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something out of place, the weak trait in an impressive long time. But, unfortunately, this sort of jocularity, with a general effect. Manliness, in fact, is a quality that rarely good many men, outlives its proper date. Far be it from us to runs through a character; and the opposite to manliness is spoil sport; but how many jokes, without a vestige of fun in childishness. The people to whom we cannot impute this them, are instigated by the ghost of old infantine vivacity! flaw are solid, rather than brilliant. Brilliancy loves dis- The joker jokes because he has always joked, and has never play, and all display gives in this direction. Just as Bot- put away the method of childhood from him. Perhaps this tom is childish when he wants to undertake every part, so is as common a form of childishness as any. A great many men of conspicuous talents are childish who will not let men are manly, sensible, influential, in their grave discourse, any department of literature or business alone. We feel who flounder into a lower standing when they pretend to be it to be so by a diminution of our respect for them. The humorous; and this because their jokes are made under a same intellectual versatility of action which we admire in different understanding altogether from the jests of real wit. childhood, we feel to detract from the weight of manhood. All worn-out jokes are childish. Children can laugh at the

In using the word childish, we do not take the philoso- same thing many times over: if a man does the same, it is pher's or the ascetic's view of it. We do not say that for the reason, that, in this particular, he is a child still. So, people are childish for liking distinctions, or fine clothes, to utter a pleasantry, not because it is new, but because it is or jewels, or equipages, or applause of crowds, or games, old, because it was said yesterday, shows a man to be at or risks for the sake of risk. They like these things be- odds with his contemporaries: their minds have grown, cause they are men and women, not because they are while his remains stationary. Many more persons than are children. It is not in the abstract frivolity of a pursuit, at all aware of it are tempted on by habit to a form of jocubut in the way of pursuing it, that the thing we mean re- larity in which there is no conscious act of invention. Narveals itself as a partial defect, a thing to cause surprise. row circles and family circles encourage one another in a We make a discovery which causes a sense of disappoint- phraseology of humor, a sort of skeleton vivacity, where the ment, or furnishes simple matter for speculation, according spirit of fun is wholly wanting. Not that they are alive to as our feelings are concerned. We see that mankind is this Habit is as potent with the hearer as with the speaker. subject to this incompleteness. The intellectual soil is Nowbody measures the joke by the standard of wit. “Sofaulty in parts: no solid superstructure can stand on it. and-so is all himself to-day,” is the received verdict of There is such a thing as a fixed immaturity: like fruit in approval; “all himself” meaning that he tålking in the an unfriendly season, it will not ripen.

same strain, jocose on the same subject, lively, without either It is, of course, the art of society and knowledge of the a new theme or a fresh thought. The difference between a world to conceal such weaknesses. The man of the world man's joke and this travesty of wit is, that in the one the is all armed. In fact, a wrench or break of some sort mind is active, in the other it reposes on a habit of jocularity. generally emancipates the youth from his childhood ; and It is assumed that the wish to be witty fulfils its own end. wide intercourse in a new field effects this wrench. The Another trick of infancy is a love of showing its novelties most conspicuous examples of partial, as well as of entire and possessions. We note this sort of officiousness in many childishness, are to be found in narrow circles. Many childen. No sooner do they catch sight of a visitor, a new modes of life foster childishness; they leave no outlet for arrival of any sort, than they hasten to entertain him by growth, and present no sufficient novelty in exchange for the production of their latest treasures, — any thing indeed. what should be thrown aside and “put away :” but it is The first thought is, “ What have I to show?” and all sorts one of the mistakes that minister to the awe which the of incongruities follow on the indulgence of this impulse. man of the world inspires to suppose, because it is out of We admire and discuss with a good grace because they are sight, that it is not there. Catch one of these formidable children, whose lead we must follow if we care to please beings at a disadvantage, look behind the screen of an them, and also because we may say and do what we please. accomplished manner and lofty assumption, and we are We are not always critics. But where the habit does not startled by some flagrant or pitiable trait, characteristic of drop off, where the fancy of these exhibiters to display their the raw childish time; some timidity, some propensity, wares for our entertainment lasts into the maturity of life, some ignorance, some trick or habit, which lasts undis- the case is different. Very few people indeed have an omturbed, uncorrected, through all the changes, polishings, niverous curiosity; and it happens more often than not, that and hardenings of the outer man. It is well it should be what our friend persists in showing hits some blot in our so; else men of figure, pretension, and general prestige acquirements. We are ignorant where he is knowing; and would stand at too great an advantage over others, ungifted it requires an exceptional passion for knowledge in general by nature and fortune, - ungifted except in some share of to throw one's self into conchology, or genealogy, or heraldry, mother-wit which helps them to the consolation of these or a print, or an old coin, or a copy of verses, because our discoveries.

