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of us.

who had been to the First Cataract was a lion in public or the balance of power be one wbit better? We suppose and a bore in private life. Now a man might as well try here the case that the representatives of the two nations to give himself airs from having been to Aberfeldy as from speak the same language. What must it be in the case having been to Melbourne. Thirty years ago the Geo- where the traveller, like nine Frenchmen out of ten, can graphical Society would have listened patiently to a man speak no language but his own ? Look at the French depwho had gone up the Mississippi; now you require a pun- utation to Ireland the other day, and how they were sent dit who has been over the Great Steppe to keep them in- away with a most dangerously false idea about the position terested. A man admits with something like a blush that of affairs; travelled men would have been much more cauhe has never been to Rome, though he may have been to tious than those extremely puzzled gentlemen. A foreign New York. A friend told us the other day, that when traveller should have no foreign politics, but should most comparing notes with a traveller who had been where he certainly understand three languages before he can express had not, he always “ shut him up” with Sedan; no one ever an opinion on the balance of parties abroad. went there before the battle.

It may be said that no foreigner can understand the polOur fathers had always a great idea of the grand tour, itics of a foreign country, but this is quite an error. Some and they were most perfectly right. The old grand tour of the shrewdest judges of the state of parties in England was done by the governing classes, mostly by men who are quiet, not political, Americans. The Americans are not were destined for Parliament; and even in the days when so very far wiser than other people ; but their travellers all continental nations were despotic, save one, this did our come very much of a class without any strong prejudices, ruling classes a great deal of good. We are not aware of and they mostly speak both English and French; conseany despotic nations now in Europe, save those of Russia quently it is very hard to find a man who understands and Turkey; and so our young statesmen have more oppor- European politics better than a highly educated American. tunities for comparing different degrees in freedom than European politics are a mere game of chess to them, at their fathers had : in the last century we were the only free which they are on-lookers, and consequently they are the nation in Europe (and not so very free either) except the best umpires. 0, si sic omnes ! We this last year hare Swiss; now free or partly free institutions are the rule been holding high words between ourselves about the Ger. everywhere, and we can watch their working by a fort- mans and the French. Some of us had been most in Gernight's journey. Surely, if any nation could get good ex- many, and some of us more in France. Those who had perience of the working of the institutions of other coun- been at school with Fritz at Bonn were German; those tries, that nation should be the British, who travel more who had been to school with Alphonse at Dieppe were than any others. Let us hope that this nation will have French. As for argument, there was none among the main the wisdom to profit by these experiences.

The artistic and half Roman-catholic Bavarians who If a man without any particular prejudices will take the burnt Bazeilles were denounced fiercely by the French partrouble to travel now, he may see an enormous deal for ty among us as the Protestant hordes of Prussia; while the three hundred pounds, and reflect thereon for the rest of almost entirely ignorant and brutish peasants of France his life ; but then a traveller must get the habit of political were described as perishing in defence of the most highly thought before he starts, or he may as well go to the top of civilized country in the world France. On the other the Duke of York's monument and survey London. Eng- hand, that small part of the great untravelled, who hung lishmen more than Scotchmen have, for instance, the ab- by Germany, overstated their case quite as badly. Surely, surd idea that when they have crossed the nineteen miles a little more travel, and a little more knowledge of lanfrom Dover to Calais, they are in a country as remote from guage, would enable our countrymen to see that neither them as China; one of the influences of travel is to dissi- Frenchmen nor Germans were cowards or ruflians. A trarpate this idea. Certainly, the English do not as a general elled American could judge of the question quite well; rule speak French, and it is an uncommonly rare thing to while we were blinded with political passion. He would find a Frenchman who can speak English or German for never have called the highly-educated army of Germany, social purposes, although, if it is worth their while, the the most truculent of which were the men of Munich, the French will so far yield to the Teutonic nations as to speak fellow-citizens of Kaulbach and Piloty, a horde of ignorant their languages. Yet the wants of the lower classes in the barbarians; nor could he, on the other hand, have called two countries are much the same, and the wonderful Inter- the French cowards. One incident of French heroism is national Society has found that out, and is perfectly aware too beautiful to be lost. Outside Paris a regiment of Gerthat it has a terribly large trump in its hand. A travelled man cavalry was opposed to a regiment of French cavalry man has infinitely more chance of giving an honest opinion of splendid appearance, with scarlet breeches and kepiš, on this great and very strange fact of the International and long snow-white cloaks. With a Hoch!" the darkSociety, than one who has only read the newspapers; the blue, travel-stained Germans went at them: the pretty majority of men now, who want to find out the simple truth French regiment was scattered to the winds at once, and about matters, must be travellers who know foreign lan- then the Germans heard from their prisoners what reziment guages, and who must be connected with no newspaper. this was. It consisted of shopboys and counter-jumpers, Our newspapers are the most liberal and outspoken in Eu- who had been dressed up like that and put on horses which rope; but a man who is connected with a newspaper is not they could not ride, and after a fortnight's drill told to exactly free, deny it who can. Any ordinary traveller, fight. They had done their best, and this nation which however, can have his opinions inserted in any decent bred them are no cowards. We happen to consider these newspaper in the form of a letter; therefore we urge that boys in white cloaks and red breeches quite as great liesome of our most valuable contributors to our newspapers roes as the splendid fellows who rode them down. We are the great unpaid, who are not bound down to give us have no shrieks over the matter, simply because we happen either the obverse or the reverse of the medal.

