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On one side of the grave sleeps his wife : his two How many little details are crowded into one's memory! daughters on the other. One is Susanna, Daughter of and how capriciously they go and stay ! Next morning, at William Shakespeare, Gentleman: so the name is spelt, by 8.50, away by the Midland line. Tamworth, Burton, where people who should have known how to spell it. There are were many trucks laden with innumerable casks of beer; some lines, of which these are the first four :

Derby, Chesterfield, with its strange spire, much off the per

pendicular; Sheffield under a thick pall of smoke; NorWitty above her sexe, but that's not all :

manton, York, Newcastle, Berwick, Edinburgh at 8.30 P.M., Wise to salvation was good Mistres Hall.

after a long day. A restful day to one's mind, of pleasant Something of Shakespeare was in that, but this reading, with little intermissions, and glimpses of not unfaOnly of Him with whom she's now in blisse.

miliar scenes gliding by. Of course the writer did not mean it: but it is curious how carefully he assures us that if there was any moral good in Mistress Hall , she did not derive it from her father.

STAGE BANQUETS. cleverness perhaps she might.

There are other monuments : a grand recumbent figure of John a-Combe: but here one does not care for any that are

A VETERAN actor of inferior fame once expressed his extreme dislike to what he was pleased to term“ the sham

wine-parties” of Macbeth and others. He was aweary of always stay here; and at last we come slowly away, exam

the Barmecide banquets of the stage, of affecting to quaff ining the church carefully as we go. The nave has side

with gusto imaginary wine out of empty pasteboard goblets, aisles : galleries in them. The chancel is aisle-less. There

and of making believe to have an appetite for wooden is a transept without aisles; and over the intersection a

apples and "property

" comestibles. “He was in every graceful spire. The windows are filled with perpendicular

sense a poor player, and had often been a very hungry one. tracery. The people of Govan, near Glasgow, are under He took especial pleasure in remembering the entertainthe wild illusion that their parish church is a fac-simile of this

ments of the theatre in which the necessities of performchurch. The spire remotely resembled this; the churches have not a feature in common. Out of the church at length,

ance, or regard for rooted tradition, involved the setting of

real edible food before the actors. At the same time he and all around it. The south transept is covered with ivy, of

greatly lamented the limited number of dramas in which which the writer took a leaf away. The sacred leaf is fixed on the fly-leaf of his Knight's Edition, Vol. 1. Written

these precious opportunities occurred.

He had grateful memories of the rather obsolete Scottish beneath is – Taken from the Transept of the church of Strat

melodrama of “ Cramond Brig;' for in this work old custom ford-on-Avon, near Shakespeare's Grave, Oct. 17, 1871.

demanded the introduction of a real sheep's head with Close beneath the east end of the church is the slow river, here dammed up for the convenience of a great mill, hard

accompanying “ trotters.” He told of a North Brittish by. Willows beyond the river: then the flat, rich English

manager who was wont - especially when the salaries he

was supposed to pay were somewhat in arrear, and he landscape, still quite green. In the churchyard wall, close by the river, are stone sedilia, canopied, plainly brought

desired to keep his company in good humor and, may be, from elsewhere. Let us sit here awhile. It is a low wall

alive — to produce this play on Saturday nights. For some

days before the performance the dainties that were destined by the river side: the water just below. Passing from the

to grace it underwent exhibition in the green-room. A churchyard, we go by the large mill; on its side are marked

label bore the inscription : "This sheep's head will appear the lines to which, at various times of flood, the river has risen. It must have made all the country round a sea.

in the play of Cramond Brig' on next Saturday night.

God save the King.” “It afforded us all two famous dinCross the river by a footbridge, elevated high; and along the further side to the point where you have the church opposite

ners,” reveals our veteran. “We had a large pot of broth

made with the head and feet: these we ate on Saturday you. Now Stratford-on-Avon is a possession forever; and

night; the broth we had on Sunday.” So in another Scotas the day declines we go. Going, one thought of another genius, a far less genius than Shakspeare, but a genius as

tish play, “ The Gentle Shepherd” of Allan Ramsay, it was real : the scenes of whose birth and death have been famil

long the custom on stages north of the Tweed to present a iar since childhood.

real haggis, although niggardly managers were often tempted to substitute for the genuine dish a far less savory if more

wholesome mess of oatmeal. But a play more famous still All ask the cottage of his birth, Gaze on the scenes he loved and sung,

for the reality of its victuals, and better known to modern And gather feelings, not of earth,

times, was Prince Hoare's musical farce, “No Song, no His fields and streams among.

