appointed to be paid unto; and, in pear that this was private prodefault thereof, mall' be coin, perty, or who was the owner ; mitted by, such justice to the The justice was inforned that house of correction, for any time Mr. Hayne is the owner; but not exceeding fix months, unless the person who gave such infor. the forfeiture fall be sooner mation was not upon oath, and paid; or such owner of the was therefore no witness. The fishery may, within six months, ownership

ownership is not sufficiently after the offence, bring an action charged; neither is it confeffed; for the penalty in any of the the confession goes no farther courts of record at Westminster, than the matter charged. The Same fta: S. 3, 4.

words in the conviction, “ not Provided, that nothing in this having any just right or claim, , act shall extend to subject any to take, kill, or carry away any person to the penalties thereof, such fish,” are too general. The who thall take, kill, and carry proviso from whence they are away, any fish in any river or taken, means to except such per

fons

Account of the Origin of the Game of Chefs. 255 fons who have a special right to &c."

The following account,

which we have with much difThe offence intended in the con- ficulty obtained, will shew the viction is, filhing in the fishery authenticity of our observation, of Mr. Hayne, being private and we doubt not afford both property. But all this might be amusement and instruction to the done, for any thing that appears admirers of it. upon this conviction, with the In the beginning of the fifth consent of the owner. The fact century of the christian æra, ought to appear so that the court there was in the Indies a very may be able to judge whether the powerful prince, whose kingdom conviction be agreeable to law. was situated towards where the If the owner had been the com. Ganges discharges itself into the plainer, that would have thewn fea. He took to himself the his diffent; but this conviction proud title of king of the Indies; is upon the complaint of Martha his father had forced a great numBuxton; and it does not appear ber of sovereign princes to pay that the defendant has been tribute to him, and submit thema guilty of fishing in any water felves under his empire. The being private property, without young monarch foon forgot, that the consent of the owner. And the kings ought to be the fathers of conviction was quaMed. Burr, their people; that the subjects Manf. 2279.

love of their king is the oniy solid By the 9 G. 1, c. 22 (usually support of his throne; that his paa called the black act), if any per- ternal care alone can truly attach, son being armed and disguised, the people to the prince who gos thall unlawfully steal or take a. verns them, and that in them conway any fish out of any river or lifts all his strength and power; that pond, or (whether armed and a king without subjects would disguised or not) mall.uplawfully only bear an empty title, and and maliciously break down the would have no real advantage head or mound of any fish-pond,

above other men. whereby the fish shall be lost or

The Brahimins and Kajahs, i.e. destroyed, or fhall rescue any the priests and nobility, ree person in custody for such of. presented all these things to the fence, or procure any other to king of the Indies; but he, in. join with him therein, he shall toxicated with the idea of his be guilty of felony without be. grandeur, which he thought was. nefit of clergy.

not to be fhaken, despised their

wise remonftrances. Their com. (To be concluded in our next.). plaints and representations con

tinuing, he was offended, and 10

revenge his authority, which he A further Account of the ORIGIN

thought despised by those who

dared to disapprove his conduct, of the Game of Chess, from the he caused them to be put to death French of M. Frevet.

in torments.

SEA

PEAKING of this game in Thisexample affrighted others.

our first volume, page 130, we said, “ if inquiry be made into the antiquity of this game, it will be found to be of Indian invention,

They were silent, and the prince abandoned to himself, and, what was more dangerous for him, and more terrible to his people, given

256

Account of the Origin of the Game of Chess. up to the pernicious counsels of himself of the Brahmin's lessons, fatterers, was hurried on to the and now convinced that in the lait excesses. The people were people's love of their king con. oppressed under the weight of in- fifted all his strength, he altered fupportable tyranny; and the tri- his conduct, and prevented the butary princes, persuaded that misfortunes that threatened him. the king of the Indies, in lofing The prince was sensibly touchthe love of his people, had toit ed, and gratefully left to the the very effence of his power and Brahmin the choice of his re. Itrength, were preparing to throw ward; he deGred that the number off the yoke, and to carry the of grains of corn, which the war into his estates. Then a number of the squares of the Brahmin, or Indian philosopher, chess-board Mould produce, might named Siffa, the son of Daher, be given him, one for the first, touched with the misfortunes of two for the second, four for the his country, undertook to make third, and so on, doubling al. the prince open his eyes upon the ways to the fixty-fourth. fatal effects which his conduet The king, astonithed at the was likely to produce. But, in seeming niodefty and reasonableAtructed by the example of those, ness of the demand, granted it who had gone before him, he immediately, and without exwas sensible his lesson would not amination, but when his treasu. prove of any service, until the rers had made the calculation, prince fhould make the applica. they found that the king had en. tion of it to himself, and not gaged himself in a grapt, for the think it was done by another, performance whereof, neither all With this view, he invented the his treasures, nor his vaft dogame of chefs, where the king, minions, were sufficient. Then although the most confiderable of the Brahmin laid hold of this opall the pieces, is both impotent portunity, to give him to under. ro attack, as well as defend him-stand, of what importance it was seif against his enemies, without to kings to be upon their guard the assistance of his subjects and against those, who are always foldiers.

about them, and how much they The new game foon became ough to be afraid of their mini. famous, the king of the Indies Iters abusing their best intentions. heard of it, and would learn it. The game of chess was not: The Brahmin Siffa, was pitched long confined to India, it passed upon to teach it him, and, under into Perfia, during the reign of the pretext of explaining the rules Cofroes. The Perfans looked of the game, and shewing him upon it as a game to be made use the skill required to make use of of in all countries, to instruct the other pieces, for the king's kings at the same time that it defence, he made him perceive amused them,

the name, and relish important truths which which they gave it, fignifies he had hitherto refufed to hear. schertrengi, or schatrak. The The king, endued naturally with of understanding and virtuous sentiments, which the pernicious pieces of this game, which have maxims of his flatterers and no reasonable fignification, but courtiers could not wholly ex in the Eastern languages, confirm tinguishi, made an application the opinion, we propose, of its

