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by employing unisen as an adjective, as in ver. 57, dexterous as an ad. verb, in 60, &c. &c. &c. nor against taste, by the introduction of such barbarous, alien, or misapplied terms, as chevage, chafuble, alluvioti, menstrual, &c. &c. or such conversations as that beginning at v. 339 or such brazen-candlestick lines, as

• Reas'n now deinurs 'gainst Aatt'ry's venal fame."

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“ Behold carp, founder, roach, bream, chub, and pike." Nor, lastly, against common sense, as well as verse; as when he says of the martin,

“ Uniwearied chamberlain of the ambient iky,

“ In vain the sweeps the ftagnant fields of air." With respect to his temper, we shall admonish the author by the following example: “ A certain philosopher of Greece, when he fat • down to write a book, took a dose of hellebore, that he might dis“ charge his bile, and be in good-humour with all the world.” He, on the contrary, seems in ill-humour with all the world. He satirizes buman-nature itself, in his note K; and in all his notes, and throughout his poem, he evinces that his bosom overflows with the bitterest of all bile, the bile of democracy; by means of which his jaundiced fancy

“ One great republie fees from pole to pole."

Akt. 18. Fables in Verse; or, Present Life under Different Forms.

8vo. is. 6d. Murray. The mediúm of fable in skilful hands becomes a ready vehicle for moral instruction ; but it happens that each departure of literature, which is intended to improve the mind, requires a more than common attention to the ornaments of style. Daily observation proves, that to amuse idle readers is an art easily attained, their appetites are generally gross, and their tastes undiscerning ; but the moralift must provide for delicate appetites, and faftidious tastes; his guests will át least expect that neatness should preside at his table, and perhaps will not hastily repeat their visit, if they do not even meet with elegance. We cannot think the publication before us likely to furnish entertainment to visitors of such a description. We are occasionally offended by the breach of grammatical propriety, the inaccuracy of verfification, and the admiffion of colloquial vulgarity. We shall subjoin one instance only of each :

" Though you to me this morn was rude.” P. 5, v. 4. « Pert and saucy, vain and proud,

P. 65, v.1. A jay harangu'd the vulgar crowd." And when they've told you o'er and o'er, “ Grin self-applause to grace the bore.” P, 67, v. 6.

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DRAMATIC. ART. 19. Sprigs of Laurel : a Comic Opera, in Two Alts. Written

by John O'Keeffe. 8vo. is. Woodfall. The business of this little drama, of Mr. O'Keeffe, turns upon an incident, which, whether it be fictitious or real, is natural and intereiting. The characters are aptly enough imagined, and the dialogue lively and well suited to the persons who support it. We doubt not that, with the decorations of scenery, and the music of Shields, its representation was attended by the applauses to which it seems entitled.

NOVELS. ART. 20. Argal; or, the Silver Devil : Being the Adventures of an

Evil Spirit, comprising a Series of interesting Anecdotes in public and private Life, with which the Demon became acquainted in various Parts of the World, during his confinement in the metalline Substance to which he was condemned. Related by himself. 12mo. 2 vols. 6s. Vernon.

This work is a manifest imitation of Chrysal, or the adventures of a guinea; and upon the examination of their comparative merits, it may, perhaps, be allowed to possess its proportionate degree of worth. Vilius argentum est auro !

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ART. 21.

Letters from a French Nobleman to Mademoiselle de P, written in the Months of June, July, and Auguft, 1792, with an Appendix. 12mo. 2 vols. 6s. Debrett.

These letters are professedly translated from French ; but if we were never to exercise our powers of discrimination upon them, we should not hesitate to say, that they have never spoken any other language but our own.

A French nobleman, flying from democratic persecution, is supposed to take refuge in a deserted hermitage within a forest, from which he writes to his wife. In a cottage on the confines of his foreft he finds another fugitive of the same kind, who tells him his adventures. The little incidents and reflections seem by far too trifling for the fituation ; and some of the great incidents related, are crowded too rapidly on each other; yet the book is not devoid of merit. The appendix is chiefly filled with the atrocities of popular fury in France. ART. 22.

