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suis as an infulter, or a spy to provision in its hole. The boys . warn all its little companions of kept this cuckoo'alive two years the cu.koo's depredations. aftei wards in the stove į but

Such are ihe manners of this whether it repaid them with a febird, whilst it continues to coud song, the author of the tale lide, or be seen among us. But has not thought fit to inform us.” early, at the approach of winter, The inost probable opinion on it-totally disappears; and its par. this subject is, that as quails and fage cannot be traced to any other woodcocks fhift their habitations country. Some are of opinion in winter, fo also does the cucthat it lies hid in hollow trees, koo ; but to what country it le. and others that it passes into tires, or whether it has ever been warme climares. Which of seen on its journey, are questions these opinions are best founded, which we are wholly incapable of seems very uncertain, as there resolving. are no facts related on either side In different parts of the world, which can fully be relied upon. many varieties of this bird are to To support the opinion that they be found, but differing in their remain torpid during the winter, mape and colours. Latham menat home, Willoughby introduces tions forty species : a large spotthe following story, which he de- ted cuckoo appears in the south livers upon the credit of another : of Spain, and a black crefted fpe

66 The servanis of a gentlemancies at the Cape of Good Hope. in the country having stocked up Only the common and fpotted in one' of their meadows, some cuckoo have been seen in Eu. old dry rotten willows, thought rope. proper, on a certain occalion, to carry them home. In hearing a stove, two logs of his tiniber

GENERAL Rules to be observed in

ANGLING. were put into the furnace beneath, and fire applied as usual : but N angler should poffefs much soon, to the great surprise of the family, was heard the voice of a and inuft neither be dejected with cuckoo, linging three times from bad luck, nor elated with good ; under the stove. Wondering at well knowing that he cannot also extraordinary a cry in winter ways be equally successful. time, the servants ran and drew He foult Melter himself, as the willow-logs from the fur. much as possible, from the light nace, and, in the midst, one of of the filh, for they are timorous then saw something move: where- and fhy; when he angles for a fore taking an axe they opened trout, he need not make any the whole, and thrusting in their more than one or two trials for hands, first they plucked out no- hion in the same place, for in thing but feathers: afterwards that time he will either take it, they got hold of a living animal; or wholly reject it. and this was the cuckoo, that had Cloatlis of a glaring colour waked fo very opportunely for its Mould not be worn by the anown fafety.""

gier, as being nyore difcernible " It was, indeed,” continues and alarmning to

the aquatic our historian, “ brisk and lively, tribe. He must be careful to but wholly naked, and bare of have his tackle neat, and his baits feathers, and without any winter ' in the greatest perfection,


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The beft times for angling are lowing be gloomy, dark, and from April to October ; and the overcast, much sport may be best rime of the day, from three depended on; for the filh are then till nilie in the morning ; and as limorous as on fun-fhiny days, three in the evening till fun-fet. and never stir from their holds : The fourh'wind is the best to an- having therefore abstained from gle in ; next to that is the welt; food all night, they are become the cooler these winds blow, in hungry and eager; and, encou the hottest months, is the belt raged by the darkness and gloomi. timne to filh.

ness of the day, venture to rangę .. If you angle in an eafterly about, and bite with appetite and wind, your labour will be in

courage, vain ; if it blows from any other In order to learn what ground point, provided it be not 100 bait is to be preferred for the re: Tharp, you may have success. 1pective fith you mean to kille Always remember that fish will open the stomach of the first you never bite before a Mower of take, and, finding on what he fed rain.

last, "bair accordingly. The best time to take trout, If the angler purfues his sport and other fish with the ground in a pond, he fhould prefer a fpot line, is morning and evening, in near the fords where cattle are clear weather and water ; but accustomed to drink.

In rivers, when the day is cloudy, of the if he angles for breams, he fhould water muddy, you may angle make choice of the quietest and the whole day.

deepest parts; for tels, under Añ ängler may cáteh great trees hanging over banes; for plenty of filh, in a dark, close, chubs, in deep'fhaded holes ; for gloomy, or lowering day, if the pearch, in fcours; for roaches wind is foutherly; and, as the in winter, in the deeps, at all poet says, when

other times where it is pro jer to

angle for perch ; and for trout in " The healing shower is scarce to patter rapid ftreams.

heard “ By such as wander thro' the foreft walks, under bridges, at the falis of mills,

It is good angling in whirlpools, “ Beneath th' umbragcous multitude of leaves."