to know both Max and Louis very well, and we have associThere is nothing for a traveller so good as viva-voce con- ated with them, and learned to love them both very dearly. versations with foreigners; not with a foreigner, but with We had to attend on Max and Louis last summer, aiter many intelligent foreigners, as many as possible. Our they had fallen out, when they were both in bed side by countrymen are nearly as bad as the French in this respect; side with their heads broken. We asked the German docthey will only get introcluctions to men of their own modes tor what proportion of French there were in the barn; and of thought, and not to their opponents. Suppose that a reg- he said that he could not tell us, he only spoke to them inular “ Knickerbocker" New York gentleman were to come dividually in either language. “ But the sister will know," to England, and associate entirely with old Whigs and Con- he said with beaming eyes. And the sister told us that servatives, his opinion would not be of any extraordinary she did not know; for these men were the worst cases out value with regard to the state of parties in England. of the trenches, and they had been hurried up only yesterSuppose, again, that an extreme American radical should day; for Bazaine was expected on us every hour, and their come to England, and associate solely with English ex- uniforms were left behind. “ Some are German and some tremists, vould his opinion of the temper of the country French; but, llerr, I cannot tell you exactly as to numbers.

let that pass.

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One thing is certain, that all my pretty men must die if them; let them mind that it is not a Sedan: they have sent Bazaine makes another dash at us; so whether they are away five or six hundred propagandists from the English German or French, it does not matter. His outposts are trades-unions — that is all they have done by their move ; only two miles off, and I shall lose them all if he beats us and as sure as there are apples in Devonshire, they will past here.” Now here, I claim, was a travelled woman. reap what they have sown sooner or later.

These men She was a German, and by her dress I believe a Protestant; have been sent back with money in their pockets, to tell but the men were all alike to her in their common misfor- the countries from which they came that the trades-unions tune. She had only travelled into that land of ghastly hor- are all-powerful. The masters, says our imaginary friend, rors called Lorraine ; but she had learned something, - that in reality made the first practical move in Internationalism. the nationality or the religion of a naked and ruined man Had they taken the trouble to travel more among the mattered nothing in the sight of the God she worshipped. | working-classes abroad, it is possible they would not have

We wish to illustrate now, you see, the fact that travel, made it. in its most hideous and horrible form, that of war, does While thinking of these above sentiments of my friend, some tenth part of good in proportion to its unutterable I came back to Max and Louis, and to the eternal hatred evils. For my own part, I cannot find words sufficient to between the Latins and the Teutons, a thing which I do overrate my detestation of war, unless some great principle not believe will last forever if travelling goes on. Max is to be gained by war. Looking at it in that light, some was brought from Pomerania to fight in the cause of a united will say that no principle was gained by the late war; but Germany, which he did most nobly on the great day of St.

