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Of wit, or arms, while both contend
In saffron robe, with taper clear,
And ever, against eating cares,
Such as the meeting soul may pierce,
That Orpheus' self may heave his head
These delights if thou canst give,
HENCE, vain deluding Joys,
The brood of Folly without father bred!
Or fill the fixed mind with all your toys!
And fancies fund with gaudy shapes possess, As thick and numberless
As the gay motes that people the sun-beams;
The fickle pensioners of Morpheus' train.
O'erlaid with black, staid Wisdom's hue;
His daughter she; in Saturn's reign,
And sable stole of Cyprus lawn,
And join with thee calm Peace, and Quiet,
Sweet bird, that shunn'st the noise of folly,
I woo, to hear thy even-song;
But, O sad virgin, that thy power Might raise Museus from his bower!
Or bid the soul of Orpheus sing.
That own'd the virtuous ring and glass;
Thus, Night, oft see me in thy pale career, Till civil-suited Morn appear,
Not trick'd and frounc'd as she was wont
Where the rude axe, with heaved stroke,
And, as I wake, sweet music breathe
But let my due feet never fail
As may with sweetness, through mine ear,
And bring all Heaven before mine eyes.
And may at last my weary age
Of every star that Heaven doth shew,
These pleasures, Melancholy, give, And I with thee will choose to live.
PART OF A MASK,
Entertainment presented to the countess Dowager of Derby at Harefield, by some noble persons of her family; who appear on the scene in pastoral habit, moving toward the seat of state, with this song.
[UNQUESTIONABLY this mask was a much longer performance. Milton seems only to have written the poetical part, consisting of these three songs and the recitative soliloquy of the Genius. The rest was probably prose and machinery. In many of Jonson's masques, the poet but rarely appears, amidst a cumbersome exhibition of heathen gods and mythology.
Alice, countess dowager of Derby, married Ferdinando lord Strange; who on the death of his father Henry, in 1594, became earl of Derby, but died the next year. She was the sixth daughter of sir John Spenser of Althorpe in Northamptonshire. She was afterwards married (in 1600) to lord chancellor Egerton, who died in 1617. She died Jan. 26, 1635-6, and was buried at Harefield.]
Follow me ;
I will bring you where she sits,
Of famous Arcardy ye are, and sprung
But else in deep of night, when drowsiness
O'er the smooth enamell'd green Where no print of step hath been, Follow me, as I sing
And touch the warbled string,
Under the shady roof
Of branching elm star-proof,
Such a rural queen
| All Arcadia hath not seen.
Nymphs and shepherds, dance no more
All Arcadia hath not seen.
ORIGINAL VARIOUS READINGS OF ARCADES.
From Milton's MS, in his own hand.
Now seems guiltie of abuse
Here her hide is erased, and conceale written over it.
Ver. 44. For know, by lot from Jove I hate the power,
Here again the pen is drawn through have, and
Ver. 47. In ringlets quaint.
Of noisome winds, or blasting va
Ver. 50. And from the leaves brush off, &c. So it was at first. But the pen is drawn through leaves, and bowes supplied.
Ver. 52. Or what the crosse, &c.
It was at first And, as in the printed copies; but that is erased, and Or substituted.
Ver. 59. And number all my ranks, and every sprout.
Here And and all are expunged with the pen, and visit, as in the printed copies, completes the
PRESENTED AT LUDLOW CASTLE, 1634, BEFORE
To the right honourable
stowed upon me here the first taste of your acquaintance, though no longer then to make me know that I wanted more time to value it, and to enjoy it rightly; and in truth, if I could then have imagined your farther stay in these parts, which I understood afterwards by Mr. H.," I would have been bold, in our vulgar phrase, to mend my draught (for you left me with an extreme thirst) and to have begged your conversation again, joyntly with your said learned friend, at a poor meal or two, that we might have banded together som good authors of the ancient time: among which, I observed you to have been familiar.