Supper.” A steaming hot boiled leg of lamb and turnips

may be described as quite the leading character in this They linger by the Doon's low trees,

entertainment. Without this appetizing addition the play And pastoral Nith, and wooded Ayr,

has never been represented. There is a story, however, And round thy sepulchres, Dumfries,

which one can only hope is incorrect, of an impresario of The poet's tomb is there !

Oriental origin, who, supplying the necessary meal, yet

subsequently fined his company all round on the ground But they did not mind in the least about moving his bones. that they had “ combined to destroy certain of the properThe rest of the dead was disturbed, and certain fussy per

ties of the theatre." sons“ tried their hats" upon the skull of Burns. They There are many other plays in the course of which found (as might well have been anticipated) that all their genuine food is consumed on the stage. But some excuse hats were a great deal too small.

for the generally fictitious nature of theatrical repasts is to Birmingham once more: returning to it for the last time. be found in the fact that eating, during performance, is Again the dreary dinner, eaten in a populous solitude ; and often a very difficult matter for the actors to accomplish. the

cup of specially bad tea. Again climb the desolate Michael Kelly in his Memoirs relates that he was required stone stairs, uncarpeted, reminding one of a prison. The to eat part of a fowl in the supper scene of a bygone only home-like place in a great hotel is one's own little cham- operatic play called “ A House to be Sold.” Bannister at ber. Here are the friendly faces of a few books, compan- rehearsal had informed him that it was very ditlicult to ions of one's solitude. Here the receptacle (warranted solid swallow food on the stage. Kelly was incredulous, howleather) which gains almost a human interest through long “But strange as it may appear,” he writes, “I found common travel, and faithfully keeping so much given to its it a fact that I could not get down a morsel. My embarrassCare. It must be packed to-night : things go into their ac- ment was a great source of fun to Bannister and Suett, who customed places: the bare little room looks barer when they were both gifted with the accommodating talent of stage are stowed away. Pasted on the door, the ominous warning feeding. Whoever saw poor Suett as the lawyer in “No obtrudes itself, —Please bolt the dour before going to bed. Song, no Supper," tucking in his boiled leg of lamb, or in • The Siege of Belgrade,' will be little disposed to question was less a question of stage or side-wing refreshments than my testimony to the fact." From this account, however, of the measure of preliminary potation he had indulged in. it is manifest that the difficulty of “stage feeding," as Kelly In what state would he come down to the theatre ?


Upon calls it, is not invariably felt by all actors alike. And the answer to that inquiry the entertainment of the night probably, although the appetites of the superior players greatly depended. “I was drunk the night before last," may often fail them, the supernumerary or the representa- Cooke said on one occasion; “still I acted, and they tive of minor characters could generally contrive to make a

hissed me.

Last night I was drunk again, and I didn't respectable meal if the circumstances of the case supplied | act; they hissed all the same. There's no knowing how to the opportunity.

please the public.” A fine actor, Cooke was also a genuine The difficulty that attends eating on the stage does not, humorist, and it must be said for him, although a like it would seem, extend to drinking, and sometimes the intro- excuse has been perhaps too often pleaded for such failings duction of real and potent liquors during the performance as his, that his senses gave way, and his brain became has lead to unfortunate results. Thus Whincop; who, in affected after very slight indulgence. From this, however, 1747, published a tragedy called “Scanderbeg," adding to it he could not be persuaded to abstain, and so made havoc “ A List of all the Dramatic Authors, with some Account of his genius, and terminated, prematurely and ignobly of their Lives,” &c., describes a curious occurrence at the enough, his professional career. Theatre Royal in 1693. A comedy entitled “The Wary Many stories are extant as to performances being interWidow; or, Sir Noisy Parrot," written by one Higden, and rupted by the entry of innocent messengers bringing to the now a very scarce book, had been produced ; but on the players, in the presence of the audience, refreshments they first representation, the author had contrived so much drink- had designed to consume behind the scenes, or sheltered ing of punch in the play that the actors almost all got from observation between the wings. Thus is it told of drunk, and were unable to get through with it, so that the one Walls, who was the prompter in a Scottish theatre, audience was dismissed at the end of the third act.” Upon and occasionally appeared in minor parts, that he once subsequent performances of the comedy no doubt the directed a maid-of-all-work, employed in the wardrobe de management reduced the strength of the punch, or substi- partment of the theatre, to bring him a gill of whiskey. tuted some harmless beverage, toast-and-water perhaps, The night was wet, so the girl, not caring to go out, imitative of that ardent compound so far as mere color was entrusted the commission to a litttle boy who happened to concerned. There have been actors, however, who have be standing by. The play was Othello, and Wall played the refused to accept the innocent semblance of vinous liquor