friend has something to show about them. The visitor exIf we contemplate childhood, we find that many of the pects to be led on to talk, and has his topics and interqualities that most charm us in it are delightful because ests ready. He finds that he has to abandon this vantage they are ephemeral: we should recoil at once if we supposed ground, and to force his unwilling attention upon subjects they were to last. Notice, for instance, the excessive activ- alien to his tastes. There are men with whom you cannot ity of infancy, what may be called its passion for business. be in a room three minutes without their rushing off in It is never still: it rushes from one occupation to another, quest of some book or other object. Conversation is imposfinding nothing beyond the scope of its inclinations and sible in their company. They are intent, from mere habit, supposed powers. This hurry, this running after work, is on showing something, which means violently breaking the delightful in a child, because it is a passing stage of life. thread of discourse: and it is an irrepressible inclination; We take for granted, that, as thought develops, this tumult there is nothing to be done but to humor it, avenging ourof activity will steady itself. When it remains, when it selves for these amiable outrages by pronouncing our friend lasts on, uncorrected, in the man, it is childishness, whatever a child still. There is another example by which to express it may be taken for by himself and some other people. our meaning, though it may be deemed below the dignity of When he rejoices in the multiplicity of irons he has in the print. However, our subject is puerile: so why shrink from fire, we may safely regard him as having never laid aside minute instances, especially as it is a sort of childishness of the habits of his infancy, or occupied himself as he ought in very wide prevalence? We all know it, and are irritated by the manly business of thinking, which should modity this it; and yet, ten to one, we do it ourselves, whenever we are trick of action. Again, in children we are quite content with not restrained by the severer exigencies of formal good mirth without wit. No children are witty; for, in fact, wit is

It shows, in fact, that on the domestic hearth, essentially a mature production : several qualities of mind where we may take liberties, we are still children. The post combine to produce it which are in embryo in childhood. probably brings newspapers enough each morning to supply, Yet they find a great deal to laugh about; and we laugh with by subdivision, every one of the party present. Each one them, without effort, in glad sympathy, though we find seizes his portion, and throws his attention into the comprethem very constant to their jokes, and one lasts them a hensive glance which is the cream of newspaper reading.



It is a rule which admits of no exception, that a man with fore the police magistrate, who fined the former twenty-five the day's paper just put into his hands does not want to be and the latter two hundred francs. interrupted; yet somebody present will read bits out of his own, to the disturbance of the rest. They need not be im

Chambers's Journal for June the 1st has an entertaining portant bits: the reader knows that everybody will come

paper on Mr. Fields's “ Yesterdays with Authors." The upon them in time, and through a means which he himself writer closes by saying, “While we are reading · Yesterinfinitely prefers to this method of dribbling them out upon

days with Authors,' it seems, indeed, that they are with us unwilling ears; but he cannot help indulging himself with

to-day; and our thanks are due to him who has reproduced something to tell, — of all habits the most characteristic of

them for our pleasure." the child. Every child desires, above all things, to be the first to tell. To possess a piece of news, and to be before

The English government has a neat way of encouraging others in the telling of it, is the especial craving of infancy; ployed at the Chatham Dockyard has been suspended from

inventive genius. The Court Journal says that a clerk emand in this matter how many are infants still! We do not mean that the inclination to impart news is childish. No

duty for twenty-one days, without pay, for the “ offence' body who is worth any thing as a companion is without it;

of communicating some valuable suggestions on improve

ments in iron ship-building direct to the Admiralty, instead but this remorseless interruption, this deadness to our

of forwarding them through the head of his department. rights over time and place, is essentially childishness, innocent in the child, who does know that he infringes on our privileges by any thing he does of this sort, but culpable in

AUSTRALIA is not more fortunate than other places

with regard to places of amusement. The Melbourne the man, who knows perfectly well, if he would reflect, how sensitive he is under a similar annoyance, and who ought to

