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On the Barrenness of the Mule and Free Martin.

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only keep the horse ten days, and I in Devonshire, and who has vethen advertise him, and sell him rified the fact in the most ample for what he could get for him, manner. This instance, joined and reimburse himself.

to those covering the mule, shows Lord Chief Justice." Gen. that nature, anxious for the con. tlemen, I am almost sorry I do tinuation of its fpecies, fome. not feel myself justified in my times deviates even from her ex. conscience to advise you to give ceptions. In the case of the larger damages than 35 guineas, mule,

see her, however, the sum paid for the horse; but equally anxious to avoid confuthis defendant, who has endea. fion; for if the mule is ever pregvoured to corrupt the servant of nant, her offspring is not likely a gentleman, is an extremely dir. to be. fo. honest, kwavish man."-Verdict for plaintiff--361. 155.

Various EXPRESSIONS in HUNT.

ING elucidated, For the SPORTING MAGAZINE,

To the Editors of the Sporting T has long been supposed that

MAGAZINE. K the mule was barren, but the

GENTLEMEN, contrary has been proved in several instances, though they are EADING the other day, an rare, and the production of the old French treatise upon mule is neither so strong, nor so hunting, the title whereof is La long-lived as its parents.

Venerie de Jacques du Fouilloux, à Şt. Donjingo has afforded three | Paris, 1573, I was much enterinstances of fruitful mules: the tained with the fingularity of his first produced a foal in October, notions, and the great eulogiums 1971, at the habitation of M. he had penned in honour of the Verron, at Terreins Rouges, chase. In hopes it may likewise which lived till June, 1996; the amuse some of your readers, the second foaled at La Petite Anse, following notes are extracted the plantation of M. Noord, in from that hook; which, to the 1774, but the young animal died best of my knowledge, has never foon; the third event happened been tranNated, ad is probably in 1788, at La Grande Riviere, very scarce. In his dedication the habitation of M. Gouivon; to Charles IX. of France, he ob. the fætus is in the cabinet of the serves, that men in all ages have Society of Arts, &c. at Cape given themselves up to various Francois.

pursuits; fome to high, or occult The free martin, as it is called, sciences; some have recreated has likewise been fupposed to be their minds by the study of phi. barren. The free martin is the lorophy; and others have serfemale twin of a cow when the vilely stooped to the mechanic twins are of each sex. The late arts, in order to gain worldly Mr. John Hunter pronounced riches, or to gratify their in. the free martin an hermaphro. nate avarice.

From these predite; but we have an instance of mises be infers, that the attending one of these producing a calf, the to such exercises as will pro. owner of it was a Mr. Brock, in mote health, vigour, and jocunNorth Tanton, near Barnstaple, dity, are highly commendable ;

amongst

coun.

Various Expressions in Hunting elucidated. 207 amongst which none are compa. bear a literal translation; I have rable in his estimation to the de. therefore, only endeavoured to lights of the chase. “These (he preserve a specimen of the origi. fays) have added strength to my nal. This book to all appear. youth, with the hopes of the ance may be valuable, and my same longevity which my ances- suppotion is grounded on hav. tors enjoyed by their strong ating observed it enquired for by tachment to it." In his address an advertisement in a to the French gentry of that try newspaper, which circulates time, he stiles the diversion, "a around a celebrated hunt. This most dele&table labeur, a polite ex.

is not to be wondered at, as it ercise," and affirms thai "hunt. contains a number of curative are a set of men the least to receipts respecting dogs, and also be accused of indolence." By embellished with a great variety hunting, he means the grand pa. of neat wooden cuts. It has rade of forcing the stag, or run

likewise thrown some light, in ning the wild boar. The fox my opinion, upon our hunting and the hare occupy a much in- exclainations, such tallio, or ferior station, which he confiders tally ho, hoix, hark forward: these only as a menu divertissement, are borrowed from French words, notwithstanding he allows hare which appear in this book under hunting to be a pleasant amuse. musical notes.' The first is tya. ment, and free from danger; but hillaut, or thia-hiliaud; the fee he seems totally unacquainted cond is derived froin haut icy, or with the ardour of our modern haut incy: thirdly, forheur, or forte fox-chase; and his reynard figures heur, is the huntsman's cry, thus, in the same rank with wolves, a qui forheur. These words are badgers, otters, &c. There is mere sounds, with little or no much humour in his remarks on meaning, yet their etymology the chal'acter and convivial dif. has often embarrassed me; but, pofition of a true sportsman, allowing for our frequent cora whose noble occupation, he says, ruption of French terms, I think exhilirates the mind, gives agility their derivation is here plainly to the body, and strength to the

