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over, she left the place, bidding Count Otto good-by. Her lighten up in the future the solitary rooms of the Schloss father knew of her resolution, and approved of it.

Weissbach. She was scarcely out of the town when Count Otto went He knew very well that he was breaking his part of the down to the manager of the theatre.

compact in thus seeing her. It was understood that her “ What have you done with the scenery and appoint- absence was to be a test of his constancy and of the reality ments of the féerie ?he asked.

of his affection, whereas she was never really absent from Nothing as yet, Herr Graf, for the theatre remains him for twenty-four hours together. However, he reconclosed for a fortnight. But I must see about getting the ciled his conscience to the deception by saying to himself scenery I had froin Vienna sent back there."

that, as he knew the depth and stability of his affection, it “ Herr Director," said the Count, “let the scenery was only necessary to persuade her, and that his present remain, and I will buy from you, at your own price, the enjoyment could not interfere with the final result. theatre and every thing it contains. The ground'it stands At last the Wanderjahr was over; and Henrietta Rhense on, as you know, is mine; and I want to have a theatre and her father were in Prague. Nothing had been said as attached to the Schloss. I will pay you for the building to how she and her lover were to meet; and doubtless she and what is inside it, and I will present you with a new expected a letter from him, containing some intelligence of site for a theatre down close by the river, and not far from his coming. But instead of a letter, he presented himself, the Stadthaus. Is it a bargain ?”

on this wise: He knew well that every forenoon she and The manager was too overwhelmed to reply just at once. her father were accustomed to cross the Moldau, and go It struck him first that the Count must be mad, and then for a walk past the Hradschin towards the park of the that he must be joking. However, in the end he saw there Belvedere Gardens. He knew perfectly the road they took ; was no joke in the matter, and he set about making his he knew the clump of trees under which they sat down in calculations.

front of the Restaura'ion, while the waiter brought them When the towns-people heard that Count Engelhardt some coffee, and old Herr Rhense read the newspapers, had bought the Stadi-theatre, they too thought he was mad; and Henrietta took out her knitting. They were sitting for it was clear that he did not mean to have any perform- there on this morning, when the young Count went up to ances in it. He allowed all the actors and actresses to them. Henrietta raised her eyes, and there was a strange make fresh engagements with the manager for the new glamour of joy fell over her face, although she looked pale theatre that was to be built, and he gave compensations to and a little frightened. each and all for loss of time.

“I have come to claim your promise,” he said; and he “To think,” they said, “that the young Count should held out his hand. have lived quietly and become rich only to throw away his She gave him her small hand in his; and there, not heedmoney like this! The old Count his father knew how to ing whether the people in the distance of the park could spend money and get value for it. He had rare sparkling see them or not, he bent down and kissed her trembling lips. wines from France and Hungary; he had plenty of friends That was how Count Engelhardt won his wife; and he to see him; he gave presents to ladies at the grand-duke's carried her home to Schloss Weissbach, and the small, darkcourt; he drank, and gambled, and went to the devil mer- haired girl became the mistress of the place. rily. But this young Count, albeit a handsomer man, and Perhaps the young Count was mad after all; or perhaps a more pleasant-spoken gentleman, must needs sit at home his correspondence with all these poets and playwrights had with his books, and save up money, and then all at once partly turned his brain; for the most curious part of the throw it away on a project, the like of which was never story is to be told. He took her down to this theatre at the heard of.”

end of the grounds; and very much surprised was she to Count Otto speedily set about taking possession of his find that the Rose-world in which he had seen his first love new property. He ran a wall round the theatre, cutting it was there unaltered, in all its glory of pink color and light. off from the town, and enclosing it in his own ground. And she was as mad as he; for to please him, and to recall The bit of meadow was also enclosed, and planted with the time when he had first seen her, she used to dress up as shrubs. He did not wait to see these works finished; for the Princess, and appear wandering about in the arbors 80 soon as they were begun, he set out from the place, and of flowers. How beautiful she looked, with her black hair Stauffenheim saw him no more for nearly a year.

