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the mistress and the tyrant of the world. To leave no doubt of the nature of this decree, some extracts from it are produced.
So far the general interests of Europe are considered: the author then adverts to the particular :ind pointed interference of France with this country, contrasted with our neutrality towards her, and produces some ever memorable specimens of those profligate addresses from Englishmen which all posterity will contemplate with amazement, After giving, very much at large, the evidences of this most hostile correspondence, Mr. Bowles asserts, that « any thing short of a revocation of the *' obnoxious decrees—a dereliction of the conquered territo"ries—a recal of the French armies—an express renunciation *' of all views of aggrandizement and aggression, of all right ** to violate or disturb subsisting treaties, and of all claims to "interfere, upon any pretence, in the internal concerns of
other countries," would still have left all Europe at the mercy of French ambition.
From these, and other positions, relative to negotiation, and such other topics as are connected with the question, Mr. B. deduces his conclusion, and states it strongly; that the war is, on our part, both in form and substance, a war of defence.
Some additional notes subjoined to this pamphlet prove, among other things, the connexion between the plans of reform here, and the plans of a republic, originating in France, The postscript asserts the general security of Europe as the great object of the war, and the point chiefly to be considered in its prosecution and termination.
The merits of this author's style are too well known to the public to require much exemplification. Of the nature of his arguments something will be seen from the analysis here given; but they will be viewed in a much more advantageous light by those who shall recur to the publication itself,
! BRITISH CATALOGUE.
Art. 26. Imitations of some os the Epigrams of Martial. Part I. and II. 4to. Faulder. zs. 6d. each.
TIESE Irritations have merit,but they have also faults which strongly weigh against that merit. The turn of many among them is licentious, and the original epigrams have been chosen with still less regard to decency. Happily the grossness of Roman writers cannot be tolerated in modern languages, but neither ought it to be brought forward to view. To mutilate editions of the originals may not be allowable, except when intended, like the Delphin, chiefly for the eye of youth.— But to select the offensive parts is not pardonable. The author appears, in several of his imitations, a severe satirist against the democratic party, particularly in the second part. Now and then the imitator loses the turn of the original, and substitutes nothing for it, as in the cafe of the epigram on Chloe and her Seven Husbands; but in general there is point and spirit in the imitation. The English writer sometimes takes only a hint from the Roman, and makes that ludicrous, which in the original was serious. There are some considerable errors in the typography of the Latin part.
The following has even more liveliness than the original:
"I laugh at Poll's perpetual pother,
"To make me her's for life;
"But not to be my wile."
ART. 27. Topfy Turvy: ixiith Anecdotes and Observations illustrative of leading Characlers in the present Government of France. By the Editor of Salmagundi. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Anderson.
Tipsy Tur-vy insinuates, that in the present state of France all things are inverted, which is illustrated by a neat vignette prefixed, wherein many men are seen standing on their heads, and a principal figure, a Frenchman with a cap of liberty, is showing Britannia how becoming that posture would be to the British Lion. He may be supposed to speak these words from the poem:
"Behold our republican state
"To perfection advancing apace,
«< We've erected the tail in its place."
The editor of Salmagundi was, we understand, the author of some of the most humorous poems in that justly popular collection; in this effort we cannot fay that he has been equally happy. Yet even here we find considerable merit; the doggrel style is in many parts well supported,
H 4 . and and the illustrations ot the great characters celebrated in the pcem, as given at large in the notes, are at least amusing; they are founded also on as good authority as can be had upon the subject. The personages celebrated are, Pethion, Robespierre, Dantou, Gojsas, Marat, Merlin, Chabol, Dupont, Carra, Egalite, Talleyrand, and Gregoire. The Rhodoniontade speech of Kerfaint, on universal fraternization, is also parodied at large. Other heroes are brought forward in the additional notes. The Motto from Swift is well hit off;
"Man is but a Topsy-turvy animal, his head where his heels should be."
Art. 28. Secession; or, True Blue separated from Buff. A Political, Satirical, Panegyrical Poem, humbly inscribed to his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. With Notes Critical and Explanatory, By Churchill
Minor. 4to. 28.6d. Miller.
It is ill policy in a poet to put the Critics in mind of a great name, by assuming it without sufficient warrrmt. The name of Churchill, even with the addition of Minor, will here suggest comparisons which the author would think odious, and which therefore we suppress. Ia the very 2d page:
*' Would willing fraternize the human race,
Is not, to say the best of it, in the style of Churchill, and we look If vain for lines that are. Perhaps it would not be amiss if the author were to study that poet before he writes again; at least, under that name.
The event of the great secession from the whig club, was too extraordinary to pass uncelebrated, but that this poem will give it immortality, is more than we can promise.
Art. 29. A Poetical Epistle to the Honourable Thomas Erfkine. 4to. 1 s. Parsons.