made out, Halloo! for the same appetite; maintaining (how true reason originates from hab le loup, I cannot say) that it lessens our or au loup, or à lou loup, wolves natural propensity to evil, in-being formerly common in Enge creaqng courage and resolution land as well as on the continent, for dangerous exploits. He rec

and this word served as a thout to and Appian as set the dogs on a pursuit; which writers upon this subject; among expreflion continues in use to the Latins, the poet Grotius, Pope this day, though no wolves be Adrian Vi. with many others of found either in Great Britain or more modern date; and concludes

Ireland lince the time that a preby observing, that the lovers of mium was ordered, by 'law for Diana frequently become the their deftruction. most intrepid sons of Mars. Such is the substance, and in

Your humble servant, some places the direct words of Monfieur du Fouilloux, Seigneur de

OBSERVATOR. Gasine en Poitou ; but the stile of our Poitevin is too obsolete to

June 10, 1794
D d 2

JocKEY.

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Jockey Clergyman.
JOCKEY CLERGYMAN. friend. Philotius took the horse

on the recommendation of HipIPPONEUS is a young man

poneus, and in a few days it of fortune, lately admitted proved unfit for use; and now into orders, and as the habit of a Hipponeus congratulates himself clergyman is a passport into the on his superior judgment in horsebest of companies, 'Hipponeus is fr. visited by the most respectable families of that part of the coun. try in which he resides. But

On the Game of Whist. Hipponeus' pleasure is feated in his stable, in which he is more THIST is a game

his equally dependent upon household. If you call upon him chance and judgment. The En. in a morning, he is out airing glith have the honour of its inhis horses; or should you chance vention, and it has for many to call upon him in an evening, years continued to be much in he is with his stud. If one of fashion all over Europe. his horses are fick, you may per Of all the games at cards, it is ceive it in the dejection of his the most judicious in its princi. couhtenance; or shall they, on ples, the most suitale to society, the contrary, be all in health the most difficult, the most inteand high condition, the eager resting, the most animating, and glee of approbation enlivens his is more combined with art than whole features; thus this young any other. man's pleafures are regulated by

" Ít is infinitely more judicious the diary of his stable. Hippo- in its principles than Le Reversi, neus is a constant attendant at and more adapted to society ; as Newmarket, and by his frequent one knows beforehand what one conversation with jockies and may lose at a game, and one is Marpers, has attained to the hap- not made a sacrifice at every inpy imitation of the completest on ftant to lying compliments. the turf. He is constantly buy. Here no despotical prerogative is ing and selling horses, and it is given to any single card, and no allowed that he thoroughly un perpetual diétator is set up, like derstands (what is termed by the formidable spadille, and the dealers) making up a horse. Nay, cursed quinola. Hipponeus is never fo happy as

Whift is far from maliciously. when he cam (in the language of spurring the imagination after a jockies) take in a friend. It was lure that is contradiccory to combut the other day that Philotius mon sense, as Le Peverfi does. applied to him to procure him a The progress of whift is natural; tractable jade; (for Philotius is those who make the most points one of those who prefer an easy and hands obtain the victory, as seat to a prancing steed with a in all reason aud equity they probability of being thrown from should. It is the rule in all sés the faddle); Hipponeus promised rious games, and particularly his best endeavours, and as one that of the game of kings, too of his own horses had not turned well known by ir subjects out thoroughly to his satisfaction, under the name of war. he thought it the luckiest time Whist is more difficult than poffible to accommodate his piquet, since it is played with all

the

On the Game of Whift.

209

the cards; as the partners do not , ties, and will ravish from you (peak, do not confult one ano. the victory which you see flying ther, do not see, nor reciprocally from your hands under the wings know the strength or the weak of the capricious goddess. ness of their hands. They must England, victorious in the four guess at it by their fagacity, and quarters of the world, at once conduct thenselves in conse. bestowed on France a generous quence.

peace and the knowledge of this Whift is more interesting, delightful game, for which they more animating than any other seem to have an extravagant regame at cards, by the multipli. lifh. Fond of novelties, they recity of combinations that feed ceived the gift with transport; and employ the mind; by the vi-captivated with frivolous amusecissitude of the events which keeps ments of the mind, and finding it under check; by the surprise, whist of that number, they reliagreeable or

unwelcome, on giously adopted all its laws, and seeing the small cards make tricks observe them with the utmost against all expectation ; in short, punctuality, excepting that, perby the hopes and fears that, to haps, of filence, which is so the very half moment, successively highly repugnant to their vivaagitate the soul.