and her pretty figure defined clearly against the pale pink Meanwhile it became known that the Rose-world of background ! And when, after wandering there, she came the féerie still remained in the theatre, exactly as it had to see her husband in the front part of the theatre, she been during the performance of the piece. The Count sometimes found that his eyes were filled with tears. It was had engaged the services of one or two of the assistants of a great piece of folly, perhaps, but they were only two big the theatre, and their duty it was to see that this scenery children, these two, who had been nursed on poetry and was kept clean and bright. During his absence it was romance; and these reminiscences of the old time served kept carefully covered over while the interior of the theatre only to keep their first love warm, and so they were very was being newly decorated.

happy. As for himself, he followed Henrietta Rhense from place It was another sphere of existence to them, into which to place, as the various exigencies of her profession com- they were never tired of escaping. On all special days, pelled her to travel. Yet neither she nor her father knew such as anniversaries of their wedding-day, or of the day on that he did so - a slight disguise and a little precaution which they first met, and so forth, the Count had the Rosekept him easily concealed from both. He thus constituted world lit up; and his young wife, beautiful as ever, became himself an invisible guard over her safety, while enjoying again the Princess, and charined the eyes of her lover. the pleasure of looking at her whom he had chosen as his These two people lived a dream-life in the Schloss Weisswife. He had prevailed on her to write to him; and her bach: they were so fond of each other, that they cared for few letters were forwarded to hiin, while his replies were little company; and when there were strangers living in the sent back to Stauffenheim, to be again posted from there. Schloss, the theatre was never opened. Her letters were frank and simple in the extreme; but “ But this is not so very long ago," you say to your inthey made no allusion whatever to the understood compact formant. “ Men are alive who knew Mendelssohn. Are that had been made between them. Although he would the Count and his wife both dead ? "

faint have learned that she too looked forwarded the happy the

phen they tell you thout about three years after their

close of his period of probation, he could not but admire the delicacy which prompted this reserve. For her silence intimated to him that he was free from any promise — that she could not accept his offer even in the light of a possibi'ity until this trial had been made. So he followed her about, and secretly listened to her sweet voice, and secretly saw from a distance the sweet fiice that he hoped might

marriage, a great fever broke out in the district. There was no room in the houses of the poor people for the proper tending of the sick. The Count and his lady, among other rich people, bestirred themselves in the matter, and tried to secure better accommodation for the sick. The theatre was changed into a small hospital : and both the Count and his wile were assi luvus in tending the unfortunates committed



to their care. The epidemic was gradually disappearing, many other individuals, and was at length placed in my teawhen both of these good people were attacked at once. pot at the small cost to me of one penny, the tea having They died within eight hours of each other; and Count been purchased of the grocer at three shillings a pound. Engelhardt and Henrietta Rhense are buried in the same As I considered the tea to be now fully drawn, I proceedgrave.

ed to put the sugar in the cup. How much sugar shall I use? As I hare a sweet tooth in my head, say an ounce

and a half for my breakfast. This sugar was grown in the WHAT I DID WITH A SHILLING.

West Indies. The cane was afterwards cut down, placed between rollers, the juice extracted rrom it and evaporated

in boilers, and the evaporation being completed, the sugar ONE foggy evening at the commencement of November, deposited was placed in hogsheads and seat to Kingstown. 1871, I was returning hurriedly home, when, passing a A number of persons were there employed to place it in the flaring gin-shop, I noticed coming out of it a laboring man hold of the ship, and the insurance was paid upon it. It and woman. From the few words of conversation I heard was then landel in London and sent to the docks, many passing between them, it appeared that the man, after re- hands and much machinery being employed in doing 60. ceiving his wages, instead of going directly homewards, From the docks it was taken to the sugar refiners, where it had entered a public house, and his wife, having found him was made into loaf sugar, and afterwards sold to the retail in it, was scolding him severely for wasting his money in tradesman, who, having cut it up into small pieces, it was so useless a manner. The husband, who appeared half- ught by my servant, and placed on my breaktasi-table drunk, endeavored to exculpate himself to his better-half. ready for use. The sugar for my breakfast had contributed The last words I heard him utter before he and his wife to pay the wages of the black workmen in Jamaica and the were lost in the fog were, “ Well, come now, I've only spent profits of the planter, the loss by wear of his machinery, and a shilling, so it's not much loss — what can a fellow do with the wages of the men who placed it on board the vessel. Then a shilling?

