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THE KING .
SIR, AFTER the delivery of your royal father's person into the hands of the army, I undertaking to the queen-mother that I would find some means to get access to him, she was pleased to send me; and by the help of Hugh Peters I got my admittance, and coming well-instructed from the queen (his majesty having been kept long in the dark) he was pleased to discourse very freely with me of the whole state of his affairs. But, sir, I will not lanch into an history, instead of an epistle. One morning waiting on him at Causham, smiling upon me, he said he could tell me some news of myself, which was, that he had seen some verses of mine the evening before (being those to sir R. Fanshaw); and asking me when I made them, I told hin two or three years since ; he was pleased to say, that having never seen them before, he was afraid I had written them since my return into England, and though he liked them well, he would advise me to write no more; alledging, that when men are young, and have little else to do, they might vent the overflowings of their fancy that way; but when they were thought fit for more serious employments, if they still persisted in that course, it would look as if they minded not the way to any better.
Whereupon I stood corrected as long as I had the honour to wait upon him, and at his departure from Hampton-Court, he was pleased to come mand me to stay privately at London, to send to him and receive from him all his letters from and to all his correspondents at home and abroad, and I was furnished with nine several cyphers in order to it: which trust I performed with great safety to the persons with whom we corresponded ; but about nine months after being discovered by their knowledge of Mr.
Cowley's hand, I happily escaped both for myself, and those that held correspondence with me. That time was too hot and busy for such idle speculations: but after I had the good fortune to wait upon your majesty in Holland and France, you were pleased sometimes to give me arguments to divert and put off the evil hours of our banishment, which now and then fell not short of your majesty's expectation.
After, when your majesty, departing from St. Germains to Jersey, was pleased freely (without my asking) to copfer upon me that place wherein I have now the honour to serve you, I then gave over poetical lines, and made it my business to draw such athers as might be more serviceable to your majesty, and I hope more lasting. Since that time I never disobeyed my old master's commands till this summer at the Wells, my retirement there tempting me to divert those melancholy thoughts, which the new apparitions of foreign invasion and domestic discontent gave us : but these clouds being now happily blown over, and our sun clearly shining out again, I have recovered the relapse, it being suspected that it would have proved the epidemical disease of age, which is apt to fall back into the follies of youth; yet Socrates, Aristotle, and Cato did the same; and Scaliger saith, that fragment of Aristotle was beyond any thing that Pindar or Homer ever wrote. I will not call this a dedication, for those epistles are commonly greater absurdities than any that come after; for what author can reasonably believe, that fixing the great name of some eminent patron in the forehead of his book can charm away censure, and that the first leaf should be a curtain to draw over and hide all the deformities that stand behind it; neither have 1
any need of such shifts, for most of the parts of this body have already had your majesty's view, and having past the test of so clear and sharp-sighted a judgment, which has as good a title to give law in matters of this nature as in any other, they who shall presume to dissent from your majesty, will do more wrong to their own judgment than their judgment can do to me: and for those latter parts which have not yet received your majesty's favourable aspect, if they who have seen them do not flatter me (for I dare not trust my own judgment) they will make it appear, that it is not with me as with most of mankind, who never forsake their darling vices, till their vices forsake them; and that this divorce was not frigiditatis causa, but an act of choice, and not of necessity. Therefore, sir, I shall only call it an humble petition, that your majesty will please to pardon this new amour to my old mistress, and my disobedience to his commands, to whose memory I look
up with great reverence and devotion: and making a serious reflection upon that wise advice, it carries much greater weight with it now, than when it was given ; for when age and experience has so ripened man's discretion as to make it fit for use, either in private or public affairs, nothing blasts and corrupts the fruit of it so much as the empty, airy reputation of being nimis poëta; and therefore I shall take my leave of the Muses, as two of my predecessors did, saying,
Splendidis longum valedico nugis.
Your majesty's most faithful
dutiful and devoted servant,
SIR JOHN DENHAM.
While luxury, and wealth, like war and peace,
As rivers lost in seas, some secret vein
Thence reconveys, there to be lost again. Upon Parnassus, nor did taste the stream
Oh happiness of sweet retir'd content ! Of Helicon ; we therefore may suppose
To be at once secure,
and innocent. Those made not poets, but the poets those.
Windsor the next (where Mars with Venus And as courts make not kings, but kings the
Beauty with strength) above the valley srvells So where the Muses and their train resort,
Into my eye, and doth itself present Parnassus stands ; if I can be to thee
With such an easy and unforc'd ascent,
That no stupendous precipice denies
A pleasure, and a reverence from the sight.
Such seems thy gentle height, made only proud That lies between, and first salutes the place To be the basis of that pompous load, Crown'd with that sacred pile, so vast, so bigh, Than which, a nobler weight no mountain That, whether 'tis a part of earth or sky,
bears, Uncertain seems, and may be thought a proud But Atlas only which supports the spheres. Aspiring mountain, or descending cloud, When Nature's hand this ground did thus ad. Paul's, the late theme of such a Muse, ' whose
'Twas guided by a wiser power than Chance ; Has bravely reach'd and soar'd above thy height: Mark'd-out for such an use, as if 'twere meant Now shalt thou stand, though sword, or time, or T'invite the builder, and his choice prevent.
Nor can we call it choice, when what we chuse, Or zeal more fierce than they, thy fall conspire, Polly or blindness only could refuse. Secure, whilst thee the best of poets sings, A crown of such majestic towers doth grace Preserv'd from ruin by the best of kings. The gods' great mother, when her heavenly Under his proud survey the city lies, And like a mist beneath a hill doth rise;
Do homage to her, yet she can ot boast Whose state and wealth, the business and the Among that numerous, and celestial host, crowd,
More heroes than can Windsor, nor doth Fame's Seems at this distance but a darker cloud : Immortal book record more noble names. And is, to him who rightly things esteems, Not to look back so far, to whom this isle No other in effect than what it seems :
Owes the first glory of so brave a pile, Where, with like haste, though several ways, Whether to Cæsar, Albanact, or Brute, they run,
The British Arthur, or the Danish Cnute, Some to undo, and some to be undone ;
(Though this of old no less contest did move,
Than when for Homer's birth seven cities 1 Mr. Waller,