War has this fifty-millionth part of good in Privat ; on the other hand, Louis was brought from Brittany it, that, if it is decently conducted, it throws men in a and Alphonse from Languedoc, to fight for a general thing domestic manner against people of whom they previously called France; they, to9, fought well, and all three were knew nothing. This last war has caused the Germans to wounded and housed in the château at Briey, where I first travel into France to the amount of about seven hundred saw them. The Germans had taken all the tobacco; but thousand men. This generation of Germans has never been when I heard that there were three convalescents at the there before. The affair went for the Germans, and the château, I took my private stock there. There were two sons of the men of Jena found themselves conquerors of French and one German among the vincs. Max, the France. It was necessary that they should stay there German, the only educated one of the three, was among a violently irritated population - - the most easily lying with his head in Louis the French lad's lap, irrita ed population in the world, as some say. What do and Louis was feeding him with grapes while he transthey find ? That, on the whole, the French have behaved lated the Kölnische Zeitung into French. Will those two very well, and that the only reason why the French have boys ever fight against one another again ? I say no ; they not fraternized with them, arises from a sense of national are ξένοι.

. It will come some day - not yet — when it dignity, for which the Germans never gave them credit would be dangerous for any king who depends on his throne before. They are “Blitz Franzoren " no longer. What for the principle of nationality to let his people see much do the French gain by this occupation, if their newspapers of other peoples; but this power is passing out of the hands will let them gain any thing? They gain that they must of all princes, presidents, and parliaments. The time will have a settled and strong government of some sort,

come when Louis and Max will fight together for a cause, likely republican in the real sense, — and that a nation and not for a name. Max fought for a cause, and has hardly their equal in point of numbers can conquer them travelled and learned: if Emperor William thinks that Max (for it is little less) by self-sacrifice and organization. Then is the same man he was before he went to France on his they find, or we hope they find, that the German, with his errand, then Emperor William will find himself very much superior education, his family, and his religion of obedience mistaken. It is possible, looking at all things as well as to death to his sacramentum militare, makes a better soldier one can without farther facts, that this last expedition of than the Frenchman, with all his wild dash and valor. Germany to France will have an “influence of travel" The French people also will (or may) learn in time that (dare we say the word ?) not quite contemplated by the great the majority of their newspapers mislead them in the most Bismarck himself. Max has lain wounded for months gross and shameless way, as we can testify by constant among the sons of the great French Revolution. perusal of them, as to the Germans. If this raid of the Germans into France can teach the French to insist on But let us get on to far pleasanter matters. Look at the proper education, other than that of the Christian Brothers wonderfully genial influence which recent travel has bred and priests, it will have done some good. Our hopes are between the peoples of England and of America. Eleven not strong on this point; the average Frenchman is too years ago the Civil War in America began, and the feeling hopelessly besotted. But, at all events, the journey of the at first was most favorable to the Northern States. Then, Germans into France will leave some good behind it. It is in consequence possibly of the action of Capt. Wilkes, posimpossible, or it would be impossible with any man but a sibly of the su:lden loss of cotton, possilly of the very illFrenchman, that an occupation of Teutons of one year's advised speeches of Mr. Cassius M. Clay, the feeling turned length should leave no fruit behind it save that of hate. against the North, until in 1860-61 it was hard to find a Surely there are some Frenchmen who can see that if things man in suciety who was not more or less a Southern symgo on as they did last year, France will become as great a pathizer. One band of men, however, were generally symnuisance as Mexico. But some Frenchmen will neither pathizers with the North, and those were the men who had travel nor learn, and in that fact lies a terrible and always travelled in America. At one time there were only three existing danger for Europe.