there were the wages of the sailors on its journey horne, the Possibly from the half-drunken, mock-dignified tone he wages of the dock-laborers, the profits of the sugar-refiner, made use of when he uttered the words, “ What can a the profits of the retail grocer who sold it to me, and many fellow do with a shilling ?” they remained persistently on other agencies, till at length it was placed on my breakiastmy mind during the evening, and when I awoke the next table at a cost of something less than a halfpenny, the remorning they were still fresh in my memory: On taking tail price being sixpence a pound. my seat at the breakfast-table the words again occurred to The milk is easily accounted for. Whatever the farmer's me, and on putting the question to myself, I replied — “I'll cost or trouble might have been, the milkmaid or boy or

man who milked the cows at midnight or before daylight in 'I opened the teacaddy, and from it took, perhaps, half an the morning so that it might be ready for my breakiast, and ounce of tea, which I placed in the teapot, and, having the man who brought it to my house in the morning, cerpoured on the boiling water, left it to draw, turning over tainly all did a vast amount of work for the small cost of the while in my mind the history and adventures of the one halfpenny. But, after all, it sunk into insignificance half-ounce of tea, from its first starting into life on the plan- when compared with the wonders done by the pennies in. tations of Assam till it came into my possession, and the vested in the tea and sugar. cost it had incurred.

And now what else have I to account for in the expendiI began by watching an imaginary coolie plucking the ture of my shilling? There are two hot rolls on the table. leaf in a tea-garden some twenty miles from Gowhatty, the I am somewhat undecided whether the flour they were capital of the province. It occupied the coolie but a few made from was grown in England or the Western States of moments, and he placed it in a basket with some other America, or whether it came from Odessa' or some port in leaves he had collected. When the basket was filled it was the Baltic. Let us say Odessa, as that will form about an taken by another coolie to the tea-house, where each average distance. The corn must have been grown in the separate petal was rolled up between the fingers of an Russian empire, and sent from Odessa to England by steamAssamese woman, and then placed on an iron drying-stove. er, where it passed through different formalities, and many There it was kept till the drying process was over, and merchants and tradesmen's hands, till the flour reached then it was put into a bag, carried to the elephant-cart, and my baker. During the night his journeymen were employed taken to Gowhatty. There had been some heavy rain, and in preparing the dough, so that the rolls might be taken the journey occupied two days. My half-ounce of tea was from the oven and placed hot upon my table for breakfast then carried to the packing-house, where some Assamese The flour which composed them had thus in its due proporcarpenters had prepared a chest lined with lead for it, and tion given employment to the farmer and his laborers in some eighty pounds more of the same quality, and all was Russia, the merchants and their various statfs of officials then carefully soldered down, so that its flavor and fra- and porters in Odessa, contributed to the shipowner's progrance might not be lost during its journey to England. fits, the wages of the crew and many other persons in Eng

The tea being packed, some other coolies took it to the land, including the baker and his men, tiil at last it was river-side to await the steamer which was to carry it down the placed on my table in the shape of two nice hot rolls for the Bramapootra to Calcutta, where at length it arrived safely, sum of twopence. having suffered no damage on the way.

And now I have to account for two pats of Brittany butter. At Calcutta the chest containing my tea was taken on I leave the reader to imagine the ditterent processes they shore, and placed in the charge of a merchant, and after passed through from the time the cows were milked in having passed through different formalities and been France till the pats of butter were placed on my breakfasthandled by many men, it was placed on board a ship bound table. The cost, perhaps, of the two pats of butter would be to England viâ Suez Canal. On landing in England other only twopence, and yet the labor and intelligence of many

re employed to unship the chest, and it was lodged scores of individuals had been brought into action to proin the dock warehouses. Afterwards it was sold at a public cure it, each in his turn receiving some benefit from the auction by a tea broker to a wholesale grocer, who, having small sum my servant had invested for me in that delicacy. employed one of his clerks to pay the duty at the custom- What else have I for my breakfast? There is a box of house, sold it to a retail tradesman, who in his turn sold it remarkably fine sardines open on the table, and a dish with to my servant. And thus my half-ounce of tea had assisted a cover over it, from which escapes a certain odor, telling in procuring the means of existence and superfluities of in the clearest manner that a Yarmouth bloater ready cooked life to the coolies and tea-packers in Assam, the sailors on is concealed there from my sight. I did not want more than the steamer on the Bramapootra, the different agencies one of the delicacies, but, as I had yet a considerable baland porters at Calcutta, the wages of the seamen on the ance of my shilling to invest, I took from the tin box a very ship which brought it to England, the profits of the tea fine sardine. The fish had been caught in the Mediterrabrokers, wholesale and retail grocers in London, busiles nean, then taken on shore, prepared in oil, and piaced in a





