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ful assiduity finishes, her nest. It is a neat rotund, lengthened into an oval, bottomed and vaulted with a regular concave, within made soft with down, without thatched with moss, and only a small aperture left for her entrance; by which means the vivifying heat of her body is, during the time of incubation, exceedingly augmented; her house is like an oven, and greatly assists in hatching her young, which no sooner burst the shell than they find themselves screened from the annoyance of the weather, and most comfortably reposed amidst the warmth of a bagnio.

The first half of the month.--The summer birds of passage which arrived not in April, are sure to make their appearance at the commencement of the present month. One of the principal is the garden-warbler. This bird, immediately on its arrival, begins to pour forth its pleasing and melodious strains, which are not much inferior to those of the nightingale. The swift also, after his long flight through liquid air, arrests our attention by the vivacity he exhibits on his long sable pinions, and leads us to many reflections of what he may have seen and experienced since last we had the pleasure of seeing him, as it were, sweeping along the face of the blue sky.

!“Birds, joyous birds, of the wandering wing!
Whence is it ye come with the flowers of spring ?
- We come from the shores of the green old Nile,
From the land where the roses of Sharon smile,
From the palms that wave through the Indian sky,
From the myrrh-trees of glowing Araby.

“We have swept over cities in song renown'd,
Silent they lie with the deserts round;
We have cross'd proud rivers, whose tide hath roll'd
All dark with the warrior-blood of old ;
And each worn wing hath regain'd its home,
Under peasant's roof-tree, or Monarch's dome.'

“And what have ye found in the Monarch's dome,
Since last ye traversed the blue sea's foam ?
- We have found a change, we have found a pall,
And a gloom o'ershadowing the banquet's hall,
And a mark on the floor as of life-drops spilt:
Nought looks the same, save the nest we built.'

"O joyous birds! it hath still been so;
Through the halls of Kings doth the tempest go;
But the huts of the hamlet lie still and deep,
And the hills o'er their quiet a vigil keep.
Say, what have ye found in the peasant's cot
Since last ye parted from that sweet spot ?

"* A change we have found there; and many a change;
Faces, and footsteps, and all things strange;
Gone are the heads of the silvery hair,
And the young that were, have a brow of care,
And the place is hush'd where the children play'd :
Nought looks the same, save the nest we made.

"Sad is your tale of the beautiful earth,

Birds that o'ersweep it in power and mirth!
Yet, through the wastes of the trackless air,
Ye have a Guide; and shall we despair ?
Ye over desert and deep have pass'd;
So may we reach our home at last!”


Flora now exhibits a thousand beauties, both in the fields and gardens : in the latter we have in bloom, the poet's narcissus, the globe-flower, white peony, columbine, yellow asphodel, lily-of-thevalley, lilac, star of Bethlehem, &c.

The second half of the month.–Our migratory as well as stationary birds are now very busy in the work of incubation, and the singing tribes fill the groves and woods with inimitable melody throughout the long days of this portion of the delightful month of May. The short nights are rendered exceedingly pleasant by the incessant and sweet strains of the nightingale. The little fishes in the brooks and streamlets glitter in the beams of the joyous

The insect families become numerous and lively at this time. The cockchafer, or May-bug, which feeds on the first budding leaves of the elm-tree, appears vigorous in the evening twilight. The pretty beetle, known by the name of cow-lady, or lady-bird, is now very common.

Every day unfolds fresh beauties to the admiring eye of the young botanist. The stately trees decked in new foliage, and the numerous wild flowers on the sides of the banks and pathways, must arrest the attention of even those who are unaccustomed to notice the operations of nature. The gardens smile with geraniums, tulips, German-flags, rockets, lilies, &c.



FOR MAY, 1843.
By Mr. WILLIAM Rogerson, of the Royal Observatory, Greenwich.

“My eye look'd round upon the vast expanse
Of glorious nature, and my raptured vision,
Revelling in the early day-beam's 'waken'd glance,
Saw rocks, and streams, and woods, like scenes elysian,
Uncurtain'd slowly from the realms of sleep;
There the sun drove his golden chariot proudly,
And the sonorous ocean thunder'd loudly,
What time the waters rushing down the steep
Lifted their voice harmonious; every where
The spirit of love was brooding; and the smile
Of vernal freshness and of beauty rare :
There was a gentle music in the air,
That hung around the mist-robed mountains, while
A calm and quiet influence seem'd to breathe
In fragrance o'er the vales, and on the hills :
The dews had hung up many a diamond wreath
On herbs and budding flowers, and the meek rills

Trembled at morning's first salute, and thrill'd
And murmur'd joy. Slowly and silently
The vapours which the bosom of earth had fill'd,
Melted away in light! the all-present eye
Of heaven beam'd brightly: and methought the day
Look'd beautiful, as when an infant wakes
From its soft slumbers; and in every ray
I traced the visible presence, dark and dim,
But still the presence visible, of Him
At whose first call the early morning breaks
Through twilight's curtain. Higher yet and higher
Rose the great central orb above our globe,
Till heaven was girded with one azure robe,
And none could look upon that throne of fire,
On which perchance some spirit sits, and keeps
An awful reckoning with our earthly sphere;
For the great Eye that sees us never sleeps,
It has its ministering angels wheresoe'er
Existence is beneath us, and above,
Around us, and within us, He has there
His delegates."


