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Ross Vanderlyn's Wife. By Rett Winwood.....
39 Segovia. By Nugent Robinson ..
563 Singer's Ghost, The. By Nathan D. Urner.
446 Tahiti, the Last King of. By C. F. Gordon Cumming 470
336 Tom Navarro. By Amelia A. Barr...
247 Visit to the Phosphate Fields and Hills. By Miss Jennie
447 Whited Sepulchre, A, By M. T. Caldor. ,449, 677, 705
Why Featherstonaugh Puzzled Him. By Collin Shackleford.. 626
Bowie Knife Hero, The:
“Bowie returned the fire with a double-barreled gun and
389, 392 Brigandage in Macedonia :
109 A Group of Brigands-An Encampment of Greek Brigands 149
80 Brought to Confession :
*They could all see her then. A woman with a young
dead face, loose hair and clasped hands”.
Aaron Burr Disguised as a Priest - " Burr raised his arm
649 Aaron Burr on bis Midnight Visit to Mrs. Prevost - Aaron
652 The Home of Madame Jumel, once the Wife of Aaron Burr 236
653 Butterfly, A:
The Papilio Machao-Caterpillar and Chrysalis.. 629
Membraneous feet of Caterpillar - Metamorphoses of the
Larva and Pupe-Antenna--Chrysalides...
Scale of Wings-Oldest Fossil Butterfly Wing.
Cecil Carteret's Heart:
Earth's Treeless Region - Continued.
General View of the Mauvaises Terres of Nebraska.
Bad Lands, Minnesota-An Illinoi Prairie on Fire
A Ride through the Pampas, South America - A Prair.e
The Colossi of Memnon,
the Desert of Egypt-Amid
the Northern Ice-The Cavalcade in the Desert,
The Old Manse - Home of Emerson..
161 Summer School at Concord
85 End of a Tragedy, The :
“Ile was coming toward where the spectral corpse of my
89 England's only Living General, Sir Garnet Wolseley :
Surfboats Landing Wolseley's Troops on the A'rican Coast
- Landing Stores by Native Boats-The Advance
Sir Garnet Receiving News from the Front-Capture and
Destruction of Coomassie, King Coffee's Capital.... 392
532 Sir Garnet Proceeding to bis Installation as Governor of
Cyprus - Holding a Reception at Nicosia, Cyprus.... 393
Surrender of Cetewayo's Brothers..
537 Cetewayo Entering Wolseley's Camp-Wolseley's Capture
of Sekukuni's Stronghold, Zulu Chiefs Signing Peace
Portrait of Cetewayo..
541 English Mission, 'The First Century of the :
544 John Jay-James Munroe...
Martin Van Buren - Washington Irving
Edward Everett - George Bancroft....
James Buchanan-George M. Dallas-Charles Francis
Adams-Robert C. Schenck.
J. Lothrop Motley..
385 Reverdy Johnson - John Walsh - J. Russell Lowell... 18
437 Escape for Life from a Fijian Cyclone :
“I heard a plunge into the sea behind me "'_“I clutched
at it in a helpless kind of way
129 “The Fijians, seeing that I was numb with cold"-" They
pluckily dived into the hold".
133 Faith of Kilmarnock, The:
“He raised his chapeau from the raven curls, and the
monrnful eyes of the stately rider were fixed with pity
140 Federal Cities and Capitols of the United States :
141 State House of Philadelphia, the First National Capitol.. 257
Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia, First Meeting Place of
Congress-Old Chair Preserved in Carpenter's Hall.. '260
585 Congress House, Baltimore, Second National Capitol... 260
304 Court House at York, Pa., Third National Capitol....
408 Nassau Hall, Princeton, Fourth National Capitol.. 261
State Hall, Annapolis, Md., Fifth National Capitol.. 265
Old Stone Church, Trenton, N. J., Sixth National Capitol 25
Old City Hall, Broad and Wall Streets, New York,
193 Flower-girl, The...
Found in a Coffin :
" Lending over the open part, she began to take out of its
depths, books, papers, India shawls, jewel-cases, and
Franconia Mountains. By J. F. Kensett..
Young Frog Catchers...
African Bullfrog- American Bullfrog.
113 Segmentation of Frog's Egg...
116 Tranverse Section of Vertebrate Body-Vertical Section
117 of the skin of Frog-Vertical Section of Frog's Heart 379
I Think it is John that's Out - Continued.
“One called at the farm last week; when he saw me he
381 | Jamestown, Va..
Keith of Ravelston ...
277 King Herring:
245 Looking out for a School of Herring at the Magdalen
IIerring Fisheries at the Mouth of the Ese, England--
Pulling for a School — The French Purse....