journals of great note who were on the Northern sile, the A man may be no Internationalist. He may think that Star, the Daily News, and the Spectator — we can rememeach nation should, if possible, wash their dirty linen at ber no others. Since then the journey to America has behome. He may think that the masters have, as a general come popular, nay fashionable; and look at the change of rule, the best notion of what they can afford to pay; and, tone which has been produced by it. Year by year the two in fact, he may think that the masters are generally in the nations have been drawing closer anil closer to one another. right in most cases, and the workmen are often the screws, The Americans are proud of us, they always were; but now and not the masters. He may think that this, however, is we are growing proud of them. Some people tell us that a matter which is capable of infinite discussion, and there in one hundred years our coal will be exhausted, and that is no doubt that a great battle between labor and capital is we shall be an agricultural people of about twenty-five imminent, in which labor, with good generals, will win quite millions. Let it be so, if God wills it, but we shall still look as much as it ought to win; that if they win more, they are on America with her 100,000 millions with pride. A knowlruined. He may say that the masters have made a most edge of them, gained by intercommunication, has removed all foolish mistake at the very beginning, and have played jealousy; and if they are to be more powerful than ourstraight into the hands of the International Society, by selves, we have the satisfaction of knowing that they are inviting foreign workmen over here. It is a Saarbrück for carrying freedom and civilization wherever they go. Every traveller who goes to America brings back a new message confess that we find a great difficulty in accounting for this of peace. Eleven years ago it was all anger between us, fact. The greater part of Ireland is romantically beautiful, and had it not been for a few cool and wise heads on the people are amusing, kindly to strangers, and hospitable. both sides of the Atlantic we might have been at war. The innumerable agrarian outrages of which we read have Eleven years ago they would have thrown our money no more to do with the safety of strangers, than the danin our teeth, even if we had offered it. What do we see gers of a number of Greek banditti. Ireland is exceptionnow? One of their most beautiful cities and one of their ally free from crime, save of agrarian crime. The Fenians fairest provinces have been ruined by a visitation of God : are not in the least degree likely to meddle with a stranger. instantly every Englishman, Scotchman, and Irishman There must be something of fashion in this neglect of the worthy of the name, dashes to their assistance; they re- beauties of Ireland. We wish that some great personage ceive our aid without the smallest arrière-pensée, and thank would set a new fashion. The last royal visit to Dublin us in terms which we, at all events, shall never forget, pay- was a perfect success; the mishap in the Phænix Park had ing us ten times over in sheer good-will. The amount we little or nothing to do with it. are sending to Chicago and Michigan is very small; it is It is a great pity again, in many ways, that the intelligent not half enough at present; but the two nations know one French do not travel more and learn other languages than another now so well, that the will is taken for the deed, and

their own.

The result of their almost universal stay-atthey thank us in terms which warm the heart of every true home policy is that they, with the best intentions, enorman among us. Why is this? Because we have got to mously overrate their moral influence in Europe. Take, as understand one another by circulating in one another's one example, the manifesto of Victor Hugo in his new countries, and by finding out that we both want the same paper, the Rappel. In it is shown an almost entire ignothing, - peace, freedom, and sound government. News- rance of European politics. The questions which are papers, with all their enormous value, are sad mischief- torturing the ouvrier classes of Europe are, fair wages, fair makers sometimes. Nations will never get to know one an- hours, free land, free speech, and the avoidance of war. other through their newspapers : a hundred things prevent M. Hugo starts by saying that France is the pillar of the any newspaper from giving the public opinion of more than universe, and goes away into generalities which must make a certain section of the community. Take, for example, his best friends smile, and the gist of which is that they the Specialor, which, with all ability and valor, stood up, must have one revolution more. Dear old Garibaldi is as far as we remember, alone among the weekly press for rather a hasty and unthinking man about politics, but he the North in the American war. Did the Spectator repre

has seen many men and many lands intimately; consesent the public opinion of Great Britain ? Most certainly quently, his manifesto, though remarkably vague, reads like not. We may more or less allow that they were right now, common-sense beside the Frenchman's. The Americans but their position was very unpopular then. Newspapers and the British are the greatest travellers, and, whether by cannot be taken, as a rule, to express the public opinion of accident, or in consequence of travelling, are the only two any nation, for example, are the present Nationalist news- great nations at this moment free; for France is certainly papers in Ireland a true representation of the feeling of the not so, though we hope for the best. The Swiss, the only people? We most profoundly think not. Now, Irish and pure republic in Europe, is composed of men notoriously American newspapers are written in English, and very soon cosmopolitan for ages. copied into our own. So we get the result, that any idle Look at the enormous injury which Chauvinism has done word or taunt has double its force to us. What is the sim- France an injury which a generation will not repair. ple remedy for this ? Let the intelligent citizens circulate Now, what is Chauvinism of the worst kind, save want of more among one another and speak by word of mouth : travel ? The English, as a rule, have seen and know a this is only to be gained by circulation, or, in other words, great deal of France, and have consequently got over the by travel; and this leads us to the very sad reflection, that strange old Chauvinism which began at the Revolution, for ten of my acquaintances who know France, but one in and scarcely ended until the Crimean war — this belief in ten knows Ireland.

