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interests of society from the transcendental point of view. It was in the midst of this excitement that I first met Channing's great theme was the “Dignity of Man,” but Mr. Emerson. It was in the Summer of 1838, when he here seemed to be a new school teaching the divinity of delivered an address before the literary societies of Dartman.
mouth College on the "American Scholar.” It was nearly Abont this timo a Transcendental Club was formed. It identical with one he had given the year previous before first met in the house of George Ripley, in Boston, on the the Phi Beta Kappa of Harvard. The scope of this ad. 9th of December, 1836, and afterward in Boston and various dress is that there should be an abandoment by the thinkplaces in the vicinity. Emerson attended nearly all the ing man of the New World of the empty ways of classic meetings. Theodore Parker, Elizabeth Peabody, Thomas and European traditions. The scholar must not live in J. Stone, Bronson, Alcott and Margaret Fuller were among the world of books alone, but in the world of men, also. the early members. Dr. Chunning and George Bancroft On this occasion he excited intense interest among the were freqnent visitors. Out of the Transcendental Club, students of Dartmouth, who gathered about him at the grew the Dial, a little quarterly journal, edited by Mar- levees given during commencement week. At one of garet Faller. It lasted only four years. With much sub- these, while conversing with some ladies about his visit to limated trash, it contained articles of rare merit and unde. Scotland, I ventured to ask bim if he went to Abbotsford. viable power. At the end of the second year Emerson "No," he languidly replied, "the man was not there." I became the sole editor, and some of his most remarkable said at once to myself, " This is either sheer affectation or essays and many of his best poems were printed in its Emerson has no imagination." Later I made up my mind pages. Another outcome of the Transcendental Club was that he had none. the Brook Farna Community, about which so much has Meantime Emerson's writings were beginning to attract been written.
the attention of men of thought in Europe. We bave alIt is impossible for the younger writers of the present ready noticed how Carlyle was impressed. In 1841 the generation to appreciate the enthusiasm with wbich the first series of essays was published. It fell into the hands followers of the Transcendental school rallied around their of Edgar Quinet, while he was giving his lectures at the high priest, or the ridicale heaped upon it by the community Collège de France. “A new philosophy," he said, in one generally. It may be compared to that showered upon the of them, "might be expected to come forth from those present school of wsthetes. It was quite the same way in virgin forests sooner or later, and already it begins to raise England. People suggested they might understand Em- its head." Herman Grimm, in Germany, was equally erson better if they stood on their heads. The London pronounced in his judgment of Emerson. The authoriPunch poked its fun at the Transcendentals without stint. ties of Harvard l'niversity, who had condemned him as a Among other nonsense, it discovered in the Emersonian heretic some years before, appointed liim a lecturer in the sentence, "Plant yourself on your instincts and the world same institution. In this instance the world had certainly will come round to you," a valuable suggestion to drink “come round" to him. sherry cobblers in the bot weather, in which case the world The publication of "Nature" was, as we have stated, in might at least go round with you. The proverbial remark 1836. In the same year he prepared for the press Carof Boston gentlemen at the time was, “We do not under lyle's “Sartor Resartus," from Fraser's Magazine. He stand it, but our daughters do."
