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Nor will withdraw him now, nor will recal!,
Princes, Heaven's ancient sóns, ethereal Muck us with his blest sight, then snatch him
thrones; hence ;
Demonian spirits now, from the element Soon we shall see our hope, our joy, return." Each of his reign allotted, rightlier callid *Thus they, out of their plaints, new hope re- Powers of fire, air, water, and earth beneath, sume
(So may we hold our place and these mild seats To find whom at the first they found unsought: Without new trouble,) such an enemy But, to his mother Mary, when she saw
Is risen to invade us, who no less Others return'd from baptism, not her son, Threatens than our expulsion down to Hell; Nor left at Jordan, tidings of him none, spure, I, as I undertook, and with the vote Within ber breast though calm, her breast though Consenting in full frequence was impower'd, Motherly cares and fears got head, and rais'd Have found him, view'd him, tasted him ; but Some troubled thoughts, which she in sighs thus Far other labour to be undergone (find clad.
Than when I dealt with Adam, first of men, “0, what avails me now that honour high Though Adam by his wife's allurement fell, To have conceiv'd of God, or that salute,
However to this man inferiour far; * Hail highly favour'd among women blest !! If he be man by mother's side, at least While I to sorrows am no less advanc'd,
With more than human gifts from Heaven adorn'd, And fears as eminent, above the lot
Perfections absolute, graces divine, of other women, by the birth I bore;
And amplitude of mind to greatest deeds. In such a season born, when scarce a shed Therefore I am return'd, lest confidence Could be obtain’d to shelter hiin or me
Of my success with Eve in Paradise From the bleak air: a stable was our warmth, Deceive ye to persuasion over-sure A manger his; yet soon enforc'd to fly,
Of like succeeding here : I summon all Thence into Egypt, till the murderous king Rather to be in readiness, with hand Were dead, who sought his life, and missing filla Or counsel to assist; lest I, who erst With infant blood the streets of Bethlehem; Thought none my equal, now be over-match'd.” Frotn Egypt home return'd, in Nazareth
So spake the old serpent, doubting; and from Hath been our dwelling many years ; his life With clamour was assured their utmost aid (all Private, unactive, calm, contemplative,
At his command: when from amidst them rose Little suspicious to any king ; but now
Belial, the dissolutest spirit that fell, Full grown to man, acknowledg’d, as I hear, The sensuallest, and, after Asmodai, By Jobn the Baptist, and in public shown, The fleshliest incubus ; and thus advis'd. Son own'd from Heaven by his Father's voice, “ Set women in his eye, and in his walk, Ilook'd for some great change ; to honour? no, Among daughters of men the fairest found: But trouble, as old Simeon plain foretold, Many are in each region passing fair That to the fall and rising he should be
As the noon sky; more like to goddesses Of many in Israël, and to a sign
Than mortal creatures, graceful and discreet, Spoken against, that through my very soul Expert in amorous arts, enchanting tongues A sword shall pierce: this is my favour'd lot, Persuasive, virgin majesty with mild My exaltation to afflictious high;
And sweet allay'd, yet terrible to approach, Amicied I may be, it seems, and blest;
Skill'd to retire, and, in retiring, draw I will not argue that, nor will repine.
Hearts after them, tangled in amorous nets.' But where delays he now? some great intent Such object hath the power to soften and tame Conceals him : when twelve years he scarce had Severest temper, smooth the rugged'st brow, I lost him, but so found, as well I saw (seen, Enerve, and with voluptuous hope dissolve, He could not lose himself, but went about Draw out with credulons desire, and lead His father's business; what he meant I mus'd, At will the manliest, resolutest breast, Since understand; much more his absence now As the magnetic hardest iron draws. Thus long to some great purpose he obscures. Women, when nothing else, beguild the heart But I to wait with patience am inur'd;
Of wisest Solomon, and made him build, My heart hath been a store-house long of things And made him bow, to the gods of his wives." And sayings laid up, portending strange events.” To whom quick answer Satan thus return’d.
