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The stern patriotism and inflexible republicanism which adorned the character of Dr. Bartlett, have already been developed. His mind was quick and penetrating, his memory tenacious, his judgment sound and perspective. His natural temper was open, humane, and compassionate. In all his dealings he was scrupulously just, and faithful in the performance of all his engagements. These brilliant talents, combined with distinguished probity, recommended him early in life to the esteem and confidence of his fellow-citizens. But few persons, by their own merit, and without the influence of family or party connexions, have, like him, risen from one degree of confidence to another; and fewer still have been the instances, in which a succession of honourable and important offices have been held by any man with less envy, or executed with more general approbation.
WILLIAM WHIPPLE, also a delegate from New Hampshire, was descended from a family of much respectability and good connexions in the province. His father William Whipple was a native of Ipswich, in Massachusetts, and was bred a maltster. Having removed to Kittery in Maine, he followed the sea, during several years. He married Mary, the eldest daughter of Robert Cutts. Her grandfather, Robert Cutts, was a brother of John Cutts, the president of New Hampshire, and emigrated from England to the West Indies, where he married a wealthy widow, who died soon after. He then married Mary Hoet, an English lady, who had removed to the West Indies. Soon after their marriage they came to Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and subsequently removed to Kittery, where Mr. Cutts established a ship-yard, and carried on the business of ship-building very extensively. They had two sons, Richard and Robert, and four daughters. Robert married Dorcas Hammond, the daughter of major Joseph Hammond, whose father, having been an adherent of Oliver Cromwell, left England on the death of the protector, came to this country and settled in Kittery. They had four daughters; Mary, the wife of William Whipple; Catharine, who married John Moffat, a merchant, who then resided at Kittery, but afterwards removed to Portsmouth; Mehitable, who married Jotham Odiorne, merchant of Portsmouth; and
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Elizabeth, who married the Rev. Joseph Whipple, the brother of William Whipple, and who settled in the ministry at Hampton Falls. Mr. Cutts possessed a large estate, and his daughter, Mrs. Whipple, inherited from him a very valuable farm in Kittery, situated on the eastern branch of the Piscataqua river, opposite to the island where the navy yard is now established, and within view of the town of Portsmouth. Mr. Whipple now abandoned his nautical pursuits, and resided on this estate, which he held in right of his wife, where he employed himself as a farmer and maltster. Mrs. Whipple was a lady of excellent sense, agreeable manners, and many pleasing accomplishments. They had five children; William, Robert, Joseph, Mary, and Hannah. Robert died when he was about nineteen years of age : Joseph was educated in the countingroom of Nathaniel Carter, a merchant of Newburyport, and established himself in business in Portsmouth, in company with his brother: they continued their mercantile connexion until a short time previous to the commencement of the revolutionary war. He was afterwards appointed collector of the port of Portsmouth, first by the state of New Hampshire, and after the adoption of the federal constitution, by the president of the United States: he held this office, with a short intermission, until a few months before death. He died without issue, on the twenty-sixth of February, 1816, in the seventy-eighth year of his age. Mary Whipple, the eldest daughter, married Robert Trail, comptroller of the port of Portsmouth previous to the revolution. They had three children, Robert, William, and Mary: Robert and William went to Europe, where they settled; and Mary married Keith Spence, a merchant from Scotland who settled in Portsmouth. Captain Robert T. Spence, their son, holds a distinguished rank in the navy of the United States. Hannah Whipple, the youngest daughter, married Joshua Brackett, an eminent physician in Portsmouth, who, during the revolution, was judge of the maritime court of New Hampshire. Her mother, Mary Whipple, resided with her after the death of her husband, and died in 1783, at the advanced age of eighty-five years. WILLIAM WHIPPLE, the eldest son of William Whipple, was born at Kittery, in the year 1730. He was educated at one of the public schools in that town. The instruction he received was such as was usually given to youths of respectable families, destined to make their fortunes by commercial pursuits, and though not of that general and extended kind which is now bestowed, certainly was not so limited or deficient as has been supposed. He displayed throughout his whole life the marks of early attention and a good elementary education. On leaving school he embarked immediately on board of a merchant vessel, the constant and customary mode of commencing a commercial life at that period, but not, as has been intimated, with the intention or view of adopting a seafaring life, strictly so to speak, as his future occupation. In this pursuit he made several voyages and amassed some fortune; his intercourse appears to have been chiefly with the West Indies, and it has been said that he engaged in the slave trade; of this we have no direct evidence, but it is not improbable, as such a traffic was one of the most frequent in those times, among all commercial nations, that the vessels in which he embarked were occasionally engaged in it. In the year 1759, however, he abandoned the sea entirely, being then in the twenty-ninth year of his age, and entered into business in Portsmouth, with his brother, under the firm of William and Joseph Whipple. This connexion was discontinued about one or two years previous to the revolution. Mr. Whipple married his cousin, Catharine Moffat, one of the daughters of John Moffat, his offspring was limited to one child, which died in its infancy. He resided in the family of his father-in-law from the time of his marriage until his death. At an early period of the contest, he took a decided part in favour of the colonies, in their opposition to the claims of Great Britain; and his townsmen, placing the highest confidence in his patriotism and integrity, frequently elected him to offices which required great firmness and moderation. In January, 1775, he was chosen one of the representatives of the town of Portsmouth to the provincial congress, held at Exeter for the purpose of choosing delegates to the general congress, which was to meet in Philadelphia on the tenth of May following. When the disputes between the two countries were approaching to a crisis, the provincial committee of safety of New Hampshire recommended that a provincial congress should be formed, for the purpose of directing and managing the public affairs of the state during the term of six months. The delegates from the town of Portsmouth were five in number, among whom was captain Whipple. He accordingly attended the meeting of the congress, which convened at Exeter in the beginning of May, 1775, and was elected by that body one of the provincial committee of safety, who were to regulate the affairs of government during the war. In the early part of the same year, he was also chosen one of the committee of safety for the town of Portsmouth. At the close of the year 1775, the people of New Hampshire assumed a form of government, consisting of a house of representatives and a council of twelve, the president of which was the chief executive officer. Mr. Whipple was chosen one of the council, on the sixth of January, 1776, and