the immeasurable superiority of the English in all things. What a result of travel would be here, if Englishmen We know now exactly where we are superior to the French, could be induced to go to Ireland as they do to Scotland ! and where the French are superior to us; but the average But they do not, and will not. Scotland every year is Frenchman does not know, because he will not come and like another England. Englishmen, in extremely bad

He has imbibed certain notions about us, and to taste we think, absolutely adopt the so-called Highland them he clings through every thing. The Englishman of dress, and go about with bare legs. (By the bye, Mr. Hill the French stage is much the same as he was thirty years Burton, who should be an authority, says that this dress ago; and so is the Englishman of the Petit Journal pour is only an invention of the last century.) Scotland and Rire of the last few nionths a ridiculous-looking lunatic. Scotticism is a kind of craze with some Englishmen; and We at one time had in our caricatures a most remarkable the money which is poured into Scotland in consequence being, whom we called a Yankee, with short trowsers and of this craze takes half the winter to count. The Scotch large Wellington boots. We have, since we have known take the money and give the money's worth for it; while the Americans better, entirely given up this wonderful their members act as a solid Whig brigade, free and gener- American, and bave discovered that the American gentleous enough to any ministry on imperial questions, but abso- man is as well dressed, as well spoken, and as well educated lutely inexorable on Scotch questions. They have got as any of us; but the old French Englishman is as rampant “ Home Rule” with a vengeance, and without a thought of separation. Why? Because they are always meeting the I have written down above some of the slighter social English both in Scotland and in England; because the two and political results of travel ; let me, before concluding, nations entirely understand one another from talking to- look farther afield, and take a larger view. gether. There is some grumbling in Scotland just now, One of the greatest highways in the world was sealed to for example, about game and hypoi hec, — and the Scotch us twenty years ago. The Nile, which casts a vast volume have been saying that they have been neglected for the of fresh water into the Mediterranean, in Egypt was totally Irish, with much justice; but the Scotch interchange words unknown to us beyond Abyssinia ; in fact, it was generally with the English habitually, and so the Englishman knows supposed that the little Blue Nile was the real river, until that, although the Scotchman will wait, he will not wait for- Grant and Speke announced the discovery of the great ever, and that if the Scotch get sulky, their behests must be system of lakes in the centre of Africa, with a nearly fair done. The Scotch brigade might not have waited quite so water-way leading to a vast and rich district, capable of long for a few things, had it not been that the two nations producing most things. This system of lakes was farther sve one another continu illy. But who ever goes to Ireland ? developed by Baker, who discovered one of the largest What an iumense deal there might be done did English bodies of fresh water in the world, surrounded by mounpe pole trivel wore i.. Ireland ! For some reason, Ireland re- tains which in all probability give every climate, — for imuins almost as little known as America. We honestly Mount Mfumbizo is clothed in snow nearly under the equa

see us.

as ever.




tor. Here is a discovery which may make Alexandria double It was during my college career, and whilst I was workthe place it is now. Baker is up there with the power and ing pro tem. in a psychological groove, that Mr. Home's rewealth of the Khedive at his back, getting his steamers on puted doings in Paris and London made modern spiritualthe great lake, and surveying. The country can scarcely ism a nine-days' wonder. This was, of course, exactly the be more unhealthy than India: for Sir Samuel and Lady thing to suit me- a short and easy cut at the solution of Baker went through a course of hardship and starvation problems which had puzzled philosophers for ages. Spiritthere which would have killed them in most countries in ual problems were henceforth to be as capable of demonthe world. If this region can be made to produce any stration as mathematical ones, and a good deal more interestthing, and it swarms with the most gigantic forms of animal ing. The condition of the departed was to be no longer a life, a few hundred thousand pounds will be enough to make matter of speculation or revelation, but of purely scientific locks on each cataract, and the road into the centre of inquiry; and I the Bacon to inaugurate the Novum OrganAfrica is free from the Mediterranean.