Thus Mary, pondering oft, and oft to mind “ Belial, in much uneven scale thou weigh'st Recalling what remarkably had pass'd
All others by thyself; because of old Since first her salutation heard, with thoughts Thou thyself doat’dst on womankind, admiring Meekly compos'd awaited the fulfilling:
Their shape, their colour, and attractive grace, The while her son, tracing the desert wild, None are, thou think'st, but taken with such toys. Sole, but with holiest meditations fed,
Before the flood thou with thy lusty crew, lato himself descenderl, and at once
False titled sons of God, roaming the Earth, All his great work to come before him set; Cast wanton eyes on the daughters of men, How to begin, how to accomplish best
And coupled with them, and begot a race. His end of being on Earth, and mission high: Have we not seen, or by relation heard, For Satan, with sly preface to return,
In courts and regal chambers how thou lurk'st, Had left him vacant, and with speed was gone In wood or grove, by mossy fountain side, Up to the iniddle region of thick air,
In valley or green meadow, to way-lay Where all his potentates in council sat;
Some beauty rare, Calisto, Clymene, There, withont sign of boast, or sign of joy, Daphne, or Semele, Antiopa, Solicitous and blank, he thus began.
Or Amymone, Syrinx, many more
Too long, then lay'st thy scapes on names ador'd, Without this body's wasting, I content me, Apollo, Neptune, Jupiter, or Pan,
And from the sting of famine fear no harm; Satyr, or Faun, or Sylvan? But these haunts Nor mind it, fed with better thoughts, that feed Delight not all; among the sons of inen,
Me hungering more to do my Father's will.” How many have with a smile made small ac- It was the hour of night,, when thus the Son Of Beauty and her lures, easily scorn'd [count Commun'd in silent walk, then laid him down All her assaults, on worthier things intent! Under the hospitable covert nigh Remember that Pellean conqueror,
Of trees thick interwoven ; there he slept, A youth, how all the beauties of the East, And dream'd, as appetite is wont to dream, He slightly viewid, and slightly overpass'd; Of meats and drinks, nature's refreshment sweet: How he, surnam'd of Africa, dismiss'd,
Him thought, he by the brook of Cherith stood, “Ju his prime youth, the fair Iberian maid. And saw the ravens with their horny beaks For Solomon, he lir'd at ease, and full
Food to Elijah bringing, even and mor, Of honour, wealth, high fare, aim'd not beyond Though ravenous, taught to abstain from what Higher design than to enjoy his state;
they brought; Thence to the bait of women lay expos'd: He saw the prophet also, how he fled But he, whom we attempt, is wiser far
Into the desert, and how there he slept
Under a juniper; then how awak'd
And eat the second time after repose,
song : Seated as on the top of Virtue's hill,
As lightly from his grassy couch up rose Discountenance her despis'd, and put to rout Our Saviour, and found all was but a dream; All her array; her female pride deject, Fasting he went to sleep, and fasting wak’d. Or turn to reverent awe! for Beauty stands Up to a bill anon bis steps he rear'd, In the 'admiration only of weak minds
From whose high top to ken the prospect round, Led captive; cease to admire, and all her plumes If cottage were in view, sheep-cote, or herd; Fall flat, and shrink into a trivial toy,
But cottage, herd, or sheep-cote, none he saw; At every sudden slighting quite abas h’d.
Only in a bottom saw a pleasant grove, Therefore with manlier objects we must try With chant of tuneful birds resounding loud: His constancy; with such as have more show Thither he bent his way, determnin'd there Of worth, of hunour, glory, and popular praise, To rest at noon, and enter'd soon the shade Rocks, whereon greatest men have oftest wreck'd; High-roof'd, and walks beneath, and alleys Or that which only seems to satisfy
brown, Lawful desires of nature, not beyond;
That open'd in the midst a woody scene; And now I know he hungers, where no food Nature's own work it seem'd (Nature taught Art) 13 to be found, in the wide wilderness :
And, to a superstitious eye, the haunt The rest commit to me; I shall let pass Of wood-gods and wood-nymphs : he view'd it No advantage, and his strength as oft assay." When suddenly a man before him stood; (round: He ceas'd, and heard their grant in loud ac- Not rustic as before, but seemlier clad, claim;
As one in city, or court, or palace bred, Then forthwith to him takes a chosen band And with fair speech these words to him adOf spirits, likest to himself in guile,
dress'd. To be at hand, and at his beck appear,
“ With granted leave officious I return, If cause were to unfold some active scene But much more wonder that the Son of God Of various persons, each to know bis part:
In this wild solitude so long should bide,
As story tells, have trod this wilderness;
By a providing angel; all tbe race
Native of Thebez, wandering bere was fed
Of thee these forty days none hath regard,
To whom thus Jesus, “ What conclud'st Nature hath need of what she asks; yet God
thou hence ? Can satisfy that need some other way,
They all had need ; I, as thou seest, bare none." Though hunger still remain: so it remain
“How hast thou hunger then?” Satar replied.