Duke. The scene of the senate was in course of represensupplied by the management, and especially when, as part tation, Brabantio had just statel, — of their performance, they were required to simulate intoxication. A certain representative of Cassio was wont to take

My particular grief to the theatre a bottle of claret from his own cellar, when

of so flood-gate and o'erbearing nature, ever he was called upon to sustain that character. It took

That it engiuts and swallows other sorrows,

And it is still itselt, possession of him too thoroughly, he said with a plausible air, to allow of his affecting inebriety after holding an empty goblet to his lips, or swallowing mere toast-and- and the Duke, obedient to his cue, had inquired :water or small beer. Still his precaution had its disadvantages. The real claret he comsumed might make his

Why, what's the matter? intemperance somewhat too genuine and accurate; and his portrayal of Cassio's speedy return to sobriety might be in when the little boy appeared upon the stage bearing a such wise very difficult of accomplishment. So there have pewter measure, and explained, " It's just the whiskey, Mr. been players of dainty taste, who, required to eat in the Walls; and I could na git ony at fourpence, so yer awn the presence of the audience, have elected to bring their own landlord a penny; and he says it's time you wils payin' provisions, from some suspicion of the quality of the food what's doon i' the book.”. The senate broke up amidst provided by the management. We have heard of a clown the uproarious laughter of the audience. who, entering the theatre nightly to undertake the duties Real macaroni in Masaniello, and real champagne in Don of his part; was observel to carry with him always a neat Giovanni, in order that Leporello may have opportunities little paper parcel. What did it contain ? bystanders in- for “comic business” in the supper scene, are demanded by quired of each other. Well, in the comic scenes of panto- the customs of the operatic stage. Realism generally, inmime it is not unusual to see a very small child, dressed deed, is greatly affected in the modern theatre. The audiperhaps as a charity-boy, crossing the stage, bearing in his ences of to-day require not merely that real water shall be hand a slice of bread and butter. The clown steals this seen to flow from a pump, or to form a cataract, but that article of food and devours it; whereupon the child, crying real wine shall proceed from real bottles, and be fairly swalaloud, pursues him hither and thither about the stage. lowed by the performers. In Paris, a complaint was recentThe incident always excites much amusement; for in ly made that, in a scene representing an entertainment in pantomimes the world is turned upsidedown, and moral modern fashionable society, the chimpagne supplied was only principles have no existence; cruelty is only comical, and of a second-rate quality. Through powerful opera-glasses outrageous crime the best of jokes. The paper parcel borne the bottle labels could be read, and the management's sacto the theatre by the clown under mention enclosed the rifice of truthfulness to economy was severely criticized. bread and butter that was to figure in the harlequinade. The audience resented the introduction of the cheaper liq “ You see I'm a particular feeder,” the performer explained. uor, as though they had themselves been constrained to “ I can't eat bread and butter of any one's cutting. Besides, drink it. I've tried it, and they only afford salt butter. I can't As part also of the modern regard for realism may be stand that. So as I've got to eat it and no mistake, with noted the “ cowking scenes," which have frequently figured all the house looking at me, I cut a slice when I'm having in recent plays. The old conjuring trick of making a pudmy own tea, at home, and bring it down with me.”

ding in a hat never won more admiration than is now obRather among the refresh nents of the side-wings than of tained by such simple expedients as trying bacon or sausathe stage must be counted that reeking hot tumbler of “

very ges, or broiling chops or steaks upon the stage in sight of brown, very hot, and very strong brandy-and-water,” which the audience. The manufacture of paste for puddings or as Doctor Duran relates, was prepared for poor Edmund pies by one of the dramatis personæ has always been very favKean, as, towards the close of his career, he was wont to orably received, and the first glimpse of the real rolling-pin, stagger from before the tootlights, and, overcome by his and the real flour to be thus employed, has always been atexertions and infirmities, to sink, “a helpless, speechless, tended with applause. In a late production, the opening of fainting, bent-up mass,” into the chair placed in readiness a soda-water bottle by one of the characters was general y to receive the shattered, ruined actor.