She re

neatly-made tin box, which was filled up with oil, and the The reader will perceive that I had still a balance of 2 { d. lid soldered down. It was then sold to a merchant, who in my favor. What shall I do with it? Shall I give it exported it to London, where again it passed through many in charity, or save it, or put it to the cost of my next hanıls prior to its being placed on the plate before me; breakfast ? At first I liked the idea of the charity investwhile I, like a beneficent genius, had called into play no ment; but then I remembered the persons to whom I might end of industries and trades for the small charge of one give it would be regular whining street mendicants, nine half-penny; for on counting the contents of the box, for hundred and ninety-nine out of a thousand of whom are imwhich I had paid one shilling, I found in it twenty-four fish. posters, and thus my alms might do more harm than good.

I have now the herring to account for. To describe the The idea of carrying it over to the account of my next various processes it had gone through since the fisherman morning's breakfast rather pleased me at first, from an ecohad extracted it from his net till it was cooked and placed nomical point of view. If I adopted the same course five on my table would occupy too much space. Suffice it to mornings consecutively, on the sixth I might obtain my say, if the herring had not called into action so many agen- breakfast gratuitously." Still, I did not feel satisfied with cies as the sardine, benefits had accrued from it to many the arrangement. It was selfish to throw over the charity persons — so many, in fact, as almost to make me believe portion of the question in so unceremonious a manner, even that in eating my breakfast, surrounded by every comfort, though I could not close my eyes to the fact that penny and thus judiciously investing my shilling, I was playing almsgiving was a very injudicious application of that most the part of an amiable and benevolent philanthropist, well excellent gift.” And then the idea struck me whether it deserving the gratitude of my species. The idea how much would not be possible to put the 2} d. to such a profitable humanity was indebted to me for my philanthropy occupied use as should not only pay me a great deal more than the my thoughts during the whole of my breakfast, and when I value of one breakfast, but return me sufficient surplus to rose from the table, and seated myself in an easy-chair by allow me to give a sovereign to the funds of the Scottish the fire to enjoy my newspaper, I did so with that calm, Hospital in London, where I knew it would be judiciously placid feeling which we all experience after having done in distributed. I determined to make the attempt. I invested secret a meritorious action. But a few moments afterwards another halfpenny of my shilling in a postal card, and sent I had reason to believe that I had vastly underrated my by it a message to the editor of Good Words, who, as the benevolent and wonder-working powers. In fact, the in- Daily News informed me, was then at Balmoral, asking if vestment of another penny of my shilling had produced he would allow the narrative of “ What I Did with a Shilmarvels a thousand times greater than all the other sums I ing appear

in the columns of Good Words. Having, had mentioned put together.