Tell me, if food were now before thee set, In vain, where no acceptance it can find ?
If of that power I bring thee voluntary
that To treat thee, as beseems, and as her Lord, Both table and provision vanish'd quite With honour: only deign to sit and eat." With sound of harpies' wings and talons heard:
He spake no dream; for, as his words had end, Only the importune tempter still remaind, Our Saviour lifting up his eyes beheld,
And with these words his temptation pursued. In ample space under the broadest shade,
“By hunger, that each other creature tames, A table richly spread, in regal mode,
Thou art not to be harm'd, therefore not mov'd; With dishes pil'd, and meats of noblest sort Thy temperance invincible besides, And savour; beasts of chase, or fowl of game, For no allurement yields to appetite; In pastry built, or from the spit, or boild, And all thy heart is set on high designs, Gris-amber-steam'd; all fish, from sea or shore, High actions: but wherewith to be achiev'd ? Freshet or purling brook, of shell or fin,
Great acts require great means of enterprise ; And exquisitest name, for which was drain'd Thou art unknown, unfriended, low of birth, Pontus, and Lucrine bay, and Afric coast. A carpenter thy father known, thyself (Alas, how simply, to these cates compar'd, Bred up in poverty and straits at home, Was that crude apple that diverted Eve!) Lost in a desert here and hunger-bit : And at a stately side-board, by the wine
Which way, or from what hope, dost thou aspiro That fragrant smell diffus'd, in order stood To greatness ? whence authority deriv'st ? Tall stripling youths rich clad, of fairer hue What followers, 'what retinue can'st thou gain, Than Ganymed or Hylas ; distant piore
Or at thy heels the dizzy multitude, Under the trees now tripp'd, now solemn stood, Longer than thou canst feed them on thy cost? Nymphs of Diana's train, and Naiades
Money brings honour, friends, conquest, and With fruits and flowers from Amalthea's horn,
realms : And ladies of the Hesperides, that seem'd What rais'd Antipater the Edomite, Fairer thap feign'd of old, or fabled since And his son Herod plac'd on Judah's throne, Of faery damsels, met in forest wide
Thy throne, but gold that got him puissant By knights of Logres, or of Lyones,
friends ? Lancelot, or Pelleas, or Pellenore.
Therefore, if at great things thou would'st arrive, And all the while harmouious airs were heard Get riches first, get wealth, and treasure heap, of chiming strings, or charming pipes; and Not difficult, if thou hearken to me : Of gentlest gale Arabian odours fann'd (winds Riches are mine, fortnne is in my hand; From their soft wings, and Flora's earliest They whom I favour thrive in wealth amain, smells.
While virtue, valour, wisdom, sit in want." Such was the splendour; and the tempter now To whom thus Jesus patiently replied. His invitation earnestly renew'd.
“ Yet wealth, without these three, is impotent “What doubts the Son of God to sit and eat? To gain dominion, or to keep it gain’d. These are not fruits furbidd'n; no interdict Witness those ancient empires of the Earth, Defends the touching of these viands pure; In height of all their flowing wealth dissolv'd s Their taste no knowledge works, at least of evil, But men endued with these have oft attain'd But life preserves, destroys life's enemy, In lowest poverty to highest deeds; Hunger, with sweet restorative delight. (springs, Gideon, and Jephtha, and the shepherd lad, All these are spirits of air, and woods, and whose offspring on the throne of Judah sat Thy gentle ministers, who come to pay
So many ages, and suall yet regain Thee homage, and acknowledge thee their Lord: That seat, and reign in Israel without end. What doubt'st thou, Son of God? Sit down and Among the Heathen, (for throughout the world To whom thus Jesus temperately replied. [eat.” To me is not unknown what hath been done " Said'st thou not that to all things I had right? Worthy of memorial,) canst thou not remember And who withholds my power that right to use ? Quintius, Fabricius, Curius, Regulus? Shall I receive by gift what of my own,
For I esteem those names of men so poor,
And what in me seems wanting, but that I
Accomplish what they did, perhaps and more? Why should'st thou then obtrude this diligence, Extol not riches then, the toil of fools,
The wise man's cumbrance, if not snare ; more intimating somewhat respecting his own preTo slacken Virtue, and abate her edge, [apt vious sufferings, asks Satan, why he should Than prompt her to do aught may merit praise. be so solicitous for the exaltation of opes What if with like aversion I reject
whose rising was destined to be his fall. Satan Riches and realms ? yet not for that a crown, replies, that bis own desperate state, by exGolden in show, is but a wreath of thorns,
cluding all hope, leaves little room for fear; Brings dangers, troubles, cares, and sleepless and that, as his own punishment was equally nights,
doomed, he is not interested in preventing the To him who wears the regal diadem,
reign of one, from whose apparent benevoWhen on his shoulders each man's burden lies ; lence he might rather hope for some interFor therein stands the office of a king,
ference in his favour.–Satan still pursues his His honour, virtue, merit, and chief praise, former incitements; and, supposing that the That for the public all this weight he bears.