With Kean's proto

regarded as quite the most impressive effect of the repretype in acting and in excess, George Frederick Cooke, it sentation.

At Christmas time, when the shops are so copiously sup- ugly bere than among us. As to the men, their physical plied with articles of food as to suggest a notion that the type and their expression badly harmonize with their world is content to live upon half-rations at other seasons position; they are often too tall, too strong, too automatic, of the year, there is extraordinary storing of provisions at with eyes inert or wild, with angular and knotty_features. certain of the theatres. These are not edible, however; they met again the two Frenchmen belonging to the Embassy ; are due to the art of the property-maker, and are designed how agreeable as & contrast are their intelligent and for what are known as the "spill and pelt” scenes of the lively, gay faces! It is sufficient to be introduced in order pantomime. They represent juicy legs of mutton, brightly to be greeted with perfect politeness. The French streaked with red and white, quartern loaves, trussed fowls, wrongly think that they have the privilege of this. In turnips, carrots and cabbages, strings of sausages, fish of this respect, in Europe, all well-brought-up people resemble all kinds, sizes, and colors; they are to be stolen and pock- each other. eted by the clown, recaptured by the policeman, and after- Another evening at Lady, -'s. One of her daughters wards wildly whirled in all directions in a general “rally' sang a Norwegian song at the piano, and sang it well, with of all the characters in the harlequinade. They are but animation and expression which are not common. Acadroitly painted canvas stuffed with straw or sawdust. No cording to the opinions of my musical friends, the English doubt the property-maker sometimes views from the wings are still wirie endowed than we are with respect to music; with considerable dismay the severe usage to which his however, in this subject, all illusions are possible; Miss B., works of art are subjected. “He's an excellent clown, sir," having pitiressly strummed a sonata, finished amidst general one such was once heard to say, regarding from his own attention; her mother said to me, "She has quite a genius stand-point the performance of the jester in question. “ He for it.” Two other young girls are beautiful and pleasing; don't destroy the properties as some do.” Perhaps now and but too rosy, and upon this rosiness are too many adornthen, too, a minor actor or a supernumerary, who has derided ments of staring green which vex the eye. But as com" the sham wine-parties of Macbeth and others,” may la- pensation, how simple and affable are they! Twice out ment the scandalous waste of seeming good victuals in a of three times when one converses here with a woman, one pantomime. But, as a rule, these performers are not fanci- feels rested, affected, almost happy; their greeting is ful on this, or, indeed, on any other subject. They are not kindly, friendly; and such a smile of gentle and quiot to be deceived by the illusions of the stage; they are them- goodness; no after-thought; the intention, the expression, selves too much a part of its shams and artifices. Property every thing is open, natural, cordial; one is much more at legs of mutton are to them not even food for reflection, but ease than with a French woman; one has not the vague simply, “ properties," and nothing more. Otherwise, a fear of being judged, rallied; one does not feel one's self in somewhat too cynical disposition might be unfortunately en- presence of a sharpened, piercing, cutting mind that can couraged; and the poor player, whose part requires him to quarter you in a trice, nor of a vivid, exacting, wearied be lavish of bank-notes of enormous amount upon the stage, imagination which demands anecdotes, spice, show, amuse and the hungry “super," constrained to maltreat articles of ment, flattery, all kinds of dainties, and shuts you up if food which he would prize dearly if they were but real, you have no tit-bits to offer her. The conversation is might be too bitterly affected by noting the grievous dis- neither a duel nor a competition; one may express a thought crepancy existing between their private and their public as it is, without embellishment; one has the right to be what

-the men they are, and the characters they seem to one is, commonplace. One may even, without wearying be.

her or having a pedantic air, speak to her about serious matters, obtain from her correct information, reason with

her as with a man. I transcribe some conversation taken M. TAINE'S “NOTES ON ENGLAND."

down on the spot.