Hartlebourn Caffle; a descriptive English Tale. Izmo.

2 vols. 6s. J. Bell, Oxford-street. This tale is ftyled descriptive, because it contains some real names and circumstances of local designation, interwoven with fictitious events. Such adaptation gives an interest to the relation, as it increases the appearance of probability. It affords likewise an occae

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fion BRIT, CRIT. VOL. I. AUG. 1793.

fion for displaying those powers of painting, which indicate and excite taite. By the quotation from Mason, in the title page, we are led to suppose, that the accounts have some foundation in fact, and real occurrence. They are such, however, as are brought forward without much ufe, except that of amusing a vacant hour without improvement. Nor are the characters in these volumes delineated with skill, except that of Ruffel ; in which we see, what is too often ditplayed in real life, noble qualities depressed and degraded by a fenie of dependence.

SURGERY. ART. 23. A Treatise on the Extraction of the Catara&7. By Frederick

Bischoft, F.M.S. Ocrlift to his Majesty, in the Elcétorate of Hanover, and to her Majesty in England. 8vo. 35. G. Nicoll.

The author of this tract sets out with ftating, that his work is intended more to explain what is already known, than to offer new matter to the public; but gives us reason to expect that his directions respecting this operation are more full, explicit, and minute, and better calculated to instruct the young praćtitioner, than those of any former work.

A work published upon such principles has every claim to can. dour ; but candour demands from us an impartial review. In giving, which we must confess, that the author lays too much stress upon a particular chair, and other circumstances, which


millead the young surgeon, by making him attend too much to secondary mat

His objections to a surgeon as his asliftant, are not at all in favour of his surgical friends, fince their curiofity and obftinacy, according to him, more than counterbalance their knowledge, and there. fore make them more improper than


other persons. The instrument for raising the upper eye-lid, appears to us only ne. cestary when the operator is obliged to have an obftinate affiftant.

The mode of enlarging the incision by scissars, is a very proper one, but should only be had recourse to when the incision is found too small for the passage of the crystalline humour, as the incision by the knife must always be preferred to that by the fciffars.

The use of the Parma Spear has never been a general practice, and in particular cafes oculists must judge for themselves; it is an instrumert that may answer better in the hands of some operators than others ; but in very few instances will it be found necessary.

in making the incision where a spasm comes on, or any other motion of the eye, so as to prevent the incision being completed, the introducing, the second time, a knife with a blunt point, appears to be a very judicious practice. The opening the capsule freely is certainly proper; but the attempt to remove a circular portion, appears to be more a theoretical refinement, than a practical remark.

The mode of performing the operation is very diftin&ly described, as well as the after treatment; and in both the one and the other, the author - shows himfelf master of the subject; and we make no doubt but the work will prove useful, by making this operation, in all its parts, more generally understood by the younger practitioner. '.



POLITICS. ART. 24. Fact without Fallacy: or, Conftitutional Principles contraft

ed with the ruinous Effects of Unconstitutional Practices. Together with other illustrative Matier. In a Letter from an impartial Observer in London to his Friend in the Country. 8vo. 15. 6d. Jordan.

This is a well written letter, but by no means constitutional, in favour of the French revolution, on the political situation of this country relative to foreign countries; and on the political concerns of Great Britain and Ireland, as they apply to our actual situation : this necessarily introduces much miscellaneous matter ; the present war—the glorious French revolution—the Russian and Spanish armaments--the regency bill—the libel bill-taxes-parliamentary reform -bankruptcies, &c. This writer is a democrat of the Sombre cast ; but fomenting discontent, and croaking ruin, are bad methods either to lighten burdens or to increase happiness.

The vulgarism no how, frequently disgraces the style of this writer.


