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A Treatise on Farriery.

137 other part should never be too cough, and farts frequently, with low, but always straight, unless i constant working of the funda. as juft mentioned. In this case,

His nostrils likewise work the fore hand will rise very well. as in a fever : and yet he has no

When the back of a horfe is great heat or much abatement ia higher behind than before, he is his appetite. apt to be pinched in his shoul. A thick winded horse fetches his ders, is very unfightly, and gene breath often, and sometimes rato rally weak. Belides, it renders tles and wheeses. This may be the back parts fo heavy, that always discovered by putting him they generally bave an aukward to brisk exercise. This defect is gait, and move flowly. A horse sometimes accidental, as when a thould be home-ribbed; but the horse is foggy or foul fed, or is short ribs should not approach newly brought home from a rank too near the haunches, for then pasture, or has had a cold that he would not have room to fetch has injured his lungs. When it his breath. Those that are open is natural, it may be owing to a ribbed, are of a lax texture, are narrow chest, or when he is rib. loose in the flanks like a grey

bed home too close. hound, and consequently weak. We need say nothing of the Besides, they are narrow over the glanders in this place, nor many chine, have little or no belly, are

other evident defects and diseases not fit for a long journey, and because none but ignorant buyers will carry no great weight. can overlook these, when any When a horse's back is very

fuch horses are offered to sale. fort in proportion to his bulk, The temper of a horse is a prin. and yet otherwise well-limbed, he cipal thing to be observed, but is will hold out well enough upon not very readily known, unless a journey; but he is flow, and to such as are greatly accustomed never makes a good appearance.

to their tricks. However, there When he is tall at the same time, are signs by which their difpofiwith very long legs, he is worth tions inay be pretty well diftin. little. His Hanks fhould not be guished; for a vicious horse gehollow, but smooth and full: nerally lays his ears close to his likewise bis hind parts, or upper poll, thews the whites of his eyes most haunches, mould not be

aud' looks fullen and dogged. higher than his thoulders : and Some have a frowning look, and when his back is a little diched carry anger in thei countenance, behind the saddle, it is a sign of which may readily be discovered Itrength, and a fitness for hunting by thofe who have had frequent as well as travelling.

opportunities of observing them The wird Mould never be They seem to stand in a posture overlooked in the choice of a of defence, hoiding up their heads horfe. When he is broken- very high, and advancing one of winded, it must be after he is fe, their hind legs 'forward, which ven or eight years old, and may they reft on their toe : 'as it were, be easily known by his fanks preparing to kick the person that when he stands quiet in the 'fta conies near them. When a horre ble; for he always pinches them is very vicious, le pays no rein with a very slow motion, and gard to the groom that feeds him, then drops them fuddenly. When nor puts on a more pleasant he is very bad, he has a 'vivledt toúirtenance,

However,

138

A Treatise on Farriery. However, some horses that are catch hold of the edge of the ticklish, will lay back their ears, manger, suck in the air, and but they have a pleasant look gulp it down till they are somewith their eyes, and catch hold times ready to burst. This vice of the crib Some do the same is readily discovered, for he will from a playful difpofition. do it openly in the stall. LikeA horse that is fearful, and apt

wife his fore-teeth will appear to to start, often endangers the ri. be much worn; and if he has der's neck. It is a disposition been long used to it, they will feldom vanquithed till he is old not meet in some places by the and useless, or harrassed by con. breadth of one's finger. Coacha ftant travelling, which renders all horses are much given to it, and kinds of objects familiar. But, can never be made to leave it off. this will be no absolute security, Crib.biters are of little value, if any unusual fight fhould ap. for they almost always look leau pear. This temper may readily and jaded, with a ffaring coat; be discovered by his crouching, they are unfit for labour, and creeping and starting.

subject to the gripes and other A hot, fretful horse, is never diseases. able to endure any fatigue, for he Upon the whole, it is not sufis foon spent, and unfit to per- ficient that every fingle part of a form his talk. A long journey horse, when taken to pieces, will deprive him of his fesh, and should be well-formed, beautiful, make him appear like a jade, and free from blemith, but he only fit for the dogs: Long reft Tould make a good appearance may restore hiin, lo as to be able when taken altogether, and every to undergo another. But such as limb should have a juft symmetry these can be of no long duration and proportion with regard to all for they are liable to many acci the rest. When this is the cafe, dents and diseases. A horse of little trifling defects are of ņo

moment, especially when a horse's temper as loon as he gets out of motions are easy and graceful, the stable, and will not leave it and all his paces sprightly, jutt, off till he has lost his fpirits. and regular.