afterward edited an edition of the "French Revolution," Emerson's residence became the Mecca for those who the proceeds of which he sent to Carlyle. He then colwere the children of his illumination, and the comers and lected from the English reviews, and published in three goers kept the peaceful town of Concord in a perpetual volumes Carlyle's miscellaneous works. Most emphatic farry. Nathaniel Hawthorn, who had gone to reside at testimony of the repute in which Emerson held Carlyle. the Old Manse in Concord with his young wife, has given Between 1838 and 1841 Mr. Emerson published several us a graphic description of the "comeouters," as they orations, essays and lectures, and in the latter year his were called, who came thither on pilgrimage :
first volume of essays. His second series of essays ap
peared in 1844, followed by a small volume of poems in " There were circumstances around me which male it difficult 1847. In that year he revisited Earope, and gave numerto view the world precisely as it exists; for, severe and sober as was the Old Manse, it was necessary to go but a little way beyond ons lectures in London, Manchester and other places in its threshold before meeting with stranger moral shapes of men England, and in Edinburgh. They consisted of those than might have been encountered elsewhere in a circuit of a afterward published under the titles "Representative thousand miles. These hobgoblins of flesh and blood were at Men," "Powers and Laws of Thought," "Tendencies and tracted thither by the wide-spreading influence of a great original Duties of Men of Thought," "Politics and Socialism," our village. His mind acted upon other minds of a certain consti- “Poetry and Eloquence,” “Natural Aristocracy,” “Na. tution with wonderful magnetism, and drew many men upon long poleon,” “Genius of the Present Age" and "The Hupilgrimages to speak with him face to face. Young visionaries, to manity of Science." These lectures produoed a remarkwhom just so much of insight had been imparted as to make life able impression upon the English mind, and brought their all a labyrinth around them, came to seek the clew that should author in contact with the leading literary men of the guide them out of their self-involved bewilderment. Gray
time. headed theorists, whose systems had finally imprisoned them in an fron framework, traveled painfully to his door, not to ask de
On his return to America Emerson gave the lectures, liverance, but to invite the free spirit into their own thraldom. afterwarıl printed in a volume entitled “English Traits.” People that had lighted on a new thought, or a thought they fan. Also a lecture on the French, with a pleasant account of clou naw. came to Emerson, as the inder of a glittering sem bis sojourn in Paris. He from time to time rewrote and hagtens to a lapidary to ascortuin its quality and value. Incertain, collected in volumes a large number of lectures delivered world, beheld his intellectual fire as a beacon burning on a hilltop, in various parts of the United States. These were severand climbing the diMcult ascent, looked forth into the surround- ully entitled "The Conduct of Life," "Society and Soliing obscurity more hopefully than hitherto. The light revealed tude," "Letters and Social Aims." In 1867 Emerson's objects unseen before- mountains, gleaming lakes, glimpses of a second volume of verses appeared, “Mayday and Other creation amid the chaos --bnt also, as was nnavoidable, it attracted hats and owls, and the whole host of nighthirds, which flapped Poems." These volumes had but a limited circulation. their dasky wings against the gazer's oyes, and sometimes were It was becanse Emerson was not a poet. His poems are mistaken for fowls of angelic leather."
mainly philosophical thoughts in verse, and are greatly
to be one element of true genius, and Emerson everywhere exhibits it. To the student his terse, philosophical religious teachings are especially impressive, but no scholar can mistake the fountains from which these are derived. From the works of Plato, from the “Shaster" of the Hindoos, from the "Zendavesta," from Buddha, the meditative recluse of India, and from the Mystics of Germany, Emerson absorbed and digested so well that the ingredients of the mixture could never be discovered except by the careful and pulastaking scholar. Notwithstanding his earnest remonstrance against “Retrospection," the “ Buildirg of the Sepulchres of onr Fathers," and so on, no man
erer drew deeper than EmerEMERSON'S LIBRARY.
son from the wisdom of the
past. and deservedly appreciated by thinkers, especially by sci. The old Hindoo sages, wrote ages ago : “God dwells entific thinkers. In his "Fragments of Science” Profes in all things in His fullness. All worship is one. Systems sor Tindall says:
of faith are different, but God is one.” The spirit of this ." The reader of my small contributions to the literature which texi runs through all of Emerson's writings which touch deals with the overlapping margins of science and theology will on religion, and I beg the reader to observe how much have noticed how often I quote Mr. Emerson. I do so mainly because in him we have a poet and a profoundly religious man, who
they resemble the epigrammatic style of the Hindoo. is really and entirely undaunted by the discoveries of science
The fact is, having cut loose from the Church, it seemed past, present, or prospective. In his case Poetry, with the joy of to be impossible for Emerson to accept any assurance from a bacchanal, takes her graver brother Solence by the hand and the teachings of Christ. It appeared, almost, as if in bis cheers him with immortal laughter. But Emerson's scientific independence he had determined that he would derive no conceptions are continually transmuted into the finer forms and comfort from them. Was he influenced by the spirit of warmer hues of an ideal world.”