Dined with Mrs. T—; her two nieces are at table.

They have the small, plain dresses of boarding-school girls. NUMBERS of dinners or luncheons in town, walks in the The eldest never raises her eyes during the repast, or country, with persons belonging to the upper middle class, timidly glances around. This is not silliness; after dinner and with some of the nobility. The drawing-rooms and I talked freely for an hour with them. Their silence is the dinners are the same as everywhere else; there is mere bashfulness, infantine modesty, innocent wildness of à certain level of luxury and of elegance where all the the startled doe. When spoken to, their blood ascends to wealthy classes of Europe meet. The only very striking their cheeks; for myself, I love that youthfulness of the thing at table, or in the evening, is the exceeding fresh- mind; it is not necessary that a young girl should too early ness of the ladies, and their toilette also; the hue of the have the assurance and the manners of society: the French skin is dazzling. Yesterday, I was placed beside a young girl is a flower too soon in bloom. They spend the winter and lady whose neck and shoulders reseinbled snow, or rather the summer in the country, twenty miles distant from the city. mother-of-pearl ; this extraordinary white is so powerful, They walk for at least two hours daily; then they work in that, to my eyes, it is not life-like; she wore a rose- the family circle, where they listen to something read colored dress, wreath of red flowers, green trimmings, and aloud. Their occupations are drawing, music, visits to the a golden necklace around the throat, like a savage queen; poor, reading (they are subscribers to a circulating library). they have rarely a feeling for colors.

They read novels, travels, history, and some sermons. On Great reception at a minister's; the staircase is monu- Sunday there is church, and the school for the poor village mental, and the drawing-rooms are lofty, princely; but children. They do not weary; they have no desire to see this is uncommon; in general the house is not well ar- company:

This winter they came to France, and found ranged for receiving guests. When one has a large com- French women very agreeable, amiable, engaging, and pany, the two drawing-rooms on the first floor do not sprightly. But they are surprised and hurt at the constant suffice; very rich people who are obliged to make a display, supervision which we keep over our girls. In England give their entertainment on two flors; the ladies, for lack they are much more independent. Even in London, each of room and in order to get air, seat themselves on the of them may go out alone, or at least with her sister. steps of the stairs. Today several distinguished persons Yet there is excess; they censure the fast girls who follow were mentioned to me, but I have not the right to describe the hounds, treat men as comrades, and sometimes smoke. them. Some young ladies and young girls are extremely All is commonplace in these two young girls, — education, beautiful, and all the company are excessively dressed; mind, character, face; they are very healthy, they are many ladies have their hair decked with diamonds, and fresh, nothing more; they are average girls; but this their shoulders, much exposed, have the incomparable modesty, this simplicity, this health, this good sense, whiteness of which I have just spoken; the petals of a suffice to make a good wife who will be contented with lily, the gloss of satin do not come near to it. But there her household, will have children without being sickly, are many storks in gauze and tulle, many skinny jades, will be faithful to her husband, and will not ruin þim in with prominent noses, jaws of macaws; ugliness is more dress.





The chief point is the absence of coquetry ; I proceed to all learn French, German, Italian, in general from infancy, 'cite trifling instances, extreme, unfavorable. This winter through nurses and foreign governesses. Commonly they in a Paris drawing-room where I was, a stout, red-faced begin with French; nearly all speak it fluently, and several bald man, related to a rather great English personage, en- without any accent; I have cited the sole exception I have tered leading his daughter of sixteen ; pretty, gentle face, encountered. They read Dante, Manzoni, Schiller, and but what ignorance of dress! She had dark brown gloves, Goethe, our classics, Chateaubriand, and some moderns. hair in curls, not glossy, a sort of badly fitting white casaque, Many learn a little Latin ; that will be serviceable for the and her waist resembled a log in a sack.

All the evening

education of their children, or of their young brothers. Sevshe remained silent, like a Cinderella, amidst the splendors eral learn natural history, botany, mineralogy, geology ; and supreme elegances of the dresses and beauties surround- they have a taste for all natural things; and in the country, ing her. Here, in St. James's Park, at the Exhibition, in at the sea-side, in their frequent journeys, they can see the picture-galleries, many young ladies, pretty, well dressed, minerals, herbs, shells, form collections; besides, that suits wore spectacles. I put aside several other traits; but it is the English habit, which consists in storing up facts ; thus clear to me that they possess in a much lesser degree than they are more instructed, and more solidly instructed, than French women the sentiment which ordains that at every

among us.