The temper of a dull, heavy, The colours of horfes are greatly fluggish horse is hard to be dira diversified; but the chief are the guiled, whatever tricks may be bay, the 'chefnut, the brown, the made use of to put him in spirits. | black, the dappler grey, and the Some use sharp fpurs, others en Sorrel. Astor the white, it is not deavour to roule him by the an original colour, but proceeds cracking of the whip, and others from the grey, which turns 1000again place fome prickly thing eft to a white the lighter it is; under his tail. But any of these especially if it has little or no only put him into a hurry, with dark mixture about the joints. out concealing his natural dispo. A bright bay horse has comition, as a good judge will readiiy monly a reddish dash; his mane perceive. However, such horse's and tail are black, with a dark or as these will last long, and may black list down his back, He be very useful for some sort of has a pleasant agreeable thining work.

aspect. A dark bay horse has ...There are other horses which his knees and pasterns almost als may be called crib-biters. There ways black. And some sorts are

black

this kind will discover his fretful mo

A Treatise on Farriery.

139 Mack from their knees and hock's 1 towards their bellies and flanks downward. Those that have no than elsewhere ; and some are lift down their backs, are gene light about their muzzles. Those rally black over their reins, which of this colour that are dappled changes gradually from dark to are accounted much handsomer light, towards their belly and than the rest. Hanks. Bays in general are ac. Horses of a fhining black, that counted a good colour, unless are well marked, not having too they meet with any bad accidents much white, are in high esteem while they are very young.

for their beauty. A ftar or The hairs of chesnut coloured blaze, or white muzzle, or one or horses are, at the points, of a pale more feet tipt with white, are brown, the middle is dark, and thought to be rather better than the roots of a light colour. The those that are entirely black; as mixture is not very distinct and being generally less stubborn, and appareat to the eye ; and many of

a fweeter temper.

Black have their manes and tails very horses that are brownish on the near the colour of their bodies, flanks and hips,' with browa with but little white about their muzzles, are called black-browns, legs, and commonly 10 mark. which are generally of a good Whereas the hair of the forrel is constitution. When their muz. often composed of several colours zles are of a lighter colour, they intermixed, wherein the fox.co. are said to be meally moutheil. lour is generally predominant, Those that have a white circle with a good deal of white about round their eye-lids, have their their legs and pasterns. Many fundaments often white, and have have a large blaze, and others are the appellation of pigeon-eyed. quite bald all over the face, with Bays and chesnuts are often more manes and tails of a fandy or hardy than large black horses of flaxen colour. There are differ- the English breed. ent degrees of buth these colours. Of

greys, the dappled are acSome chefout horses have manes counted the best. The silver greys and tails as light as the sorrel, make a beautiful appearance, and while the hair of their bodies is of often prove good; the iron greys a fallow.colour, stained with a with light manes and tails, are kind of a beautiful chefnut.

not thought to be so hardy. All The chesnut horse is generally greys turn white in process of preferable to the forrel, unless the time, but the light plain greys, former happens to be bald or and the pigeon-coloured, greys, party-coloured, or to have white fooner than others ; and the dap, legs. A forrel horse that has pled grey laft. The nutmeg grey much white about his limbs, is when the dappled parts incline ape to be more faulty in his feet, to bay or chefnut, are esteemed and of a more tender constitution good hardy horses. than those that are of a

Roan horses have a diversity of uniform colour.

colours mixt together ; but the Brown horses are fometimes very - white is more predominant than dark, and lometimes inore light the rest. When there is a mix and have almost always black ture of the bay or nutmeg, it renmanes and tails. Their joints ders them of an afpe& agreeable are often of a rusty black. They enough. Some of these roans are almost all of a lighter colour look as if they were powdered ;

more

and

140

A Treatise on Farriery.

are

and some as if milk was thrown | tygers, or deer, with my colours, on their buttocks. Some seem as yellow, red, &c. with black; to be sprinkled with pot, lamp-on which account they are a black; and some as if their faces great rarity, and are .chiefly put had been dipt in a bag of foot. into the hands of great men on They are generally hardy and fit that account. Others fo for the road. Some are exceed Itrangely bedaubed with a disa. ing good.

greeable variety of odd colours, Strawberry-coloured horses are that they are generally made somewhat like the roan, but drudges of, as being fit for 10moftly resemble the forrel. They thing else, are often marked with white on The marks of a horse are by the face and leg, but not without some regarded in a fuperftitious a mixture of the roan. When manner, being supposed to be the bay is blended with it, he lucky or unlucky, or at least to seems to be tinctured with claret, denote their good or bad qualities. and this is looked upon as a very