Theatre Royal, considered the first theatre in the country,

has been entirely destroyed by fire, which broke out shortly be alive to the unwilling, grudged attention with which his self-indulgence is repaid.

after a performance of * The Streets of New York.” This

is the third Australian theatre which has been burnt in The habit of collecting is generally begun in childhood.

less than eighteen months ; the buildings previously conIt may be applied to most useful and important purposes

sumed being the Prince of Wales's Theatre, Sydney, and in after life; but generally some of the old turn lingers in it, and about the collector himself. It is unnecessary, however,

the Melbourne Haymarket. to follow the subject into further detail. Where it at all takes The Athenæum says, “The statement that Mlle. Tietpossession of the thoughts, every reader will easily find ex- jens has declined forty-eight hundred pounds, with her traramples of his own, high and low, public and private, elling expenses besides

, to sing two pieces, for twelve conillustrating the childish things which the grown man. in so secutive days, at the monster Jubilee Festival, which will many instances has not put away.

be commenced in Boston at the end of this month, is not a canard : the offer was made by telegram, but the London engagements of the German prima donna prevented its acceptance. Four hundred pounds per day, or two hundred

pounds per song, i : indeed terms which may be stated to be FOREIGN NOTES.

the maximum ever proposed to any vocalist.” A SUBSCRIPTION is being raised in Paris to erect a mon

All the fragments of the Vendôme column have been ument to Auber.

recovered except a small portion near the top and middle

part of the shaft. It has now been ascertained that, in A “ COKE famine” has set in, in the north of England, spite of the surveillance of the Commune, some foreigners and is exciting no small uneasiness.

in the surrounding hotels (Americans, it is said) were able

to secure, at a high price, four large pieces ; in addition to MR. CARLYLE received the other day, from the German which it has now become known that a Swiss, staying at Empress, the formal expression of the thanks of the Em

the Hôtel Chatham, became the proprietor of a titih piece, peror, for the “ Life of Frederick the Great."

weighing three pounds, six ounces, of which he has just PRINCE BISMARCK is, it seems, in such bad health that

made a present to an old friend of his. he intends to have a rest of several months directly the

In the Romish Cathedral of Seville, the service on Easter state of public business will permit.

Eve is begun without sound of bell or note of music. On The Paris papers mention that citizen Courbet had the the north side of the altar stands the paschal canule, a pilmodesty to go into the country, so as not to pass the anni

lar of wax nine yards in height, and thick in proportion, versary of the fall of the Vendôme in Paris.

weighing eighty arrobas, or about two thousand pounds.

This candle is recast and newly ornamented every year, The London comic papers do not fail to congratulate the being broken in pieces on Whitsun Eve, and a part of it used United States on the graceful manner in which we eat hum- in the consecration of the baptismal font. The candle is ble-pie.

lighted with new fire, struck by a priest from a flint, and

burns until Ascension Day. It is lighted and trimmed by The Cosmopolitan observes that “ George N. Sanders is

a surpliced chorister, who climbs to the top by means of a about to return to the United States, to take a part in the election. George is not much on the stump, but great in

gilt iron rod, furnished with steps like a flagstaff. laying pipes and pulling wires.”

Our English cousin is actively engaged at his Wool

wich arsenal in the manufacture of various kinds of torpeIt is said that on a recent occasion the people waited patiently outside the doors of the theatre at Dresden for a

does, both aggressive and defensive, the production of these space of eleven hours, to hear Madame Lucca sing in

warlike implements apparently taking precedence of all “Faust."

other kinds of work. The torpedo upon which the largest

number of workmen is engaged is the “ fish torpedo :" it is A Young American in Paris has designed, and is having made of iron, in the shape of a fish, and is about five feet prepared, a badge for the new order of Cincinnati. It is in long. When discharged from the side of a suitable vessel, the form of a Greek cross, illuminated with as many did- it is set in motion by a small atmospheric engine, which monds as there are stars in the national flag, and has in the

gives to the tail a motion similar to that of a screw-propelcentre a portrait of Horace Greeley.

ler, and passes through the water at the rate of nine knots

an hour to the side of a hostile ship, which it strikes with The umbrella duel fought on the Boulevards recently, be- wonderful accuracy, instantly exploding, and causing the tween the gallant M. Ratisbonne of the Débats, and the almost certain destruction of the vessel. These torpedoes e jually gallant M. Rogat of the Pays, has just ended be

can, it is said, be used with effect against vessels at dis

mass was.


