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GASOMETER AND GAS HOUSE.
I have only to say respecting this item, that a new gas house is demanded as a measure of safety. The old gas house, whose cracked and crumbling walls lean against the main building, is a constant menace to the property of the College and the lives of the pupils. It has caught fire twice within the last two years. It ought to be removed without delay, and a new gas house put up at a safe distance, with a capacity for holding gas enough for two or three days' consumption.
A HOUSE AND BARN ON THE NORTH FARM,
which have become imperative wants, are minutely explained in Professor Knapp's report, to which the attention of your honorable body is respectfully called.
The engine and boiler by which the various buildings are supplied with water needs a shelter to save it from exposure to the weather and consequent decay. The College has recently purchased a new engine and boiler at considerable expense, but it cannot legally build an engine house with the interest fund. The Legislature in accepting the national endowment entered into an agreement to put up all necessary buildings at the expense of the State. So we are compelled in this, as in other instances, to ask the State to fulfill its contract.
PROFESSOR BUDD's DWELLING HOUSE.
When Professor Budd accepted the chair of Horticulture, there was no building which his family could occupy as a residence. For this reason, having received the permission of the Trustees, he built an economical but comfortable dwelling on the college grounds, with his own means. In this house he has resided several
years without charging rent, while other professors have had free houses assigned to them. Professor Budd now asks the Legislature to reimburse him for money so advanced and his value to the State, and the reasonableness of his claim will certainly justify the demand.
BUILDING FOR FIRE-PROOF VAULT AND OFFICES.
Respecting the necessity for this building, we have only to say that the college books and vouchers, embracing fifteen years, are exposed to constant danger from fire. Moreover, the continually increasing
business of the College has far outgrown the capacity of its present office.
Prominent among the urgent necessities I have mentioned, is a college hospital for sick students. Every building used as a dormitory for a large number of young people is liable to be visited by infectious diseases. Despite the great care which is taken to prevent the spread of contagious maladies among the students, they have suffered several different times from measles, once from diphtheria, and once, the last summer, from scarlet fever. In this latter case, by rare good fortune, we were able to isolate, in a building temporarily unoccupied, each patient as soon as the first symptoms appeared, and to disinfect the vacated room with fumes of sulphur. In this way the dread malady was kept from spreading beyond six cases, none of which were fatal.
We believe that we could secure the College from the inroads of the various infections if we had the means of isolating the patient so that we could at once disinfect his room. A college hospital, which could be built at a limited expense, would thus enable us, in nearly all cases, to save the suffering, if not the lives, of the young people committed to our charge.
The following appropriations will be necessary for the buildings proposed : Engineering hall..
.$ 12,000.00 Veterinary hospital...
10,000.00 Zoological building.
6,000.00 Gasometer and gas house.
4,500.00 House and barn for north farm..
2,000.00 Pump house .....
1,000.00 Purchase of house occupied by Professor Budd..
2,000.00 Building containing fire-proof vault and offices of Secretary, Treasurer and President...
5,000.00 College hospital....
.$ 44,500.00 A. S. WELCH.
REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.
S. A. KNAPP, PROFESSOR.
The following report outlines the work of this Department for the biennial period closing November 14, 1883.
INSTRUCTION IN AGRICULTURE.
In the ninth biennial report the following statement was made in regard to the course of instruction in agriculture in the Iowa Agricultural College :
“The present college course in agriculture seems to meet the wants of such pupils as desire to become proficient in husbandry and have chosen this great department of industry for a vocation. The several studies pursued have been selected with a view to solve, in a practical way, the problems of the farm, from the standpoint of the owner or manager; and with the design of aiding him, as far as practicable, to become a wise observer and successful operator upon the farm. While it is not claimed that perfection has been reached in a question so difficult of solution, it is thought that this course more comprehensively and successfully outlines the work of the agricultural student, and traces the proper means between skill and general theory, than any that has hitherto been formulated. The pupil is regarded as the intelligent owner or manager of a farm, and the several problems that arise in farm improvement, drainage, stock-breeding and the dairy, in the soil and application of manures, in the production of the cereals and grasses and their economic uses in husbandry, are carefully discussed from this entirely practical standpoint. Sufficient manual labor is given under a competent foreman to familiarize the pupil with the methods necessary to the successful application of principles involved and to give him a reasonable amount of skill.
It is not, however, presumed that the student in agriculture, after