Without being, in the accepted sense of the words, a We are waiting breathless to hear what Baker is doing, religious man, - a“ Simeonite,” in the current slang of my and whether he will find Livingstone. Alas, if he does, I had, I believe, a vein of latent piety quite as fully the kindly soul which waited so long and so patiently for developed as most young men close upon their majority. the return of his friend has passed from among us, and if Valeat tantum. I really thought at first, that, by the time I Livingstone is ever welcomed at the Geographical Society, got my degree, theology would be a fixed science, and modMurchison will not be there to meet him. This expedi- ern spiritualism was to do the work. In a very short time tion of Baker's will, we believe, have a result of travel there cropped up upon my bookshelves the principal works which is at present incalculable. The influence which it of English and American spiritualists, with manuals of will have on the slave-trade, and on Eastern manners and magnetism, and old, high-priced, rakish-looking volumes on African civilization, is equally beyond guessing.

occult science generally. I learned to cast a nativity, swear The results, again, of the Pacific Railway are utterly be- by Andrew Jackson Davis, and puzzle myself and everyyond human calculation, but are beginning to show them- body else by discoursing of the odic force. Contemporaneselves already, notably in the suppression of the Mormons, ously my little round table commenced active gyrations, a most objectionable body, who were, to my own certain whilst a “circle" assembled almost nightly in my rooms for knowledge, doing immense injury to idle young Americans. manifestations," which, when they did come, were very That place was to some, and I have heard it from their own physical indeed. I am free to confess, however, the results lips, very much like the establishment of the Old Man of were not great on academic ground. The “circle” were the Mountain, of which we may read in Marco Polo. Now apt to be irregular, and to be impatient if results did not that the railway has come within thirty miles of it, the nui- come immediately to order. I attributed my failures at the sance has become too patent, and the United States have time to two principal causes : 1st, the absence of the female said inexorably that monogamy is to be the rule of their element in our circle (my bedmaker having proved captangreat future empire. The Mormons thought that they had kerous, and shied at the first intimation of invisible agency); got entirely beyond human reach. But no: travelling 2.1, the fact that men would smoke when sitting, a practice pioneers came and reported that a railway was possible: it which I fancied the “ intelligences” objected to. was made, and the Mormons have no place on earth to fly In the first “ Long,” however, after my inoculation with to: the irrepressible American is upon them, and they the spiritualistic mania, I took all my books “ down” with must submit or go. It is the same way in India; now me, and resolved to “develop” somebody or something at intersected by railways, the irrepressible Briton is there, the parsonage before long. I mentioned the matter very sedestroying old prejudices, introducing new ideas. East, riously — for I felt seriously - to my father, as he was west, south, and north, the travelling nations are civilizing; plodding through his sermon for the following Sunday ; but while the untravelling ones, equally able, equally brave, he took a line for which I was not quite prepared. Instead of seem to spend the most of their time in cutting one an- pooh-poohing my facts, he readily admitted them; but conother's throats.

sidered the whole affair diabolical, and all assumed identity with the spirits of the defunct as the machinations of " lying

spirits.” This only gave a new impetus to my study. I had “ TILL DEATH US DO PART.”

great respect for my father's opinion up to a certain point.

I fancy now that point was where it coincided with mine. It is necessary, in order to tell my story, that I should be, “So you concede these manifestations are spiritual, sir ?" at the outset, somewhat personal — somewhat egotistical, if I asked. you will. As I am going to be the hero of my own narrative, “ Provided the facts be as you state them and I have it is almost inevitable that such should be the case. I have no time or inclination to go into the matter of testimony – tried to avoid it by dressing up the history in the third per- decidedly yes. Spiritual because diabolical.” son, and telling it about somebody else; but it was no good. With my step-mother, who was considerably younger than I had even thought at one time of interweaving a highly my father, I succeeded better. The subject was new to her, sentimental love-story as a subsidiary plot, and making the and helped to dispel the gloom of a country parsonage. whole run through two or three volumes by means of judi- Even the little children (for there was a second family) cious padding; but I find the interest always flags, unless I wrote beautiful moral sentiments in a genuine scrawl with confine myself, as I now purpose doing, to the barest recital the planchette. But none of these produced results suffiof facts.