are tak

tances of four hundred or five hundred yards from the At length the governor interfered. Troops were called point at which they are discharged.

in, and Christianity was brought under some sort of con

trol. The Rev. Dr. Cumming, in the course of a recent lecture at Bristol, in mentioning, approvingly, that Scotland had

A CORRESPONDENT of the Times, signing himself “ A opened her pulpits to Anglican bishops and clergy, expressed Wrangler of former Days," points out a curious error in a hope that the next movement would give him a chance of

the calculations by which Mr. Jeula and Mr. Chichester preaching in Westminster Abbey. He was ambitious to Fortescue have been estimating the significance of the inoccupy that place, because his friend Archbishop Manning crease in the number of collisions at sea.

It is erroneous, had stated that it was certain that before he died he would

he observes, to suppose that the number of collisions will, say high mass within the walls of Westminster Abbey;

with equal management, increase merely in proportion tó and he (the doctor) was most anxious to give the Archbishop the number of vessels. The true theory is, that the number a good introduction by telling the people what high of collisions will vary as the combinations of the number

of vessels taken two together, for obviously every vessel is

liable to come into collision with every other. Suppose, The attempts made during the siege of Paris to estab

for instance, that there are on a certain river two vessels lish a system of signals with mirrors and reflected light

only, and that they come into collision once a year, on an appear to have failed only because there was no spot in

average. the city high enough for the rays of light not to be inter

Suppose, now, that two new vessels are in

troduced; then each of them will come into collision, not cepted by the curve of the earth's outline, before they had reached a serviceable distance. The recent experiments

only with the other, but with each of the former two at Montpelier, directed by M. Leverrier, seem to promise

vessels ; so that, instead of the number of collisions being

doubled, it will be increased in the ratio of six to one; and ultimate success; and an exceedingly simple apparatus is

this will hold good whatever be the numbers. An applicasuggested for enabling two bodies of troops to discover each other's whereabouts, and 80 establish telegraphic

tion of this theory to Mr. Jeula's statistics shows that the communication.

proportionate number of collisions has decreased materially,

instead of having increased, as was erroneously supposed. The Spectator has discovered that Mark Twain is a The collisions of sailing-vessels, which should have risen humorist. “ The United States," says the critic,

twenty-one per cent, with equal management, on the ining a lead in the humorous literature of the day. Bret

creased number of vessels, have only risen nine and fourHarte and Col. John Hay and Artemus Ward are not tenths per cent, while the collisions of steamers, instead of alone.. Their humor, it is true, is of a much more subtle having doubled, have increased only sixty-three and fourcharacter than that of Mark Twain, and the outcome tenths per cent. “ There is nothing so fallacious as figures,” rather of a political and social irony than of a keen sense

concludes the “ Wrangler;" but the words “ except facts of the ludicrous simply ; yet Mark Twain ranks high, and are sometimes added, and it is to be hoped that Mr. Jeula's is much more certain to be understood and appreciated by statistics, upon which the “

Wrangler” relies, are more a general public, especially in countries where the politics, correct than his calculations. manners, customs, and tone of thought, of Americans are, comparatively, little known. The secret of his fun lies in The well-informed Roman correspondent of the Persethe assumed childlike credulity with which he accepts the veranza gives some interesting particulars relative to the premises offered, and the real ability and assumed simpli- refusal of the Pope to accept Prince Bismarck's nomination city with which he follows them up to their logical but

of Cardinal Hohenlohe as the German ambassador at utterly absurd conclusions. For instance, in writing of

the Vatican. At first, says the correspondent, both the Benjamin Franklin, whose birthplace is a matter of dispute Pope and Cardinal Antonelli were disposed to concur in at Boston, he says, “He was twins, being born simultane

this appointment; but the Jesuits, fearing that it might proously in two different houses in the city of Boston.' And duce à rapproachement between Germany and the Holy in the same way he ignores the inference in Franklin's See, set every engine at work to prevent it. In this they boast that he began life with only half-a-crown, and takes were strongly supported by the French clergy at Rome, who it simply as a statement of fact. He was always proud of

had a powerful advocate in M. Veuillot, that gentleman being telling how he entered Philadelphia for the first time, with

at the same time on a visit to the Holy City. “The policy nothing in the world but two shillings in his pocket, and

of the Jesuits," observes the correspondent,“ which does its four rolls of bread under his arm. But really :

it was

utmost to prevent any distinction being made in theory or nothing. Anybody could have done it.'”