THIS poem, which received its first occasion of birth from yourself and others of your noble Since your going, you have charged me with family, and much honour from your own person new obligations, both for a very kinde letter from in the performance, now returns again to make you dated the sixth of this month, and for a a final dedication of itself to you. Although not dainty peece of entertainment which came theropenly acknowledged by the author3, yet it with. Wherin I should much commend the is a legitimate off-spring, so lovely, and so much tragical part, if the lyrical did not ravish me desired, that the often copying of it hath tired with a certain Dorique delicacy in your songs my pen to give my severall friends satisfaction, and odes; whereunto I must plainly confess to and brought me to a necessity of producing it to have seen yet nothing parallel in our language: the publike view; and now to offer it up in all ipsa mollities. But I must not omit to tell you rightful devotion to those fair hopes, and rare that I now onely owe you thanks for intimating endowments of your much promising youth, unto me (how modestly soever) the true artificer. which give a full assurance to all that know you, For the work itself I had viewed som good while of a future excellence. Live, sweet lord, to be before with singular delight, having received it the honour of your name, and receive this from our common friend Mr. R.7 in the very as your own, from the hands of him, who hath close of the late R.s Poems, printed at Oxford, by many favours been long obliged to your whereunto it is added (as I now suppose) that the most honoured parents, and as in this represen-accessary might help out the principal, according tation your attendant Thyrsis, so now in all reall expression
Your faithfull and most humble servant,
The copy of a Letter written by sir Henry
From the Colledge, this 13 of April,
to the art of stationers, and to leave the reader con la bocca dolce.
Now, sir, concerning your travels wherin I may chalenge a little more privilege of discours with you; I suppose you will not blanch Paris in your way; therefore I have been bold to trouble you with a few lines to Mr. M. B. whom you shall easily find attending the young lord
6 Mr. H.] Mr. Warton in his first edition of Comus says, that Mr. H. was "perhaps Milton's
It was a special favour, when you lately be- friend, Samuel Hartlib, whom I have seen men
This is the dedication to Lawes's edition of the Mask, 1637, to which the following motto was prefixed, from Virgil's second Eclogue,
Eheu! quid volui misero mihi! floribus
PerditusThis motto is omitted by Milton himself in the editions of 1645, and 1673. WARTON.
The First Brother in the Mask. WARTON. > It never appeared under Milton's name, till the year 1645. WARTON.
This dedication does not appear in the edition of Milton's Poems, printed under his own inspection, 1673, when lord Brackley, under the title of earl Bridgwater, was still living. Milton was perhaps unwilling to own his early connections with a family, conspicuous for its unshaken loyalty, and now highly patronised by king Charles the Second. WARTON.
April, 1638.] Milton had communicated to sir Henry his design of seeing foreign countries, and had sent him his Mask. He set out on his travels soon after the receipt of this letter.
tioned in some of the pamphlets of this period, as well acquainted with sir Henry Wotton :" but this is omitted in his second edition. Mr. Warton perhaps doubted his conjecture of the person. I venture to state from a copy of the Reliquia Wottonianæ in my possession, in which a few notes are written (probably soon after the publication of the book, 3d edit. in 1672) that the person intended was the "ever-memorable" John Hales. This information will be supported by the reader's recollecting sir Henry's intimacy with Mr. Hales; of whom sir Henry says, in one of his letters, that he gave to his learned friend the title of Bibliotheca ambulans, the walking Library. See Reliq. Wotton, 3d edit, p. 475. TODD.
7 Mr. R.] Ibelieve " Mr. R." to be John Rouse, Bodley's librarian. "The late R." is unquestionably Thomas Randolph, the poet. WARTON. 8 Mr. M. B.] Mr. Michael Branthwait, as I suppose; of whom sir Henry thus speaks in one of his Letters, Reliq. Wotton. 3d edit. p. 546. "Mr. Michael Branthwait, heretofore his majestie's agent in Venice, a gentleman of approved confidence and sincerity," TODD.