by return of post, received a reply in the affirmative, I sent I had taken from my table my newspaper — the Daily my servant with the 2d. balance still remaining in my hand Neus. Through its means I had obtained copies of the tel- to a stationer's, telling her to bring me back as many sheets egraphic despatches which arrived in the course of the of foolscap paper as she could get for the money. night. They told me that the assassins of Generals Thomas turned with three, and I then occupied the next two hours and Lecomte had been condemned to the death which, in in writing out clearly for the press the manner in which I my opinion, they so well deserved, and that several others had invested my shilling. had been pardoned; also another telegraphic despatch from I now took the article to Good Words office, and shall Lyons telling me the somewhat uninteresting fact that the receive for it as much as will, in all probability, supply me Count de Chambord denies the rumor of his intention to for a hundred days with sufficient funds for similar breakabdicate. Several other despatches from Paris I also re- fasts to the one I have partaken of this morning, one hunceive, uninteresting to myself, and possibly so to the reader. dred copies of the Daily News, giving me every morning the From Berlin I receive a telegraphic despatch of the night latest intelligence, including, when the house sits, volumibefore, informing me, among other matters, that the Impe- nous parliamentary reports, collected by gentlemen of high rial chancellor was about to lay a final coinage law before education, brought to the printing-office perhaps at 1 A.M. the government during next session. From Rome also I re- after each debate had taken place, then set up in type, ceive telegraphic despatches without any thing particularly printed, and placed on my breakfast-table, still damp from interesting in them. I have several also from Madrid which the press. After having read each paper I shall forward it arrived the previous night, the most interesting among them to my niece in Sydney, a distance of fitteen thousand miles, notifying a proposal for the sale of Cuba. And then comes making a continuous distance for the whole hundred papers another despatch from Coblentz, informing me that last carried of not less than one million five hundred thousand night a powder magazine had been blown up, by which two miles, or in other words more than fifty times the circumferor three persons were killed, and several wounded. From ence of the world, while the surplus expended in paper, and Washington also I had a copy of a telegraphic despatch omitting the sardine at breakfast, will afford me a balance telling me the cotton crops were looking better, and also over equal to the sum I propose sending to the Scottish detailing the state of the New-York money-market. Then Hospital. follow several admirably-written notices and reviews of differ- And now, gentle reader, tell me candidly if truth is not ent books, both American and English ; letters from corres- stranger than fiction? If you do not agree with me, then pondents, more or less interesting; and several cleverly- tell me any fairy tale you ever read which contained any written leading articles. The Court Circular, among other thing more wonderful than “What I Did with a Shilling." matters, gives me intormation that the Rev. Dr. Norman Macleod preached yesterday before her Majesty at Balmoral. Then I have all Saturday's police and law news, and as much other well-written literary matter as would suffice

PROFESSOR TYNDALL AND THE BOYS AND (in quantity) to fill a three-volume novel. And all this

GIRLS. procured by tht very judicious investment of another penny from my shilling

Among other matters in the newspaper was the judgment My godson, Octavius Tomkins, has life made far too easy in a lawsuit in which a favorite niece of mine, residing in for him, like the rest of the young people of the present Sydney, New South Wales, was interested. I immediately day. It's a lounging, comfort-loving age, and the boys and folded


the paper, and, having directed it to her, I invest- girls have the best of it, so far as my observation extends. ed another penny of my shilling in a postage-stamp, and Octavius, for example, toils not, neither does he spin; and then forwarded the paper to the post-office, from whence, yet he has had as many social indulgences this Christmas through divers agencies, it will be carried fifteen thousand as if he did both — nay, far more than his father, who, miles, and at length be placed safely in my niece's hands. poor man, with his large family, finds it incumbent on him Let me see now how my account stands :—"Tea, 1 d.; milk, to stick closely to work, and to deny himself many a bit of d.; sugar, 4 d.; sardine, d.; bloater, 1 d.; bread, 2 d.; pleasure he would like. The theatres that boy Octavius butter, 2 d.; paper, 1 d.; postage, 1 d.; total, 9 d.

has visited since he's been home for the vacation; the



"hops" as he will call evening parties — he has been comes back to me, and I begin to think the lecture must asked to; and the other and less recognized public amuse- have been too instructive to be any thing but dull. But ments, of which he knows far too much to have picked it the remembrance of the merry laughter and the hearty up by heresay all convinced me that some slight mental applause are too much for me; and I can't resist the conalterative would do him good. Accordingly, when he clusion that it was a pleasure " from first to last. Prof. called on me as usual to offer his Christmas greetings, I Tyndall's tone, too, almost flippant at times! Why, he lit presented him with a ticket for a course of scientific lec- a cigar in one of his experiments and positively smoked it tures at the Royal Institution, in place of another Christ- for a second or two; telling us all that when he did the mas-box. Master Octy's face fell, I promise you, when I same thing some years ago at Cambridge he astonished the gave him the ticket, with a few words of admonition which dons there very much. “I don't suppose any one had venI had taken the trouble to commit to memory; but he's too tured to light a cigar in the Cambridge Senate-house much the man of the world to show disappointment much, before,” remarked the Professor, “and the great people and he pocketed the ticket, and what he evidently regarded assembled in it looked as if they thought I oughtn't to as the affront, with a tolerably good grace. I needn't say have taken the liberty." This said while a cigar is being I hope that I'd neither intention nor hope of making Octa- lit, and as a prelude to its being put between the professovius a lover of science; and that it was with the notion of rial lips and puffed at, delighted the boys and girls. One giving him — in the midst of his surfeit of “pleasure” professor outraging, the conventional susceptibilities of a dose of something he couldn't like that I prescribed the other professors, and telling the story as a good joke, is just Royal Institution. I remembered how uncomfortable I'd the thing to hit boy-nature, and if Dr. Tyndall had wanted been made when a boy by " instructive” lectures, and how volunteers for a desperately forlorn hope yesterday, my I hated them; and I determined to accompany my godson opinion is he might have counted upon half the lads presto Albemarle Street and to note for myself how he stood ent. Again, when explaining the process by which frost the boredoin which I inade certain was in store for him. and snow had been produced on one of the vessels before