the Assyrian who exclaimed: "Are not Abana and Phar. Mr. Emerson's last important course of lectures was par, rivers of D.imascus, better than all the waters of delivered at Harvard in 1870, under the title : « The Israel ? May I not wash in them and be clean ?" So Natural History of the Intellect.” Two years later, his Emerson put out the light which he held in his hand, and health, already impaired, suffered seriously from the went back—back far beyond the time of the Assyrian to shock caused by his house being burnt. He was per- find the truǝ wisdom. Then he returns to us with his suaded to visit Egypt and afterward London, but he was
“Lo !” here, and "lo !" there," see what I have discovered ; not able to accept invitations or to lecture. The only shake off your fetters and be free !" speech he made was a brief one at the Workingmen's He was sincere, he was independent. We credit him College in London. On his return to Concord, in May, so far. Further, New England especially owes much 1873, the inhabitants met him at the station with a band to him for emancipating it from shackles put on by of music, and escorted him to his house, which had been narrow minds, all the harder to be rid of because they rebuilt by his friends in exactly its old form. But Emer- vera honest minds. Jonathan Edwards, in his generation, son was never again the same man. His general health had done noble work in the same direction, but with a returned, but his memory gradually declined. His last different spirit. appearance in any literary capacity was on the death of
In his teachings Emerson has this great advantage : he his friend Carlyle, when he read before the Massachusetts is oracular simply, and liko the oracle, speaks with authorHistorical Society "Reminiscences of Carlyle," written its. He does not dispute or discuss—he announces. All many years before.
his life he was a preacher—a propoander. He did not It is not yet time to decide what is to be Emerson's write books ; what he preached or propounded was col. position among the world's thinkers. It is more than lected into volumes. He had let go his hold of Christianity, probable that it will fall greatly below its present
standing. but he remained a religious man. This is his statement : The sweetness and dignity of his character, his pure intellect, and blameless life, go far to aid the influence of his Seneca, and Kant, and Shakespeare, and Wordsworth, would scorn
“A man who has read the works of Plato, and Plutarch, and writings in this generation. Emerson had many remarkable to ask such schooldame questions as whether we shall know each qualities as a literary man. No living writer had greater other in the world boyond the grave. Men of genius do not fear power of condensation—of saying so much in so few to die; they are sure that in the other life they will be permitted words. Further, he had the faculty of presenting an od, to finish the work begun in this; it is only mere men of affairs who hackneyed though important truth, in a garb so peculiar materialist statement, in whatever form it comes is a blazing evi
tremble at the approach of death. Our dissatisfaction with the that it strikes you as original and fresh. This I conceive Idence of tendency. The soul does not age with the body. On the
borders of the grave the wise man looks forward with equal elas. | this country has marked out her true policy-opportunity; doors ticity of mind and hope, and why not after millions of years on the wide open-every port opon. If I could, I would have free trade verge of still newer existence? For it is the nature of intelligent with all the world, without toll or Custom House. Let us invite beings to be for ever new to life."
every nation, every race, every skin-white man, black man, red
man, yellow man. Let us offer hospitality, a fair field, and equal • The reader will observe there is no mention of Christ laws to all. The land is wide enough, the soil has food enough in the above paragraph. The whole is like a phantasy, for all. Let us educate every soul.” soothing to shallow minds who want to believe something. Mr. Emerson was not an inventor ; he was, however, Louisa Tucker, of Boston, and in September, 1835, to
Mr. Emerson was twice married ; in 1829 to Miss Ellen marvelous in his power to set people thinking. He never undertook to give us machinery for a new school, nor did four children, three, oue son and two daughters, are also
Miss Lydia Jackson, of Plymouth, who survives him. Of he propose new systems or new creeds. Several years ago I asked him when he intended giving us a system of his
living. own. "Oh," he replied, "that is not my vocation. That is for the man who comes after me." He spoke as he
WHAT “WIFE” MEANS.—Says Ruskin : "What do you always spoke, with sincerity. What his writings greatly think the beautiful word 'wife' comes from ? It is the lacked was heart. We search in vain for evidence of the great word in which the English and Latin languages conaffections. The man seemed to be a thinking egomet. All quered the French and Greek. I hope the French will is cold, clear, colorless. He tears down the church where
some day get a word for it instead of that femme. we are accustomed to worship, and erects in its place a
what do you think it comes from ? The great value of beautiful but cold and gloomy mausoleum. After reading the Saxon words is that they mean something. Wife some of his exalted disquisitions on God and Nature, we means weaver.' You must either be bouse-wives cr are strongly tempted to exclaim, with the gentle Marguer- house-moths, remember that. In the deep sense, you ite, when replying to the transcendental ravings of Faust, must either weave men's fortunes and embroider them, or "Thus taken it may pass, but for all that there is some feed upon and bring them to decay. Wherever a true thing wrong about it, for thou hast no Christianity."