49 Dipping and Hauling the Nets at the Magdalen Islands.. 728
400 King's Daughter, The:
565 " Here is something he will give you.' He opened his
coat, displaying the ribbon of the Cross of the
Garter” "Softly kissing his hand, she drew him
along to a small door behind the altar"..
130 Kissing, History of:
181 The Kissing Bridge, New York, The Young Mother's
The Kiss that Waked the Sleeping Beauty and her Court.. 620
A Lake of Lager- How the Beer is Barreled...... 212
684 Visit to a Lager Beer Brewery, Traversing a Cellar. 213
685 A New York Cellar of Lager- The Real Lager Winter
Cellar - A Beer Cooler.....
220 The Cellar where the Lager Ferments - Bottling the Lager. 217
Lamb, The, and its Gurdians...
Land of the Peri:
The Mosque at Serinagur, Cashmere.....
The Hari-Parbat Bridge View of Serinagur.
A Bayadere, or Dancing Girl..
The Plane-tree Isle, in the Lake of Cashmere - An Orphan
House after a Famine - A Festival on the Lake of
Interior of a Mosque at Serinagur.
A Widow in Cashmere - A Girl of Cashmere.
57 Letter “S"; or, the Jocelyn Sin, The:
“ Winifred broke away from him and stood like a tigress
589 Lord of the World:
Jagannatha-Balarama, Brother of Jagannatha-Subha-
dra, bis Sister - Group of three Trisulas at Sanchi... 553
Part of a very Ancient Car of Jagannatba, Preserved near
the Temple, Trisula - The Sudarsana Chakra.. 55A
General View of the Temple of Jagannatha...
“His blue eyes were fixed upon her; they inspect with a
sort of fiery impatience the whole graceful and beauti,
Macaw, The Blue and Yellow....
513 Maori Pah with Gigantic Iluman Figures-An old New
Zealand Chief - Maori Girl in Native Cloak..... 21
The Tetarata, or Hot Springs in New Zealand.
A Maori Wha-re - Vapor Springs, Koropete.
521 A Maori Dance before a Wha-re-A Native Woman with
her Heitiki-Wi Marsh, Ohinemutu Chief, with Creer
Nose Rubbing, the Maori Mode of Salutation ---Carved
Gateway of a Maori Temple, ...
729 | Mariner's Compass, The :
Ma netic Needle and its Support--Compass in the Binna-
cle- Indicating the Direction of the Dipping Needle 505
Compass and Capstan -- Captain Cook’s New Compass
The Azimuth Indicator - Captain Cook's Adiuster... 503
VOL. XIV.- No. 1.
THE FIRST CENTURY OF THE ENGLISH MISSION.
By Hon. JOHN Bigelow. SAOULD Mr. Lowell remain in charge of the American given by our leading men for the English mission. Of Legation in London until the close of the Administration all our Presidents, for example, John Quincy Adams was of President Arthur, it will be just a century since diplo- probably the only one who had a full command of any matic relations were first established between the United language but the English. States and Great Britain.
As the official deportment of the present incumbent is Our representation at this Court during that period has just now under fire, and a lively clamor is being raised in been practically uninterrupted, and no other American certain quarters for his recall, it will be interesting and mission has been filled with such a succession of equally profitable to review rapidly the personal history of this eminent men.
mission, and Of the twenty
to study some six gentlemen
of the difficul. who have
ties and risks filled that
and perils mission, five
which have have been
beset those Presidents of
who, in times the United
past, have States, and
occupied that more than
position, from half of them
which one members
fact, at least, the Cabinet.
will distinctly Certain sim
appear, that ilarity in lan
those minisguage, in laws,
ters whose in blood, and
official conin the religion
duot has of the two
passed unchalcountries bas
lenged have doubtless
not always caused this
deserved best mission to be
of their regarded as
country. first in political import
JOHN ADAMS, ance, and
1785-1788. tended to
Passing draw to it the
over the anxibest diploma
ous period tic talent of
during which the country.
Dr. Franklin Ignorance of
was the agent the language
of the colon. usually spo
ies, the first ken at other
person upon Courts has
whom fell the no doubt had
honor of reits influence
presenting the in establish
United States ing the prefer
after the enoe tsually
acknowledgVol. XIV., No. 1-1.
ment of their independence was John Adams, who was appointed by Congress in 1785, our Constitutional Government being not yet organized.