S.9 as his governour; and you may surely re-
I should think that your best line will be thorow the whole length of France to Marseilles, and thence by sea to Genoa, whence the passage into Tuscany is as diurnal as a Gravesend barge: I'hasten, as you do, to Florence, or Siena, the rather to tell you a short story from the interest you have given me in your safety.
which therefore I will briefly refer, trusting that
It was bullt by Roger de Montgomery, who of its erection is fixed by Mr. Warton in the year was related to William the Conqueror. The date before the Conquest, and its founder to have 1112. By others it is said to have been erected Roger de Montgomery was sent by the Conquebeen Edric Sylvaticus, carl of Shrewsbury, whom ror into the marshes of Wales to subdue, and with those estates in Salop he was afterwards rewarded. But the testimonies of various writers assign the foundation of this structure to Roger de Montgomery, soon after the Conquest.
as he died in the prime of life. The grandson, The son of this nobleman did not long enjoy it, Robert de Belesme, earl of Shrewsbury, forfeited it to Henry I. by having joined the party of Ro
At Siena I was tabled in the house of one Alberto Scipioni, an old Roman courtier in dangerous times, having bin steward to the duca di Pagliano, who with all his family were strangled, save this onely man that escaped by foresight of the tempest: with him I had often much chat of those affairs; into which be took pleasure to look back from his native harbour; and at my departure toward Rome (which had been the ́center of his experience) I had wonn confidence enough to beg his advice, how I might carry my-bert duke of Normandy against that king. It self securely there, without offence to others, or of mine own conscience. Signor Arrigo mio, (sayes he) 1 pensieri stretti, et il viso sciolto, will go safely over the whole world; Of which phian oracle (for so I have found it) your judgement doth need no commentary; and therefore (sir) I will commit you with it to the best of all securities, God's dear love, remaining
Your friend as much at command
became now a princely residence, and was guarded by a numerous garrison. Soon after the accession of Stephen, however, the governor beDel-trayed his trust, in joining the empress Maud. Stephen besieged it; in which endeavour to regain the possession of his fortress some writers assert that he succeeded, others that he failed. The most generally received opinion is, that the governor, repenting of his baseness, and wishing to obtain the king's forgiveness, proposed a capitulation advantageous to the garrison, to which Stephen, despairing of winning the castle by arms, readily acceded. Henry II. presented to whom succeeded Joccas de Dinan; between it to his favourite, Fulk Fitz-Warine,or de Dinan, whom and Hugh de Mortimer lord of Wigmore such dissensions arose, as at length occasioned the seizure of Mortimer, and his confinement in is called Mortimer's Tower; from which he one of the towers of the castle, which to this day was not liberated, till he had paid an immense ransom. This tower is now inhabited, and used as a fives-court.
I have expressly sent this my foot-boy to prevent your departure without som acknowledgement from me of the receipt of your obliging letter, having myself through som business, I know not how, neglected the ordinary conveyance. any part where I shall understand you fixed, I shall be glad, and diligent, to entertain you with home-novelties; even for some fomentation of our friendship, too soon interrupted in the cradle.
BY MR. TODD.
SOME idea of this venerable and magnificent pile, in which Comus was played with great splendour, at a period when masks were the most fashionable entertainment of our nobility, will probably gratify those, who read Milton with that curiosity which results from taste and imagination. Mr. Warton, the learned author of this elegant remark, declines entering into the
9 Lord S.] The son of lord viscount Scudamore, then the English ambassador at Paris, by whose notice Milton was honoured, and by whom he was introduced to Grotius, then residing at Paris, also as the minister of Sweden. TODD.
It was again belonging to the crown in the 8th year of king John, who bestowed it on Philip de Albani, from whom it descended to the Lacies of Ireland, the last of which family, Walter de Lacy, dying without issue male, left the castle to his grand daughter Maud, the wife of Peter de Geneva, or Jeneville, a Poictevin, of the house of Lorrain, from whose posterity it passed by a daughter to the crown. the Mortimers, and from them hereditarily to taken by Simon de Montfort earl of Leicester, the In the reign of Henry III. it was ambitious leader of the confederate barons, who, about the year 1263 are said to have taken possession of all the royal castles and fortresses. Of Ludlow Castle in almost two succeeding centuries nothing is recorded.
In the thirteenth year of Henry VI. it was in drew up his declaration of affected allegiance to the possession of Richard duke of York, who there the king, pretending that the army of ten thou sand men, which he had raised in the marshes of Wales, was "for the public weale of the realme." The event of this commotion between