cient to give them more than a very secondary place in my When I was at the university, without being in any sense narrative. However, I had succeeded so far. From my a “fast” man, — indeed enjoying with most of that genus sanctum sous les toits down through the drawing-room and the reputation of a “reading” man, I very studiously de- into the servants' hall itself tables were spinning and sibylyoted my reading to everything but what was likely to lic sentences rapped out or automatically written from be useful to me there and then. °I dabbled in science, flirt- morning to night. ed with literature, and was wedded to music, applying my- Reversing the ordinary process of most “ experiences,” I self only so far to the classics as was necessary to ballast was not led on gently from mesmerism, or animal magnetmy magazine articles with Greek and Latin quotations, or ism, to spiritualism, but plumped at once into spiritualism, occasionally to enable me to publish a few bits” of the and then left to work my way back to first principles via classical authors in the unlikeliest forms of the vernacular. mesmerism. Mathematics I altogether eschewed as being far too demons- From the first, be it understood, I had never been a redtrable, too “slow and sure,” for my then desultory state of hot enthusiast in the spiritualistic theory. Any orthodox mind. Consequently I need scarcely say I considerably dis- “ spiritist” would have deemed me all along heretical. In appointed the hopes of my pater and numerous admirers, fact, according to their tenets, I should always have been who mistook my versatility for genius, and altogether thought termed a sceptic. In the proper sense of the word an inme a sort of Admirable Crichton.

quirer, I accepted that title ; I was not, for instan pre

to My father entered at this moment from his sermon

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pared to admit the "spiritual" element as readily as my it in the slenderest degree possible, keeping it rigidly bent father did. My standard of belief, in fact, was the intro- close to her side. My mother's astonishment may be imduction to the book “ From Matter to Spirit,” by Prof. de agined, then, when, at my command, Miss M'Gorgon Morgan, which treats the pneumatological theory only as assumed the attitude of the eagle-slayer, using the diseased easier than any of the psychological. It was thus I formu- member as the bow arm, and keeping it elevated in the lated my doctrines during the course of this vacation, and before the startling events of the present story occurred to shake it :

mongery, and, dismissing a pardonable doubt as to Miss 1. It is proved to demonstration that material substances M'Gorgon's sanity, proceeded to examine the phenomenon. can be rendered independent of the hitherto accepted On this and subsequent occasions all the ordinary laws of nature," such as gravitation, &c., by human voli- phases of animal magnetism, including phreno-mesmerism tion, with or without contact.

and clairvoyance, were exhibited, and at last we had a 2. An intelligence which is not that of the medium is specimen of that peculiar condition known as lucidity. constantly found present at spirit circles. — N.B. Whether Miss M'Gorgon threw herself into a chair, became pale such intelligence is altogether independent of those sur- and semi-rigid, exhibiting every appearance of death. rounding the medium has not been proved to my satisfac- Had I not been prepared by previous reading, my courage tion. I have of course read of instances where facts and might have failed, and possibly disastrous consequences events quite unknown to the persons present have been to the mind and even life of the “ patient" followed. As it communicated; but I have had no experience of this was, I preserved my equanimity, and bade her describe her myself.

condition. She was basking, she said, in light ineffable. 3. The “higher phenomena," such as automatic writing, Her only anxiety was to leave the body, and remain in that trance-speaking, and spirit-voice, are phases so easily simu- lucid state. The most curious part of the manifestation lated as to need much longer investigation than I have as was, that she was utterly ignorant of the names of living yet been able to give them. It is only fair to add, that in persons.

She readily remembered the dead, described the whole course of my investigation I have not been able herself as being with them, and exclaimed almost petuto detect a single case of fraud.

lantly, This opinion, be it known, was strictly esoteric, being “You know they are here! You are with me.

Let me written in my private diary for my own edification. It was go to them. I can see them, if you will only let me." based on my experiences at college on a round of visits I Her volition was utterly lost in mine. It seemed a had paid to the different professional media in London, and strange link between spiritism and magnetism ; but my my brief experiments at the parsonage.