wife comes, home is always around her. The stars may We come to what, to us, is the brightest phase of be over her head, the glow-worm in the night's cold grass Emerson's character. Of all men, he was sturdily inde may be the fire at her feet, bat home is where she is, and pendent, and his convictions and conduct were for the for a noble woman it stretches far around her, better than right in all practical matters, whether of public or of every houses ceiled with cedar or painted with vermilionday life. He was the first scholar who dared to sympa, shedding its quiet light for those who else are homeless. thize publicly with the despised Abolitionists, and This, I believe, is the woman's true place and power.” opened his church for their speeches in 1831, when to do so was to run great risk of his church being de. HATE idleness and curb all passions. Be true in all stroyed and he himself mobbed. In an address to his words and actions. ' Deliver not your opinion unnecestownsmen on the anniversary of West Indian emancipa- sarily; but when you do, let it be just, well-considered tion, in 1844, he uttered warnings against the encroach and plain. Be charitable, and ever ready to forgive ments of slavery. When John Brown was in prison | injuries done to yourself. in Virginia for his armed attack on slavery, Emerson exclaimed, “Fools! who can only cry Madman'when a hero passes," and declared, if he should be ezecuted, Brown would make his "gallows glorious like a cross.” It was about this time that, answering the remark of a politician that the principles of equality in the Declaration of Independence were but glittering generalities, Emerson exclaimed, "They are blazing ubiquities." When the Civil War had begun he said to those who were hoping or fearing that slavery would survive it, "The war is a conflagration which will not be staid until it has consumed all that is wood or stabble. The iron will alone remain." When the war had ended, Emerson addressed an audience of five thousand in Boston, and declared the result as the unfaltering verdict of the United States against national disraption. In conclusion he said :
"America means opportunity, freedom, power. The 'genius of
THE SUMMER SCHOOL AT CONCORD, WEERE EMERSOS LECTURED.
asking him to match such as seemed alike, and note all A FEW WORDS ABOUT COLOR-BLINDNESS.
points of dissimilarity. This was exactly what Dalton In the year 1790 Mr. John Dalton, the principal of a wanted, and on the data thus furnished Herschel founded well-known school at Kendal, England, then about twenty. that theory now generally accepted, of which we will try seven years of age, an acute and vigorous observer and to give a brief summary. thinker, walked into his garden and gathered a bunch of Dalton, looking at the solar spectrum, saw in it only geraniums and roses, with which he set off into the town. two varieties of color-yellow and blue, as he called them; On his way a party of young ladies complimented him on red seeming to him only as a shade, or defect of lightthe beanty and brilliancy of his flowers, but were rather strange peculiarity which Herschel regarded not as a facetious as to their arrangement.
question of defective vision, but of pure sensation, "You hare got,” they said, “all the rods and greens so People possessed of normal sight have, it seems, curionsly mixed ; and you a botanist, too."
"three " primary sensations as to color, whereas the color"For my part,” said Mr. Dalton, “the whole bunch ap- blind have but "two." To these "three,” red, yellow and pears to be pretty much of one color; though some of the blue, we sighted people refer all colors ; the others being leaves which you call light-green seem to me rather more but various mixtures of the three primary tints. To the like white; while the dark ones would match with a stick eyes of the color-blind all the other tints seem referable to of red sealing-wax."
but “two" primaries, "which," says Herschel to Dalton, Mr. Dalton was suffering from color-blindness, then an “I shall call A and B; the equilibrium of which two prounknown word, but now beginning to be talked about as duce your white, their negation your black, and their something more than a curious and rare infirmity of mixture in various proportions all your compound tints. vision. It is hard to understand the possibility of a boy's What sort of sensation," he adds, "A and B afford to the climbing into a cherry-tree laden with ripe fruit, and color-blind, we can no more tell than they can tell what seeing no difference between the color of the cherries and our a, b, r (red, yellow, blue) afford to us.” tha green leaves that hide them. Yet Dalton not only did To this strangely limited form of vision-admitting only this, but when grown to manhood actually walked down two tints, blue and yellow–Herschel gave the apt name "The High" at Oxford in the red gown of a D.C.L., of "dichromic”; and his theory, having beon amply vertotally unconscious of his flaming appearance in the eyes ified by succeeding investigation, is now generally (with of all who passed him.