Another motive is, that many of the young moment, and before every person, a woman stands with girls never marry, and that it is requisite to prepare an shouldered arms, and feels herself on parade. However, occupation for them beforehand. Lady M – cited the naturalness is less restrained, and breaks forth more freely. case of a family in her neighborhood, where there are five Recently, at thirty miles from London, we took a long walk unmarried daughters, all beautiful; the older ones are with the daughters of the family, and we climbed a rather thirty-five and thirty-six. This is because they have been steep height. Still very young, they are true goats, always brought up in luxury, and have scarcely any dowry. Freleaping, even when ascending, upon the sharp slopes and quently a father only gives his daughter a sum equivalent among the stones. Exuberance and freedom of the circula- to the income of his eldest son and heir; and, moreover, tion, and of the animal forces : nothing feminine; in the he obliges the gentleman who offers himself, to make a carriage, before arriving, their noisy babble, excitedness, settlement on his daughter of two hundred, three hundred, their sparkling eyes, above all their energy, the emphasis of four hundred pounds sterling yearly, whereof she will have their pronunciation, gave the idea of merry English boys the entire control when married, and which will be her pin during the holidays. The youngest had bright crimson money. This condition keeps away many suitors ; besides, cheeks like a rosy apple; both of them had full jaws and it is granted that one must marry for love, settled liking; large feet. Miss Charlotte, aged fifteen, told me that she now, it often happens that one does not feel this liking, or could easily walk twenty miles. They first learned German that one does not inspire it. Hence many girls miss the from a nurse; but they do not know French yet. “ Yet chance and remain spinsters. There are some in almost you have a French governess ?” “Yes, but when one is every family, the position of aunt being very well filled. stupid !” Then an outburst of laughter. Certainly self- They help to rear the children, superintend a part of the love does not constrain them; they never dream of acting household, preserve-making or the linen cupboard, make a part ; tall and developed as we see them, daughters of a herbariums, paint in water-colors, read, write, become nobleman who is wealthy, they are children still; not one lea: ned. Many compose moral romances, and sometimes of their ideas, not one of their gestures, betrays the woman. very good novels : Miss Yonge, Miss Kavanagh, Miss Neither precocious nor worldly; these two traits coin- Brontë, the author of " John Halifax,” Miss Thackeray, and cide and engender a multitude of others. I can bear the others, are known; talent is frequent among authoresses, testimony of my eyes to the great freedom which they enjoy ; there are some of the first class, — Mrs. Gaskell, Miss I see many of them in the morning at Hyde Park who have Evans, Elizabeth Browning; the two last possess genius. come to take a turn on horseback, without other companion Reckon again the translations: numerous German and than a groom. Two days after arriving in the country I French works have been translated — and well translatedwas asked to give my arm to a young daughter of the family, by women. Others write in magazines, compose small in order to escort her to a place a mile off. S-, who popular treatises, join a society, teach classes of poor has spent a year here, considers this loyal and free inter- children. The constant concern is to find an employment course charming; a gentleman to whom he was introduced for their faculties, or to acquire a talent which serves as a said, “ Come to my house and I will make you acquainted remedy for weariness. The highest rank is not absolved. with my daughters." They are more amiable and honest Witness the occupations of the Royal Family; the Queen comrades. One rides with them on horseback, one accom- and her daughters send water-colors, engravings, drawings panies them to archery meetings, one chats familiarly with done by themselves, to charity sales ; Prince Albert was them on all, or nearly all, subjects; one laughs without af- one of the most cultivated and most active men in the ter-thought. It were impossible even for a coxcomb to treat kingdom ; each one thus takes up one or two special subthem otherwise than as if they were his sisters. At Man- jects, labors at some improvement in agriculture, in science, chester two of my French friends went to dine at a house. some beneficent work or institution. At eleven in the evening they were requested to escort home Thus life is serious, and all, even young girls, know that two young girls who were there. All the four entered a cab, they must prepare themselves and provide themselves for it. and rode for half an hour. They chatted gayly, and without N—, who comes to England every year, visited one of his any trouble or embarrassment on either side. Thanks to old friends, wealthy, and the father of a family, who said to these manners, the man most inured to the harshnesses and him, — “I am put out; my daughter Jane is twenty-four, villanies of life, must keep a corner of his soul for poetry, does not marry, frequently shuts herself up in the library, for tender sentiments. In this we are deficient.