Now that it's over, and the first shock of surprise has him, and scraping the snow from its sides, the lecturer won subsided, I am able to form a calın judgment, and confess all hearts. “There's more snow than I expected to find; that Prof. Tyndall has given me new lights, and enough, you see, to make a snowball; and if I were very that the Royal Institution at Christmas time is a different wicked, I could actually (doing it) make a snowball out of place from what I had expected. I'd never visited it what is here, and pelt Mr. Blank (the lecturer's assistant) before; and the unbroken blankness of its exterior, and a with it.” Prof. Tyndall suited the action to the words, sort of general promise of dreariness within, put me in and having compressed the snow until it was hard and comcapital spirits when I drove up Albemarle Street yesterday pact, took elaborate aim at the gentleman assisting him in the drizzling rain with Octavius. Now, I said to myself, (whose back was turned), and sent the snowball spinning for something solid for my young gentleman. Now for past him and within a foot of his head. It may be imsettling privately on a few catch questions to see if he has agined how the boys roared at this; and though these illusbeen listening. Now to see if the self-indulgence and the trations were exceptional, the pleasant, friendly, and famillove of pleasure he's been encouraged in won't make him iar manner and speech maintained throughout were equally kick against “ useful information.” I quite chuckled when noteworthy, as were the surprising pains taken to follow we reached the theatre and took our seats; for the front each chain of reasoning fairly out. The boy or girl who rovs were filled with young people, and there were the fails to master the principles of what is being put before familiar objects of torture, scientific instruments and dia- him at the Royal Institution must be singularly obtuse ; grams, — only more elaborate than in my day, in the centre and as all comers were provided with printed notes of the of the house. It was agreeable, too, to hear that there lectures, the lessons given may be worked out and improved were several of Octavius's schoolfellows and friends pres- upon at home. These notes are, in fact, a pamphlet conent, though puzzling to find them in such good spirits. taining sixty-eight pages of closely printed matter i lus

· Wait, my dear young friends," I remarked mentally ; trated by diagrams and woodcuts, and are a valuable popu“ only wait, and if you don't find a genuine professor lar treatise on natural science. Among other things the not a legerdemain professor, but a real man of science student is taken to Switzerland, and studies its glaciers. and the Royal Institution a little too much for your high “And now," writes Prof. Tyndall, after explaining the spirits, why I'm content to write myself down. no prophet' “branches and medial moraines of the Mer de Glace from forever more.”

the cleft station” — having " informed our minds by these My grievance against Dr. Tyndall is that he made the observations, let our eyes wander over the whole glorious boys right and me wrong. He amused and interested them scene, the splintered peaks and the hacked and jagged to such an extent, that I shall have to look out afresh for crests, the far-stretching snow-fields, the smaller glaciers the alterative — bitter to the taste, and wholesome as the which nesile on the heights, the deep blue heaven, and the rod — which I am satisfied Octavius, and all boys and sailing clouds. Is it not worth some labor to gain command girls with indulgent parents, need. As it was, I found I of such a scene? But the delight it imparts is heightened had simply provided an additional pleasure for holidays by the fact that we did not come expressly to see it; we which were too full of pleasure already, and that so far came to instruct ourselves about the glacier, and this high from my having furnished Octavius with a healthy counter- enjoyment is an incident of our labor. You will find it irritant in something he did not like, the lad is looking for- thus through life; without honest labor there can be no ward eagerly to next Saturday, when the second of the six deep joy." Let me remark that I freely forgave Dr. Tynlectures composing the course is to be given. Dr. Tyndall