some slight modification) accepted. Whatever other pecuRecent statistics prove that nearly sixteen in every thou. liarities, therefore, the vision of the color-blind may possand sighted persons may actually do what Dalton did, sess, its compass must be of the most limited kind. If as a boy in the cherry-orchard, or as an illustrious doctor yellow and blue be to them the only visible tints, all the at Oxford. Taking the population of the United States as wondrous and beautiful combinations of orange, green, about 50,000,000, this will give about 800,000 who arə red and violet must be unknown; and the charm that lies color-blind ; any one of whom may innooently put a patch hidden under such words as the rainbow, springtide, of crimson on a garment of sable, or choose a plume of dawn and sunset, and speaks with living power to the red ostrich foathers for the hearse of his departed spouse. inner heart of the rest of the world, to the color-blind If a gallant captain in the navy, he may select scarlet un- carries but a broken message. The beauty of earth, ser mentionables to match his uniform of blue ; if a clerk, he and sky, as it appeals to us in all the full mystery of may unconsciously write half his letter in red ink and the blended, contrasted and harmonized color, is simply rest in black; if an artist, clothe his green trees in glow. beyond their conception. A partially deaf man may, ing red, and his azure sky in pink; or if a cook, com- indeed, gather somewhat from the broad roll of the deep. pound a salad without detecting a shade of difference be- full-toned choir; a faint echo of its mighty volume of tween ruddy lobster and cucumber of green.
sound as a whole ; but of its softer and more delicate Such mischances may seem trivial, but when one re- nuances, its tiny waves of melody, its lights and shadows, members that a similar infirmity may befall the engine the cadence, the dying fall, or the gradual resurrection driver of the “Flying Dutchman," or the pilot of a into the stor ny rapture of a full diapaso:, he can know "homeward-bound" up Channel, the matter is a very nothing. different one. "Red" (danger), says the signal —"Green" Scarcely less hapless, as regards the glowing world of (safety), says the driver. "Starboard," says the red light color, is the condition of the 480,000 color-bliud, to most -"Ay, ay, Larboard it is," says the man at the helm, of whom the countless images of grace and beanty that with a thousand souls on board ! One pilot in every speak to the world from the flowery mead, the dying twenty-five may be color-blind.
glory of Autumn, the expanse of azure sea, the flush of All such contingencies, however, were undreamed of in dawn along the mountain-tops, or of ruddy sunset against the days of Dalton, although before then it bad been re- the peaks of eteroal snow, are simply accents in an onported to the Royal Society that one Harris, of Maryport, known tongue. Oumberland, having picked up a scarlet stocking, could But the whole question of color-blindness opens up to see no reason for calling it red any more than calling un points of wider importance. First, color-blindness, it ripe cherries green. But as years went by, Mr. J. Dalton, would seem, is not to be regarded as curable, or, indeed, by this time famous as a scientific chemist, thinking more as itself a disease, though possibly a symptom of diseased deeply of the tricks his eyes played bim, laid before the retina. Dalton's eyes, after his death, were carefully exManchester Philosophical Society (1794) a paper on extra amined (one actually dissected) for the purpose of ascerordinary facts relating to vision of colors, in which be taining the cause of “his anomalous vision”; his idea wondered how sach amazing differences of vision as his being that such faulty sight was owing to the fact that own and Harris's could have so long existed without one of the humours of his eyes was a colored medium, notice. Whatever the Manchester philosophers thought probably some modification of blue. But the post-wortem of this, after a few years the subject happily fell under the prored beyond a doubt the fallacy of this theory, the vitken of Sir J. Herschel. The problem of semi-blindness at reous bumours being found absolutely free from color. once attracted him. He sent to Mr. Dalton a variety of But thougà not a positive disease, color-blindness would different-colored skeins of silk, not naming any, but I seem to be widely inherited-four brothers in one family
being thus afflicted ; of whom, oddly enongii, three were | tbat repeatedly came to the surface, and would glide back clever wood-engravers, and the fourth, stil more oddly, a and forth through her hands, and several times she lifted painter in water-colors, which, however, he was obliged to him portially out of the water, but he was careful to keep have labeled for him in his daily work.