in practice between Jesuitism and Catholicism, here had a

common ground of action with that of the French ChauviThe Greeks appear to be making strong efforts to con- nistes, who hope to bring religious fanaticism into the field vert the Jews to Christianity. On Sunday, the 5th of May, as their ally in the future war of revenge against Germany. according to the Levant Herald, a party of drunken Greeks . . These are mighty influences on the anti-German side, seized upon a poor Polish Jew, in an obscure part of and they place the Pope in an extremely difficult situation. Galata, smeared his beard and hair with tar, and set fire to The French clergy evidently claim to be the protectors of them, inflicting cruel and probably fatal injuries upon the Holy See, with the intention of afterwards making use their victim. At Smyrna, there has been a display of of their position to influence the destinies of France. Christianity on an unwonted scale. A report having been Religion is thus made the cloak of an extensive conspiracy; circulated that a Christian child had been killed by the and the Pope, who professes to be the prisoner of the Jews as a sacrifice at their passover, a fearful onset was Italian Government, is really the prisoner of these ambimade on these unhappy people. In vain did the priests tious plotters.” from the church-pulpits proclaim that the child in question had simply been drowned by accident. Every Jew met THE Saturday Review devotes an article to Mrs. Woodwith was horribly maltreated; and after some hours of in- hull, who is not worth the powder. Among other sensible decision, during which it was vainly hoped that sober things, the Saturday Review says, “It would be absurd, of sense might prevail, the excited Greek mob, with all the course, to attribute any deep or serious influence to persons rascality of the town in its train, made for the Jewish like Mrs. Woodhull, or to publications such as her weekly quarter, sacked the houses, murdered the inmates, and journal: but worthless straws will show how the wind blows; committed other acts of brutal atrocity. Many Jews at and the connection between the free-love movement in Amerlength turned on their assailants, and then the fury of the ica and the agitation for what are called women's rights, is too Greek rabble knew no bounds. Neither women close and conspicuous not to be remarked. children were spared; and these_scenes of violence con- may be put upon it, there is no getting rid of the fact that tinued day after day, until the Jewish quarter was con- the cardinal principle, underlying the demands which are verted into a pandemonium of pillage, rapine, and murder. raised for a female franchise, for the legal independence of


Whatever gloss married women, and so on, is simply that marriage shall ica have been able to resume their congenial pursuits with cease to be an absolute and permanent union, in the sense a cheerfulness and devotion which were scarcely possible in which it has hitherto been understood; and that it shall in a country so long under the pressure of angry political be reduced to a mere commercial partnership, with limited and moral contentions; and we can well realize the change liability. From this to free love is only a step, and not a which has come over that country, so far as its scholars are very wide one. Under the new system, a woman would be concerned, when we think of one of them as passing from taught to regard herself as a person with separate rights the leadership of a regiment of negroes in South Carolina, and interests from her husband; the legal facilities which to the production of a work like that before us, indicating, would be provided, in order to enable her to assert her as it does on every page, a refinement of thought, a breadth independence, would supply a constant incentive to do so; of culture, and a poetic insight, which could only have beand whenever any serious difference of opinion or quarrel come associated by a very abnormal combination of circumarose, the minds of husband and wife would be turned, not, stances with military renown." as at present, in the direction of compromise and conciliation, but rather to immediate separation. When married people know that they must make the best of each other, they naturally try to do so; but if it were once to be understood that they have separate interests and possessions, and a distinct legal existence, and that the only tie between

WATCHING. them is a mere matter of commercial convenience, the natural consequence would be to destroy that unity of thought and

I. sentiment upon which the permanent happiness of such a union so vitally depends. Of course, if personal convenience is to be the ruling principle of marriage, it would seem to Yes, it will soon be the dawn, dear; the darkness is lingering follow that the marriage should be dissolved when the con

still, venience has ceased ; and thus we get to Mrs. Woodhull's

But I know it is almost the morning, the air is so hushed and

so chill. theory, that the duration of marriage should be measured

Can you lie silent no longer ? Indeed, if you can, it is best, solely by inclination, and that a woman has a right to take

For sometimes you sleep towards morning ; try to be quiet and a new husband every day if she likes.”

rest. The last number of the Examiner contains a flattering review of Mr. Higginson’s “ Atlantic Essays.” We select