, dall before the close of his lecture for i he disappointment talking to boys, is more like an older and better-informed arising from the nature of the treat be caused me to proboy than the others chatting with them, than I thought it vide. These lectures, “ adapted to a juvenile auditory," possible for a professor to have been; while his illustrations are as different from any thing I could have imagined, or and asides take his address completely out of the dull and have evolved out of my early experience, as could well be dry category I had in my mind, and put his young

audience possible. But the hearty intelligent interest they inspired, completely at their ease.

the obvious enjoyment of the young people and of the His course of lectures for the Christmas holidays of 1871 elders in charge of them, and the perfect comprehension are on “ Ice, Water, Vapor, and Air," and that of yesterday manifested by Octavius (he asked me if I wouldn't like to included a strikingly clear explanation of clouds, rain, and be condensed apropos of my wiping my forehead and puffrivers, and the formation of each; of the precise meaning ing a little as we came out of the heated gallery and pro of the phrases solar light and solar heat; of the waves of ceeded down stairs), have convinced me that there is more light and the waves of darkness sent forth by the sun ; and in the new method than I thought. At the Royal Instituof the properties of aqueous vapor and the effects of con- tion, at all events, science is made easy without being readensation, and the interception of the rays of light. Now dered unscientific, and this by one of the foremost thinkers that I have written this down, my original conviction partly

of the day.


ed to be always deaf and dumb; but some possessors assert

that their protégés are as wide awake as any other cats. "Died, in Southampton Row, Bloomsbury, Mrs. Gregg, a

Again, there is the problem about tails. We all hear of single lady, between fifty and sixty years of age, remarka- the flagellatory cat-o'-nine-tails; but are there any cats ble for her benevolence to cats, no fewer than eighty being wholly without such appendages? There are, unquestionentertained under her hospitable roof at the same time. ably, cats in the Isle of Man thus bereft; and hence the .... Her maids being frequently tired of their attendance

saying, that “Manx cats are tailless ;” but whether a cat on such a numerous household, she was reduced at last to

once lost her tail by accident, and thus established a new take a black woman to attend upon and feed them.” She breed, or whether (as has been rumored) crafty and cruel left this sable attendant an annuity, conditional on the due

rogues sometimes curtail poor puss, in order to obtain a care and sustenance of the cats.

high price for a so-called Manx cat, are matters open for So said Sylvanus Urban, eighty years ago. And there discussion. have been other cases nearly similar: such as that of a According to Pennant, King Howel laid down a good gentle.nan at Hackney, who earned for himself the soubri- stiff value for cats in Wales nine hundred years ago :

The quet of Cat Norris, on account of the numerous cats which price of a kitling before it could see was to be a penny; he cherished. Grimalkin once now and then attracts a till it caught a mouse, twopence; provided the little one spurt of popular attention; and it is perhaps right that it passed a good examination by certain tests. “ If any one should be so, for he appears to have had a good many hard stole or killed the cat that guarded the prince's granary, rubs to bear. If Cattle Shows, Horse Shows, Pigeon Shows, he was to forfeit a milch ewe, its fleece, and lamb; or as Poultry Shows, Bird Shows, and Dog Shows, - even Baby much wheat as when poured on the cat, suspended by its Shows and Barmaid Shows, why not Cat Shows? If tail (the head touching the floor), would form a heap high people persist in doubting whether there has ever been

enough to cover the tip of the tail.” such a being as a tortoiseshell tomcat, why should not Pussy has unquestionably been a favorite with many others try to answer the question in the affirmative? If

persons. Witness Mrs. Gregg and Cat Norris; and witness Persian cats are shorter in the back and longer in the legs Richard Robert Jones, an eccentric who died in 1826, and than others, why should we not know it? Bid a cat ever who kept copies of all the pictures and all the verses he live twenty-six months without drink? and has a cat ever could meet with about cats. One of Gray's lighter minor been known to exceed thirty years of age ? and was there poems, his “ Ode on the Death of a Favorite Cat,” gives a not a remarkable police-court case lately, touching the pleasant picture of a well-fed and well-treated puss: personal i lentity of a white Persian cat ? If we like such subjects, have we not a right to discuss them?

