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Character from Ireneus is the more to be depended on, because it so exactly agrees with the Testimonies of soms Ancient Heathen Historians, refer'd to by • Eusebius, who particularly observe that this persecution (under which St. John was Banilhid into Patmos, and saw the Revelation there) did chiefy, if not solely belong to the 15th or last year of Domitian, and the Consulthip of Flavius Clemens, 1.6. to the latter end of A. D. 95. and to the greatest part of the following year 96.
Corollary. Hence it evidently follows, that none of the Predi&tions contain'd in the Revelation of St. John can refer to the Times or Events before the Destruction of Jerusalem; or indeed, before the conclusion of the Reign of Domitian, when St. John Saw these Visions. This is an undeniable Consequence of the two Laft Propofitions compar’d together. For fince it appears by the firft, that these issons are all Predictions of things future ; and by this fecond, that they were not fren till toward the end of the Řeign of Domitian; It is clear that they cannot refer to former Times at all; much less to the Times so far preceeding, as those before the Destruction of Jerusalem. And ibis Observation intire. ly overthrows the very Foundations of Grotius's, and Dr. Ham. mond's, and Mr. Thorndike's Expositions of these Prophecies. Thos truly, if these Visions had been feen before that Deftruction, the Interpretations of those, otherwise, Great Men, appear to be much too loose, inaccurate, and precarious; and too contrary to the Histories of those Times to be at all thought of for the German ine Meaning of this Prophecy. Nis indeed do I imagin that they will ever have any Followers in such their odd, and unaccouniable Notions in these Matters : The Papists themselves, whofe Cause these Notions would so mightily serve, not at all appearing
to agree to them ; and the occasions of such forc'd Interpretations
Visions did appear, was that of the Encampment
This will appear from a Comparison of the words of the Prophecy, with the Description of the Camp of the Israelites in the Wilderness. The Encampment of the twelve Tribes in the Wilderness is thus Describd or Order'd by Mofes,
And the children of Israel shall pitch their tents, every man by Nambo ji's his own camp, and every man by his own standard, throughout bac. their hosts. But the Levites shall pitch round about the tabernacle of reftimony, that there be no wrath upon the congregation of the children of Israel. And the Levites filvállkeep the charge of the tabernacle of testimony. And the Lord spake unto Moses and un- Numb.ij. 1, to Aaron, saying, Every man of the children of Ifrael shall pirch loca by his own standard, with the enlign of their fathers house, overagainst the tabernacle of the congregation shall they pitch. And on
the east side, toward the rising of the sun, Mall they of the standard of the camp of Judah pitch throughout their Armies; and with him mall pitch the tribes of Issachar and Zebulun. On the south fide shall be the standard of the camp of Reuben, according to their armies and with him pall pitch the tribes of Simeon and Gad. Then the tabernacle of the congregation shall fer forward with the camp of the Levites, in the midst of the camp. As they encamp, jo Aball they set foru'ard, every man in his place by their standards. On the west side Mall be the standard of the camp of Ephraim, accordo ing to their armies : and by him shall pitch the
tribes of Manaffes and Benjamin. The standard of the camp of Dan shall be on the north side by their armies, and by him mall encamp the tribes of Asher and Nephrali
. And the children of Israel did according to all that the Lord commanded Mofes : so they pitched by their stane dards, and so they set forward, every one after their families, according to the house of their fathers.
The Prophetick Scene is thus describ'd by St. John. Apoc.iv. 2.&c. And immediately I was in the spirit, and behold a throne was
set in heaven, and one fat on the throne. And he that fat was to look upon like a jasper, and a sardine stone : and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald. And round about the throne were four and twenty feats; and upon the fears I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment, and ihey had on their heads crowns of gold. And out of the throne proceeded lightenings, and thunderings, and voices; and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God. And before the throne there was a sea of glass like unto cristal: and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne were four animals full of eyes before and behind. And the first animal was like a lion, and the second animal was like an *ox, and the third animal had a face as a man, and the fourth animal was like a flying eagle. And the four animals had each of them fix wings about him: and they were full of eyes within : and they have no rest day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was,
Máq@ enim Hellenistis Bos est. Ezek j. 10. Exod. xxxiv. 19. Namb. viij. 17. & alibi quadragies. Med. p. 544.
and is, and is to come. And when those animals are to give glory, honour, and thanks to him that firs on the throne, who. liveth for ever and ever, the four and twenty elders will fall down before him that fits on the throne , and will worship him that liveth for ever and ever,and will cast their crowns before ihe throne, saying, Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory, and honour, and power, for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are, and were created.