Eastern

as

en The names of many of the

Account of the Origin of the Gome of Chefs. 257 Eastern original. The second | vizir, a first minister, or a genepiece of chess after the king, is ral of an army, we can easily com.

now called the queen. The old prehend how a pawn or a simple 2. French authors call it fierce, soldier, may be elevated to their

fierche and fierge, or fiercir. rank, in recompence of the va. Corruptions of the Latin fiercia, lour, with which he has pierced

derived from the Persian ferz or through the enemies battalions. a firzin, the name of that piece in But if the fierge be a lady, a queen

Persic; and fignifies a minifter or or the king's wife, by what odd

vizir. Of the word fierge, they metamorphosis does the pawn i have made, vierge virgo, and change his fex, and become a

afterwards lady or queen. The woman that was a soldier before? resemblance of the words made And how do they make him this change very easy, and it marry the king, iu recompence seemed so much the more reason of that valour, of which he has able, because that.piece is placed given such proofs ? This absure, next to the king, and at its first dity proves that the second piece moves, like the pawns, could of chess has been mal-apropos calonly move two steps, which made led lady or queen, for what king it one of the least confiderable of ever became so enamoured of his the board, as the authors of two first minister, as to marry him, antient treatises of the game of and take him for better for worse, chefs acknowledge.

until death do them part. The constraint upon the lady The third piece of chefs which of chess was displeasing to our we call the bishop; the French, forefathers. They looked upon fool; the Spaniards, alferez; and it as a sort of Navery, more fuit the Italians, alfiere; ferjeant, in able to the jealousy of the East- the East, was of the figure of an ern people, than to the liberty elephant, and whose name fit it which ladies have always enjoyed bore. The king, which is the amongst us. They extended there fourth piece, has the same name fore the steps and prerogatives of and figure every where. The that piece, and in consequence fifth piece, which we call the of the gallantry fo natural to the rook, and the French, tour, is Weftern people, the lady became called by the Eastern people, the the most considerable piece of all j rokh, and the Indians make it the game,

of the figure of a camel, mounted There was still an absurdity in by an horsemen with a bow and this metamorphorsis of the firzim arrow in his hand. or vizier into queen, and this in This name of rokh, which is congruity remains yet to this day, common both to the Persians and without our taking notice of it.. Indians, signifies in the language

When a pawn, or a simple of the laft, a sort of camel used in soldier has traversed through the war, and placed upon the wings enemies' battalions, and pene- of their armies by way of light traled so far as the last line of the horse. The rapid motion of the board, he is not allowed to re- piece, which jumps from one end turn back, but is honoured with of the board to the other, agrees the step and prerogatives of the so much the better, with this idea queen.

of it as at first it was the only If the ferzin or the fierge be a piece who had that motion.

The

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258 Remedy for the Bite of a Mad Dog.

The king, queen, and pawn, brute creation, that I have great made but one step, the bishop hopes that some of your ingebut two, as well as the knight, nious correspondents may inform neither of them going farther me whether it may not, with than the third square, including equal success, be used by the hu. that which they quitted. The inan species. rook alone was unbounded in his

I am, Gentleman, course, which may agree to the

Your's, &c. lightness of the dromedary, but

A. B. in no ways to the immobility of towers, or fortrefles, the figures, August 2, 1794. of which, we, generally give to those pieces. The fixth and last Take primrose roots, star of piece is the pawn or common

the earth, dry mouse car, and soldier, which has been suffered green mouse ear, of each a hand, to change.

tui, cut small, and well boiled in The Chinese have made some a quart of milk; add the black alterations in this game, they have of one crab's cław finely powderintroduced new pieces under the ed, sweeten it well with Venice name of cannons or mortars, the

or London treacle. A drench vse of artillery and powder hav. for one dog, &c. to be repeated ing been long known to them, three mornings fucceffively, fastbefore it was discovered by the ling; the sooner the better; for Europeans. Tamerlade made yet, after the creature is once mad, greater changes in this game, notwithstanding what has been and by the new pieces, which he repeatedly advanced to the coninvented, and the motions he trary, I believe there is no cure. gave them, he encreased the dif Star of the earth is generally bculty of a game, already too

found in old dry clay ground, much complicated, to be looked

that has been seldom or never upon as an amusement, but these ploughed ; dry mouse ear, in old additions have not been approved hedges or walls : green mouse ear of, and the antient manner of 1 is an herb that resembles the form playing, each with sixteen pieces of a mouse's ear, and is hairy on only, and upon a board of lixty one side, four squares, has taken place again.

M

an

An EXTRAORDINARY TRAVEL

LER.
To the Editors of the SPORTING
MAGAZINE,

P. Wilson, a gentleman of

Cornwall, inherited GENTLEMEN,

eftate of about roool. a year in HE remedy for the bite

, 23 mad dogfurnished

the

year correspondent Benevolus, and in- , after his father's death, set off serted in your last Number, may for the Continent on his travels. probably be a very good one; He rode on Horseback, with one but as

the following requires fervant, over the greatest part of much less trouble, and of its the world. He first viewed every good effects I have experienced Europeon country, in doing lo many instances among the which he spent 8 years. He then

embarked

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