and reads solid works.” " What dower will you give Englishman who has travelled among us is astonished and

her ? "

—“Two thousand pounds sterling." scandalized to see men in Paris staring women in the face,

“ The eldest will have the estate ; the second a not yielding the pavement to them. It is necessary to have mine which yields two thousand pounds." * Give five lived among foreigners to know how much our manners, our thousand pounds to Miss Jane." This phrase opened up

. remarks on this subject, are displeasing, and even offensive; vistas to the father; he gave her the five thousand pounds. they consider us bag-men, fops, and blackguards. The Miss Jane has been married; she was made to be a mother; truih is that we feel with difficulty the sentiment of respect; it would have been a pity to have converted her into a sex, condition, education, do not create as great distinctions learned, spectacled spinster; if suitors do not offer themamong us as among other nations. Moreover, in addition selves, it is because the style of the house is too to individuals being more equal among us, they experience great. As for me, what I admire here is the coolness, the necessity in a higher degree of being sensible of this the good sense, the courage of the young girl who, equality.

seeing herself in a blind alley, alters her course without Dined with F- The ladies explained to me the train- a murmur, and silently sets herself to study.

In none ing of young girls. In well-to-do or wealthy families they of the houses which I have entered in London or in the

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country have I seen a journal of the fashions. One of my from the field : then, out of pleasantry, she wrote down his English friends who has sojourned in France informs me English sentence in Greek. Note that this female Hellenist that bere do well-brought-up woman reads such platitudes. is a woman of the world, and even stylish. Moreover, she On the contrary, a special review, “ The English Women's has nine daughters, two nurses, two governesses, servants Review," contains in the number of which I am turning in proportion, a large, well-appointed house, frequent and over the pages, statements and letters on emigration to numerous visitors; throughout all this, perfect order; never Australia, articles on public instruction in France, and noise or fuss; the machine appears to move of its own other essays equally important; no novels, neither chit-chat accord. These are gatherings of faculties and of contrasts about theatres, nor review of fashions, &c. The whole is which might make us reflect. In France we believe too serious — substantial. Witness as a contrast in a provin- readily that if a woman ceases to be a doll she ceases to be cial mansion among us the journals of fashions with illuminated sketches, patterns of the last style of bonnets, explanations of a piece of embroidery, little sentimental

THE ARTIST. stories, honeyed compliments to female readers, and above all, the correspondence of the directress with her sub

The religion of Art is served as promiscuously as some scribers on the last page, a masterpiece of absurdity and

Hindoo shrine by the Ganges. From the holy Brahmin who inanity. It is shameful that a human intellect can digest such aliment. A dress badly made is more bearable than

communes closely with his

deity, through the infinite orders

of a tolerably respectable priesthood, the suite of his godan empty head. I copy the titles of some articles, all

ship shades away to the tag-rag and bob-tail, who practise written by women, in the Transactions of the National Association for the Promotion of Social Science. “ Educa

orgies for rites in the outer courts, and whose inborn idletion by Means of Workhouses,” by Louisa Twining;

ness counsels them their vocation. So in the painters' guild

you have the rare masters of the brotherhood, whom genius “ District Schools for the English Poor," by Barbara Col

welcomes to the inner sanctuary ;' who leave the world lett; “ Application of the Principles of Education to Lower

evidence of their inspiration in handiwork that glows with class Schools,” by Mary Carpenter; “ Actual State of the

the reflection of the flame they tend. Unfortunately, there Colony of Mettray,” by Florence Hill; “ Hospital Statis

are dismal breaks in the order of their succession, and for tics," by Florence Nightingale; “ The Condition of Work

generation after generation conscientious but commonplace ing-Women in England and France," by Bessie Parkes;

mortals go on masquerading in their robes. Then comes "Slavery in America, and its Influence upon