and in any place where the water

is deep and clear, and not difturbIf there happens to be a hoar- ed with either wind or weather ; froft, either in the spring, or ad. also at the opening of Quices and vancing of the season, Arh will mill dams. not bite on thote days, except in

The angler who fithes for the evening

roach, dace, &c. in a stream, After a dark, cloudy, or windy must cáft bis ground bait above night, little sport can be ex his book; and he must alwaỹs. pected the next day in catching teme riber to plumb his grotina. large fifh, and especially with re. When he has struck a good gard to trout for in those fish, he should keep his rod bent, nights they range about to prey which will prevent the fish from upon the foraller kinds ; bor if running to the end of the line, the night could be rendered whereby it might break its bold: Brilliant by the thining of the Rely not on the ftrength of mook and Aars, and the day fol your rod and line, when you


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have hooked a good filh ; but al.: formed the best soldiers ; tha ways use your landing net.

there is neither art nor proteí. Your iod should not be kept Gon which bears more resemblance too dry, or too moist ; as the one and proportion with war than wilt render it brittle, and the hunting; that it habituales men other rottel). In sultry weather, to cold, to heat, to fatigues ; always wet the joints of your that it kindles courage, elevates rod io make them adhere; if by the soul, invigorates the body, being too wet they should stick so makes the limbs more pliant and a's not to be easily moved, never agile, the reales

acute ; use force, nor attempt to strain that it retards old age, and that the rod; but turn the ferrel of the pleasure it procures is a so: that joint which is fast, a few vereign remedy against uneafivefs times over the flame of a candle, of mind, 6. The chase," says à and it will feparate.

celebrated modern author,," forIn rainy weather, or when the tifies the heart as well as the season for fishing is over, repair body." The ancients made Die whateverdamage your tackle may ana the foe to love, and the alle. have sustained. :

gory is perfectly just ; the lan. Never fish in any water that is guors of love are felt only in innot common, without the leave of dolent repose : violent exercise the owner, which is feldom re

stifies all soft and tender rensa. fused to any but those who do not tions. In the forest, amid rural deserve it.

scenes, the lover and the bunter If at any time you happen to

are fo differently afected, that be overheated with walking, or they form diverse images of the other exercise, avoid small 1-self-fame objects.

The shady quors, (water especially) as you groves, the fragrant bowers, the would poison. A glass of rum or

soft retreats of the former, are brandy may, then be necessary ; to the other only pastures for the instantaneous effects of which, deer, or haunts of game; where in cooling the body, and quench nothing is heard by the one ing thirst, are almost incredible. but nightingales, linnets, and

iarbling birds ; the other fancies

only the sound of the horn, and HISTORICAL ESSAY ór, the Chase. the yells of the hounds :

imagines only dryads and nymphs, Continued from page 319. the other only huntsmen, packs, Enophon not less great as a. and horses,

philosopher than as a general, Lycurgus and Agesilaus were after his juftly famous retreat with very solicitous that their hunti. ten thousand, retired to Sillon- men should be well treated on tum, where he built a chapel to their return from the chase. The Diana, amusing himself with his Spartans took delight in huntingfons and his friends in the sports parties, and such as could not at. of the chase. It was also iherel iend, lent their dogs and their that he composed his works, horses to those who had none. particularly what he has wrote The huntsmen of antiquity were on hunting, a diversion of which ordinarily very devour; it was a he was very fond, and which he tenet with them that the gods celebrates with becoming praise. took pleasure in beholding men He thoughi that this exercise attach themselves to so innocent




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Histcrical Efay on the Chase.

13 and falutary an exercise, and they , hind, or upon the neighbouring .confecrated the fi: ft fruits of their chase to their patron goddess, the ease. The scpulchre of the Na. cbafte Diana.

fos, discovered near Rome, and The Romans, warriors from which we find represented in the their birth, made hunting an antiquities of Grævius, furnishes important concern: it was the us' with an example of this strai [chool in which all their : great tagem in hunting, and the fame were forined

Among that

is also confirmed by a paffage in people every person might hunt, Claudian. whether on his own estate, or on -- Tlie chase, according to Pliny, the lands of others. , L. Æinilius gave rise to monarchical states. presented the young Scipio with In the earliest ages, says that hife an hunting equipage equal to those torian, men had no private por of the kings of Macedonia ; and, refsions. They passed their lives after the defeat of Perseus, Sci. | devoid of fear and envy, having pio Spent in hunting all the time no other eheinies than the beats that the troops remained in that f of prey; the hunting of thefe kingdom., "All the amusement was their tole occupation; to of the Roman youth," says Pliny that he who exhibited molt dexin his panegyric to Trajan, "and terity and force, naturally be the school in which all their came chief of the hunters of his great commanders were formed, country, and presided in the af. was the chase : at least, it may be semblies they held for making a advanced, that courage inade greater havoc among the ferothe hunters, and ambition war- cious animals; but in the sequel, riors."