II. the following passage from the article : “ There is so little that is oceanic in either the style or the pretensions of Is it the pain that disturbs you? Your forehead feels hot to my these charming essays, that it may be well enough to men- palm. tion for English readers that their general title is derived I hoped that the fever had left you, you lay there so patient and from the Atlantic Monthly, of Boston, in which they origi

calm. nally appeared. At the same time, there is enough in these

Is it so hard to bear, dear? I know it is hard, by your smile. pages to remind us that the ocean stretching between the

Ah! if I only could take it, and let you be free for a while! old world and the new is a connection as well as a separation ; and that, though the accumulated culture of Europe may undergo a certain filtration on the way over, its influ

III. ence has become an appreciable element in American thought. Mr. Higginson has a true but a cautious respect and sympathy for the tendencies of his country, while he is

Weary? No, I am not weary; only of seeing you so. above all a literary artist, and with his fine insight reads

Do not you trouble for me, dear: I rest in the daytime, you

know. the events and faces around him by the best lights of the

Just let me straighten your pillow, and darken the light from world's large experience. He is free without extravagance,

your sight : brave without recklessness, and original without eccentri- All I can do is so little, the aid I can give is so slight! city. And when to these qualities we add that he has the instincts of a scholar, a fine imagination, and genuine American bumor, we need give no stronger assurance to those who are interested in the phases of transatlantic thought that they will find, in the Atlantic Essays,' a volume well worthy of their attention. It is, indeed, hardly to the cred- Yes, I can see at the window, the dawning begins to grow it of our reading public that a writer of such remarkable

strong. powers should, as yet, be comparatively unknown in this

Though you are always so patient, I know that you find the

hours long; country; though there are a few who have known the same

But now that the pain is more easy, while yet the night-silence author's • Out-door Papers’ as embodying the muscular'

is deep, philosophy in its American form, and still more who have

Perhaps you may still get some rest, dear; try to be quiet and been entertained by the fine New-England romance, ‘Mal- sleep. bone,' which has been printed in this country. There are casual evidences in this work that Mr. Higginson has for some time been a man of distinction

among his countrymen; and those who followed with interest the varying fortunes THE SWEET, Fixed Oil of the Cocoanut is represented in of the late civil war in America may recognize him as

Burnett's Cocoaine. among the foremost of the scholars of New England who suspended their literary pursuits, and gave themselves up Every one in need of a convenient work of reference on stawith enthusiasm to the work of saving their country and of

tistics ought to buy " Schem's Universal and Statistical T'abic," redeeming it from the great wrong which had so long im

published by L. Prang 8. Co. - See Advertisement. peded its progress. Of these, none more distinguished him

Wute's SPECIALTY FOR DYSPEPSIA will effect a cure if self on the battle-field than our author. If any of our

tried faithfully. readers have fallen in with a work entitled · Army Life in a Black Regiment,' which bears the name of Col. Higgin- The demand for the HALFORD LEICERTERSHIRE TABLE son as its author, they will probably remember it as one of SAUCE by guests who best understand how to make most palathe most characteristic and notable chapters in a history table their soups, fish, and meats, induces all the best hotel replete with romance. The civil war happily ended, and proprietors in the country to place it constantly upon their the evil which caused it eradicated, the thinkers of Amer






Vol. I.]

SATURDAY, JUNE 22, 1872.

[No. 25.







her part to make their acquaintance, but principally beTHE YELLOW FLAG.

cause, notwithstanding the fortune which it was known she would bring to her husband, none of the few young men who from time to time dined solemnly in the old-fashioned house

in Brunswick Square, or acted as cavalier to its mistress to BLACK SHEEP,”

the Ancient Concerts or the King's Theatre, could make up their minds to address her in any thing but the most

common phrases. That Miss Jane had a will of her own, THE THE descriptions of the great house of Calverley & and a tart manner of expressing her intention of having

Co., given respectively by Mr. and Mrs. Calverley, that will fulfilled, was also matter of common gossip : though differing essentially in many particulars, had stories were current among the clerks at Mincing Lane of each a substratum of truth. The house had been founded the" wigging " which they had heard her administering to half a century before by John Lorraine, the eldest son of her father, when she drove down to fetch him away in her a broken-down but ancient family in the north of England, chariot, and when he kept her unduly waiting; the housewho in very early years had been sent up to London to hold servants in Brunswick Square had their opinion of shift for himself