Great Britain," by Sarah Redmond; “ Improvement of Nurses in Agricul

the honest company of artists who occasionally catch a faint

flush of inspiration, who educate themselves to reproduce tural Districts," by Mrs. Wiggins; “Report of the Society

humble ideals they gradually stereotype, and sometimes narfor Furnishing Employment to Women,” by Jane Crowe.

rowly touch originality before use and habit have blunted Most of these authoresses are not married, several are secretaries of active associations, of which the Review I

their sensibility. Next you have the unmitigated manner

ists and plodding copyists who see the substance and miss have just cited is the central organ; one of these associa

the soul; finally the mixed multitude who take to art as tions supplies women with work, another visits the work

they might to house-painting, or make it the pretext for houses, another the sick. All these articles are instructive

abjuring regular habits and honest work: while flitting about and useful; the custom of keeping classes, of visiting the poor, of conversing with men, discussion, study, personal

among them all goes the erratic genius whose gleams of the

Promethean fire stifle in his feebleness of purpose as lights observation of facts, have yielded their fruits; they know die down under an exhausted receiver. The more interesthow to observe and reason; they go to the bottom of things,

ing he, that he has come so near being born to other things and they comprehend the true principle of all improvement.

than his inevitable destiny. You may see the sad memorials Mary Carpenter says, “ It is necessary above all, and as

he has left hanging upon the walls of every gallery in the first aim, to develop and direct the infant's will, enrol

Europe. There is “the” picture, pregnant in its every him as the principal soldier, as the most serviceable of all

line and touch with the promise of an immortal reputation ; the co-operaters in the education which is given to him.”


power and poetry only needing to be mellowed by time One cannot be corrected, improved, but by one's self; the instinctive personal effort, self-government, are indispensable;

and judgment. And there are its successors living in the

false reflection of that first great flash of fame, each marking the moral rule must not be applied from without, but spring up from within. Whoever has perused English novels

a step of the downward descent as plainly as if you saw the knows with what precision and what justice these author

painter take it in conscience-stricken sorrow. At last he

has lost his footing altogether. There is his fatal glissade esses depict characters; frequently a person who has lived in the country, in a small set, busied with domestic cares,

over works where prepossession itself can find no solitary finds herself obliged to write a novel in order to gain her

merit to rest upon, and he vanishes from your knowledge bread; and one discovers that she understands the human

in the gloom of meaningless crudities.

We have him among us still, and we like and pity and heart better than a professional psychologist. To be in- lament him. The life of such as he is likely to be as brief structed, learned, useful, acquire convictions, impart them as the art he might have honored is proverbially long. A to others, employ powers and employ them well, that is

nervous frame and sensitive temperament fret themselves something; one may laugh if one likes, say that these manners form scboolmistresses, female pedants, blue-stockings,

swiftly out when regrets and disappointments react on the and not women.

fever of dissipation. The eccentric genius naturally makes As you please; but contrast this with Rome his head-quarters. our enpty provincial idleness, the weariedness of our ladies, the life of an old maid who rears canaries, hawks scandal, does crochet-work, and attends every service. This is the

O Rome, my country, city of the soul !

The prodigals of art must turn to thee. more important because in England all are not female pedants. I know four or five ladies or young girls who write; Every one who has wintered in the Eternal City must be they continue none the less pleasing and natural. Most of familiar with Septimus Vanike: you can see him now, as he the authoresses whom I have cited, are, on the authority of comes sauntering down the Corso in brigand hat and brown my friends, domestic ladies of very simple habits. I have velveteen shooting-jacket. The hat removed, he leaves a narned two among them who possess genius; a great general impression of jetty beard and great hazel eyes,

with French artist whose name I could mention, and who has jack-o'-lantern lights flitting about their surface. So long spent several days with each of them, did not know that as you are in talk with him, these eyes of his fascinate you. they had talent; 'not once did a hint of authorship, the need You go on trying to fathom their depths, when once you of speaking of one's self and of one's books, occur during the have realized how clear they are, evoking from them all twenty-four hours of talk. M-, being invited to the manner of horoscopes and possibilities, like an Egyptian country, discovered that the mistress of the house knew magician with his saucerfuls of enchanted water. Yet, much mora Greek than himself, apologized, and retired whatever Vanike might have been had he made himself the

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