Art. 25: Short Address to the Public on the Practice of Cahiering

Military Officers, without a Trial, and a Vindication of the Conduct and Political Opinions of the fluthor. To which is prefixed, His Cora refpondence with the Secretary at War. By Hugh, Lord Sempill. 8vo.

Johnson. The political opinions of Lord Sempill, which he brings forward, in order to persuade a loyal and enlightened people that his dismisfion was injurious, and unwarrantable, betray such wild democratical principles, and sentiments fo adverse to the Englih confitution, that they are not likely to call forth the sympathies of his country

The sentiments of this address seem to form a sufficient comment upon the address, which Lord S. had the honour to subscribe, and send to France. With such political conduct, and opinions, we cannot think it fufficient for his Lordship’s justification that his mili.. tary conduct was regular. A' master may surely be very justly defended who discharges the most exact and diligent servant, should be discover that he conceals designs dangerous to the peace and safety of his family, by punctuality in his common duties; and his majesty certainly might be so unfortunate as to find among his Guards a diligent officer who was but a suspicious subject.


Art. 26. The Village Association ; or, the Politics of Edley; containing

the Soldier's Tale; ihe Headborough's Mistake; the Sailor's Tale; the Curate's Quotations ; and Old Hubert's Advice. 8vo.

Is, 6d. Ridgway.

This collection, made by a person whose abilities have been dreadfully misapplied, is calculated to render soldiers and failors discontented with their stations, to degrade the character of kings, and the order of hereditary succession, to magnify the expences of courts, and to ridicule the ranks of nobles. Under the flimsy veil of parliamentary reform, the author scarce attempts to conceal the vileft fedition. Ii 2


The professions of the love of peace, and Christian charity are introduced to favour the general delusion. Art. 27. Thoughts on the New and Old Principles of Political Obea

dience, 8vo. Is. Rivingtons. Though we do not perfe£tly agree with this author in the advantages to be drawn from the doctrine of compact, which, with the modifications he allows, seems to be reduced to the mere fhadow of the little substance it had originally, yet we have derived great pleasure from the perasal of his Tensible and well-written pamphlet. It very juftly exposes the falsehood of the universal right to interfere in government, and the consequent right of majorities; and reproves the folly of being prejudiced againit whatever has preceded our own times, as still worse than the bigotry which is blindly attached to every ancient infitution. The author points out several other errers, such as the over-estimation of riches arising from the prejudices of envy and ignorance, false notions concerning the ancient republics, &c. and illustrates the whole with a degree of classical and historical allusion, that gives it an air of elegance, besides its actual folidity. It is a small tract, but of considerable merit. ART. 28. Considerations on Reform; with a specific Plan for a New Re

presentation. Addressed to Charles Grey, Esq. Member of Parliament for Northumberland. By Iviiles Popple, late Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. Svo. Debrett.

Mr. Popple seems to think, that if a reform in Parliament took place, there would be no variance between the constituent and reprefentative body : immediately afterwards, he says, “ that the freedom of debate, " aided by the freedom of the press, concluded the American, and “« prevented a Russian war." The obvious conclusion seems to be, that the freedom of the press cannot be so obilructed as some take pains to represent it; and that a reform in parliament seems less necessary than certain Friends of the People would admit. One argument, adduced by Mr. Popple, we cannot deny ourselves the fatisfaction of transcribing : “ Whilst those who live under any fyftem are not diffatisfied " with it, all endeavours to fabvert it by force, violate the very first * principle of society.” The author concludes his pamphlet with an outline of a reform of parliament: he would confine the right of voting to every person afleffed to the land-tax; and, dividing the kingdom into 279 districts, would have each return two representatives; then the number of the House of Commons would be the same as at present. He would have the Proprietors of private Boroughs indemnified, by every elector's paying, for a certain period, an annual fum not exceeding five fillings; and with a calculation what this ailessment, to which thousands would object, might produce, the pamphlet concludes.


Art. 29. Letter on the present Asociations. From an Officer to a Friend

in the Country. 6d. Brewman. This gentleman presumes the associations to have been not only un


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