city, and their utter abhorrence Add to all this, that the dura. to put the door of their lips. tion of this game employs the just The chances or hazards of this medium between the two extre. game have been calculated by the mities; its length is amply fuf- greatest mathematicians of Engficient to allow of the renewal of land, and M. de Moivre did not the rubbers two or three times in disdain to bestow his attention an evening, and of changing the on them. He found; actors and partnerships, which 1. That there are 27 chances reanimates the courage of those against 2, or thereabouts, that who have lost, without distressing the dealer and his partner will the

conquerors, who re-enter the not have the four honourslifts on their games.

2: That there are 23 against 1, In a word, whist is a game in or thereabouts, that the eldett all respects most ingeniously con hand will not have the four ho. trived; a game perfectly adapted nours, to English heads, accustomed to 3. That there are 8 against 1, reflect, to calculate and combine or thereabouts, that neither on in silence.

one fide nor the other there will In this game, as in war, and at be the 4 honours. court, we must arrange our bat 4. That there are 13 against 7, teries, pursue 'one fixt design, or thereabouts, that the two who baffle the schemes of our adver- give the cards, will not reckon saries, conceal our intentions, the honours. and run hazards when necessary. 5. That there are 25 against Sometimes with indifferent cards 16, or thereabouts, that the ho. well managed, we win tricks. nours will not be equally divided. One while the most skilful car. The same mathematician also ries the day, and one while the determines that the chances in most lucky. For the honours favour of the partners that have which here dispense success, of already 8 points of the game, if ten triumph over all your abili- they give the cards, against those

who

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210

Pheasant Hawking. who have 9 points, are near mode of approximation, with about as 17 to 11. But if those which we must be contented in who have eight of the game are practice. If it be asked, for exeideft hand, the chances will be ample, what is the parity of as 34 to 29.

chances, that a player at this Several problems are proposed game thall have three cards of a on this game, and particularly certain colour, they answer, by this, the precise folution where the way of approximation, that of would shed abundance of light there is about 682 to bet against on several others of like nature. 22, or about 22 against », that he

To find the chance that he who will not have them. gives the cards will have four l!umps,

One trump being certain, the problem is ieduced to this: To

PHEASANT HAWKING. End what probability, there is

AWKING has been noticed that in drawing at hazard, 12

by us in several of our for. cards out of 51, of which 12 are mer numbers; and the different trumps, and 39 are not trumps, species of that bird amply defa z of the 12 will be trumps.

cribed: we have only therefore We all find by the rule of now to point out the beft methods M. de Moivre, that the fum to. to be adopted by the sportsman, tal of chances for him who deals in pursuing his favourite amuseThe.cards=

=92, 770, 723, Soo; and ment of pheasant hawking, which that the total of the chances for we doubt not will be acceptable drawing 12 cards out of $1=158, to the generality of our readers: 753, 389, 900, The difference Pheasant-hawking is a rural dia of thefe two numbers=65, 982, version, nanaged with a golhawk 666, 1on,

The chances then will in coverts, of which bone but be as 9277, &c. to 6598, &c. those of a strong and able body,

Now we may calculate the with spirit and courage, are fit; chance of three players who for this fight is different from have 10, 11, or 12 trumps, of the that in the chainpagne fields, number of 39 cards; then we

where the hawk and the game are fball find that the total of the always in fight: so that you are chances for getting 10, 11, or 12

to make her to the pheasant and trumps in 39 cards65, 982, 666, fuch fort of fowl, that always 100; and that all the chances of frequent the woods, coverts and the number of st cards=158, obscure places, which hinders 753, 389, 900. The difference= the fight, that thould be your 92, 770, 723, 800=all the chan. guide in the fight. For the ces in favour of him who deals, Better effecting of this, you and the chances will be 9277, must be very circumspect as to &c. to 6598, &c. as above. the place you first enter in, to -The mathematicians, after hav. the end the may be well guarded, ing found the last precision of and kept from taking any difike the calculation by a great num or offence at the dogs, which if ber of figures, have sought out,

she does at the first entrance, it and fewn the proportions that will be difficult to bring her to come nearest the truth, produced endure them again; therefore to by the least number of figures; divert any such ill quality at first, and this is what is called the the must be better managed, fol.

lowed

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