seeming reluctance of Jesus to be thus adYet be, who reigns within himself, and rules vanced might arise from his being unacquaintPassions, desires, and fears, is more a king;
ed with the world and its glories, conveys him Which every wise and virtuous man attains; to the summit of a high mountain, and from And who attains not, ill aspires to rule
thence shows him most of the kingdoms of Cities of men, or headstrong multitudes,
Asia, particularly pointing out to his notice Subject himself to anarchy within,
some extraordinary military preparations of Or lawless passions in him, which he serves.
the Parthians to resist the incursions of the But to guide nations in the way of truth
Scythians. He then informs our Lord, that By saving doctrine, and from errour lead
he showed him this purposely that he might To know, and knowing worship God aright, see how necessary military exertions are to Is yet more kingly ; this attracts the soul, retain the possession of kingdoms, as well as Governs the inner man, the nobler part;
to subdue them at first, and advises, him to That other o'er the body only reigns,
consider how impossible it was to maintain And oft by force, which, to a generous mind, Judea against two such powerful neighbours as So reigning, can be no sincere delight.
the Romans and Parthians, and how necessary Besides, to give a kingdom hath been thought it would be to form an alliance with one or Greater and nobler done, and to lay down
other of them. At the same time he recomFar more magnanimous, than to assume.
mends, and engages to secure to him, that of Riches are needless then, both for themselves, the Parthians; and tells him that by this And for thy reason why they should be sought, means his power will be defended from any To gain a sceptre, oftest better miss'd.”
thing that Rome or Cæsar might attempt against it, and that he will be able to extend his glory wide, and especially to accomplish, what was particularly necessary to make the
throne of Judea really the throne of David, PARADISE REGAINED.
the deliverance and restoration of the ten
tribes, still in a state of captivity. Jesus, harBOOK III.
ing briefly noticed the vanity of military ef
forts and the weakness of the arm of flesh, Tue ARGUMENT.
says, that when the time comes for his ascend
ing his allotted throne he shall not be slack : Satan, in a speech of much flattering commenda
he remarks on Satan's extraordinary zeal for tion, endeavours to awaken in Jesus a passion
the deliverance of the Israelites, to whom be for glory, by particularising various instances
had always showed himself an enemy, and of conquests achieved, and great actions per
declares their servitude to be the consequence formed, by persons at an early period of life.
of their idolatry ; but adds, that at a future Our Lord replies, by showing the vanity of
time it may perhaps please God to recall worldly fame, and the improper means by
them, and restore them to their liberty and which it is generally attained; and contrasts
native land, with it the true glory of religious patience and virtuous wisdoin, as exemplified in the cha- So spake the Son of God; and Satan stood racter of Job. Satan justifies the love of glory A while, as mute, confounded what to say, from the example of God himself, who requires What to reply, confuted, and convinc'd it from all his creatures. Jesus detects the of his weak arguing and fallacious drift; fallacy of this argument, by showing that, as At length, collecting all his serpent wiles, goodness is the true ground on which glory is With soothing words renew'd, him thus accosts. due to the great Creator of all things, sinful “ I see thou know'st what is of use to know, man can have no right whatever to it. --Satan What best to say canst say, to do canst do ; then urges our Lord respecting his claim to Thy actions to thy words accord, thy words the throne of David; he tells him that ibe To thy large heart give utterance due, thy heart kingdom of Judea, being at that time a pro- Contains of good, wise, just, the perfect shape. vince of Rome, cannot be got possession of Should kings and nations from thy mouth consult, without much personal exertion on his part, Thy counsel would be as the oracle and presses him to lose no time in beginning Urim and Thummim, those oraculous gems to reign. Jesus refers him to the time allot- On Aaron's breast; or tougue of seers old, ted for this, as for all other things; and, after Infallible : or wert thou sought to deeds
That inight require the array of war, thy skill Worshipt with temple, priest, and sacrifice ?