How astonishingly capacious must be the expanse which yields room for those mighty globes, and their widely-diffused operations! To what mighty lengths did the almighty Architect stretch his line when he measured out the stupendous platform! Inconceivable extent ! It swallows up our thoughts. Where are the pillars that support this grand majestic concave of the sky? How is that immeasurable arch upheld, unshaken and unimpaired, while so many generations of busy mortals have sunk and disappeared, as bubbles upon the stream ? The stars, which are such prodigious globes, how are they fixed in their lofty situations ? By what miracle in mechanics are so many thousand ponderous orbs preserved from collision, or striking against each other? Are they hung in golden or adamantine chains? Rest they their enormous load on rocks of marble, or on columns of brass? It is the Almighty fiat that has breathed upon it, and hath thus animated nature with those wonderful principles or laws of projection and attraction, by which this mighty fabric is supported; the latter the all-combining cement, the former the ever-operating spring. It is by the mighty power of attraction that the vast worlds of matter hang self-balanced on their own centres, and though orbs of prodigious bulk, yet require nothing but this amazing property for their support and continuance.

Thus, by means of the projectile impulse on one hand, and the attractive energy on the other, being both most nicely proportioned, and under the immediate operations of the Deity, the various globes run their radiant races, (without the least interruption or deviation) so as to produce the alternate changes of day and night, the pleasing vicissitudes of the seasons, the flux and reflux of the tides, (so useful to navigators,) and a thousand others. Let us then adore with a reverential awe that great and glorious Being, whose word gave birth to universal nature, and endued it with these


surprising properties; that incomprehensible Being who is perfect in knowledge, mighty in power; whose name, whose nature, and operations are great and marvellous ; who summons into being, with equal ease, a single atom, or ten thousand worlds.

The Sun rises at London on the 1st at thirty-four minutes past four, and sets at twenty minutes after seven: on the same day he rises at Edinburgh at twenty minutes past four, and sets at thirtyfive minutes after seven. The Sun rises at London on the 19th at four minutes past four, and sets at forty-eight minutes past

on the same day he rises at Edinburgh at forty-three minutes past three, and sets at eleven minutes after eight, mean or clock time.

The Moon sets on the 1st at ten minutes before ten, and on the 3d at half-past eleven, at night: she is half-full on the 7th, and on the 8th is due south at twenty-two minutes past seven in the evening: she souths on the 10th at nine o'clock, and on the 12th at about eleven, at night. The Moon is full on the 13th, at half-past ten at night; and rises in the south-east on the 14th at three minutes past nine in the evening: she rises on the 16th at eleven at night; and enters on her last quarter on the 21st, at four o'clock in the morning, about three hours after she has risen. The Moon changes on the 29th, at four minutes before six in the morning; and on the 31st presents her fine crescent in the north-west, and sets at a quarter past ten at night.

MERCURY is visible in the evenings of the last week; during which period he sets about ten o'clock: on the 31st he is near the Moon.

VENUS appears near the eastern horizon a little before sunrise : on the 26th she is in the neighbourhood of the Moon.

Mars is a splendid object near the south-eastern horizon at midnight: he is easily known by his ruddy colour: he is in conjunction with the Moon on the 15th day.

JUPITER rises on the 1st at a quarter past two in the morning, and on the 19th at a quarter after one : on the 21st he is not far from the Moon.

SATURN appears to the west of Jupiter, and nearly midway between that planet and Mars : he rises on the 1st at ten minutes past one in the morning, and on the 26th at half-past eleven at night : on the 18th he is near the Moon.

Note.-In “ The Youth's Instructer” for June I intend to insert some remarks on the Comet, the long tail of which was so conspicuous in the south-west in the month of March last.

JUVENILE OBITUARY. 1. Rebecca Motley was born at Horncastle, February 14th, 1825. Sickness led her parents to think more seriously than they

had done concerning their own salvation and that of their children; and Rebecca, when about nine years old, was sent to the Wesleyan Sunday-school. By God's blessing on the instructions which she received in the school, and by the ministry of the word, her mind became very seriously influenced. She sought the Lord early, and she found him. She was only eleven years of age when, in answer to prayer, she was made happy with the joy and peace of faith in Christ. Her last illness soon after commenced ; but though so young a disciple, she delightfully exhibited the supporting power of religion. If her sufferings were adverted to, she would say, “How much more did Jesus suffer for me !" Her last moments were blessedly tranquil. Her mother said, “Is dying hard work ?” when the youthful saint promptly replied, “No, mother; it is easy, for I am going to Jesus, I am going to Jesus.” She had not spoken these words long, when, on being gently turned round in bed, without even a sigh, she breathed her last. This was on May 15th, 1840, when she was fifteen years and three months old.

2. Died, September 5th, 1840, at Carharrack, in the Gwennap Circuit, aged nineteen, (only two days before her birth-day,) Elizabeth Trewartha, a useful and respected teacher in the Wesleyan Sunday-school in that place. She had previously been a scholar in the same school, and bad had the advantages of a religious training every way, as her parents feared God, and neglected not their household. From her youth she was graciously moved to walk in Christian humility and meekness; and as she grew older, she became more earnestly desirous, not only of getting good, but of doing good. At the commencement of her last illness, it pleased God to prepare her for a season of suffering by a very abundant manifestation of his love to her soul: she seemed filled with heaven, and rapturously ascribed glory to God and to the Lamb. Acceptance with God, holiness, all she enjoyed, she saw to be bestowed through her Saviour's intercession. She said once, with great emphasis, “I am as sure of heaven, as I am that there is a heaven.” That there was a heaven she knew from God's own holy book; and that same book promised her certain spiritual blessings; and these she felt she experienced. She rejoiced in hope of the scripturally-revealed glory of God, because the love of God was shed abroad in her heart by the Holy Ghost given unto her.

In this happy state she was kept, waiting for the summons of her Lord : and on the 5th of September, after being speechless for some hours, but evidently with an undisturbed mind, without any struggle, she fell alseep in Jesus.


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