So that we see in both cases a Throne for the Divine Majesty, the Holy of Holies in the Tabernacle or Temple in the Wilderness; and a Throne, so call'd expressly, in the Revelation : and both are to be fuppos'd not vacant, but fill’d with the Divine Majesty; as 'tis particularly mention'd in the Revelation. Next to the Tabernacle in the Wilderness was the Camp of the Levites, including the Priests as their principal part. Next to the Throne in the Revelation are the 24 Elders, like the Heads of the 24 Courses of the Priests appointed by David, to attend in their Turns upon the Tabernacle or Temple, including the several Courses themselves also. Beyond these, in the Wilderness, are the twelve Tribes of Israel, reduc'd into four Armies or Bodies, pitching at a convenient die ftance on the East, South, West, and North sides; with each Army its particular Ensign and Standard, under so many prin. cipal Tribes, Iudah, Reuben, Ephraim, and Dan. Each of which principal Tribes, as the Head of each several Army, according to the Ancient Tradition of the Jews, had their own peculiar Animals display'd upon their Banners : And the fame Tradition also affirms, that Iudah's Ensign was a Lion; Ephraim's an Ox; Reuben's a Man; and Dan's an Eagle. And this Number and Order of the Animals, belonging to the Ensigns, is mightily confirm’d by the corresponding Situation of the four like faces of a Cherub, mention'd by * Ezekiel; where Ezek,1.4,6,10,
& X. 14
Neque difficile admodum fuerit ex Ezechielis & Cherubinorum ad invicem in ifthac visione pofitu, quam quæque Cherubinorum facies mundi pla• + Ezek, i.
1.4. gam respexisset colligere. Quippe cum Ezechiel † converso ad feptentrionem vultu, Cherubinos quasi obviam fibi prodeuntes conspiceret, certe quz tum ei è regione obversabatur anterior erat, & directa cherubinorum facics; nimirum HOMINIS, coque Hominis facies Austrum (pectabat. Unde fequi
that on the East was of a Lion; that on the South of a Man; that on the West of an Ox; and that on the North of an Ea. gie, in perfect agreement with that ancient Tradition of the Jews concerning the Number and Situation of the several Stan. dards of the Tribes in the Wilderness, and to the great Illustration of the Scene before us. For beyond the 24 Elders in the Revelation, we find these four Animals, just the same in Number and Position with those of the Ensigns in the Wilderness; and accordingly they must denote che twelve Tribes, or the Israel of God, in the Times of the New Testament; i.ca
The Church of Christ, or more particularly the Church of the Gentiles, upon and during the Rejection of the Jews. [For it is very easy to observe, that as the Stile of St. John in the Revelation is commonly taken from the Old Prophets of the Jews; so is the Christian Church represented by the Jewish; and agreeably the Enemies of the Christian Church represented under the names of the Enemies of the Jewish Church under the Old Testament.] And as in general this Situation of the several parts of the Scene or Theater, in the Revelation, agrees exactly with that in the Wilderness; only changing, upon occasion, the Tabernacle for the Temple; lo do the other Characters, Expressions, and Circumstances suit also. The Elders not only agree in Number with the Heads of the Courses of the Priefts, 24 in both cases; but they are cloath'd in white, as the Priests were; and they wear Crowns
also; which tho'it be an additional Honour above the Priests Exod. xix. 6. under the Old Testament, yet is it agreeable to the Promises
there, and in the New Testament, that the Priests should at Apoc. i. 6.
last be Kings also, or be a Royal Priesthood unto God. The Exod. xxv. 31,
seven Lamps are here before the Throne, as the Candlestick with 32, 37. seven Lamps was before the most
Holy place in the Tabernacle : 2 Chron.iv.20. and the Sca of Glass, like unto Crystal, plainly answers to the Zech.iv. 2. 2 Chron. iv.
great Molten Sea in the Temple of Solomon. And agreeably to
this Scene or Theater of the Tabernacle or Temple do we every2, 3, 4
where find the Visions and Representations all along the Pro* Verf. 10. tur quæ eidem Ezechieli ad dextram fuiffe dicitur LEONIS, Orientem, qux
que ei ad finiftram BOVIS, Occidentem, AQUILINAM denique faciem specalle Aquilonem. Med. Comment. Apocalypt. P. 542.
1 Pet. ij. 9
& v. 10.