But if there be in glory aught of good,
By deeds of peace, by wisdom eminent,
borne, All treasures and all gain esteem as dross, Made famous in a land and times obscure; And dignities and powers all but the highest ? Who names not now with honour patient Job ? Thy years are ripe, and over-ripe; the son Poor Socrates, (who next more memorable ?) Of Macedonjan Philip had ere these
By what he taught, and suffer'd for so doing, Won Asia, and the throne of Cyrus held
For truth's sake suffering death, unjust, lives At his dispose; young Scipio had brought down The Carthaginian pride ; young Pompey quelld Equal in fame to proudest conquerors. The Pontic king, and in triumph had rode. Yet if for fame and glory aught be dune, Yet years, and to ripe years judgment mature, Aught suffer'd; if young Afri for fame Quench not the thirst of glory, but augment. His wasted country freed from Punic rage; Great Julius, whom now all the world admires, The deed becomes unprais'd, the man at least, The more he grew in years, the more inflam'd And loses, though but verbal, his reward. With glory, wept that he had liv'd so long Shall I seek glory then, as vain men seek, Inglorious : but thou get art not too late.” Oft not deserv'd? I seek not mine, but his
To whom our Saviour calınly thus replied. Who sent me; and thereby witness whence I “Thou neither dost persuade me to seek wealth
(plied. For empire's sake, nor empire to affect
To whom the tempter murmuring thus reFor glory's sake, by all thy argument.
“Think not so slight of glory; therein least For what is glory but the blaze of fame,
Resembling thy great Father: he seeks glory, The people's praise, if always praise unmix'd? And for his glory all things made, all things And what the people but a herd confus'd, Orders and governs ; nor content in Heaven A miscellaneous rabble, who extol
By all his angels glorified, requires Things vulgar, and well weigh’d, scarce worth the Glory from men, from all men, good or bad, praise ?
(what, Wise or unwise, no difference, no exemption ; They praise, and they admire, they know not Above all sacrifice, or hallow'd gift, And know not whom, but as one leads the other; Glory be requires, and glory he receives, And what delight to be by such extoll’d,
Promiscuous from all nations, Jew or Greek, To live upon their tongues, and be their talk, Or barbarous, nor exception hath declar'd; Of whom to be disprais'd were no small praise ? From us, his foes pronounc'd, glory he exacts.” His lot who dares be singularly good.
To whom our Saviour fervently replied. The intelligent among them and the wise “ And reason ; since his word all things produc'd Are few, and glory scarce of few is rais'd. Though chiefly not for glory as prime end, This is true glory and renown, when God, But to show forth his goodness, and impart Looking on the Earth, with apprubation marks His good communicable to every soul The just man, and divulges bim through Heaven Freely; of whom what could he less expect To all his angels, who with true applause
Than glory and benediction, that is, thanks, Recount his praises : thus he did to Job,
The slightest, easiest, readiest recompense When to extend his famne through Heaven and From them who could return bim nothing else, Earth,
And, not returning that, would likeliest render As thou to thy reproach may'st well remember, Contempt instead, dishonour, obloquy ? He ask'd thee, *Hast thou seen my servant Hard recompense, unsuitable return Job ?'
For so much good, so much beneficence! Famous he was in Heaven, on Earth less known; But why should man seek glory, who of his own Where glory is false glory, attributed
Hath nothing, and to whom nothing belongs, To things not glorious, men not worthy of fame. But condemnation, ignominy, and shame? They err, who count it glorious to subdue
Who for so many benefits receiv'd, By conquest far and wide, to over-run
Turn'd recreant to God, ingrate and false, Large countries, and in field great battles win, And so of all true good himself despoil'd; Great cities by assault : what do these worthies, Yet, sacrilegious, to himself would take But rob and spoil, burn, slaughter, and enslave That which to God alone of right belongs : Peaceable nations, neighbouring, or remote, Yet so much bounty is in God, such grace, Made captive, yet deserving freedom more That who advance his glory, not their own, Than those their conquerors, who leave behind Them he himself to glory will advance." Nothing but ruin wheresoe'er they rove,
So spake the Son of God; and here again And all the fovrisbing works of peace destroy ;
Satan had not to answer, but stood struck Then swell with pride, and must be titled Gods, With guilt of his own sin; for he himself, Great Benefąctors of mankind, Deliverers, Insatiable of glory, had lost all ;