his head under. He seemed to feel that she would take Statistics, too, however imperfect, clearly prove this no undue liberties with him so long as his head was in its much-that the tendency to color-blindness may be staid natural element, but the moment he saw daylight, he ty good diet, and a healthy exercise of body, brain and would dart back with rapidity. Another small one, about sight, as a single fact may help to show. Out of 18,000 a foot in length, seemed to be particularly fond of her persons examined by the English Ophthalmological Soci- caresses, and could be handled about as she pleased, it ety, 5,000 were members of the Metropolitan Police, being understood, though, that he was to remain under among whom color-blindness prevailed to the extent of 4.5 water. per cent., while amoag the keen, intelligent youngsters in the playing-fields at Eton, this ratio sank to 2,5 per cent. And if the skeins of colored silk could have been applied
LOVE AND MONEY. to the young maidens of a well-known girls' school (seven
BY SARAH DOUDNEY. or eight hundred in number) it would have fallen still
"Lore is potent, but money is omnipotent." lower, probably to about 0.4 per cent. ; the ratio of color Oor in the twilight, alone in the lane, blindness among women as compared with men being All the old sweetness steals o'er me again; twelve times less. This wide difference between the sexes All the old longing, forgotten of late, is natural enough, when one remembers the earlier devel
Stire in my heart as I stand at her gate; opment and swifter intelligence of little Mary, who learns
Bilent and dim is the cottage to-night, and rejoices to dress her doll or herself in the gayest
Smothered in roses, cream-tinted and white;
Jasmine blossoms besprinkle the sod, colors, while her brother Jack cares little or nothing
Dusky and still are the paths that she trod. Thether his breeches are scarlet or green, as long as they Oh, for one moment to meet her, and see have good big pockets in them.
Just the old look, that shone only for me! One more point has yet to be noted among the statistics Why am I sighing here --what can I do? of color-blindness; the singular fact that the three classes "L'amour fait beaucoup, mais l'argent fait tout." most liable to this anomalons vision are deaf-mutes, Jews
Little white Roso, there were true knights of old-and Quakers. As regards the first of these, if it be true
Heroes, who counted Love dearer than gold; that freedom from the calamity depends largely on the Men with strong arms, who could fight for their way; perfect and healty condition of body and braio, the low Why were we born in this world of to-day? status of the deaf-mute is at once a sufficient cause. The Why does society smite with a speer great majority of deaf-mntes belong to a low and debased Wretches who wed on three hundred a year? class, for whom, until recent times, little lias been done. Why But a truce to these fo!lles of mine! Serofola, an inherited disease, is too often the cause of
I am no knight of the days of lang syne; their special calamity, which again they bequeath by close
Only a lounger with duns at his heels,
Only a dreamer who maunders and feels, intermarriage to their children, thus furnishing more in.
Only a trifler who sighs after you; habitants for the strange world into wbich neither sound "L'amour fait beaucoup, mais l'argent fait tout." nor color finds true entrance. Why the descendants of the honse of David, who, as a
Safe in the cottage that nobody knows, whole, are deficient neither in power, intelligence nor cul
Sleep, and forget me, my little white Rose!
Heartsiek and weary, I turn from your gate, ture, should be especial victims of color-blindness is not
Tired of the strife betwixt passion and Fate; so clear. But even among them close intermarriage is the
There will be parting and pain if we meet; rule rather than the exception, with its inevitable fruits.
Better to leave you than grieve you, my sweet;
Out in the starlight I wander again,
Through the deep gloom of the oak-shadowed lan,', Mrs. BrRGESS, residing on the borders of one of the
Back to the crowd that cares nothing for you;
"L'amour fait beaucoup, mais l'argent fait tout." most beautiful lakes in America, has been in the habit, once or twice a day for a considerable period, of feeding the fish in this lake, and my friend was favored with an invitation to witness this novel feast. She first splashed
CITIZENSHIP.—Just as each member of a bousehold the water with her hand, when in a moment there was should regard his own family as a distinct unit, of which seen approaching from every direction, hundreds of large he is a component part, and from which he can by no shiners; then eels, -varying in size from one to about three means separate himself, whose joys and whose sorrows, feet in length, swimming very cautionsly. Next turtles whose character and whose reputation are all his, so should appeared on the surface, ten, twenty and thirty feet away, each citizen regard his own nation. He should feel a just their necks stretched apparently to see whether it is friend pride in its virtues and delight in its prosperity, a just
grief in its disasters and shame in its follies, but throngh or foe who is disturbing the waters,
In less than three minutes these various species had col- all so intense a oneness with it that he will neither wish to lected directly before her, and as she commenced to feed, boast of the former nor to expose the latter. the water was fairly alive with them. They take bread “SPEECH was given to the ordinary sort of men,” says directly from her bands, the turtles would allow her to South, “whereby to communicate their mind, but to wise take them entirely out of the water, and while she held men whereby to conceal it.” “The true use of speech," them in one hand, they would eat with the greatest says Goldsmith, “is not so much to express our wants as voracity from the other.
to conceal them." Voltaire, who probably borrowed the B:at the eels were the most amnsing. There was one thonght from Goldsmith, says, “Men use words to disshe called Quinn, measuring about three feet in length, I guise their thoughts.