, and, arriving there with the conventional Miss Jane's temper; and the tradesmen in the neighborhood half-crown in his pocket, was, of course, destined to fame looked forward to the entrance of her thin, dark figure into and fortune. Needless to say, that like so many other their shops every Tuesday morning, for the performance of merchant princes, heroes of history far more veracious settling the books, with fear and trembling. than this, his first experiences were those of struggling Old John Lorraine, fully appreciating his daughter's adversity. He kept the books, he ran the errands, he infirmities, though, partly from affection, partly from fear, fetched and carried for his master, - the old East India he never took


himself to rebuke them, began to think agent in Great St. Helen's; and by his intelligence and that the fairy prince who was to wake this morally slumindustry he commended himself to the good graces of his bering virgin to a sense of something better, to larger superiors, and was not only able to maintain himself in a views and higher aims, to domestic happiness and married respectable position, but to provide for his two younger bliss, would never arrive. He came at last, however, in brothers, who were sipping from the fount of learning at the person of George Gurwood, a big, broad-shouldered, the grammar school of Penrith. These junior scions being jovial fellow, who, as a son of another of Lorraine's early brought to town, and applying themselves, not, indeed, with friends, had some time previously been admitted as a partthe same energy as their elder brother, but with a passable ner into the house. Everybody liked good-looking, jolly amount of interest and care to the duties set before them, George Gurwood. Lambton Lorraine and Lowther Loiwere taken into partnership by John Lorraine when he raine, who, though now growing elderly men, had retained went into business for himself, and helped, in a certain their bachelor tastes and habits, and managed to get degree, to establish the fortunes of the house. Of these through a great portion of the income accruing to them fortunes John Lorraine was the mainspring and the prin- from the business, were delighted with his jovial manners, cipal producer: he had wonderful powers of foresight, and his sporting tendencies, his convivial predilections. When uncommon shrewdness in estimating the chances of any the fact of George's paying his addresses to their niece venture proposed to him; and with all these he was bold was first promulgated, Lambton had a serious talk with his

“ far too bold,” his old employers said, with genial partner, warning him against tying himself for life shaking heads, as they saw him gradually, but surely, out- to a woman with whom he had no single feeling in common. stripping them in the race; “far too lucky,” his detractors But George laughed at the caution, and declined to be growled, when they saw speculations, which had been guided by it.

Miss Lorraine was not much in his line," offered to them and promptly declined, prosper auriferously he said ; '" perhaps a little given to tea and psalm-smiting, in John Lorraine's hands.

but it would come all right; he should get her into a As soon as John Lorraine saw the tide of fortune strong- different way; and as the dear old guv'nor (by which title ly setting in, he took to himself a wife, the daughter of George always affectionately spoke of his senior partner) one of his city friends, a man of tolerable wealth and great “ seemed to wish it, he was not going to stand in the way. experience, who in his early days had befriended the He wanted a home, and Jane should make him a jolly one; struggling boy, and who thought his daughter could not he'd take care of that." have achieved higher honor or greater happiness. What- Jane Lorraine married George Gurwood, but she did ever honor or happiness may have accrued to the young not make him a home. Her rigid bearing and unyielding lady on her marriage did not last long; for shortly after temper were too strong for his plastic, pliable nature ; for giving birth to her first child, a daughter, she died, and many months the struggle for mastery was carried on thenceforward John Lorraine devoted his life to the little between them ; but in the end George - jolly George no girl, and to the increased fortune which she was to inherit. When little Jane had arrived at a more than marriageable

longer - gave way. He had made a tolerable good fight

of it, and had used every means in bis power to induce age, and from a pretty fubsy baby had grown into a thin, her to be less bitter, Tess furtive, less inexorable in the acidulated, opiniated woman (a "result attributable to the matter of his dinings-out, his sporting transactions, his manner in which she had been spoiled by her indulgent constant desire so see his table surrounded by congenial father), John Lorraine's mind was mainly exercised as to company. “I have tried to gentle her,” he said to Lowwhat manner of man would propose for her with a likeli- ther Lorraine one day, “as I would a horse, and there has hood of success. Hitherto, love affairs had been things never been one of them yet that I could not coax and pet almost unknown to his ane; not from any unwillingness on into good temper. I'd spend any amount of money on her,

and lucky,

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