“ Her conscious tail her joy declared; The tortoiseshell problem is one of the toughest relating

The fair round face, the snowy beard, to cats. Every one admits that the combination of red and

The velvet of her paws, yellow in the male animal, if observable at all, is very rare;

Her coat that with the tortoise vies, and the rarity gives rise to a high commercial value — just

Her ears of jet and emerald eyes, as in the case of old pictures, old china, and uniques of vari

She saw - and purr'd applause. ous kinds. Some breeders have found that, cross how they might, they can never produce this phenomenon; if tom,

She was looking at her own reflected image in a stream; then a few black or white hairs mixed with the yellow and

she saw two fish swim by, and dipped down her paw to red; if no black or white, then tom's sister, perhaps, but

catch them; but over-toppled, felt into the water, and was

drowned. not tom. Some persons have suspected, and even asserted, that nitrate of silver is occasionally used to sophisticate the

On the other hand, some persons have a great antipathy

to cats. Such is said to have been the case with Napoleon. color of tom's coat. There was once a tortoiseshell cat named Dick; but the animal lost both name and fame on

A story is told that, after his brilliant victory at Wagram, becoming the mother of a litter of kittens. The Times

and while temporarily sojourning at the humbled Emperor newspaper has not been without its allusions to this subject. hastily in his bedroom for assistance.

of Austria's palace at Schönbrunn, he one night called out In one issue there was an announcement: “ A handsome

An equerry or aideTortoiseshell Tom Cat to be disposed of on reasonable

de-camp entered, and found his potent master half-undressed, terms.” In another: “ To be sold, a real Tortoiseshell

agitated, perspiring, and dealing intended blows at someTom Cat, fifteen months old, and eight pounds' weight;”

thing or other. In truth, a cat had secreted herself behind and diligent readers of the paper could doubtless find other

some tapestry hangings in the room, and Napoleon was examples. About sixty years ago there was one of these

making desperate lunges at her through the hangings,

almost as much in terror as puss rarities sold by auction in London, and fetched such an

herself. enormous price as to become quite a public topic. Mr.

But the modes of making use of a cat as a symbol, metaBannister, the comedian, made fun about it in an entertain

phor, representative, or type, are much more varied than ment called the “ Budget," while song-books and broadsheets

the actual show either of fondness or aversion; although, revelled in the song of “The Tortoiseshell Tom Cat," or

it must be confessed, puss is seldom complimented on these (in another form), “ Tommy Tortoiseshell.” The

occasions. As to the signs of taverns, such as the “ Salu

song puts the cat into a catalogue issued by Mr. Cats-eye of

tation and Cat,” “ Cat and Bagpipes,” and “ Cat and FidCateaton Street; and brings in the syllable cat in plenti

dle,” much conjecture has been hazarded concerning their ful abundance. Men, as well as women, it seems, helped

origin, but without any very definite result. Some of the to run up the biddings to more than two hundred guineas:

learned say that “Cat and Fiddle” comes from “ Catan

Fidèle” — faithful Catherine ; but this leaves unexplained "E'en nine or ten fine gentlemen were in the fashion caught, as

our old familiar well As ladies, in their biddings for this purring piece of tortoise

“Hey diddle diddle, shell!"

The cat and the tiddle,” &c. Four other lines ran thus:

Not less difficult is it to trace the origin of certain old

saws and sayings — such as this, that if you butter a cat's "Of its beauty and its quality 'tis true he told us fine tales ;

feet she will become domesticated in your house; or this, But as for me I would as soon have bought a cat-o'-nine-tails.

that if a cat sneezes or coughs, every person in the I would not give for all the cats in Christendom so vast a fee

house will soon catch cold. Then, what is the meaning To save them from the cataracts or Cataline's catastrophe !" of “ Cat's cradle,” that wonderful sec-saw of thread or

string in which children delight, and which they often call Not only the tortoiseshell, but the yellow and also the tri- “ Scratch cradle"? Some think that it ought to be colored, are subject to the same problem: are there any “ Cratch cradle," cratch being still a name for the haytoms included in the number? Again, white cats are reput- rack over the manger in a stable; and that it was associ

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