these troops of hunters began to á. The sports of the field were contend for the places more always conGdered, both by, the abundant in game ; they fought,

Greeks and the Romans, as the and the vanquilhed remained in source of health and glory, the subjection to the victors; thus it pleasure of the gods, and the was that dominations were formproper pastime, for heroes and ed. The first kings and the firft kings.. Julius Cæsar, speaking conquerors, were accordingly in praise of the people of the hunters. The collection of Phinorth, says, that they are expert | lippe d'Inville, presents us with and attentive both in hunting numberless evidences drawn from and war; and he himself gave an antiquity in favour of the chale, elagant entertainment of hunting and the encomiums, that have at Rome, which continued five been bestowed on: it by Plato, days. Pompey, after having fub- Xenophon, Polybius, Pollux, Cijugated the Africans, introduced cero, Virgil, Horace, Seneca, and exercised among them the Pliny the Younger, 'Justin, Sym sports Po

Vegetius, &c. This mans made use of a trap of an ex. unanimous concurrence traordinary kind: they laid mir- plain demonstration how bighly rors in the track usually held by the chase was regarded as useful, the dangerous animals, and while to the prince, and to the young one of them was amusing himself nobility, designed by their valour in contemplating his fellow which to be the support of the state. he imagined be law in the mir. The Laplanders a neglect the isor, the hunters, concealed be cultivation of their grounds, to.

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Defence of the Game Laws. live only on game and filh. The

All the general affemblies of Tartars also draw the whole of the nation, or the great parliatheir subfiftence from the chare ments where the kings prelived and their hares: when there is a in person over all that was illor. {carcity of game, they eat their trious among the French, were horfes, and drink the milk of regularly terminated by a party their maces."" The curious letters

of hunting. The lovers of that of their millionary jesuits in China, amusement being desirous contain relations of hunting-par. chusing a faint, under whose auries made by whole armies, 'con. (picies they miglit celebrate their fifting of several thousands of feait, they claimed, with all mer. They are extremeiy fre. France, the patronage of St. Mars quent among the Mongoles. The tin; afterwards, that kingdom Indians of America are continu: having changed its protector, the ally hunting, while their women hunters but partially adopted are employed in domestic con- St. Denis, 'whom all the 'orders cerns. Whenever these savages of the state had chofen. They undertake long journies, they would have a patron who had carry with them no store of pro. shewn the same taste, and had vifions, but estirely depend for pra&tifed their exercise; they fubîstence on the fruits that na. therefore had récourse to St, Hu. ture abundantly offers them on bert, whose call from heaven, it every side, or on the beast they is pretended, was announced to thall kill on their way. It may him by an apparition he had, be affiroved, that one half of the while hunting of a stay, that bore inhabitants of the world at pre- a cross between his antlers, The fent, live ooly on the produce of festival of this saint, which falls: the chase.

at present on the third of Novem. Our first kings reserved to

ber, bas fuffered some variations; themselves the great forests of or, rather, the body of the fainit the kingdom; and in these they having had several translations, passed whole seasons in following each of them has been kept as a the sports of the field. We read festival. Accordingly, there was in Gregory of Tours, that king a feast of St. Hubert in April, Govtran, became so jealous of one in May, which is the true bis chase, that it cost three of his time of his death ; another in courtiers their lives for having November, which is that still rekilled a buffalo without his leave.

tained, and finally one in De. He was, at that time, in the cember. mountains de Vauges, where he

(To be continued.). had made one of these referva. tions for hunting. Charlemagne and his first succesfors had no

Defence of the Game LAWS. fixed abode, on account of the pleasure of hunting in various Extracted from the LAUREAT'S places. These monarchs paffed INTRODUCTION to his ESSAYS the whole of their reignin going on SPORTING. fucceflively from Aix-la-Cha- URAL diversions, when folpelle to Aquitaine, and from the lowed in a liberal manner, palace of 'Cafenveil to that of are particularly useful in this Verberie, in Picardy.

ifand; where from the nature




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