But this has no foundation in ex. high colour, but is not common.

perience. However, when Some of this fort turn out to be horfe is well inarked, he is cergood horses.

taiply more beautiful, and has The dun, the fallor, and the more sprightliness and vivacity cream-coloured horses have a lift in his aspect. down their backs, and their manes The most common mark is a and tails are black. The list of far. And when the white def. the dun and lead colour becomes cends from thence pretty broad lighter gradually, like the back towards the nose, it is called a of an eel; whence they are faid blaze. When there is a smaller to be eel-backed. Dun horses line proceeds from thence in the are very feldom cholen, and yet fame manner, it is said to be a they may be very useful for fnip; and when the greatest part country farmers. The fallow and of the horse's face is covered with the cream-coloured horses are in white, he is said to be bald. A higher efteem, as well for beauty star is never beautiful unless it be as use; especially if their muzzles of a moderate size; nor is that and joints are black, as well as face becoming which is all over their manes and tails; some have white, descending to the bottom these laft of a silver colour, with of the cheeks. A fnip should alout any abatement of their good. ways be strait, when it is ness. The fallow and the tawny awry, it is disagreeable. When duns are often thaded with a stars or blazes are fringed with darker colour, or are faintly black hairs, as in some of the dappled, and when they are well browns, they look pretty enough; matched, make a fine appearance but then their faces foon grow as coach-horses.

grey, which gives them an old Some horfes are diftinguified look. But it is otherwise with : by a peach.colour, the starling, the greys and forrels, who gene. and the fea-bitten : but there, rally have their stars and blazes partake of the colours already fringed with their own colour. mentioned, to which they may be referred. Some again are

(To be continued.) Snely spotted like leopards or

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Fidelity in Dogs. - Anecdote.of E. W. Montague, Esq. 141 To the Editors of the Sporting out of the way of his history, Magazine,

purely to describe the lamentable

cries and howlings of the poor Gentlemen,

dogs they left behind. He makes EADING lately a collection

mention of one who followed his of voyages and travels, by master across the sea of Salamis, Churchill

, I found the following where he died, and was honoured singular mode of treatment which

with a tomb by the Athenians, that noble animal the horse

who gave the name of the Dog's receives from the natives of Mo-Grave to that part of the island rocco, after they have made the

where he was buried. This repilgrimage to Mecca; as it is cu- spect to a dog, in the most polite rious, I think it may claim a cor people in the world, is very obe ner in your excellent Repository, fervable. And am, Gentlemen,

A modern instance of gratitude Your hunible servant,

to a dog (though we have but

CURIOSUS. few fuch) is, that the chief order June 14, 1794

of Denmark (now injuriously

called the Order of the Elephant) “ In Morocco," says Chur

was instituted in memory of the chill," the natives have a great fidelity of a dog named Wild respect for horses that have been Brat, to one of their kings who the pilgrimage to Mecca, where had been deferied by his subjects : Mahomet was born; they are he gave his order this motto, or called hadgis, or Saints ; such to this effect, (which still remains) horses have their necks adorned 56 Wild Brat was faithful." Sir with strings of beads, and relics, William Trumbull related a story being writings wrapped up in which he heard from one that was cloth of gold, or Glk, containing present: King Charles I. being the names of their prophet: and with some of his court during his when those horses die, they are troubles, a discourse arose, what buried with as much ceremony fort of dogs deserved pre-emias the nearest relations of their

nence, and it being on all hands The king of Morocco agreed to belong either, to the has one of them, which he cau. ses to be led before him when he gave his opinion on the part of

spaniel or grey hound: the king goes abroad, very richly accou.

the greyhound; “ because,” said tred, and covered with these he, “ it has all the good-nature writings; his tail being held up of the other, without the fawn. by a christian flave, carrying in ing.” This may be considered one hand a pot and a towel, to

as a good piece of satire upon his receive the dung, and wipe the courtiers. pofteriors.

owners.

Dogs.

To the Editors of the Sporting Singular Instances of FIDELITY in

Magazine.

Gentlemen, LUTARCH, relating how HAVE observed in several of

the Athenians were obliged your former Numbers, that to abandon Athens, in the time of you have given anecdotes of reThemistocles, fteps back again markable persons, which I very VOL, IV, No. XXI.

T

much

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