With hope of something much superior to the former strains, we read the fix first lines of this poem. But, alas! the writer has not exerted himself to keep up to the spirit of his exordium. Yet we cannot but think that the author of thole lines, and the following,
"Borne by no vulgar cattle through the throng,
must have genius and ear, and knowledge of versification sufficient to produce something more perfect, if he did but bestow the necessary application to select his thoughts and polish his style throughout.
Art. 30. A Tlur through the Theatre of War in the Months ef November and December 1792, and "January 1793, interspersed with a Variety of entertaining and military Anecdotes: To which are subjoined, Interesting Particulars of the Death of Louis the XV 1th, by an Eye-witness cf the Facl. 3s. Owen and Bew, London.
Part of the substance of this Tour had before appeared in the paper called the Diary. It is written in a sprightly style, and exhibits lively traits of character, and an acquaintance with foreign manners. The •author seems desirous of stating the conduct of the French, and their prospects'of success, in a more favourable point of view than perhaps a deliberate and impartial consideration would justify. If we" admit that he corrects some erroneous accounts, and counteracts those false impressions that must arise from paying attention to only one side of the question, he still must be allowed to betray too great a predilection for the advocates of the French revolution.
Any attempt to moderate sentiments that may be supposed to originate from erroneous information, is praise-worthy; and we might -listen with patient attention to the account which this writer gives of the intentions and strength of the French: but, in his endeavours to extenuate the murder of Louis, we fee a partiality which overlooks every great and solemn consideration, while it magnifies trivial and false arguments to undue importance.
The author points out some evils existing in other countries; but many of them are such as no government could remove. It is surely mischievous to state subjects of discontent, without suggesting the remedy, and to attribute to the civil polity what results from the constitution of human affairs.—The narration in this work is good, and the anecdotes, in particular, are related with spirit.
Art. 31. A Treatise upon the Law and Proceedings in Cafes of High Treason, &c. By a Barrister at Law. 4s. Whieldon and Butterworth.
This work is principally compiled from Hale, Hawkins, and Blackstone; and to the student who is acquainted with these writers we can promise but little information from the perusal of this Treatise. The Law of libels seems to have been the author's favourite topic, on the policy of which he ventures some remarks of his own: his intention is good, but his style is affected and incorrect. The younger practisers may, we think, derive some useful hints from the fourth chapter, to assist them in drawing indictments.—It leems £0 have elcaped the author's notice, thatin consequence of the act of 31 Geo. 3. Cap. 32, no person can be summoned to take the oath of supremacy; and that Roman Catholics, upon taking the oath enjoined by that act, inilead of the former oaths, may practise as counsellors, attornies, and solicitors.
Art. 32. The Duties of Man in Connexion ivith his Rights, or Rights and Duties inseparable, ad edit. izmo. 47 pp. ad- Rivingtons.
The author of this sensible little tract stands forward to oppose and to detect the evils of sedition, to cultivate the spirit of contentment, and enforce the principles of order, particularly in the lower classes of society. He reminds his countrymen that they have duties as well as rights; " and that on the due discharge of those depends the happi"ness of man; his rights being else but the wild ungoverned pas"sions of his nature, let loose to be the scourges of his own happi"ness, and to disturb the peace and happiness of others." P. 4.
He compares the fanatics of the last century with the French republicans of this; and on the declaration of renouncing for ever all ambition by conquest, he observes " the Ihort experience of a year "hath taken off the mask, and shown them commencing an offensive "war, invading the territories of their neighbours, levying contri*• buttons, extending their conquests under the pretext of bringing *' them liberty, and aiming to establish, not a universal monarchy, *' but—as some of their leaders have avowed already, one great refub*« lie." P. 15.
The general Contents are—Religion—Our Duty to the King— Obedience to the Laws—Subordination in general—Soldiers—Taxes in General—Tithes—Content and Gratitude—praise and Thanksgiving.
Much important matter in a small compass, and at a very low price.
Art. 33, Songe d'sm Anglais, fidde a fa Patrie et a son Roi, traduit de I'Anglais. Elmsty.
The Dream of an Englishman faithful to his King and his Country, 8vo. 33 pages, is. Elmsly.
The original of this very interesting pamphlet was the French, in which language it was published a considerable time before the appearance of the tranflation; professing, however, in the title, by a very common and allowed species of fiction, to be translated from the English. It has been attributed, with great appearance of probability, to M. Lally Tolendal, in co-operation with some person very intimately acquainted with the state of our interior politics. M, Lally is an able and elegant writer; and, if he be indeed the author of this tract, though he has reasons for taking an active interest in our prosperity, which every foreigner has not, we are greatly indebted to him for thus admirably pleading our cause, and unveiling the iniquities which were then practised against us. The plan is this:
An Englishman, who has been absent a considerable time from his country, returns to it towards the latter end of the year 1792. Alarmed, as all then were, except a few of remarkable courage, at the state of affairs, he makes it his business, within his own district, to trace the machinations of French emissaries to the utmost. With a lively interest