Now came the mother began to look nervous, my father evidently smelt test.

sulphur, and, in fact, I felt myself that I was trenching A governess had been engaged for the younger members somewhat closely on the limits of the “knowable.” Much of the family in the person of a tall, raw-boned Scotch girl, against her wish — I was going to write “ will,” but that externally about as unspiritual-looking a lady as could be was in abeyance — I bade her come back; and after my imagined. She “ went in,” however, mildly - as became using the ordinary method for dispersing the “magnetic her position — for my experiments. She had lots of tra- aura,” she returned to earth utterly ignorant of all that had ditional stories of second-sight attaching to various mem- taken place. That evening I formulated another“ opinion" bers of her family, and was also inclined to argue the in my diary :matter (as Sydney Smith says) “ in the aibstract " at greater “ Whatever be the power that seems, under certain conlength than I cared. The servants, I afterwards found, ditions, to animate dead matter, and which, for lack of a had their own opinions as to why Miss M’Gorgon was so better term, we call magnetism, that same power is capable fond of sitting hand in hand with young master, and of producing in the human frame a state of exaltation of " adored dark séances ; ” but such a suspicion never crossed the faculties which apparently lifts the patient into a higher my mind then, and I have no idea even now whether it had condition of being.” the slightest foundation in fact. Whatever other ghostly Having produced this lucid phase at a second siance, element there may be in what I have to relate, there cer- after I had taken some lessons of a professional mesmerist, tainly is not the ghost of a love-story.

I was induced to extract a promise from Miss M'Gorgon I came down from my sky parlor to the drawing-room which I knew would be sacred if made in the magnetic state latish one evening, and found my step-mamma and Miss that she would allow no one else to mesmerize her, and, M'Gorgon obviously boring one another from their easy- moreover, that she would never resist my will. She even chairs at opposite sides of the fireplace. I had just wrote it down in the blank page of my Reichenbach, and been reading the Reverend Chauncey Hare Townshend's after having done so, said in a voice that startled us all,book on mesmerism, and the resemblance of Miss M'Gor

“ I am yours

yours till death us do part." gon's pose to one of the plates prompted me to say,

It was, I fancy, more the matrimonial than the magnetic “ Miss M'Gorgon, you look as though you were sitting to import of this particular phrase that frightened us at the be magnetized. Will you let me experiment on you ? time. Mine most unmistakably, whether with views matri

By all means, but I am sure you will not succeed.” monial or magnetic, she was from that day forth. She And, to do her justice, her great Scotch eyes looked far anticipated my every wish, even to such trivial matters as too wide awake for any earthly power to shut.

passing things at table, &c. Had Miss M'Gorgon been After twenty minutes' manipulation, however, she was young and beautiful, I do not know what I or other people in a deep magnetic sleep. My step-mother was not at first might have thought of her attentions. As it was, noboly quite inclined to accept as a conclusive fact that while Miss thought any thing at all; and, for myself, I soon found out N'Gorgon was deaf to her, she responded readily to all the unsatisfactory nature of the spiritualistic inquiry; and my questions; but when she saw me stand up on Miss by the time October came, I was quite prepared to leave all M'Gorgon's knees – I row over eleven stone, I should my occult works behind for my father to elaborate a learned mention — she began to think that the laws of matter, discourse on Beelzebub, whilst I devoted my attention to even matter so material as the M'Gorgon shanks, were in the subject of brass bands in general, and the big saxhorn a state of flux. But this was not all.

in particular, in consequence of having been promoted to Some time before, the children had been ill with scarlet the dignity of a bandsman in the University Rifle Corps. fever, and Miss M’ Gorgon, in the course of her assiduous But I was not to dissociate myself so easily from Miss attention to them, took the disease. Being naturally of a M'Gorgon and spiritism. somewhat hysterical temperament, she, as the ladies say, Soon after I went “ up,” a change became visible in the gave way a good deal; and, after the malady had left her, governess. She was nervous and excitable to the last dewhether as one of its manifold sequelæ, or a result of her gree. The servants chuckled, and asked one another, hysterical tendency, she either could not, or fan«iedl she “ Hadn't they said so, all along ?” The partial paralysis could not, move her left ar At any rate, she did not use of her arm, which had disappeared under magnetic

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