His sojourn in London was anything but pleasant. No American, probably, could have been found whose reception at the English Court, under the circumstances, would have been gracious. For many centuries England had sustained no such humiliation as the loss of the larger and better portion of her American colonies, and the neeessity of recognizing and treating as an equal the despised colonists through whom this humiliation was wrought, was bitter, and not readily to be forgotten or forgiven. Nor would it have been easy to find a prominent man in all the colonies personally less welcome in England than Adams, who had been identified with all the boldest measures of the rebellion from the beginning; whose pride of opinion was boundless, and who had little faculty for commending unpleasant opinions to any one. He went little into general society, and as an American was welcome nowhere; he passed his time, however, perhaps not unprofitably in writing his “Defense of the American Constitution,” a book no longer read, but which had its valre in those days as a tolerably effective statement of the objections to the theories of Turgot, Mably, and of Dr. Price, who advocated single legislative assemblies, and the consolidation of the legislative and administrative powers of Government. After remaining in London about three years, during which time England not only omitted to send any diplomatic agent to the United States, but refused to recognize any basis upon which the numerous differences between the two Governments could be adjusted, he asked to be recalled, and returned to the United States in February, 1788, and at the approaching election, under the new constitution, had the historic distinction of being elected the first Vice President of the United States, on the same ticket with their first and most illustrious President.
THoMAS PINCKNEy, 1792–1794.
Mr. Adams was succeeded at London by Thomas Picckney, of South Carolina, the (son of Mrs. Chief Justice Pinckney, who deserves ever to be held in grateful remembrance for having first introduced the culture of rice into the Carolinas. He was sent to England in 1792. Of the results of his diplomacy there is little to be said, except that in 1794 he was transferred to Spain, where he negotiated the treaty of Saint Ildefonso, by which the free navigation of the Mississippi River was guaranteed to the United States. He seemed to have been personally acceptable to both those Courts; so acceptable indeed at the Court of Great Britain that his predecessor, Mr. Adams, was wont to ascribe his appointment to British influence.
After his return, and in the session of 1798, the Senate passed a resolution authorizing Mr. Pinckney to receive dertain presents which had been tendered to him by the Courts both of Madrid and London. The House of Representatives, however, on grounds of public policy, refused to concur with the Senate. This was the first case of the kind which arose under the new constitution; but, unhappily, the disposition made of it did not acquire the authority of a precedent. It would be difficult to name any branch of our Government nowadays which has the moral fortitude to decline presents of any sort or value, come they from what quarter they may.
John JAY, 1794–1795. The difficulties between Great Britain and the young republic were everyday growing more serious; the boundaries of their respective possessions on the American continent were undefined, while the British habit of regulating the
British colonial commerce with exclusive reference to home interests, was prolific of misunderstandings, which could only be settled by treaty. President Washington wished to send Alexander Hamilton as a special minister to London, to treat of these matters. The Senate, however, were so hostile to Hamilton, and so suspicious of his monarchical sympathies, that his appointment was found impracticable. Washington's choice then fell upon John Jay, the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He was appointed and confirmed in the Spring of 1794, having just been defeated as a candidate for Governor of New York, by George Clinton. It is perhaps the greatest reproach which can be made to the name of John Jay that the first Chief Justice of the United States should have been the first judicial officer under the American constitution to set the pernicious example of running for a political office. Though his example has been repeatedly imitated by members of the Federal judiciary since, happily it has never, in a single instance, been crowned with success. Jay reached London on the 15th of June, 1794, signed a treaty on the 9th of November, and was in New York again in the following May. Among other things, his treaty provided that British ships were to be admitted into all American harbors, with the right to ascend all rivers to the highest ports of entry, but did not confer upon American vessels the corresponding privilege of ascending the rivers of British North America. It also provided that Americans might trade to the West Indies in vessels not exceeding seventy tons burden, but they must not transport to Europe any of the colonial products. Though the treaty received the reluctant approval of Washington, as on the whole the best that could then be done with England, and much better than a renewal of the war, and though the Senate ratified the treaty by exactly a two-thirds vote, it provoked a fearful storm of popular indignation, and was denounced throughout the country, more or less, but with great unanimity in the Southern States as a pusillanimous surrender of American rights, and as a scandalous infidelity to France. The Boston democrats burned Jay in effigy with the treaty. Hamilton was stoned while speaking at a public meeting in New York in defense of it. The resolution that it was expedient to pass the laws necessary to carry the treaty into effect was only agreed to by the House of Representatives after a fierce debate, in which Fisher Ames led the forces of the administration. Only four members from the New England States voted against the resolution, and by a curious coincidence only four from the Southern States voted in its favor. Fortunately for Jay, he had been put in nomination for the Governorship of New York before he left England, and many months before the terms of the treaty transpired. He was elected by a large majority, and the result was officially declared just two days before he landed. He was, therefore, in a peculiarly fortunate position “to bide the pelting of this pitiless storm.” In the great commercial centres of the North and East, the public became reconciled to Mr. Jay, but the damage which his reputation sustained in the agricultural regions of the South was irreparable and effectually extinguished any presidential aspirations which a person who had held successively the office of Chief Justice of the United States, Minister to England, and Governor of New York, might reasonably have entertained.
RUFUS KING, 1796–1804.
It was not till the Spring following the confirmation of the Jay Treaty that Washington ventured to fill the